Questions tagged [hell]

a place of suffering and punishment in the afterlife

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3answers
116 views

Where did people who lived in Jesus's time go to when they died?

This sounds weird but when Jesus existed between approx. 6-3 BCE to 33 CE in Judea as a man (still retained His God nature) how were people living in this exact time frame judged after they died? ...
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120 views

Did Jesus's rational soul or His spirit descend into hell?

Jesus said on the Cross: "Father into your hands I commend my spirit" (Luke 23:46). The Apostles' Creed says: "Jesus suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. And then Jesus ...
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156 views

What Bible principles and scriptures apply to a situation where self-defense results in the death of the attacker?

Related but not answered: When do we as Christians draw the line on self-defense? Context: South Africa has a rather high rate of crime, far, far, far higher than America, Canada, or Europe. Please ...
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73 views

Why should Christians strive to live long lives? At what lengths should they go to do so?

I understand that we are called to spread the gospel, but why should we (or should we at all) cling to physical life with white knuckles? I have known believers to go to extreme lengths to prolong ...
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174 views

Is Hell, the Lake of Fire & the Bottomless Pit all the same place? [closed]

For what reason is there for a new prison of the damned if there already is one in Sheol? Is it possible they all speak of the same place, just having multiple names for different points in scripture?...
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101 views

What's the basis for saying Jesus went to hell? [duplicate]

What Bible verses proves that Jesus went to hell for 3 days? I hear it a lot but don't really see it in scripture. Can someone provide scriptures and elaborate?
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What is the modern origin of the phrase “hell is the absence of God”?

I'm familiar with debates about the theological implications of the statement "Hell is the absence of God" (see here for instance), but I have not been able to find a source for the phrase nor in what ...
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725 views

Do Seventh Day Adventists believe people who attend church on Sunday will go to hell?

My children attend a Seventh Day Adventist school. One teacher often mentions that 'people who go to church on Sunday will go to hell'. Is this consistent with Seventh Day Adventist belief?
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According to universalists, why should we obey God?

If universal reconciliation is true- so that everybody will eventually come to know God because of his son Yeshua, and therefore nobody will have their flesh burned forever and ever- why should we ...
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1answer
176 views

What is the biblical basis for the Eastern Orthodox concept of Aerial toll houses?

I heard about the Eastern Orthodox 'Toll Booth' concept a few days ago. It goes something like this: After death you go through 20 toll booths manned by demons who ask specific questions about your ...
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2answers
127 views

What is the Catholic interpretation of John 12:32?

According to John 12:32 (NRSV): And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all peoplea to myself.” aJohn 12:32 Other ancient authorities read all things Yeshua seems to be saying- ...
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1answer
238 views

According to Calvin, how can God be loving if he created people to go to hell?

I struggle with John Calvin writing that God created people to go to the lake of fire (Institues, Volume 3, Chapter 21, Section 5). How could a loving, merciful, and gracious God create people so that ...
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1answer
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What was Pelagius' view of Hell?

It is probably impossible to determine what his view was for certain, but what evidence is there that he believed eternal conscious torment, annihilationism, or universalism? Evidence ranging from ...
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1answer
324 views

Where did Augustine say that the same fire that tortures the damned purifies the elect?

I've seen it quoted on internet sites that Augustine said that the same fire that tortures the damned purifies the elect. Supposedly he meant by this that the fires of Purgatory and Hell are the same. ...
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660 views

Why is Satan commonly believed to rule in hell?

Satan (Devil, Lucifer and all these not exactly the same meaning names) is often told to rule in hell, tormenting the damned souls and so on, while in the Bible I could not find anything more than the ...
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2answers
430 views

Was there a non-Augustinian response to universalism in the early Church?

Most are aware of Augustine's abandonment of his universalism and his later adoption of eternal conscious torment in literal fire. His rejection of universalism is ultimately founded upon a ...
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1answer
430 views

What is the Anglican teaching on Hell?

