Questions tagged [free-will]

The ability of agents to make choices free from certain kinds of constraints

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
3 answers
130 views

What is the Biblical Basis for saying that people determine for themselves whether they will be saved or not?

In trying to understand what the bible says on the topic of who decides whether we go to heaven, I was reading this page on What determines whether you'll go to heaven or hell. I found it to be a bit ...
user avatar
  • 109
2 votes
1 answer
63 views

Arminianism's Human's Free Will in light of Proverbs 16:4 & Proverbs 16:33 (since said verses strongly suggest support for Calvinism's predestination)

Proverbs 16:4 The Lord has made everything for [c]its own purpose, Even the wicked for the day of evil. 16:4 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex כֹּ֤ל פָּעַ֣ל יְ֭הוָה לַֽמַּעֲנֵ֑הוּ וְגַם־רָ֝שָׁ֗ע ...
user avatar
  • 243
3 votes
1 answer
169 views

How can God be loving and just whilest creating people for His wrath? I cannot wrap my head around Calvinism!

I just recently left a church that I attended for nearly a decade that is rooted in Calvinist beliefs. I am really struggling with their conception of the Lord and their understanding of the scripture....
user avatar
  • 49
5 votes
1 answer
114 views

What was the Early Church's (ante-Nicene period) view of the interplay between free will (or lack thereof) and salvation?

Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe in libertarian free will? Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe in determinism? Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe that ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
73 views

According to Arminians, why do they find Calvinism distasteful or inaccurate? [duplicate]

R.C. Sproul, a Reformed thinker said in his book “Chosen by God” that: “Jimmy Swaggart has made it clear that he considers the Reformed view a demonic heresy.” (Page 7) Obviously, disagreements can ...
user avatar
  • 1,015
-2 votes
3 answers
111 views

Soteriology: How does God save free moral agents?

Gen. 3:1-7 shows that sin was a choice. How does the freedom of choice intersect with saving faith and the work of the Holy Spirit to convict us of sin? This question is for all who believe the Bible ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
119 views

What is the Biblical basis for Synergism?

From Wikipedia: In Christian theology, synergism is the position of those who hold that salvation involves some form of cooperation between divine grace and human freedom. Synergism is upheld by the ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

What is the Biblical basis for Conditional Election?

From Wikipedia: In Christian theology, conditional election is the belief that God chooses for eternal salvation those whom he foresees will have faith in Christ. This belief emphasizes the ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
123 views

According to Reformed Calvinists, are all of a person's volitional states causally determined by prior causes in time?

From the Wikipedia article on Determinism: Determinism is the philosophical view that all events are determined completely by previously existing causes. Deterministic theories throughout the history ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
91 views

What is the biblical basis for NOT believing that everyone has a fair chance to be saved?

In my previous question If everyone has a fair chance to be saved, then how is this reconciled with Romans 10:11-17 & John 6:44?, I laid out two conditions for scoping purposes: This question is ...
user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
262 views

If everyone has a fair chance to be saved, then how is this reconciled with Romans 10:11-17 & John 6:44?

This question is scoped to Christians who believe that: humans have libertarian free will (or at least are given temporarily some form of genuine freedom of the will through divine grace in specific ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
48 views

According to Roman Catholicism, Mary loved God of her own free will. Does her love mean less to God because grace protected her from sin?

The Immaculate Conception shows that God could, in theory, protect each person from the contracting the taint of original sin. An argument as to why God allows His children to contract original sin is ...
user avatar
  • 109
2 votes
1 answer
71 views

From a Roman Catholic view, after God creates a soul, does He let the soul to choose if they want to enter a body? Can a soul refuse to be embodied?

The Catholic Catechism says this: 366 The Church teaches that every spiritual soul is created immediately by God - it is not "produced" by the parents - and also that it is immortal: it does ...
user avatar
  • 109
1 vote
0 answers
24 views

Could God allow all people to be born without the stain of original sin, as He did with Mary? [duplicate]

God was able to prevent Mary from being born with the stain original sin. If God can do this with one person, He can do this with everyone. This suggests that God forces everyone but Mary, against ...
user avatar
  • 109
5 votes
1 answer
75 views

According to the Catholic Church, Does God create each new individual with original sin?

