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Questions tagged [judaism]

The religion, philosophy, and culture of Jewish people, based on the Hebrew Bible, especially the Torah, and on other ancient Jewish texts and traditions.

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2 votes
4 answers
154 views

Why were the Christians anti-Semitic?

The first Christians such as Justin Martyr, the Church Fathers such as Augustine, the Reformers such as Luther were all anti-Semites. Why was that so? Here are some quotes: Luther: "Accordingly, ...
-3 votes
2 answers
115 views

Did Jesus the Christ practise Judaism?

I read the following on the internet: Jesus continued practicing Judaism, per Luke 4:16 ("as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read"). The ...
-5 votes
3 answers
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Is the Bible anti-Semitic? [closed]

It seems the Bible is anti-Semitic or how else do you explain these Bible passages? God himself wanted to kill all Jews but Moses stopped him: (Ex 32:9-11) 9 And the LORD said to Moses, I have seen ...
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4 answers
79 views

Where in the New Testament is God described as a Yahweh?

God is described as Yahweh passim in the Old Testament, but where in the New Testament is God described as a Yahweh?
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0 answers
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What prophecies did Christ fulfil to be considered the messiah? [duplicate]

According to the Christian faith Christ is obviously the Messiah, but yesterday I was talking to my Orthodox Jewish friend and one of his claims was that Christ did not fufill any messianic prophecies,...
7 votes
8 answers
412 views

Struggling w/ Jesus and Jewish law

Struggling with this question regarding Jesus as a messiah given Jewish prophecy. With regards to formatting of this post, I recently had a stroke and so have to use speech to text; I mean no ...
8 votes
6 answers
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Do Christians believe that Jews and Muslims go to hell? [closed]

As we know, Judaism, Christianity and Islam are the main 3 monotheistic religions. Quran says: Surely, those who believed in [God], and those who are Jews, and Christians, and Sabians, -whosoever ...
4 votes
3 answers
143 views

What caused radical shift in Protestant disposition toward Jews between Martin Luther and today?

Most contemporary Protestants are very favorably disposed toward Jews and explain it with their theology. However, it hasn't always been like that. My question is, what has caused this radical shift ...
11 votes
6 answers
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Did Paul remain a Jew even after his conversion?

I’m doing some research about early Christianity, specifically looking into the circumstances of the divergence between Judaism and Christianity as two very distinct religions as we know them today. ...
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5 answers
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Could the messiah be adopted into the lineage of David like Jesus and if no why?

I was debating with my Jewish friend on the messiah and one of his objections was that the messiah would be from the direct linage of David and that the messiah could not be adopted into the linage, ...
3 votes
4 answers
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Had Jesus formally been given authority to preach in the synagogue?

At Luke 4:16-17 we read: " When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet ...
1 vote
3 answers
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Are there references in the gospels that confirm or deny the dual eternal resurrections of both the wicked and righteous souls in the Talmud?

One of the early collections of Rabbinic Law and Doctrine is contained in the Babylon Talmudic. I presume it’s fairly safe to say that it is a good source to indicate what the Rabbis at the time of ...
7 votes
4 answers
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What reason is there to believe that 1st C Jews thought that being the Son of God = God?

One poster ask me the above question. Does anyone have a scriptural answer? I have one and will post it soon.
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1 answer
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Question regarding the name of the Father

I currently came across some question regarding the name of the Father in the Trinity, God the creator. I have seen that a lot of people use the tetragrammaton YHWH especially in the case of Judaism, ...
7 votes
6 answers
2k views

What evidence is there that God as father was a common concept for Jesus's first century Jewish audience?

Many Christians believe that Jesus' teaching about the Fatherhood of God was new and even revolutionary. Previously, Jews thought of God as "Lord" but not as Father. However, we can indeed ...
8 votes
1 answer
288 views

Did Christians stop the practice of circumcision immediately?