What is the official teaching on hell in the Church of England? (Anglican). Please include sources. The 39 articles of faith make no mention of hell, so what other source makes statement on the ...
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358 views

If faith is a gift from God, and atheists (might) go to hell, is God ultimately willing to send atheists to hell? (Catholic perspective)

Premise 1: Faith is a gift from God. So says St. Thomas Aquinas here. Also, according to the Dogmatic Constitution of the Catholic Church De Fide Catholica Et De Ecclesia Christi: ... the Catholic ...
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2answers
106 views

Why is hell more prominent in the NT and not the OT?

This question came to me after reading the following excerpt from Wikipedia's entry on Hell: "Early Judaism had no concept of Hell, although the concept of an afterlife was introduced during the ...
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1answer
150 views

Is there a bad part of heaven?

From what I understand, by Catholics, everyone who believes in Jesus goes to Heaven, but most people go to purgatory first. When they leave purgatory, everyone is worthy of some level of Heaven. ...
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3answers
235 views

How do Calvinists argue that limited atonement is just and merciful?

Why is it just or merciful that God predetermines who is to be saved and who is to be damned, before they are even born? Does that not mean a murderer may be saved and a charity worker damned?
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1answer
160 views

Is this interview with Pope Francis going to change Christianity? [closed]

I was... surprised... to learn this morning that our Pope Francis does not believe in hell. Will this interview change the Catholic Church?
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1answer
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When did God create Hell? [closed]

Assuming a belief in a literal eternal hell believed by traditional Christian beliefs, when is hell believed to have been created by God? A good answer will include scriptural support for when Hell ...
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1answer
3k views

Will Agnostics and Atheists go to Hell? (Catholic)

Does it state anywhere in the Catholic Doctrine that non-believers and doubters will go to hell?
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Looking for an apologetic to the “Cosmic Child Abuse” objection

Recently during a discussion I got smacked with the "Cosmic Child Abuse" argument. I had heard of it before, but never really had to wrestle with it in real life. I discovered that I don't actually ...
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1answer
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According to Catholicism, does God actively cause suffering in Hell?

I was wondering what is the official ontological explanation of the Catholic Church in regard to souls (of humans and fallen angles alike) suffering in Hell. I do not know whether God actively ...
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1answer
656 views

What is Jehovah's Witnesses view of Revelation 20:10 since they do not believe in hell?

I know that Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe in hellfire but in that case, how do they interpret scriptures such as Revelation 20:10, which says And the devil that deceived them was cast into the ...
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212 views

What do mormons believe about eschatology? [closed]

As I understand, mormons affirm some sort of final judgment where people are judged according to their works. I'm curious what that looks like. Is it a balancing scale, where if you did more good ...
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2answers
439 views

Do mormons have a doctrine of afterlife preaching and repentence?

I swear I read somewhere some years ago that Mormons have a developed doctrine of saints in the afterlife descending to Hell in order to preach the gospel to those who are stuck there and give them ...
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2answers
281 views

According to the Catholic Church, does God punish sinners?

When reading the Old Testament it seems that God punishes bad behavior. But according to the Catholic Church (catechism?) are sins punished by God, for example, in purgatory is it more like a karma, ...
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2answers
115 views

What does the Bible teach about “fire” in the phrase “Hell fire”? [closed]

I was studying today Matthew 5:22(KJV). But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca,...
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1answer
219 views

Do saints and church fathers generally make the claim that most people go to a hell of everlasting torment?

In the videos of the Catholic YouTube channel / media enterprise "Church Militant", they often make the claim that most people go to hell, and that hell is a place of everlasting unbearable torment. ...
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Concept and permanence of hell and the “outer darkness” according to LDS beliefs

[Edited because I first got confused from the answers about for whom should "hell" be a permanent place (I had assumed that the SE answers meant that it was not a permanent place for anyone).] This ...
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How many hells did Swedenborg say there were?

