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Questions tagged [free-will]

The ability of agents to make choices free from certain kinds of constraints

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Do Christians who believe in free will also practice the doctrine of predestination? [on hold]

I have asked several different people over the years and never recived a straight answer.
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1answer
126 views

Is compatibilism compatible with the doctrine of the Catholic Church?

My usual reasoning was that it was not on the basis that: Determinism would entail predestination, which is rejected by the Catholic Church; The alternative - quantum mind - is trickier, but: To my ...
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2answers
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Why don't many Christians follow this: “ For all the law is fulfilled in one word… Love thy neighbour as thyself.” - Galatians 5:14 [closed]

The Whole Law is fulfilled in One Commandment but they still promote religious traditions and call homosexuality a sin. There have been wars in Christianity, judgments, persecutions. How many ...
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2answers
67 views

Is there a Christian philosopher who has published a book challenging compatibilism from the point of view of hard determinism?

A.W Pink in "The sovereignty of God" says in the introduction- "Two things are beyond dispute: God is sovereign, man is responsible". That compatibilist point of view is compared to Libertarian ...
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6answers
322 views

Why did God create us so that it is in our nature to sin?

There are many questions that circle around the following question but the exact wording is important - therefore it is, to the best of my knowledge, not a duplicate! In many of the answers given to ...
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1answer
148 views

How is free-will formally defined as distinct from determinism, randomness and determinism-randomness hybrid to support moral responsibility? [closed]

Usually free-will is assumed by most faith traditions as a prerequisite for moral responsibility in order to justify eternal punishment. The argument goes as "you are truly responsible for your ...
3
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2answers
194 views

Election, Gods Sovereignty and Is Cain Saved?

Does Calvinism (and those who believe in Unconditional Election) teach that Cain was elected to Salvation? This is my source for defining Unconditional Election. Unconditional Election: God does ...
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1answer
50 views

What is the Eastern-Orthodox interpetation of Romans 3:10-20?

In his book, "On the Bondage of the Will", Martin Luther cites St. Paul in section 151, to back his view that free-will is actually in bondage, specifically Romans 3:10-20, how do Eastern-Orthodox ...
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2answers
152 views

According to the Catholic Church, is there any supernatural (non-physical, non-mathematical, non-scientific) part of a human being?

My previous understanding of the Catholic Church's teaching was that a human being is of two conjoined natures: physical and spiritual. Also, my previous reasoning was that things like consciousness, ...
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2answers
63 views

What does the 'will' of St. Paul mean? [closed]

In Rom. 7:18 is stated: "For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not." Does this mean that ...
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0answers
131 views

How do monergists respond to Bible verses that support the doctrine of synergism?

How do Lutherans, Calvinists and other protestants that believe in monergism respond to biblical passages that seem to support synergism such as these? For example: "Be perfect, therefore, as ...
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1answer
223 views

Did Calvin and Luther believe in free will?

According to the Roman Catholic Church, man’s will is in no way determined but that man has the self-power to will good or evil toward God. Now it seems that Calvin and Luther didn't agree with that....
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2answers
243 views

According to Reformed Theology, how is Compatibilism different than Hard Determinism?

This question is related to What is the difference between hard determinism and compatibilism, under the assumption of physicalism?, but I'm looking for the Reformed/Calvinism understanding of this ...
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1answer
149 views

According to Reformed Theology, why do unbelievers deserve punishment?

I read this quote from John Calvin on some website: "...we allow that man has choice and that it is self-determined, so that if he does anything evil, it should be imputed to him and to his own ...
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1answer
80 views

Source of the view that the human will is necessitated but not coerced

Consider this excerpt from Aquinas: Some have held that the human will is necessarily moved to choose things. But they did not hold that the will is coerced, since only something from an external ...
2
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1answer
61 views

How do molinists justify a world where not everyone freely chooses salvation?

Assuming not all humans on earth will become Christians. Many have lived and died that have not. The Bible is clear that many will fall away and perish. If Molinism is true, Then either: A. There ...
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0answers
100 views

What is the Calvinist view of Christians with different levels of loving God?

