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Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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59
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13answers
41k views

Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
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8answers
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Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
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4answers
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What language did Jesus speak?

As a young believer I was quickly turned on to the idea of learning some things about the "original languages" of the Bible. After all, how could you understand John 21:15-17 without understanding ...
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4answers
2k views

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The modern Jewish interpretation of the so-called suffering servant song of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is that it is a prophecy referring to the nation of Israel, not the Messiah. As such, it is sometimes ...
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3answers
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What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jesus often encountered "Pharisees" and "Sadducees". For example, 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him ...
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4answers
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Why do most Christians not follow the Talmud?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
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5answers
8k views

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge?

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge? Christianity and Judaism share the Old Testament (The Hebrew Bible), so it should be safe to assume they are the same people at least during the Old ...
17
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2answers
727 views

How common were blasphemy accusations and trials among the Jews during the time of Jesus?

I am curious if any critical scholarly work has attempted to study the frequency with which blasphemy accusations occurred within the Jewish community at the time of Jesus, and if possible, how many ...
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4answers
4k views

Why does God have a chosen people? [closed]

Christians as well as Jews believe that God made the Israelites as his "Chosen People." Why does God need a Chosen People at all?
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4answers
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Why don't Christians celebrate the feast of tabernacles?

Although there are some who celebrate the feast of Tabernacles they are definitely in a minority. A prophecy in Zechariah speaks of a time when all nations will have to keep the feast: Zech 14:16 ...
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7answers
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Were the Jews expecting God Incarnate?

Christians believe Jesus is Emmanuel, God with us. (Isaiah 7:14) Furthermore Christians believe that the only Son of God is Our Lord Jesus Christ. (Apostles Creed) And since Christ = Messiah and ...
11
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10answers
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Do Christians believe that Jews must still follow the Mosaic law?

Deuteronomy 13:1-4 states: All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or a ...
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2answers
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Modern Book of Jasher - Genuine?

I've been reading the book of Jasher (supposedly the one quoted in the book of Samuel) and its quite amazing. But I ask - what is the proof or lack of proof on it's authenticity? There are however a ...
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4answers
77k views

What are the differences between cherubim and seraphim? [closed]

I was reading a post regarding the appearance of angels: What does the Bible say about the appearance of angels? And I am curious as to the general differences between cherubim and seraphim. Do they ...
10
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2answers
319 views

Is this melody part of the French church mass?

In this article, in the section entitled The “Great” Aleinu History, the author writes that a particular melody used in Jewish High Holiday prayers was added to the French Church Mass in the late 12th ...
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10answers
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Was Jesus a carpenter or a rabbi?

One person told me that since disciples called Jesus rabbi and since he taught in synagogues he couldn't have been a carpenter as only rabbis were allowed to teach in synagogues. Has this matter ever ...
9
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3answers
7k views

Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
9
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2answers
4k views

What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Some Jews seemed to think that lepersy was a punishment for sin, rather than a sin itself. This is most probably going to sound like a stupid question either because there is a specific verse or ...
8
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1answer
220 views

Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately?

Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately and based on which scripture?
8
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2answers
493 views

Was each “Book” of the Old Testament on a separate scroll prior to the second century A.D.?

In this passage of Luke, it seems like the Book of Isaiah was on its own individual scroll. Do we have historical evidence or references that show whether this was always the case, or if some Books of ...
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3answers
2k views

Persecution of Jewish people by Christians in Middle Ages?

I want to apologize ahead if my questions sound disrespectful to anybody. This isn't my intent. I grew up in East Asia which has very few Christians, but I have been very interested in the history of ...
7
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4answers
6k views

Did Jesus wear tefillin?

Tefillin1 are boxes containing Torah verses, worn by Jews on the head and the upper arm, in accordance with instructions in Exodus 13:9, 13:16, and Deuteronomy 6:8, 11:18. There is a great deal of ...
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4answers
666 views

What are the theological reasons some Protestants are Zionists?

Zionism, founded by Theodor Herzl, is a movement for reestablishing a political nation for the Jewish people. Thus, what are the theological reasons why some Protestants are Zionists, especially in ...
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4answers
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What is the basis for the belief that Christianity and Islam worship different gods?

Another question entitled "Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God?" requested the basis for the belief that Christians and Muslims do worship the same god. In this question, I am requesting ...
7
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2answers
213 views

According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
7
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1answer
449 views

Who were the “scribes” whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
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4answers
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According to Catholicism, does God create new angels?

In Judaism there are many Rabbis that preach that we (humans) can create an angel, and some say God creates angels out of a river of fire in heaven, and they worship him. Does the Catholic Church ...
7
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2answers
908 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
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3answers
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Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), a Hellenized Jew, used the term Logos to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge. Philo followed the Platonic distinction between imperfect matter and ...
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2answers
5k views

A woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law. Whose law?