Did Christians stop the practice of circumcision (Berith, Brith, Bris?) immediately and based on which scripture?
5 votes
2 answers
668 views

What is the Testament of Hezekiah? I know it exists, but I can't locate it

I am currently reading up on of apocryphal and pseudopigagraphical literature, and I see on a list that the Testament of Hezekiah is enumerated as one of them. However, I cannot locate a source or any ...
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1 answer
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Is the context of Mark 7:19 eating bread without ceremonial handwashing (Ref. Mark 7:1, Matt 15:2) or about unclean animals?

The contemporary Christian interpretation of the passage found in Mark 7:19 seems incompatible with the greater context of the chapter as a whole. How can this be about unclean meat? Mark 7:19 NASB ...
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2 answers
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Has any comparative study been made on Jewish and Islamic perceptions of Christianity?

Christians see Jesus as the only Son of God who incarnated as a human being to redeem mankind from sin in fulfilment of the prophesies made in the Old Testament. The Qur'an refers to Jesus as one of ...
3 votes
2 answers
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How much of the Catholic Mass is inherited from the Jewish Shabbat service?

I was watching this Shabbat video (a service to mark the beginning of the Sabbath, in Friday night), and there seems to be several similarities with the Mass rite (at least the Catholic one). (Notice ...
6 votes
1 answer
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What is the origin of the Pharisees and Sadducees?

I understand that Sadducees were upper-class wealthy men who made up the Jewish aristocracy. Pharisees came from all economic classes but were distinguished by their rigid adherence to behaviour as ...
5 votes
3 answers
614 views

How Did the Earliest Church Define Salvation?

This question came up for me in a discussion of the meaning of "saved" in Acts 15:1. But certain ones having come down from Judea were teaching the brothers, "Unless you are ...
1 vote
2 answers
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Does Catholic Church believe that Jews suffered because of the curse of their forefathers at Matthew 27:25?

We read in Matthew 27: 24-25: So when Pilate saw that he could do nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he took some water and washed his hands before the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of ...
2 votes
3 answers
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How did the disciples' view of the messiah evolve?

Numerous miracles and theophanies in the New Testament make clear the Christ was perceived to be divine. A range of epithets were used across the books, such as "Son of the Living God" ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Are Zerachiel and Sariel the same angel (according to orthodox churches)?

I know that Zerachiel and Sariel are both rather tied to Judaism as they are most prevalently found in the book of Enoch. In most denominations of christianity this book is not recognized as a canon, ...
6 votes
1 answer
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Is there Christian scripture or literature absolving the old Jewish laws of usury?

Most people are aware that Jewish law forbade earning interest from the lending of money to another. As Christianity gained momentum in the early first and second century, many of the Mosaic laws were ...
12 votes
10 answers
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Do Christians believe that Jews must still follow the Mosaic law?

Deuteronomy 13:1-4 states: All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or a ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Is there a traditional belief in Christianity or Judaism on the cause of death of Moses?

Deut 34:5-7 say that when Moses died at the age of 120 years, his eyesight or strength had not diminished. That implies that he did not die of age-related ailments. One is left to assume that Moses ...
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4 answers
400 views

Is Christianity an ethnic religion?

It's well-known that in the Bible God mentioned all about Israel and its people like Judaism. Judaism and Christianity believe in the same Bibles also. So Judaism is an ethnic religion according to ...
8 votes
3 answers
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Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

A professor today made the claim that the following claim is spurious: And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. Mark 15:38 (NRSV) His rationale is that no-one but the ...
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1 answer
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Which is closer to traditional Christian doctrine: Judaism or Mary Baker Eddy?

Regarding the existence of the evil side in every individual, Judaism and Christian Science teach two conflicting doctrines. Judaism teaches that the evil side (Heb. yetzer hara) is an essential and ...
4 votes
4 answers
181 views

Proof of the Messiah’s Role?

I am struggling with Judaism and Christianity on the role of the Messiah. I have been taught that the Messiah is not some divine figure, but a righteous leader who will castigate nations for their ...
3 votes
1 answer
892 views

Why did Origen oppose birthdays? Was this a Jewish belief?

I found this quote of Origen condemning birthdays as the practice of the gentile sinners. ...of all the holy people in the Scriptures, no one is recorded to have kept a feast or held a great banquet ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Did different Jews have different canons?

