Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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62
votes
12answers
42k views

Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
18
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5answers
9k views

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge?

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge? Christianity and Judaism share the Old Testament (The Hebrew Bible), so it should be safe to assume they are the same people at least during the Old ...
48
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8answers
111k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
24
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4answers
17k views

What language did Jesus speak?

As a young believer I was quickly turned on to the idea of learning some things about the "original languages" of the Bible. After all, how could you understand John 21:15-17 without understanding ...
11
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10answers
4k views

Do Christians believe that Jews must still follow the Mosaic law?

Deuteronomy 13:1-4 states: All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or a ...
18
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4answers
13k views

Why do most Christians not follow the Talmud?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
23
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4answers
2k views

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The modern Jewish interpretation of the so-called suffering servant song of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is that it is a prophecy referring to the nation of Israel, not the Messiah. As such, it is sometimes ...
7
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4answers
1k views

What is the basis for the belief that Christianity and Islam worship different gods?

Another question entitled "Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God?" requested the basis for the belief that Christians and Muslims do worship the same god. In this question, I am requesting ...
9
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2answers
4k views

What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Some Jews seemed to think that lepersy was a punishment for sin, rather than a sin itself. This is most probably going to sound like a stupid question either because there is a specific verse or ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
7
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4answers
7k views

Did Jesus wear tefillin?

Tefillin1 are boxes containing Torah verses, worn by Jews on the head and the upper arm, in accordance with instructions in Exodus 13:9, 13:16, and Deuteronomy 6:8, 11:18. There is a great deal of ...
5
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2answers
321 views

Are there or have there been any Christian traditions that follow Kosher food laws?

Kosher food laws are part of Judaism, from which Christianity grew. But what Christian denominations or traditions follow, or historically have observed Kosher food laws?
9
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3answers
7k views

Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
6
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3answers
12k views

Is Abraham in heaven? [duplicate]

If Jesus brought everlasting life and Abraham died before the coming of Jesus (and in fact before Judaism), would we therefore expect to see Abraham in heaven? What passages in the bible direct us to ...
5
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2answers
914 views

Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

A professor today made the claim that the following claim is spurious: And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. Mark 15:38 (NRSV) His rationale is that no-one but the ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Is the Roman Catholic understanding of forgiveness different from the Protestant understanding?

Recently I read Simon Wiesenthal's book, The Sunflower: On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness, and I was challenged to flesh out my understanding of forgiveness. There were aspects which I ...
3
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2answers
382 views

Is the doctrine of the Trinity the primary difference between Islam, Christianity, and Judaism? [closed]

Judaism got its root in 1st millennium BC; Islam originated in 7th century AD; Christianity took birth in the 1st century AD. Did doctrinal differences regarding the Trinity necessitate the creation ...
2
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2answers
89 views

What was the reason why the Jews specifically used the substitute Adonay/Kyrios for the Tetragrammaton?

God has one name. ‘’I am Yhwh and that is my name’’ (אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה ה֣וּא שְׁמִ֑י Isaiah 42:8). In the Hebrew Pentateuch the name of God was the Tetragrammaton (the four letter) ‘Yhwh’. The Jews ...
12
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7answers
4k views

Were the Jews expecting God Incarnate?

Christians believe Jesus is Emmanuel, God with us. (Isaiah 7:14) Furthermore Christians believe that the only Son of God is Our Lord Jesus Christ. (Apostles Creed) And since Christ = Messiah and ...
7
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2answers
931 views

When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
7
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3answers
1k views

Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), a Hellenized Jew, used the term Logos to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge. Philo followed the Platonic distinction between imperfect matter and ...
5
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2answers
492 views

In light of grace, How does a Christian consider the devotedness of Muslims and Jews?

This question is somewhat triggered by this question. I felt a plethora of emotions when I thought about the right way to approach answering it, and I felt it would be better to express these ...
4
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6answers
4k views

Did the Jews use icons and images to help them worship as Catholics or Orthodox worshippers do?

I understand that some worshippers use icons to 'lift up their minds from earthly things to the heavenly things'? I am not interested about those using them as stage-props for a play (in comparison), ...
4
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2answers
159 views

How do Christian theologians view and/or use Jewish commentators? [closed]

I've been wondering about the status of Jewish commentators on the Hebrew Bible (e.g. Rashi, Ibn Ezra, etc.) and other post-Biblical Jewish authors (e.g. Josephus) in Christianity. Are there prominent ...
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5answers
2k views

How did the Christian movement distinguish itself from Judaism?

Can anyone explain to me how Christianity distanced itself from Judaism and set itself apart?
2
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1answer
109 views

Have any Wesleyan theologians compared Outler's Quadrilateral to PaRDeS?

In 1964, Methodist theologian Albert C. Outler outlined the Wesleyan Quadrilateral in his introduction to John Wesley's anthology of works. This establishes a hermeneutic framework in which truth, ...
0
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2answers
573 views

Converting to Judaism or Islam vs Trinitarian or Uniterian [closed]

If a Christian "converts" to Judaism or Islam (or any of the Abrahamic religions), is he still considered saved as a Christian? What if he/she converted from Trinitarian to Uniterian? This is a ...