Questions tagged [greek]

The language of Greece and the Greek Empire, a form of which (Koine greek) was spoken in the early centuries AD and in which early manuscripts of the New Testament were written.

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23
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8answers
93k views

What's is the case for premarital sex being an instance of πορνεία (porneia)?

This question is pretty much a spinoff of What does the Bible say about sex before marriage / premarital sex? because its current answer depends on the assumption that premarital sex is πορνεία (...
21
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2answers
1k views

When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
20
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3answers
5k views

What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ" (or "Faithfulness of Christ" [NET]): In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King ...
17
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2answers
2k views

When did the pronunciation of “Jesus” change?

When did the pronunciation of Jesus change from Yeh-sus to Gee-zus? Why did the name change? How? Where? Update: how did the name pronunciation change? Wouldn't there be people to correct ...
15
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3answers
32k views

Why was the New Testament Written in Greek?

New Testament was written in Greek. But Jesus lived in Israel and was supposed to be the next King of Israel. I think it is probably fair to assume that he and his twelve apostles spoke Hebrew. Then ...
13
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2answers
889 views

Is this distinction of biblical “love” terminology compatible with scripture?

I very frequently hear repeated that there are three Greek words (or word-groups, more precisely) that are translated into the same English word "love"; the words being ἀγάπη, φιλíα, and ἔρως. ἔρως is ...
12
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4answers
29k views

When Jesus gave Peter his name (rock) what is the significance that he then said upon a ‘different’ kind of rock he would build his church?

When Peter made his famous confession, Jesus responded by saying: And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. (NIV ...
11
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1answer
10k views

Is the term *Kyrie Eleison* Latin or Greek?

Kyrie Eleison is a term that is used in the Latin Mass of the Catholic Church. However, I've been told that the phrase is entirely Greek and not Latin at all! So is the phrase Latin or Greek? Is it ...
11
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3answers
785 views

Is there a 'Third Heaven'?

2 Corinthians 12:2-4 (New International Version) 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know—...
11
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1answer
152 views

Is Luke's label for Christianity - “the Way” - used in later Christian writings?

Christianity is referred to several times in the book of Acts as "the Way" (hē hodos), initially at 9:2: [Saul] asked [the high priest] for letters to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he ...
10
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2answers
4k views

What is the history behind/Origin of the doxology that often gets added to the end of the Lord's prayer? [duplicate]

Quite often when I hear Protestants recite the Lord's prayer, they include a doxology on the end "For the kingdom the power and he glory are yours, now and forever". I can't find this doxology in the ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What version of the bible do Greek speaking Christians use?

Do Greek speaking Christians still use the Septuagint and original New Testament text? Or do they have a "modern Greek translation"? I ask because the New Testament is 2000 years old, presumably the ...
10
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4answers
769 views

According to Roman Catholic doctrine, does the incorruptible body possess blood?

In my translation of a work by John of Damascus entitled Περὶ τοῦ ἀχράντου σώματος, οὗ μεταλαμβάνομεν, it is my understanding that John wrote, Even as his body prior to the resurrection of the dead ...
9
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3answers
78k views

Did Jesus die on the cross or on the tree?

Master Jesus was crucified on a tree, according to Apostle Peter. Acts 5:30 30 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree. Acts 10:39 39 And we are witnesses ...
8
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4answers
6k views

Why is the Catholic Church called “The Roman Catholic Church”?

If the word "catholic", from the Greek adjective καθολικός (katholikos), means "universal", why The Catholic Church is known as "The Roman Catholic Church"? Is it possible be "universal" and "roman" ...
8
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1answer
489 views

What arguments do KJV-only proponents give to support that the 1611 translation is better than say, Greek language Bibles?

I have an interlinear Bible, called the Apostolic Bible Polyglot, that presents the New Testament (along with the Old Testament, from the Septuagint) in Greek and English. Of the Complutensian ...
8
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4answers
4k views

Why did Jesus use a Greek proverb when He spoke Aramaic to Saul in Acts 26:14?

Saul spoke Greek, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Latin (there are many references). Jesus spoke Aramaic, Greek, and Hebrew (again there are many references). In Acts 26:14, Paul (who at this time was using his ...
8
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1answer
519 views

How are Orthodox monastic names chosen?

