Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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What were the views of the Church Fathers on Jews and Judaism during the Patristic Era?

I am currently learning about the holocaust in History class right now. It was mentioned that during the Middle Ages, some Christians were anti-semitic. I wondered how the Early Church (Pre-Schism) ...
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Do Protestants believe it is easier for New Testament believers to fulfill the moral law than it was before Christ?

Jeremiah prophesied that on the new covenant the law would be written on the hearts of the believer (Jr 31:33) "But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those ...
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Why do today's Christians never express any kind of criticism against other religions? [closed]

I've been listening to local and far-away Christian radio stations for a long time. What strikes me is that, not even once, have I heard them (any of them) say a single word that could in any way be ...
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Do Messianic Jews adhere to the Talmud?

Messianic Jews are Jews that believe Jesus is their Messiah. Do they in general consider the Talmud to be authoritative and something they must adhere to?
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What are the origins of the theory, present in the “Didascalia Apostolorum”, about the existence of a “First Law” and a “Second Law”?

I recently read a study on the "Didascalia Apostulorum",probably composed in Syria in the first half of the third century AD. I was very impressed by the theory contained therein, according to which ...
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As a young Jew what would Jesus have been taught about heaven and hell?

I understand the Jewish concept of heaven and hell is different from what I was taught as a conservative protestant. I am curious as to the teaching Jesus would have received from rabbis of his time. ...
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What does Unitarianism think about Judaism?

As Christians know, the Christian sect called Unitarianism is very interesting. For example, Unitarians believe in one G-d, rejecting the Trinity. They stress the oneness and unity of G-d. Famous ...
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Are sins = crime in ancient Jews? [closed]

Ancient Judaism is religious society. Religious society, unlike secular society, has a feature. What's prohibited by their religions are also prohibited by laws. A lot like Muslim society right now. ...
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How does the “eight day“ appearance of Jesus to Doubting Thomas in John 20:26 relate to Parsha Shemini (Eighth Day) ”appearance" Leviticus 9:1 & 10:2? [closed]

I have been following Jewish and Christian lectionaries for some years and have often noticed interesting relationships. Became aware of Aileen Gulding's work on this idea: The Fourth Gospel and ...
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Why was the revelation that God has the Only Begotten Son not given in the Old Testament?

Of course, we have many indications to that truth in the Old Testament, but it was only with the coming of Jesus Christ that it was spoken to humans in plain language that God has the Only-begotten ...
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What was the reason why the Jews specifically used the substitute Adonay/Kyrios for the Tetragrammaton?

God has one name. ‘’I am Yhwh and that is my name’’ (אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה ה֣וּא שְׁמִ֑י Isaiah 42:8). In the Hebrew Pentateuch the name of God was the Tetragrammaton (the four letter) ‘Yhwh’. The Jews ...
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What is the basis for believing that 40 lashes would be deadly (especially in Roman law or jurisprudence)?

I have commonly heard that 40 lashes were thought to be deadly and thus 39 were issued. It seems as though neither 40 nor 39 lashes had anything to do with the deadliness of the punishment in Jewish ...
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Why was Jesus not welcomed and carefully tested by the Jews if they were (and are) actually waiting for Messiah?

I have tried to understand these things all my life. A lot of the Bible stories make no sense to me, which probably means I'm missing something. One of the biggest questions I have is this: If the ...
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What musical liturgical melodies could Jesus have sung in the synagogues of his day?

What musical liturgical melodies could Jesus have sung in the synagogues of his day? Do any possible examples still exist, based on historical evidence? Have any musically inclined historians ...
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Does Nehemiah Gordon self-identify as a Christian? [closed]

Does Nehemiah Gordon self-identify as a Christian? Does he believe that Yeshua is the Christ ? I heard that his conversion story exists on the internet but I am unable to find it. If someone can help ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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Why was it said Salvation is only through Jesus?

It was stated in the answer (https://christianity.stackexchange.com/a/15634/45797) to a question (How were people saved before ~33AD?), as follows; No one, either prior to the cross or since the ...
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When did the practice of tearing one's own garments start among the Jews?

At Matt 26: 63-65 we see: "But Jesus was silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Jesus said to him, “You have said ...
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Essenes' Beliefs in Comparison to Christianity

Does anyone know (with sources) what the Essenes taught and believed in relation to what Christ taught? Sources are much appreciated.
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Was the Gathering Relics of Holy Men in 1st Century common in the Early Church?

I am hoping to understand or know if Jesus' apostles would have had gathering relics of something like the crucifixion in mind at some point when it as still possible to locate them (ex: the true ...
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Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
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Did the apostles teach ideas about God the Father that were contrary to the teachings of first century Judaism?

Early Christianity surely inherited theology from Judaism. In particular, at least some of God's characteristics as taught by Judaism. After all, Jesus and the apostles were Jews. Did they ever ...
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What was the Jewish understanding of baptism?

Considering the message of John the Baptist and the Jewish leaders reaction to it, what was the existing Jewish thought about Baptism? Who needed to be baptized and when?
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Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

A professor today made the claim that the following claim is spurious: And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. Mark 15:38 (NRSV) His rationale is that no-one but the ...
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Where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from?

In Jn 8:44, Jesus tells some people that their father is the devil. I have read that in Judaism there is no devil, so I was wondering where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from.
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What kind of Christianity supports Zionism?