During the time of Jesus Christ and even before the time of Christ there existed different sects of Jews (the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Hellenistic Jews) but did they different sect of Jews ...
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1 answer
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Did any Jews have the same canon as Jesus during the time of Christ and did the early church ever quote from it?

Orthodox Christians have a much larger canon than both Roman Catholic and Protestant Christians, this includes books such as 3 Maccabees. During the time of Jesus there were different sects of Jews. ...
1 vote
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Does Christianity have any explicit position on Jewish matrilineality?

Among denominations which recognize infant baptism, in my experience, Christians — even those who are otherwise not really practicing — baptize their children as a matter of course. In cases where the ...
1 vote
4 answers
942 views

Did any in the Early Church require a kosher diet?

In the Early Church, we see statements suggesting that the dietary laws of clean/unclean meats from Old Testament passages such as Leviticus 11 are no longer binding. For example: As for their [the ...
3 votes
0 answers
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How do New Perspective proponents respond to Robert Cara's 3 critiques on NPP?

A Gospel Coalition short essay (Justification and the New Perspective on Paul) by Robert J. Cara, author of the 2017 book Cracking the Foundation of the New Perspective on Paul: Covenantal Nomism ...
13 votes
5 answers
5k views

How do Christians respond to the criticism that Jesus of Nazareth did not bring world peace?

One criticism I've heard of Christianity repeatedly by devout Jews is that Jesus of Nazareth did not usher in a time of peace - there are still wars, internal strife, and so on. Here is an example, ...
5 votes
1 answer
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When was the Old Testament Canon defined?

When was the Old Testament Canon defined? I wonder if it was defined in the days when Jesus was crucified
1 vote
1 answer
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How can it be defended that all Israel is Jewish?

Many texts, publications, teachers, preachers etc. refer to ALL of Israel as Jewish. I'm forgoing putting links herein as there are many references online quickly and easily found. For example, &...
2 votes
2 answers
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What was the relationship between Jesus and the Pharisees?

A casual reader of the Gospels usually sees the Pharisees as Jesus' implacable enemies. After all, they often accused him of breaking the Laws of the Torah and Jesus frequently denounced them as ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Whom or what did Azazel signify in the Old Testament?

We read of the name Azazel on three occasions in the OT: Lev 16:8 and Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel. Leviticus 16:10 but the goat on ...
3 votes
1 answer
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How ancient were the Jewish Targums?

Did they precede the time of Jesus or were they compiled around the time of Jesus? Also, is it true that they were only an oral tradition at first?
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1 answer
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Did the Jews in Our Lord’s time or earlier believe in a form of purgatory?

Purgatory is most often dismissed as being nothing more than a Roman Catholic belief, but does Judaism have a form of purgatory? (ie a place where our remaining sins are purged) or to quote from the ...
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Does any denomination commemorate the Weaning Ceremony of Infant Jesus?

We read in Gen 21:5-8: Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him. Now Sarah said, “God has brought laughter for me; everyone who hears will laugh with me.” And she said, “...
2 votes
3 answers
634 views

What is the purpose of the title "King of the Jews"?

Jesus is named the "King of the Jews" both at his birth and at the end. It seems to me that this term has meaning, and I would like to ask what do you think is its meaning ? Does it mean any ...
7 votes
4 answers
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What is the basis for believing that 40 lashes would be deadly (especially in Roman law or jurisprudence)?

I have commonly heard that 40 lashes were thought to be deadly and thus 39 were issued. It seems as though neither 40 nor 39 lashes had anything to do with the deadliness of the punishment in Jewish ...
2 votes
0 answers
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Does Jesus' descending into hell in the Apostles Creed have any reference to the scapegoat's descend in the Jewish tradition?

The Creed of the Apostles say that Jesus descended into hell after his death on the cross. He is referred to as the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. In this context, it would be ...
7 votes
1 answer
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How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to objections by the Jewish Encyclopedia article on the immortality of the soul?

I'm specifically referring to this article: https://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8092-immortality-of-the-soul -- Some quotes IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL (late Hebrew, "hasharat ha-nefesh"...