Questions tagged [history]

For questions related to history generally. Use the [church-history] tag for the history of the post-NT church.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
10
votes
3answers
3k views

How do Protestants answer the Catholic accusation of historicity?

The Roman Catholic Church has a claim of apostolic succession, from St. Peter transited by the laying on of hands. Most Protestants reject this understanding of apostolic succession, and instead teach ...
3
votes
3answers
329 views

Were the scriptural readings at Mass ever other than Vulgate read at mass pre-Vatican II?

Vatican II allowed vernacular languages for rites. However, the official document about it (Sacrosantum Concilium) doesn't mention anything about Bible readings. Where readings already allowed to be ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Does the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) predate Christianity? Can we find evidence of this concept in Judaism before 0 A.D.?

Was the concept of Godhead (one God, but multiple persons) known by the Jews prior to the advent of Christianity? Were there Jews that held a Binitarian, Trinitarian or similar "Godhead" ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Looking for orthodox movies about St. Francis and St. Clare

There are tons of movies about St. Francis and St. Clare, is there a complete list of movies that, I don't know, rank by historicity and orthodoxy? I've seen a few movies about them but can't ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

What happened to the apostle John after the Biblical account of his life ends?

There is a legend that says that John traveled to Ephesus where he took care of Virgin Mary and that he lived there until the end of his life. Is this legend true? Are there any historical accounts ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

Was the apostle Peter martyred in Rome?

There are some legends that say that Peter traveled to Rome where he was martyred. Is this legend true? Are there any historical accounts that support the legend? Are there any other theories about ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

How old was Timothy when he became a Christian?

Some people think he was a child or a teenager, others believe he was a young man when he converted to Christianity. Is there any Biblical evidence to support any of these assumptions?
1
vote
2answers
89 views

What is an overview of arguments for and against the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus? [closed]

What is an overview of arguments for and against the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus? Was Jesus' resurrection a historical fact? What do scholars and historians have to say about all this? Is ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

How do Christians who reject pre-fall death reconcile their views with the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event (66 million years ago)?

Many Christians believe that creation was cursed because of Adam & Eve's fall into sin, and that death entered creation because of the fall but not before. In other words, the idea of pre-fall ...
3
votes
3answers
405 views

What is the historical evidence of people gagging, retching, dry heaving and vomiting during exorcisms?

A pattern I've noticed across multiple live recordings of exorcisms from totally independent sources is that in all of them you see the individuals being exorcised have intense gags. Here are a few ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

How do Christians who think animals have only existed for <7,000 years on Earth reconcile their views with Pleistocene saber-toothed tigers? [duplicate]

Saber-toothed tiger (smilodon) fossils are regularly dated to the Pleistocene (such as here), which would put them before animals existed according to many Christians (at the earliest, ~12,000 years ...
4
votes
2answers
379 views

How is the ‘Resurrection of the Holy Ones’ in Mt.27:51-53 understood by those who do NOT consider it a literal, historical event?

Since there are many ways to read the Bible, I wanted to understand multiple points of view, that being: 1) those who understand this as a non-literal, non-historical event (modern, liberal scholars, ...
4
votes
1answer
377 views

Are there or have there been Christian healing ministries that have documented healing cases with supporting medical records?

Christian healing ministries abound. A quick search on any search engine can lead to lots of ministries that claim to be able to heal the sick, as well as testimonials of people who claim to have ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

How do Catholics traditionally understand the divine omnipotence?

You have Saint Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century saying that God cannot do what is intrinsically impossible, but I would like to know what Catholics believed about the divine omnipotence before ...
13
votes
3answers
11k views

Did Saint Patrick actually explain the Trinity using a shamrock?

The shamrock is a pretty bad analogy for the Trinity. In fact, it's somewhat of a heretical explanation if one puts much emphasis on it. It's partialism: St. Patrick's Bad Analogies (YouTube) So, ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Who were the recepients of Christian monumental sculptures in the early middle ages (10th and 11th century)?