I'm writing an essay about Christian Zionism, and I'm a bit unclear on the end-times beliefs of pre-millennialism and post-millennialism. I understand the basic timelines of both, but where does ...
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Why Jews are the chosen people?

Are the Jewish people the chosen and if so why?...My uneducated Grandmother always said the the Jewish people were the chosen because they were the only people who kept God's laws at that time..such ...
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Why don't Christians wrap tefillin?

In Judaism, the most explicit text that commands Jews to wrap tefillin (aka the little black boxes with Bible verses in them that Jews wear on their head and arms) is from Deut. 6:8 "And you shall ...
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Were any of the Apostolic Fathers Jews?

A simple question; I am reading the Apostolic Fathers and have noticed how they frequently refer to themselves as 'Gods Chosen' and speak of the Old Testament prophets as 'Our Forefathers'. This ...
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Why do the Seventh Day Adventists consider the Sabbath to begin on Friday at sunset?

I understand that for the Jews, the beginning of the Sabbath is at 5 PM on Friday. So why then does Sabbath start at sundown on Friday for the Seventh Day Adventists?
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Had Jesus formally been given authority to preach in the synagogue?

At Luke 4:16-17 we read: " When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet ...
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Why did God spare Abraham's child but not Jephthah's?

I am confused why God stopped Abraham from murdering his son in Genesis 22 but not Jephthah's daughter in Judges 11 - 12. I also find it especially weird because in the KJV, Jephthah made the vow ...
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How did the Gift of the Holy Ghost operate before Christ came?

How did the Gift of the Holy Ghost operate before Christ came? In particular, I'm wondering how it operated among the ancient Jewish people, who only had the Aaronic priesthood, and therefore would ...
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Why did the ancient Jews use a candelabrum with 7 candles?

Why did the ancient Jews use a candelabrum with 7 candles? I don't understand why it's not 8 or 6 or 10 or 6 or 1 or 1 or 2? Can you please assist me with this matter of the upmost importance? Do ...
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According to Catholicism, who can be referred to as the One Flock of Jesus in today's context? [duplicate]

In John 10:16 we see Jesus saying: "I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd." Of ...
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Is there an equivalent to cantillation or tajweed in Christianity?

In both Islam and Hebrew, the respective holy books have rules for pronunciation and recitation so that they can be sung. Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in ...
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How do Bible scholars view the accuracy and reliability of the Aleppo Codex?

Background information: Circa A.D. 930, sages and scribes completed the writing of the Aleppo Codex, the first definitive Tanakh, or Hebrew Bible. From Tiberias, the codex was taken to Jerusalem. But ...
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How much of the Catholic Mass is inherited from the Jewish Shabbat service?

I was watching this Shabbat video (a service to mark the beginning of the Sabbath, in Friday night), and there seems to be several similarities with the Mass rite (at least the Catholic one). (Notice ...
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Did the symbols of star in Christianity and Judaism originate independently?

In the literature of Christianity, the symbolic drawing of star is a pentagram picturising a five-pointed star. Judaism, on the other hand, uses hexagram that is, a six-pointed star . I wish to know ...
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Why is the Bishop of Jerusalem still Greek?

I understand that after the Bar Kokhba Revolt of 135 AD, that Jews (not even Christian Jews) were not allowed in Jerusalem, and that Christian bishops were forced to be gentiles. The last known bishop ...
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Who started the Judensau image?

I found about Judensau sculpture when I want to know deeper about Martin Luther. Below is a little bit information about Judensau I read from Wikipedia: A Judensau (German for "Jews' sow" is a folk ...
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Did Jesus wear tsitsiyot?

According to the NIV, Mathew 9:20-21: Just then a woman who had been subject to bleeding for twelve years came up behind him and touched the edge of his cloak. She said to herself, “If I only ...
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Have any Wesleyan theologians compared Outler's Quadrilateral to PaRDeS?

In 1964, Methodist theologian Albert C. Outler outlined the Wesleyan Quadrilateral in his introduction to John Wesley's anthology of works. This establishes a hermeneutic framework in which truth, ...
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Was Paul's Relationship with Jewish Leadership Close Enough to Act as Their Agent?

After reading this question on judaism.SE I wanted to pose a version of it here. (You know, it's facinating to see how Judaism views us....) Paul's letter to the Hebrews could be described (and ...
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Is Matthew 17:24 a reference to the Fiscus Judaicus?

Matthew 17:24 says: "After Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum, the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Peter and asked, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the temple tax?” My ...
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How common were blasphemy accusations and trials among the Jews during the time of Jesus?

I am curious if any critical scholarly work has attempted to study the frequency with which blasphemy accusations occurred within the Jewish community at the time of Jesus, and if possible, how many ...
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According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify?

According to Catholicism, does the Old Law justify? Or is Christ, faith, and the New Law necessary to justify even those who lived before Christ?
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Does Jesus' public reading of the Scriptures imply that he had any authority within the religious community?

In Luke 4:17, Jesus reads from the Scriptures during a religious meeting. The passage reads, Luke 4:16-21 (NIV) He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went ...
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Are there or have there been any Christian traditions that follow Kosher food laws?

Kosher food laws are part of Judaism, from which Christianity grew. But what Christian denominations or traditions follow, or historically have observed Kosher food laws?
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Was Joseph Smith interested in and familiar with Kabbalah?

We know that historically Joseph Smith taught himself Hebrew (as to how well, I'm not sure), and that he held beliefs similar to Jewish mysticism (degrees of heaven, preexistence, fall of angels, etc.)...