A) Scripture says no force or power can separate us from the Love of God. "For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor ...
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1answer
151 views

What is the difference between Irresistible Grace and the Immaculate Conception?

So, there's a Calvinist dogma called "Irresistible grace" which I take to mean that some people are unable to resist the call of God and will do the "Godly thing" against their freewill (or instead of ...
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7answers
2k views

What is the biblical basis for free will?

I have seen several responses to theodicy questions revolving around the concept of "free will." I am not familiar with any self-contained biblical basis for this belief (that is, no extra-biblical ...
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1answer
337 views

Is Jonathan Edwards's view of “philosophical necessity” compatible with the Westminster Standards?

Jonathan Edwards (1703–1758) was a major 18th century theologian who, though rooted in Reformed theology, innovated in some important ways. According to J. V. Fesko, in The Theology of the ...
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0answers
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According to Augustine, what's the difference between regenerate life and that before the fall?

In Augustine's four stages of the Christian life, is the Reborn Man in the same state as the Pre-Fall Man? In which state was Christ the man while on earth?
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1answer
346 views

What Bible passages do Jehovah’s Witnesses use to support their view on free will?

I’m given to understand Jehovah’s Witnesses hold to something similar to libertarian free will, the belief that a person’s choices are free from the determination or constraints of human nature and ...
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1answer
92 views

What scriptural support do Latter-day Saints find for their moral agency doctrine?

My understanding is Mormons hold to something similar to libertarian free will, the belief that a person’s choices are free from the determination or constraints of human nature and free from any ...
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1answer
998 views

What biblical support do Arminians and open theists find for libertarian free will?

Libertarian free will is the position that a person’s choices are free from the determination or constraints of human nature and free from any predetermination by God. Libertarians generally argue ...
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1answer
180 views

Is there a recognised soteriology that combines selective election for some and general election for everyone else?

Are there any Christian groups or denominations that hold a belief in selective election to salvation, in that some individuals are specifically and irresistibly called (Noah, Moses, 12 desciples, ...
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2answers
544 views

In Calvinism, why does free will to accept salvation seem to take away from God's glory?

Background: We are unable to accept Christ without His work in us. God gives every man, life, faith, breath, and everything else needed to come to Him. "And you hath he quickened, who were dead in ...
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1answer
156 views

In Catholicism, in what sense is free will restored by baptism?

The Second Council of Orange, Canon 13 states: Concerning the restoration of free will. The freedom of will that was destroyed in the first man can be restored only by the grace of baptism, for ...
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1answer
168 views

According to Molinism, what is the meaning of a counterfactual of freedom?

If I understand correctly, Molinists consider it important that counterfactuals of freedom ("If person P experienced circumstances C, she would perform action A") are meaningful. In fact, if I ...
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1answer
283 views

What is the Calvinist and Hyper-Calvinist understanding of the “whosoever will” from Rev. 22:17?

And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that hears say, Come. And let him that is thirsty come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely. (Rev. 22:17 KJV) I've heard that ...
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1answer
2k views

How does Ravi Zacharias reconcile prayer with free will?

I have been struggling with a question about prayer and free will. For background, please watch this 6 minute youtube clip where Ravi Zacharias answers a question about free will. The question asked ...
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2answers
383 views

From a Jehovah's Witness perspective, why don't we have the option to choose whether or not to come to this world?

I was one of Jehovah's witnesses and would still be one of them, but a question always disturbs me. Sometimes I think about how life and all the pain and suffering we pass through from childbirth ...
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1answer
205 views

Does the Catholic Church allow a professor in a Catholic university to support an idea which is seemingly contrary to Catholic teaching?

Is there a Church law or doctrine forbidding professors at Catholic universities from having (or at least declaring) views contrary to Church teaching while employed at the university? The particular ...
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2answers
403 views

What is the Catholic concept of “freedom to sin”?