According to the Catholic Catechism, every spiritual soul is directly created by God. At the moment the individual is created by God, does it have original sin? Or is original sin added later?
user avatar
  • 109
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why did God create people who would reject him? [closed]

God created people with free will, and some of these people will freely choose salvation, while some others will freely choose to reject salvation. God could have chosen to create only the subset of ...
user avatar
  • 247
0 votes
0 answers
8 views

God and the fall of Lucifer [duplicate]

I have been doing some research in how Satan came into existence. There are a number of places in the bible one of which is Revelation, however, there seems to be information missing. Lucifer was an ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
111 views

Romans 9 from an Arminian Perspective

Arminians, how do you interpret Romans 9 from an Arminian perspective? Specifically, verses 13-23. Specifically, the traditional Calvinistic understanding of Romans 9 is that it teaches predestination ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

According to believers in libertarian free will, do all human beings have a genuine chance to freely choose to live a perfect sinless life?

Premise of this question: first of all, I'm basing this question on my common sense understanding that moral responsibility and judgement presuppose that human beings have the capacity to make free ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

How do Open Theists respond to Bible verses claiming God knows the future?

These questions pretty clearly show that God knows the future: For I know the plans I have for you, declares the Lord, plans for welfare and not for evil, to give you a future and a hope. Jeremiah 29:...
user avatar
  • 3,908
3 votes
6 answers
255 views

Why did Jesus raise people from the dead, when they would have been in heaven?

The way I understand it from the bible is that you can live well you entire life, but if you lose your faith and then you die you won't go to heaven. So I'm sure that Satan would love the ability to ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Are there theological explanations for why God would condition his divine intervention and mercy on intercessory prayer?

Ezekiel 22:29-31 (ESV): 29 The people of the land have practiced extortion and committed robbery. They have oppressed the poor and needy, and have extorted from the sojourner without justice. 30 And ...
user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
273 views

Genesis 2:17 and free will

One of the most flexible Christian answers to the Problem of evil (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Problem_of_evil) is that God must allow the possibility of evil for Men to be free (although I would ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
85 views

Do any denominations teach that angels have, or do not have, free will?

With minor variations, most Christian denominations generally believe that: Satan, Lucifer, the Devil, the Serpent, etc. are all the same being. Lucifer rebelled against God. One third of the angels ...
user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
67 views

Is God beholden to the definition of free will?

I have heard repeatedly that the reason God doesn't use His omnipotence to prevent people from doing evil is that He wants people to freely choose not to. This doesn't make sense to me though, ...
user avatar
  • 99
2 votes
1 answer
63 views

From a Protestant perspective, do we really have free will if sin nature is passed on from Adam and Eve to us?

If we are born with a sinful nature from Adam, does that really mean we have free will, since the sin nature makes us more likely to choose to sin?
user avatar
  • 187
1 vote
1 answer
118 views

because this one is closed posted another of the same question (do we really have free will) [closed]

If we are born with a sinful nature (an inclination to sin) from Adam, does that really mean we have free will, since the sin nature makes us more likely to choose to sin?
user avatar
  • 187
5 votes
9 answers
640 views

How do Christians who believe in libertarian free will explain the large imbalance in the ratio of people saved vs. condemned?

In principle, the decisions made by an agent endowed with freedom of the will (in the libertarian sense) are not determined. That is, a free agent's decisions cannot be the result of a sequence of ...
user avatar
-3 votes
2 answers
217 views

Is there a way to prove that God’s foreknowledge is incompatible with genuine human freedom? [closed]

Here are two statements that I have always considered self-evident: God’s total foreknowledge is not compatible with genuine human freedom. God is with us at all times but does not know in advance ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
136 views

Do Protestants accept the doctrine of free-will?

Protestants accept the doctrine of faith alone. If they accept the doctrine of free-will, how do they reconcile James 2:20-24 faith is dead without works, since works to do good is a free- will of man....
user avatar
  • 520
2 votes
0 answers
63 views

How did Erasmus reply to the free will arguments made by Luther in his "On the Bondage of the Will" book?

The 1524-1526 debate between Erasmus and Martin Luther on free will (plus related issues) conducted in print has been regarded as "one of the most famous exchanges in Western intellectual history&...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
229 views

Predestination and Freewill

Is predestination a Catholic doctrine? If so, how does the Catholic Church harmonise the doctrine of predestination against freewill? The Catechism of the The Catholic Church states: "Not only ...
user avatar
  • 520
2 votes
2 answers
110 views

What is the biblical basis for Open Theism?