Orthodox monks seem to always acquire monastic names when they join a monastery. Thus Mikhail became Macarius. (They also acquire a "seminary surname" if they did not have one already, though this ...
7
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1answer
469 views

Does a literal reading of Romans 4:25 conflict with Reformed theology?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it reads:...
7
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1answer
189 views

What is the earliest indication of controversy regarding the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1?

Historically, what are the earliest writings that indicate controversy or differing opinions regarding the interpretation of the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1? This debate continues today between those ...
7
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3answers
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Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), a Hellenized Jew, used the term Logos to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge. Philo followed the Platonic distinction between imperfect matter and ...
6
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2answers
314 views

Did the original Greek scriptures use upper and lower case letters, in particular for “Holy Ghost”?

Most English translations captialize "Holy Ghost". Which is true: The original Greek capitalized it too. The original Greek capitalized proper nouns, but not these. The original Greek didn't ...
6
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1answer
199 views

When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature?

In the NT, the Greek word οὐσία means "possession, property (substance)." To simply put, it is a thing or stuff that someone owns. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the ...
6
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2answers
172 views

Is there any ancient or modern connection between the word “sin” and the sport of archery?

I recently learned that in the Bible, the word "sin" comes from Hebrew and Greek words that mean "missing the mark". In the Faith section of my local newspaper, a minister recently said: The word “...
6
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4answers
2k views

What is the relation between the Logos of Greek Philosophy and the Logos in Christianity?

The first known mention of the "logos" was by Greek philosopher Heraclitus who lived around 535 - 475 BC. The idea was subsequently developed further by other philosophers such as Aristotle. The ...
5
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1answer
137 views

John Chrysostom, On the Priesthood - Translation of Greek Phrase

In Book 3, Section 6, he wrote, οἱ μὲν γὰρ εἰς ταύτην, οἱ δὲ εἰς ἐκείνην γεννῶσι. Κἀκεῖνοι μὲν οὐδὲ τὸν σωματικὸν αὐτοῖς δύναιντ' ἂν ἀμύνασθαι θάνατον, οὐ νόσον ἐπενεχθεῖσαν ἀποκρούσασθαι· οὗτοι δὲ ...
5
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2answers
966 views

Digital versions of Greek Bibles

Does anyone know if there are digital versions of these greek New Testament texts available? Not just online or pdf versions, but complete downloadable full Greek texts in unicode text format: Textus ...
5
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1answer
126 views

Were ALL 1st century Christians called “saints” by saints Paul, Jude, John etc, as they addressed all believers reading their NT writings as ‘saints’

My Q is concerned purely with how the NT seems to address all 1st century Christians as “saints” even while they were living. Of course, it also addresses martyred saints e.g. in Revelation 6:9-11: “...
5
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0answers
231 views

Greek orthodox prophecy of the messiah in Meteora

I have attached an image. This week I traveled to Meteora, Greece to visit the Great Monastery. I found a text there quoting famous Greek persons from ancient times (b.c.) writing about a messiah ...
5
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1answer
145 views

Was the Athanasian Creed ever translated into Koine Greek? If so, where can I find the text?

I am aware that it was most likely originally composed in Latin (this is why it is highly unlikely that St. Athanasius himself wrote it) but has anyone ever tried translating it into Koine Greek? If ...
4
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3answers
153 views

Is the Greek word Protoktistos used anywhere in the Bible?

Arguing against the teaching that Jesus is a created being, some point out that calling him the firstborn of all creation (Colossians 1:15) does not mean the first created. The trinitarian will often ...
4
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3answers
809 views

Jesus' quotation of Septuagint - Greek or Aramaic?

Having read this and this, I am convinced now that Jesus spoke Aramaic. However, I also know that many times He was quoting Septuagint, which is a translation of the Old Testament into Koine Greek. I ...
4
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2answers
239 views

How do Jehovah’s Witnesses explain the unique wording of Colossians 1:15-17 in the NWT?

Compare the wording of the NWT and the NKJV at Colossians 1:15-17 NKJV says 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 16 For by Him all things were created that are ...
4
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1answer
860 views

How is the Vulgate rendering of Romans 5:12 explained (Roman Catholic perspective)?

The Greek text (Textus Receptus) of Romans 5:12 reads: δια τουτο ωσπερ δι ενος ανθρωπου η αμαρτια εις τον κοσμον εισηλθεν και δια της αμαρτιας ο θανατος και ουτως εις παντας ανθρωπους ο θανατος ...
4
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2answers
139 views

Communion of saints - Is there a Greek equivalent of “ecclesia penitens”?

