Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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Why does Judaism celebrate Sabbath on Saturday and most Christians celebrate Sabbath on Sunday?

When did most Christians (possibly excluding exceptions such as Seventh Day Adventists) and Jews start celebrating Sabbath on different days of the week and why?
aceinthehole's user avatar
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Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
Caleb's user avatar
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Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The modern Jewish interpretation of the so-called suffering servant song of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 is that it is a prophecy referring to the nation of Israel, not the Messiah. As such, it is sometimes ...
ThaddeusB's user avatar
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What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

Jesus often encountered "Pharisees" and "Sadducees". For example, 34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him ...
Mike's user avatar
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19 votes
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Why do most Christians not follow the Talmud?

If I'm not misunderstanding anything, Jews usually follow the Tanakh (more or less the Old Testament) and the Talmud, but definitely not the New Testament, whereas Christians follow the Old and New ...
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18 votes
5 answers
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At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge?

At what point did Judaism and Christianity diverge? Christianity and Judaism share the Old Testament (The Hebrew Bible), so it should be safe to assume they are the same people at least during the Old ...
CuriousMind's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
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How common were blasphemy accusations and trials among the Jews during the time of Jesus?

I am curious if any critical scholarly work has attempted to study the frequency with which blasphemy accusations occurred within the Jewish community at the time of Jesus, and if possible, how many ...
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16 votes
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Why don't Christians celebrate the feast of tabernacles?

Although there are some who celebrate the feast of Tabernacles they are definitely in a minority. A prophecy in Zechariah speaks of a time when all nations will have to keep the feast: Zech 14:16 ...
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Why does God have a chosen people? [closed]

Christians as well as Jews believe that God made the Israelites as his "Chosen People." Why does God need a Chosen People at all?
Paul's user avatar
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5 answers
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How do Christians respond to the criticism that Jesus of Nazareth did not bring world peace?

One criticism I've heard of Christianity repeatedly by devout Jews is that Jesus of Nazareth did not usher in a time of peace - there are still wars, internal strife, and so on. Here is an example, ...
Only True God's user avatar
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7 answers
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Were the Jews expecting God Incarnate?

Christians believe Jesus is Emmanuel, God with us. (Isaiah 7:14) Furthermore Christians believe that the only Son of God is Our Lord Jesus Christ. (Apostles Creed) And since Christ = Messiah and ...
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Do Christians believe that Jews must still follow the Mosaic law?

Deuteronomy 13:1-4 states: All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or a ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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Does the Christian Old Testament have the exact same list of books as the Jewish Bible?

Does the Christian Old Testament include exactly the same books that are in the Jewish Bible (called the Tanakh in Judaism)? Are there any differences between the Christian Old Testament and the ...
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What is the basis for the belief that Christianity and Islam worship different gods?

Another question entitled "Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God?" requested the basis for the belief that Christians and Muslims do worship the same god. In this question, I am requesting ...
The Freemason's user avatar
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1 answer
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Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
WnGatRC456's user avatar
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2 answers
364 views

Is this melody part of the French church mass?

In this article, in the section entitled The “Great” Aleinu History, the author writes that a particular melody used in Jewish High Holiday prayers was added to the French Church Mass in the late 12th ...
Daniel's user avatar
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10 answers
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Was Jesus a carpenter or a rabbi?

One person told me that since disciples called Jesus rabbi and since he taught in synagogues he couldn't have been a carpenter as only rabbis were allowed to teach in synagogues. Has this matter ever ...
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What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Some Jews seemed to think that lepersy was a punishment for sin, rather than a sin itself. This is most probably going to sound like a stupid question either because there is a specific verse or ...
Red Rackham's user avatar
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3 answers
4k views

Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

A professor today made the claim that the following claim is spurious: And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. Mark 15:38 (NRSV) His rationale is that no-one but the ...
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Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately?

Did Christians stop the practice of Berith (Brith, Bris?) immediately and based on which scripture?
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8 votes
2 answers
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Was each "Book" of the Old Testament on a separate scroll prior to the second century A.D.?

In this passage of Luke, it seems like the Book of Isaiah was on its own individual scroll. Do we have historical evidence or references that show whether this was always the case, or if some Books of ...
Daniel Nalbach's user avatar
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5 answers
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Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), a Hellenized Jew, used the term Logos to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge. Philo followed the Platonic distinction between imperfect matter and ...
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How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to objections by the Jewish Encyclopedia article on the immortality of the soul?

I'm specifically referring to this article: https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8092-immortality-of-the-soul -- Some quotes IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL (late Hebrew, "hasharat ha-nefesh"...
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7 votes
3 answers
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Persecution of Jewish people by Christians in Middle Ages?

I want to apologize ahead if my questions sound disrespectful to anybody. This isn't my intent. I grew up in East Asia which has very few Christians, but I have been very interested in the history of ...
CuriousMind's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
707 views

What are the theological reasons some Protestants are Zionists?

Zionism, founded by Theodor Herzl, is a movement for reestablishing a political nation for the Jewish people. Thus, what are the theological reasons why some Protestants are Zionists, especially in ...
Geremia's user avatar
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What evidence is there that God as father was a common concept for Jesus's first century Jewish audience?

Many Christians believe that Jesus' teaching about the Fatherhood of God was new and even revolutionary. Previously, Jews thought of God as "Lord" but not as Father. However, we can indeed ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
457 views

According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
karma's user avatar
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1 answer
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Who were the "scribes" whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. (Matthew 7:28-29 ESV) There are ...
Ben Mordecai's user avatar
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According to Catholicism, does God create new angels?