As an argument for the validity of the Gospels, I have heard it mentioned by multiple pastors that a woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law, so the fact that women first ...
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1answer
1k views

How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
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7answers
7k views

Is the Old Testament a Jewish book? [closed]

Is the Old Testament a Jewish religous book and should it be discarded by Christians today? If not what does it add to Christians today?
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3answers
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Is Abraham in heaven? [duplicate]

If Jesus brought everlasting life and Abraham died before the coming of Jesus (and in fact before Judaism), would we therefore expect to see Abraham in heaven? What passages in the bible direct us to ...
6
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2answers
333 views

Was Joseph Smith interested in and familiar with Kabbalah?

We know that historically Joseph Smith taught himself Hebrew (as to how well, I'm not sure), and that he held beliefs similar to Jewish mysticism (degrees of heaven, preexistence, fall of angels, etc.)...
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2answers
2k views

Is there an equivalent to cantillation or tajweed in Christianity?

In both Islam and Hebrew, the respective holy books have rules for pronunciation and recitation so that they can be sung. Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in ...
6
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1answer
122 views

Does Jesus' public reading of the Scriptures imply that he had any authority within the religious community?

In Luke 4:17, Jesus reads from the Scriptures during a religious meeting. The passage reads, Luke 4:16-21 (NIV) He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went ...
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3answers
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Does Jewish tradition predate Christian tradition in any meaningful way? [closed]

Many people assume that because Judaism is the super ancient religion and Christianity relatively modern, although ancient by any standards, that if someone wants to dig up some meaningful bit of ...
5
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4answers
7k views

How did Jesus reconcile his teachings with Judaism?

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was a Jew. Yet Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. It seems to me that Jesus' contemporaries must have been forced to decide if his teachings were either: ...
5
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2answers
587 views

Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

A professor today made the claim that the following claim is spurious: And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. Mark 15:38 (NRSV) His rationale is that no-one but the ...
5
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2answers
489 views

In light of grace, How does a Christian consider the devotedness of Muslims and Jews?

This question is somewhat triggered by this question. I felt a plethora of emotions when I thought about the right way to approach answering it, and I felt it would be better to express these ...
5
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2answers
250 views

Are there or have there been any Christian traditions that follow Kosher food laws?

Kosher food laws are part of Judaism, from which Christianity grew. But what Christian denominations or traditions follow, or historically have observed Kosher food laws?
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2answers
9k views

What does the Bible say about a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding?

I believe this came about as a Jewish tradition. Why is this done and what does it symbolize? Is a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding a biblical tradition? What is the father's ...
5
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1answer
130 views

Is there Christian scripture or literature absolving the old Jewish laws of usury?

Most people are aware that Jewish law forbade earning interest from the lending of money to another. As Christianity gained momentum in the early first and second century, many of the Mosaic laws were ...
5
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0answers
206 views

Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
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6answers
4k views

Did the Jews use icons and images to help them worship as Catholics or Orthodox worshippers do?

I understand that some worshippers use icons to 'lift up their minds from earthly things to the heavenly things'? I am not interested about those using them as stage-props for a play (in comparison), ...
4
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3answers
219 views

Why was Jesus not welcomed and carefully tested by the Jews if they were (and are) actually waiting for Messiah?

I have tried to understand these things all my life. A lot of the Bible stories make no sense to me, which probably means I'm missing something. One of the biggest questions I have is this: If the ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Is the Roman Catholic understanding of forgiveness different from the Protestant understanding?

Recently I read Simon Wiesenthal's book, The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness, and I was challenged to flesh out my understanding of forgiveness. There were aspects which I ...
4
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1answer
777 views

What is Christian about Christian Kabbalah?

There is a form of Jewish mysticism called “Kabbalah”. There is also a Christian form of this, called “Cabalah” or “Christian Kabbalah”. What is specifically Christian about Christian Kabbalah? How ...
4
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2answers
158 views

How do Christian theologians view and/or use Jewish commentators? [closed]

I've been wondering about the status of Jewish commentators on the Hebrew Bible (e.g. Rashi, Ibn Ezra, etc.) and other post-Biblical Jewish authors (e.g. Josephus) in Christianity. Are there prominent ...
4
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3answers
213 views

Why do the Seventh Day Adventists consider the Sabbath to begin on Friday at sunset?

I understand that for the Jews, the beginning of the Sabbath is at 5 PM on Friday. So why then does Sabbath start at sundown on Friday for the Seventh Day Adventists?