The doctrine of the communion of saints states that the body of Christ consists of three churches: The Church militant, or Latin ecclesia militans, or Greek ἡ ἐκκλησία ἡ στρατευομένη The Church ...
4
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0answers
80 views

What is the Greek word for a non-essential Christian doctrine?

What is the Greek word that starts with a that means nonessential points of faith? It is contrasted with essential dogma, and refers to areas of disagreement which are not critical for Christian faith....
4
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0answers
89 views

What's the Greek manuscripts of John with the oldest discovery date?

I'm trying to figure out what are the oldest complete manuscripts of the Gospel of John in Greek. New Testament (Wikipedia) For example, papyrus 66 They say 66 is the oldest and nearly complete; ...
4
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0answers
88 views

Is there any doubt among New Testament scholars that “and then to the Twelve” in 1 Corinthians 15:5 refers to an appearance to a group?

Just to be clear, this isn't a question about whether there were ten, eleven, or twelve in the group, but rather how certain we are, perhaps based on the syntax of the original Greek, that "and then ...
3
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1answer
315 views

How possible is it that the Septuagint / LXX wasn't specifically quoted in the NT?

Couldn't it be possible that the NT writers quoted from a Hebrew or Aramaic Old Testament, and that the Septuagint was transliterated afterwards, or that the NT was later translated to match the ...
3
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2answers
84 views

Recommendations for Ancient Greek NT “versions”

What are some methods I can use to look for and find an Ancient Greek Bible that I can buy and use? My goal is to find one that would be as accurate as possible to the manuscripts. If my use of "...
3
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1answer
55 views

Gregory of Nazianzus - First Oration - Translation of καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ

At the very beginning (§1) of his first oration entitled, "On the Holy Pascha and on His Reluctance/Delay," Gregory writes, Ἀναστάσεως ἡμέρα, καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ... Browne/Swallow translate καὶ ἡ ...
3
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2answers
342 views

Was there no word for son in law in Biblical Koine Greek?

I find it hard to believe that there was no word for that kind of thing but this source explains that Jesus' genealogy is harmonized by that claim. I really want that claim to be true and solidly ...
3
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0answers
43 views

Do any Church Fathers speak about the similarity between εσωσεν and Ιησους?

The Greek verb for "he saves" is εσωσεν (esosen), and the Greek transliteration of the Hebrew name of Jesus (Yeshua, meaning Saviour, but coming from the Hebrew yoshia, meaning "He saves") is Ιησους (...
3
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1answer
455 views

Baptismal names in the Greek Orthodox Church!

Where can I find an EXHAUSTIVE list of baptismal names in the Greek Orthodox Church; i.e an EXHAUSTIVE list of Names that have been given to a person (the frequency; i.e the number of people given ...
2
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1answer
5k views

What is the Etymology of the Name of Jesus? [duplicate]

What is the origin of Jesus' Name? Is it derived from the Greek god, "Zeus"? Here's some context for my question. At my church this Sunday a woman told me that the name "Jesus " was derived from the ...
2
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2answers
95 views

What was the reason why the Jews specifically used the substitute Adonay/Kyrios for the Tetragrammaton?

God has one name. ‘’I am Yhwh and that is my name’’ (אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה ה֣וּא שְׁמִ֑י Isaiah 42:8). In the Hebrew Pentateuch the name of God was the Tetragrammaton (the four letter) ‘Yhwh’. The Jews ...
2
votes
3answers
167 views

What did the original Christian writings look like during the 1st century CE?

It is said (from what I've read), from a few Google searches related to "when was the new testament first written", that the New Testament was written down somewhere between 30CE and 150CE, rough ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

What prompted the second century writers to adopt the concept of οὐσία to refer to God's nature?

My question When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature? has been answered and the answer was actually great. However, the answer has led me to ask another question. Conceptually, I ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Is there a scripture affirming the begetting of the Word?

John's prologue does support the begetting of the Word by using the term " only-begotten" but bible scholars nowadays almost always consider it as a mistranslation of the Greek word " monogenes". So ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

How do Bible scholars reconcile the differences between Greek and Aramaic in John 21:15-17?

John 21:15-17 recounts a powerful conversation between Jesus and Peter, where Jesus asks Peter, three times, if he loves Him. Greek has several words for "love". In Greek, the dialogue goes like this: ...