In Judaism there are many Rabbis that preach that we (humans) can create an angel, and some say God creates angels out of a river of fire in heaven, and they worship him. Does the Catholic Church ...
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When were the early Christians no longer considered a sect of Judaism?

In Acts 28:22 the group of early Christians is referred to as a sect. Presumably as a sect of the existing Jewish religion. The question is when were the early Christians no longer considered a sect ...
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7 votes
4 answers
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What is the basis for believing that 40 lashes would be deadly (especially in Roman law or jurisprudence)?

I have commonly heard that 40 lashes were thought to be deadly and thus 39 were issued. It seems as though neither 40 nor 39 lashes had anything to do with the deadliness of the punishment in Jewish ...
Alex Strasser's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
9k views

A woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law. Whose law?

As an argument for the validity of the Gospels, I have heard it mentioned by multiple pastors that a woman's testimony was considered inadmissible in a court of law, so the fact that women first ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

How does the Protestant OT canon differ from the Jewish scriptures? [duplicate]

Is the OT canon currently accepted by Protestants the same as the Jewish scriptures? If not, where and how do they differ?
Caleb's user avatar
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7 answers
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Is the Old Testament a Jewish book? [closed]

Is the Old Testament a Jewish religous book and should it be discarded by Christians today? If not what does it add to Christians today?
David Laberge's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
16k views

Is Abraham in heaven? [duplicate]

If Jesus brought everlasting life and Abraham died before the coming of Jesus (and in fact before Judaism), would we therefore expect to see Abraham in heaven? What passages in the bible direct us to ...
user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
490 views

Was Joseph Smith interested in and familiar with Kabbalah?

We know that historically Joseph Smith taught himself Hebrew (as to how well, I'm not sure), and that he held beliefs similar to Jewish mysticism (degrees of heaven, preexistence, fall of angels, etc.)...
Pills N Pillows's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
341 views

What do Jews and Christians agree with in the Bible?

What is the bible such that contains the intersection, of agreement in the word, between Jews and Christians? It seems that it's the Torah, is this correct? Are there more books? I said intersection ...
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6 votes
4 answers
9k views

Did Jesus wear tefillin?

Tefillin1 are boxes containing Torah verses, worn by Jews on the head and the upper arm, in accordance with instructions in Exodus 13:9, 13:16, and Deuteronomy 6:8, 11:18. There is a great deal of ...
James T's user avatar
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1 answer
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What is the origin of the Pharisees and Sadducees?

I understand that Sadducees were upper-class wealthy men who made up the Jewish aristocracy. Pharisees came from all economic classes but were distinguished by their rigid adherence to behaviour as ...
Lesley's user avatar
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Is there an equivalent to cantillation or tajweed in Christianity?

In both Islam and Hebrew, the respective holy books have rules for pronunciation and recitation so that they can be sung. Cantillation is the ritual chanting of readings from the Hebrew Bible in ...
Judicaël's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there Christian scripture or literature absolving the old Jewish laws of usury?

Most people are aware that Jewish law forbade earning interest from the lending of money to another. As Christianity gained momentum in the early first and second century, many of the Mosaic laws were ...
Adam's user avatar
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1 answer
162 views

Does Jesus' public reading of the Scriptures imply that he had any authority within the religious community?

In Luke 4:17, Jesus reads from the Scriptures during a religious meeting. The passage reads, Luke 4:16-21 (NIV) He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went ...
Andrew's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
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Does Jewish tradition predate Christian tradition in any meaningful way? [closed]

Many people assume that because Judaism is the super ancient religion and Christianity relatively modern, although ancient by any standards, that if someone wants to dig up some meaningful bit of ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
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How did Jesus reconcile his teachings with Judaism?

The Gospels tell us that Jesus was a Jew. Yet Jesus revealed that he was the Son of God. It seems to me that Jesus' contemporaries must have been forced to decide if his teachings were either: ...
Jim G.'s user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
347 views

Why was the revelation that God has the Only Begotten Son not given in the Old Testament?

Of course, we have many indications to that truth in the Old Testament, but it was only with the coming of Jesus Christ that it was spoken to humans in plain language that God has the Only-begotten ...
brilliant's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
993 views

Are there or have there been any Christian traditions that follow Kosher food laws?

Kosher food laws are part of Judaism, from which Christianity grew. But what Christian denominations or traditions follow, or historically have observed Kosher food laws?
Aigle's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
356 views

How Did the Earliest Church Define Salvation?

This question came up for me in a discussion of the meaning of "saved" in Acts 15:1. But certain ones having come down from Judea were teaching the brothers, "Unless you are ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
615 views

What is the Testament of Hezekiah? I know it exists, but I can't locate it

I am currently reading up on of apocryphal and pseudopigagraphical literature, and I see on a list that the Testament of Hezekiah is enumerated as one of them. However, I cannot locate a source or any ...
Butterfly and Bones's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
14k views

What does the Bible say about a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding?

I believe this came about as a Jewish tradition. Why is this done and what does it symbolize? Is a father walking his daughter down the aisle at her wedding a biblical tradition? What is the father's ...
Dude0001's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
72 views

When was the Old Testament Canon defined?

When was the Old Testament Canon defined? I wonder if it was defined in the days when Jesus was crucified
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