I am in the process of writing a paper about the bronze column commissioned by Bernwardus Hildesheimiensis, the bishop founder of Benedictine Monastery of St. Michael in Hildesheim, completed ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

Has a notable militant non-Christian ever converted to Christianity due to a “Road to Damascus” experience?

I would like to know if there are published testimonies of notable militant non-Christians -- which could be a militant atheist or any non-Christian person who has actively waged war against the ...
2
votes
3answers
110 views

What is the oldest historical evidence of the Sabbath commandment?

What does history say about the practice of keeping the Sabbath holy? What is the oldest historical evidence of this commandment? Can we find evidence of Sabbath keeping prior to the Israelites and/or ...
1
vote
2answers
172 views

What formal methods and criteria could be used to evaluate the message of the bible? [closed]

My agnostic friend has asked for "formal evidence" of the Bible. How can one scientifically evaluate statements written over 2,000 years ago? Besides the historical evaluation of events, how to ...
15
votes
7answers
44k views

Was Jesus crucified naked?

Wikipedia's article on crucifixion says While a crucifixion was an execution, it was also a humiliation, by making the condemned as vulnerable as possible. Although artists have traditionally ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the history of silent prayer?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but I don't believe there is much in the way of Biblical or early-church precedence for praying silently. It seems like prayers were generally spoken aloud. In modern times, ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

The Middle Ages as a Model for the Orderly Society?

I'm interested in finding books and studies (both for and against) the idea that Medieval European society had a kind of order that's desirable. Foundationally, there's a clear religious order--...
7
votes
5answers
630 views

Evangelical Christians claim Jerusalem was destroyed in either 587 or 586 BCE. What is the evidence?

Whereas Jehovah's Witnesses believe Jerusalem was destroyed in 607 BC, many evangelical Christians who write on such things believe it was destroyed in either 587 or 586 BCE. Is there any Biblical ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Does a comprehensive list for apostolic succession exist?

I'm actively studying apostolic succession and am trying to make a website (with API) that would try to make a timeline. However, finding the links between two bishops/priests is very hard to do. I'...
10
votes
1answer
532 views

Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Is it true that Jews during Jesus' lifetime were binitarian, that is believing that God was one being in two persons similar to how Christians have historically believed and taught that God is ...
50
votes
8answers
113k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
7
votes
6answers
13k views

Was Voltaire's house being used by the biblical society?

Is there any valid source for the claim that Voltaire' house has been used by the Bible Society? I heard this many times, but I've never read a valid source for it.
6
votes
4answers
14k views

What is the origin of throwing dust over head (as a sign of mourning) in the Bible?

In Job 2:12, when Job's friends first see Job at a distance, they "did not recognize him, and they raised their voices, and wept aloud; they tore their robes and threw dust in the air upon their heads....
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What was the language that Enoch spoke and did the Book of Enoch get written 3000 years BC is there any proof or carbon dating of that?

I would like to know if the Book of Enoch was dated around 3000 BC and what language did he speak and is there any carbon dating that was use on any book found? And where are the oldest Scripture of ...
4
votes
1answer
329 views

Has a pope ever been corrected publicly by a non-cleric in the presence of cardinals because of his immoral conduct?

Has a pope ever been corrected publicly by a non-cleric in the presence of cardinals because of his immoral behavior? As we all know, popes are not immune to living sinful lives. In fact, several ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

How does a Catholic theocracy differ from other Christian theocracies?

I'm taking a Catholic Church history class and the instructor said that life under a Catholic theocracy, like the Papal States, was different than life under a Protestant theocracy, but because most ...
15
votes
7answers
8k views

What is the source of the story about the melted gold in the destroyed temple in 70 AD?

In Matthew 24:2, Mark 13:2 and Luke 21:6, Jesus seems to indicate that in the coming temple destruction, "not one stone will be left upon another". And, indeed, this seems to be the case ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Is the Prophet Jonah the same Jonah as in 2 Kings 14:23-25?