In G.K. Chesteron's essay "The Red Angel," found in the collection Tremendous Trifles, he remarks: One small child in the dark can invent more hells than Swedenborg. What is Chesterton referring ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it possible to repent after death in Catholicism?

In the following quote from the Catechism, it seems to imply that you can repent of a mortal sin after death. How does that fit with the standard "Once damned always damned after death" view that the ...
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412 views

How do proponents of Apokatastasis deal with the “Everlasting punishment” texts in scripture?

For those who don't know, the doctrine of Apokatastasis is an ancient form of Universalism which states that everything God has ever created will be saved and glorified, including the Devil and his ...
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1answer
231 views

Why is hell for a literal eternity if it does not have literal flames and worms?

According to those that believe hell will be "eternal conscious torment" or "eternal separation", if the flames and worms are not literal, then why is it necessary that the word "eternal" be a literal ...
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1answer
868 views

What is an overview of Reformed beliefs about hell?

Could somebody please provide an overview of the various beliefs that the Reformed churches hold regarding hell? If possible, but not required for an accepted answer, it would be great if they could ...
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How can one cease to exist when Jesus and many Bible verses state that hell a real place? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding the topic of hell. How can anyone claim that there isn't a hell when Jesus clearly states that there is? Also, the Bible speaks of fire, screaming, and other horrific ...
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3answers
447 views

According to the Catholicism, is a conscious denial of the gospel of Christ a mortal sin?

For example, say there is a 28 year old Muslim woman living in Afghanistan. Her whole life, her family, friends, and community have told her to "stay away from those pagan Christians because they ...
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1answer
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According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God fail?

According to Wesleyan-Arminianism, does God try His absolute hardest to save all of mankind- but ultimately fails and has no other choice but to send a majority of mankind to have their flesh burned ...
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0answers
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According to Reformed theology, how should Christians react when a non-believer dies? [duplicate]

Several of the Scriptures seem to indicate that God's judgement is righteous, wonderful, and something to long for. Here are a few examples: "Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O YHVH, have we ...
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1answer
244 views

According to Catholicism, how should Christians react when an unbeliever dies?

I was reading the following passages, and they seem to indicate that we should rejoice when God brings about His judgement: "Righteous art thou, O YHVH, and upright are thy judgments." Psalm 119:...
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2answers
786 views

According to Reformed Theology do non-trinitarians go to hell?

According to Reformed theology, if one believes that Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah and the son of God (but they deny that he is God and the second person of a triune god), is this person sent to an ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that people do not go to heaven or hell immediately when they die?

User @Touch poignantly stated in a now closed question, But if people are already in heaven this means that there really isn't much reason for Jesus Christ to return, because all those that ...
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1answer
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Did John Wesley reject the Athanasian Creed?

I've seen a few examples online of people claiming that John Wesley objected to the "hell" clauses of the Athanasian Creed, such as on the United Methodist Church website: United Methodists are not ...
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1answer
249 views

In Catholicism, what are the arguments for the reasonableness (see body) of an eternal hell?

An eternal hell is difficult concept for some to grasp even among those who call themselves Catholic. [Cf. Debunking the myth of hell, by Carol Meyer, Feb. 3, 2011 | NCR]. The last paragraph in the ...
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273 views

What scriptural arguments are there, if any, that there is hell but it is not eternal?

The Catholic Church teaches that there is hell and it is eternal [cf. The Hell There Is! | Catholic Answers]. What is the [common] scriptural basis, if any, for the Christian groups which teach that ...
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2answers
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Who said that the mere sight of devils was one of the greatest torments of hell?

In Perelandra, chapter 9, C. S. Lewis writes: In certain old philosophers and poets he had read that the mere sight of the devils was one of the greatest among the torments of Hell. Elsewhere in ...
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What's the level of the teaching that we can't be sure someone is in Hell?

As far as I know, according to Catholic doctrine we can't be sure that any particular soul is in Hell. I understand the reasons (one can repent in the last moment, which is not observable by others), ...