Questions tagged [greek]

The language of Greece and the Greek Empire, a form of which (Koine greek) was spoken in the early centuries AD and in which early manuscripts of the New Testament were written.

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146 views

Was the Athanasian Creed ever translated into Koine Greek? If so, where can I find the text?

I am aware that it was most likely originally composed in Latin (this is why it is highly unlikely that St. Athanasius himself wrote it) but has anyone ever tried translating it into Koine Greek? If ...
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Is the Greek word Protoktistos used anywhere in the Bible?

Arguing against the teaching that Jesus is a created being, some point out that calling him the firstborn of all creation (Colossians 1:15) does not mean the first created. The trinitarian will often ...
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What is a free online New Testament commentary you recommend for diving into the historical/cultural context and the Greek/manuscripts? [closed]

Although I grew up with a Bible and went to a "church," I was raised in a pseudo-Christian group but I converted to orthodox Christianity. So I am planning on reading the entire New ...
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Were ALL 1st century Christians called “saints” by saints Paul, Jude, John etc, as they addressed all believers reading their NT writings as ‘saints’

My Q is concerned purely with how the NT seems to address all 1st century Christians as “saints” even while they were living. Of course, it also addresses martyred saints e.g. in Revelation 6:9-11: “...
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How do Jehovah’s Witnesses explain the unique wording of Colossians 1:15-17 in the NWT?

Compare the wording of the NWT and the NKJV at Colossians 1:15-17 NKJV says 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 16 For by Him all things were created that are ...
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487 views

Baptismal names in the Greek Orthodox Church!

Where can I find an EXHAUSTIVE list of baptismal names in the Greek Orthodox Church; i.e an EXHAUSTIVE list of Names that have been given to a person (the frequency; i.e the number of people given ...
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Digital versions of Greek Bibles

Does anyone know if there are digital versions of these greek New Testament texts available? Not just online or pdf versions, but complete downloadable full Greek texts in unicode text format: Textus ...
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What is the relation between the Logos of Greek Philosophy and the Logos in Christianity?

The first known mention of the "logos" was by Greek philosopher Heraclitus who lived around 535 - 475 BC. The idea was subsequently developed further by other philosophers such as Aristotle. The ...
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Do any Church Fathers speak about the similarity between εσωσεν and Ιησους?

The Greek verb for "he saves" is εσωσεν (esosen), and the Greek transliteration of the Hebrew name of Jesus (Yeshua, meaning Saviour, but coming from the Hebrew yoshia, meaning "He saves") is Ιησους (...
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What was the reason why the Jews specifically used the substitute Adonay/Kyrios for the Tetragrammaton?

God has one name. ‘’I am Yhwh and that is my name’’ (אֲנִ֥י יְהוָ֖ה ה֣וּא שְׁמִ֑י Isaiah 42:8). In the Hebrew Pentateuch the name of God was the Tetragrammaton (the four letter) ‘Yhwh’. The Jews ...
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Is there any ancient or modern connection between the word “sin” and the sport of archery?

I recently learned that in the Bible, the word "sin" comes from Hebrew and Greek words that mean "missing the mark". In the Faith section of my local newspaper, a minister recently said: The word “...
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According to Roman Catholic doctrine, does the incorruptible body possess blood?

In my translation of a work by John of Damascus entitled Περὶ τοῦ ἀχράντου σώματος, οὗ μεταλαμβάνομεν, it is my understanding that John wrote, Even as his body prior to the resurrection of the dead ...
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Was there no word for son in law in Biblical Koine Greek?

I find it hard to believe that there was no word for that kind of thing but this source explains that Jesus' genealogy is harmonized by that claim. I really want that claim to be true and solidly ...
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What did the original Christian writings look like during the 1st century CE?

It is said (from what I've read), from a few Google searches related to "when was the new testament first written", that the New Testament was written down somewhere between 30CE and 150CE, rough ...
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What is the Greek word for a non-essential Christian doctrine?

What is the Greek word that starts with a that means nonessential points of faith? It is contrasted with essential dogma, and refers to areas of disagreement which are not critical for Christian faith....
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Is this distinction of biblical “love” terminology compatible with scripture?

I very frequently hear repeated that there are three Greek words (or word-groups, more precisely) that are translated into the same English word "love"; the words being ἀγάπη, φιλíα, and ἔρως. ἔρως is ...
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Why is the Catholic Church called “The Roman Catholic Church”?

If the word "catholic", from the Greek adjective καθολικός (katholikos), means "universal", why The Catholic Church is known as "The Roman Catholic Church"? Is it possible be "universal" and "roman" ...
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Did Erasmus use Codex Basilensis for his Novum Instrumentum omne?

I am looking for a definitive answer to whether or not Erasmus used Codex Basilensis 'A. N. III. 12 (07 on the list Gregory-Aland) — the four Gospels in Greek in uncial letters; 8th century' in his ...
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Why did Jesus use a Greek proverb when He spoke Aramaic to Saul in Acts 26:14?

Saul spoke Greek, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Latin (there are many references). Jesus spoke Aramaic, Greek, and Hebrew (again there are many references). In Acts 26:14, Paul (who at this time was using his ...
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Recommendations for Ancient Greek NT “versions”

What are some methods I can use to look for and find an Ancient Greek Bible that I can buy and use? My goal is to find one that would be as accurate as possible to the manuscripts. If my use of "...
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Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), a Hellenized Jew, used the term Logos to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge. Philo followed the Platonic distinction between imperfect matter and ...
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Is there a 'Third Heaven'?

2 Corinthians 12:2-4 (New International Version) 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know—...
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Did the original Greek scriptures use upper and lower case letters, in particular for “Holy Ghost”?