This question is inspired by a question posted on ScienceFiction&Fantasy.SE. The central issue (vastly oversimplifying) is whether it's more evil to compel someone to do good than to compel them ...
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0answers
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If I seek God, does that mean that I MUST be elect, according to Calvinism? [duplicate]

I want to find God, at least I think I do. I struggle with the different interpretations of the path to salvation and even though I don't LIKE the idea of God electing some and giving others ...
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2answers
654 views

According to the Church of England, if humans have free will, why do we ask for things in prayer?

How does the Church of England reconcile these three things, which seem at odds with each other: The bible tells us to ask for things in prayer (ask for what we want / ask for bad things not to ...
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2answers
323 views

What level of will-power do humans have according to Luther?

Luther wrote a very forceful book about original sin and predestination called 'On the Bondage of the will'. In it Luther opposes the idea of free-will, defined as a person's power to do good without ...
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1answer
219 views

Does God share moral responsibility for our deeds, good and bad?

I am looking for an overview of the major historical approaches to the following question/group of questions: Since God has given us this body to do good or bad, then does he share at all in the ...
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3answers
357 views

What is considered to be free choice in the context of “choosing to go to hell”?

Let me preface this by stating that I received a Christian education and have seen the idea that individuals choose to go to hell (rather than God sending them there), mostly from a vaguely ...
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2answers
332 views

Why was Lucifer created? [duplicate]

If God is omnipotent and knew that Lucifer would be the destruction of Mankind why would he create him? It sounds like God was trying to hurt his children more than help them.
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3answers
427 views

LDS Free Agency viewpoint

I have a question concerning free agency. Mormons believe that men are free to choose but how is it that there are prophets that can see what will happen? So they know what people will do? Like Jesus ...
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1answer
339 views

According to Catholic Tradition - Was Jesus' experience on Earth scripted? Or did human actors shape it?

God does not play dice with the universe. - Albert Einstein The Bible gives us reason to believe that God (presumably, God the Father) chose the time of Jesus' arrival on Earth. My Question: ...
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1answer
3k views

Why did God create Adam and Eve so that they would sin? [closed]

According to If Adam and Eve were perfect, why did they choose to sin? the serpent tricked Eve into eating the apple. So either the serpent or humans sinned because of free will. But God is sovereign ...
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3answers
603 views

Was the serpent's temptation necessary for Eve to sin?

It was once said that Satan is God's Satan. I understand Eve's act of sin plays into God's hands and His glorification, but are there not other ways this can be done without Satan's interference? ...
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1answer
201 views

Looking for source for quote from Christian author

Some years ago I read in a book about Christianity an attempt to explain the apparent paradox between predestination and free will. I have forgotten the name of the book and its author (it could be C....
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1answer
591 views

How can we defend our faith against the “Argument from Evil” or “Problem of Evil”? [duplicate]

Of all of the arguments against the Bible from a stance of pure logic which I have ever heard, the only one which seems to be able to stand up to honest, logical scrutiny in even the smallest way is ...
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5answers
9k views

What does it mean when God 'hardens' a heart? [closed]

I love the answer in this question regarding God giving us free will saying : "..and without choice, there can be no true obedience, or true love, only mindless followers with no will of their own." ...
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5answers
17k views

What Scriptures tell us what man having free will actually means? [closed]

I have been given many different opinions as to what having free will actually means. Some have said that it means only that we have a choice of whether or not to accept salvation, others have said it ...
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3answers
914 views

How do Arminians reconcile free will with God's omnipotence logically?

I just finished reading Mere Christianity and was blown away by some of the statements Lewis makes. He mentions "even [God] cannot produce [a changed heart] by a mere act of power...It is something ...
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2answers
172 views

What is the role of human judgement given God's omnipotence and his plans [closed]

For example, some people view evangelism to be "most effective" using one method, whislt another person might view it as "most effective" to use another method. Ie, our opinions (and hence actions) ...
6
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1answer
595 views

Prevenient Grace - Negative Responses to Scriptural Examples of It

See what I mean by "Prevenient Grace" in the first question I asked relating to this topic. If your understanding of scripture leads you to believe the doctine of Prevenient Prace is not supported ...