Open theism, in a nutshell, asserts that the future free choices of agents endowed with free will are unknowable, and therefore that God, though omniscient, is not capable of knowing in advance what ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
98 views

According to Biblical Unitarians, is it theoretically possible for God to incarnate as a human and live a holy and humble life?

For Biblical Unitarians, and from a theoretical standpoint, can God make use of His omnipotence and free will to take on human form and teach us by way of example what it is to live a holy and humble ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
124 views

Catholic view on Mary's free will

In Luke's gospel, we read about Mary's consent to become mother of Jesus. The question:was it a free decision? If so, what is the authoritative statement of the Church. What council or pope addressed ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

When people say "I am waiting on God." Are they afraid to take action in their own lives? [closed]

When people say "I am waiting on God." Are they afraid to take action in their own lives? I have heard so many people in the church claim that they know the will of God, and what God's will ...
user avatar
-1 votes
4 answers
528 views

Why is God knowingly and intentionally allowing the majority of people to go to hell without intervening? [closed]

God knows the past, present, and future, so why is He allowing the majority of people go to hell? It disgusts me. He knew all this was going to happen, yet did nothing about it. He could have stopped ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
34 views

What if Jesus choose not to be crucified? [closed]

Matthew 26:53 Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels? John 10:18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
119 views

What do non-Calvinists believe about Proverbs 21:1

Proverbs 21:1 says The king's heart is like channels of water in the hand of the LORD; He turns it wherever He wishes. This seems to imply that kings (and perhaps everyone else too) don't have ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
79 views

If an individual sins because God "hardened their heart", does that make God the direct responsible of the sin (i.e. a sinner)? [closed]

In the Bible we find passages such as: Exodus 7:3-4 3 But I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, and though I multiply my signs and wonders in Egypt, 4 he will not listen to you. Exodus 11:9-10 9 The Lord ...
user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
295 views

According to Jacobus Arminius's definition of free will, did Pharaoh have free will?

Through the first chapters of Exodus up to the literal exodus, God kept telling Moses that he would harden Pharaoh's heart. Does this mean that Pharaoh didn't have (Jacobus Arminius definition of) ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
201 views

Is there a consensus among early Christians on Romans 9?

How did the early church interpret St. Paul in Romans 9? Is there a consensus in early Christianity regarding the relation between predestination and free will?
user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

If God created us with the capacity of free will. I choose to leave this life and be up there and watch the world beside him, why is it not happening? [closed]

If God created us with the capacity to love and thereby giving us the ability of free will, the ability too choose. He has given us the choise to be a decent human beings but also the choise to commit ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
139 views

The Epitome of the Formula of Concord- Free will in Lutheranism

On "Free Will" The Epitome of the Formula of Concord, on negative (rejected) doctrines, first paragraph states: The delirium [insane dogma] of philosophers who are called Stoics, as also of ...
user avatar
  • 1,721
2 votes
3 answers
267 views

Romans 9:14 to 9:24 and free will

Do all Christians believe in predestination? If not, for those who don't, how do they explain Romans 9:14 - 9:24? 14 What shall we say then? There is no injustice with God, is there? May it never be! ...
user avatar
  • 153
3 votes
1 answer
399 views

In what manner does the Father draw men to Jesus Christ? John 6:44

This question is for Evangelicals who do not hold a Calvinist view Jesus Christ states that the Father alone draws men to Himself. “No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him” ...
user avatar
  • 1,133
8 votes
2 answers
4k views

Does God intend or call some people to live alone forever in their life?

No. I am not talking about taking the sacrament of priesthood or brotherhood or being a nun who is called to live a holy life only for Christ. I mean if a man tries hard to find a partner but it ...
user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
311 views

Contradiction between God's mercy being greater than ours and Jesus' harsh words about who will end up in hell

We believe that God is supremely good and merciful, far more than we are. At the same time, I see in myself that I would not condemn anyone to hell, even villains like Hitler and Stalin. Perhaps I’d ...
user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
204 views

If it is better that we have free will than not, then why suggest it is preferable to not? [closed]

God quite obviously created man with the ability to disobey him. While the reasons that God did this are not entirely clear, it might be argued that God did this because as regrettable as sin is, it ...
user avatar
  • 127
1 vote
1 answer
148 views

What was St. Robert Bellarmine teaching on human cooperation with grace?

What did St. Robert teach on grace and cooperation with it? Did he accept the Thomistic doctrine of grace? Did he agree with Báñez or did he side with Molina?
user avatar
  • 1,981