If this is true, then Jonah prophesied that which did not come to pass, good favor from the Lord to Jeroboam. Then Amos 6:13-14 reverses this word of favor upon the evil king. So does this give us ...
-3
votes
2answers
54 views

Sin as a goal of man [closed]

God created Man. Only difference between human and animal is possibiity of sin. Hence God create man for only this purpose, commit sin. And from sin we glorify God. Are there exists in the past/...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Are there any documented cases of paranormal activity preceding or during an exorcism?

Movies such as The Exorcist have popularized the notion of paranormal phenomena surrounding an episode of demonic possession. And after reading of someone's personal experiences with Catholic ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Are there any documented cases of “Acts 2 type” tongue speaking (i.e. understood by a foreigner) in recent history (19th century on)?

I'm aware of the existence of many Pentecostal and Charistmatic groups that believe in the gift of tongues and claim to be able to exercise it. In fact, one can very easily find lots of videos of ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Is there any reference to Abraham building a house of worship? Where is Bakkah?

Is there any reference to Abraham building a house for worship in the Bible? Where is the valley of Bakkah located? In Islam they say Bakkah and Mecca are the same word, and the Kabah is built on ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Was charging interest on loans ever forbidden to laymen in the Eastern Orthodox Church? If so, when was this promulgated and when was it revoked?

According to Wikipedia, the First Council of Nicaea (325AD) forbade clergy, but not laymen, from charging interest on loans. Wikipedia also states that "later ecumenical councils applied this ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Which monk states that the Old Testament is about the Father and the New Testament about the Holy Ghost

Somebody mentioned to me in a conversation that there was a monk in the 13th century who held the belief that the OT is about the Father and the NT is about the Holy Ghost. The death and resurrection ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

How did Christian Death Metal arise?

I happened to learn that Christian black/death metal bands, along with their niche community were a thing, and was curious when this started and what lead to such a movement, especially since the ...
30
votes
8answers
2k views

Why is Christmas on December 25th?

Why was December 25th chosen as the day to celebrate Jesus' birth?
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Introduction to Catholicism, Protestantism, Presbyterianism, Anglican and Eastern Christian for kids

I'm quite ignorant on such different Christianity religions, on their history, main differences, and relations etc, so quite handicapped in introducing such to my 7 years old boy. I noticed there's a ...
14
votes
2answers
7k views

Reason for drawing water at unusual time

John 4:5-8 New Living Translation (NLT) 5: Eventually he came to the Samaritan village of Sychar, near the field that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6: Jacob’s well was there; and Jesus, tired from the ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How was 'years' defined in the book of Genesis?

Genesis 5 clearly shows the number of years people lived from Adam to Noah. In the modern world, we know that 1 year equals to the number of days the earth revolves around the sun, but this knowledge ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

During Assyria’s conquest of Israel, what side did Judah take?

Relations between Israel and Judah were fluid. They were sometimes allies and sometimes adversaries. During Assyria’s long campaign against Israel culminating in the siege of Samaria and subsequent ...
19
votes
8answers
37k views

What crime was committed by the “thieves” crucified with Jesus?

During yesterday's sermon, the pastor mentioned the theory that the thieves crucified next to Jesus likely weren't simple thieves to warrant such a sentence, but were probably "thieves with a cause." ...
15
votes
8answers
26k views

Did Paul write other letters that are not in the Bible?

I've heard it said that Paul wrote other letters that didn't make it into the Bible, including at least one more letter to the church at Corinth, and a letter to the church at Laodicea. What is the ...
10
votes
2answers
749 views

Is there a unique characteristic for all canonical books?

Is there any one unique characteristic that would be common for all the books of the Bible besides being chosen by the Church to be a part of canon? I am interested here in the main-stream Protestant ...
1
vote
3answers
183 views

Tree of Life in the Book of Mormon a common Near Eastern motif?

In 1 Nephi 8, in the Book of Mormon, the prophet Lehi has a dream/vision in which he sees a Tree of Life. This dream is retold to his family. His son, Nephi, was particularly interested and desired to ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

From where did the Book of Abraham come and how did it become part of LDS Scripture?

According to the answers to this question, the Pearl of Great Price contains a work of antiquity called the Book of Abraham. Where exactly did the Book of Abraham come from and how did it become ...

1
2 3 4 5
10