Most English translations captialize "Holy Ghost". Which is true: The original Greek capitalized it too. The original Greek capitalized proper nouns, but not these. The original Greek didn't ...
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When did the pronunciation of “Jesus” change?

When did the pronunciation of Jesus change from Yeh-sus to Gee-zus? Why did the name change? How? Where? Update: how did the name pronunciation change? Wouldn't there be people to correct ...
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How do Bible scholars reconcile the differences between Greek and Aramaic in John 21:15-17?

John 21:15-17 recounts a powerful conversation between Jesus and Peter, where Jesus asks Peter, three times, if he loves Him. Greek has several words for "love". In Greek, the dialogue goes like this: ...
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Why is hell more prominent in the NT and not the OT?

This question came to me after reading the following excerpt from Wikipedia's entry on Hell: "Early Judaism had no concept of Hell, although the concept of an afterlife was introduced during the ...
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Where can I find the 5800 Greek NT Manuscript copies? [closed]

How do we know 5800 is a correct figure if we can't even locate these manuscripts? How reliable is this figure? Which libraries in which countries in the world hold these manuscripts? Who first found ...
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Greek- what's the difference between Ιησοῖ, Ιησούς, and Ιησού?

I've been looking through the Septuagint and NT Greek manuscripts online and seen these different forms of the name for both Joshua and Jesus. Can someone please explain to me the differences?
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What is the original appearance and sound of the Nicene Creed? [closed]

There are numerous places on line where one can see the modern Greek text of the creed and hear it read. I would like to know how differently the original 4th century text would appear in a ...
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What version of the bible do Greek speaking Christians use?

Do Greek speaking Christians still use the Septuagint and original New Testament text? Or do they have a "modern Greek translation"? I ask because the New Testament is 2000 years old, presumably the ...
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Greek orthodox prophecy of the messiah in Meteora

I have attached an image. This week I traveled to Meteora, Greece to visit the Great Monastery. I found a text there quoting famous Greek persons from ancient times (b.c.) writing about a messiah ...
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Is the term *Kyrie Eleison* Latin or Greek?

Kyrie Eleison is a term that is used in the Latin Mass of the Catholic Church. However, I've been told that the phrase is entirely Greek and not Latin at all! So is the phrase Latin or Greek? Is it ...
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What's the Greek manuscripts of John with the oldest discovery date?

I'm trying to figure out what are the oldest complete manuscripts of the Gospel of John in Greek. New Testament (Wikipedia) For example, papyrus 66 They say 66 is the oldest and nearly complete; ...
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888 views

How is the Vulgate rendering of Romans 5:12 explained (Roman Catholic perspective)?

The Greek text (Textus Receptus) of Romans 5:12 reads: δια τουτο ωσπερ δι ενος ανθρωπου η αμαρτια εις τον κοσμον εισηλθεν και δια της αμαρτιας ο θανατος και ουτως εις παντας ανθρωπους ο θανατος ...
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How are Orthodox monastic names chosen?

Orthodox monks seem to always acquire monastic names when they join a monastery. Thus Mikhail became Macarius. (They also acquire a "seminary surname" if they did not have one already, though this ...
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Did Jesus ever directly say he would die as a voluntary sacrifice? If so, was it double sense? [closed]

I know evangelical literature like John 3:16: For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. says Jesus died to ...
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What caused the shift from “Faith Of Christ” to “Faith In Christ” in modern translations?

The phrase "Faith in Christ" can also be translated "Faith of Christ" (or "Faithfulness of Christ" [NET]): In the older school of translations of the Bible into English (I'll call them the "King ...
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When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
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216 views

Earliest use of the term triune

According to dictionary.com, the origin of the term triune was between: 1595–1605; tri- + -une < Latin ūnus one What are some of the earliest uses of the English triune, as well as it's Latin ...
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Does a literal reading of Romans 4:25 conflict with Reformed theology?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it reads:...
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“All” Scripture? [duplicate]

All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness... (2 Timothy 3:16) Certainly the New Testament wasn't ...
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283 views

Is a word [letter] and [scripture] in 2 Peter 3:16 the same meaning?

2 Peter 3:16 He writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters. His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people ...
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What is the earliest indication of controversy regarding the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1?

Historically, what are the earliest writings that indicate controversy or differing opinions regarding the interpretation of the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1? This debate continues today between those ...
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How possible is it that the Septuagint / LXX wasn't specifically quoted in the NT?

Couldn't it be possible that the NT writers quoted from a Hebrew or Aramaic Old Testament, and that the Septuagint was transliterated afterwards, or that the NT was later translated to match the ...
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What is the Etymology of the Name of Jesus? [duplicate]

What is the origin of Jesus' Name? Is it derived from the Greek god, "Zeus"? Here's some context for my question. At my church this Sunday a woman told me that the name "Jesus " was derived from the ...
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What is the history behind/Origin of the doxology that often gets added to the end of the Lord's prayer? [duplicate]

Quite often when I hear Protestants recite the Lord's prayer, they include a doxology on the end "For the kingdom the power and he glory are yours, now and forever". I can't find this doxology in the ...
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Is there any doubt among New Testament scholars that “and then to the Twelve” in 1 Corinthians 15:5 refers to an appearance to a group?

Just to be clear, this isn't a question about whether there were ten, eleven, or twelve in the group, but rather how certain we are, perhaps based on the syntax of the original Greek, that "and then ...
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What prompted the second century writers to adopt the concept of οὐσία to refer to God's nature?

My question When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature? has been answered and the answer was actually great. However, the answer has led me to ask another question. Conceptually, I ...
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When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature?

In the NT, the Greek word οὐσία means "possession, property (substance)." To simply put, it is a thing or stuff that someone owns. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the ...