Questions tagged [greek]

The language of Greece and the Greek Empire, a form of which (Koine greek) was spoken in the early centuries AD and in which early manuscripts of the New Testament were written.

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23
votes
8answers
92k views

What's is the case for premarital sex being an instance of πορνεία (porneia)?

This question is pretty much a spinoff of What does the Bible say about sex before marriage / premarital sex? because its current answer depends on the assumption that premarital sex is πορνεία (...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

What prompted the second century writers to adopt the concept of οὐσία to refer to God's nature?

My question When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature? has been answered and the answer was actually great. However, the answer has led me to ask another question. Conceptually, I ...
12
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4answers
26k views

When Jesus gave Peter his name (rock) what is the significance that he then said upon a ‘different’ kind of rock he would build his church?

When Peter made his famous confession, Jesus responded by saying: And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. (NIV ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

When did the concept of οὐσία begin to refer to God's nature?

In the NT, the Greek word οὐσία means "possession, property (substance)." To simply put, it is a thing or stuff that someone owns. And the younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the ...
15
votes
3answers
31k views

Why was the New Testament Written in Greek?

New Testament was written in Greek. But Jesus lived in Israel and was supposed to be the next King of Israel. I think it is probably fair to assume that he and his twelve apostles spoke Hebrew. Then ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the Etymology of the Name of Jesus? [duplicate]

What is the origin of Jesus' Name? Is it derived from the Greek god, "Zeus"? Here's some context for my question. At my church this Sunday a woman told me that the name "Jesus " was derived from the ...
11
votes
3answers
762 views

Is there a 'Third Heaven'?

2 Corinthians 12:2-4 (New International Version) 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know—...
21
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2answers
1k views

When was “pistis christou” first understood as a statement about Christ’s faith?

There is an ongoing debate among translators and commentators of Paul’s letters about how to understand the phrase Πίστις Χριστοῦ (pistis christou)1 -- “[the] faith[fulness] of Christ" vs. “faith in ...
4
votes
1answer
642 views

How is the Vulgate rendering of Romans 5:12 explained (Roman Catholic perspective)?

The Greek text (Textus Receptus) of Romans 5:12 reads: δια τουτο ωσπερ δι ενος ανθρωπου η αμαρτια εις τον κοσμον εισηλθεν και δια της αμαρτιας ο θανατος και ουτως εις παντας ανθρωπους ο θανατος ...
18
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2answers
1k views

When did the pronunciation of “Jesus” change?

When did the pronunciation of Jesus change from Yeh-sus to Gee-zus? Why did the name change? How? Where? Update: how did the name pronunciation change? Wouldn't there be people to correct ...
13
votes
2answers
811 views

Is this distinction of biblical “love” terminology compatible with scripture?

I very frequently hear repeated that there are three Greek words (or word-groups, more precisely) that are translated into the same English word "love"; the words being ἀγάπη, φιλíα, and ἔρως. ἔρως is ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

Philo of Alexandria (20 BC – 50 AD), a Hellenized Jew, used the term Logos to mean an intermediary divine being, or demiurge. Philo followed the Platonic distinction between imperfect matter and ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

What's the Greek manuscripts of John with the oldest discovery date?

I'm trying to figure out what are the oldest complete manuscripts of the Gospel of John in Greek. New Testament (Wikipedia) For example, papyrus 66 They say 66 is the oldest and nearly complete; ...