Questions tagged [exegesis]

Exegesis is the interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance. Most exegesis questions should be asked at the Biblical Hermeneutics site; exegesis questions on this site need to specify a perspective and explain why an answer from that perspective is needed.

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According to Full Preterists, what historical facts fulfilled the signs and wonders prophesied by Paul in 2 Thessalonians 2:9?

2 Thessalonians 2:1-12 (ESV): Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him, we ask you, brothers, 2 not to be quickly shaken in mind or alarmed, either by ...
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What was the original word that Jesus used while commending himself to the Father at the Cross? [migrated]

Luke 23:46 is expressed in different versions of the NT with different phraseology, For instance .... KJV :And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my ...
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How do those who believe in a dual system (Old & New Covenant simultaneously operative) pre-70 AD understand “one Lord, one faith, one baptism”?

Some hold that the Old & New Covenants were simultaneously operative and efficacious between the death of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. How do those who hold this view ...
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What is an overview of how different denominations interpret Colossians 1:15 - that Jesus is “the firstborn of all creation”?

Jesus is called the firstborn multiple times. In Colossians 1:15-20 (ESV): 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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How do deniers of the personhood of the Holy Spirit interpret Romans 8:26-27?

Romans 8:26-27 (ESV): 26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 ...
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What is an overview of how Christians interpret 2 Timothy 1:6-7 and apply it to their own lives?

2 Timothy 1:6-7 (ESV): 6 For this reason I remind you to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands, 7 for God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and ...
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How do deniers of the personal pre-incarnate existence of the Son of God interpret John 3:31-32?

He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all. And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and ...
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How do Trinitarians respond to syllogistic arguments against the divinity of Jesus?

In a previous question in which I asked for evidence of early Christians denying the divinity of Jesus, a user posted an answer that, among other things, presents sixteen very interesting syllogistic ...
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According to full preterists, what is the historical basis for viewing the last trumpet call as a historical fact that has already been fulfilled?

Different passages in the Bible shed light on the events that would unfold at the signal of the last trumpet call: 1 Corinthians 15:50-58 (ESV): 50 I tell you this, brothers: flesh and blood cannot ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses and Unitarians and all who deny that Jesus is the Almighty God, how can He be in you and live in you?

Colossians 1:26-27: "the mystery which has been hidden from the past ages and generations; but has now been manifested to His saints. To who God willed to make known what is the riches of the ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians interpret Malachi 3:1-5?

Malachi 3:1-5 (ESV): “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you ...
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How do Trinitarians respond to the objection that God cannot be a man based on Hosea 11:9?

Hosea 11:9 (ESV): I will not execute my burning anger; I will not again destroy Ephraim; for I am God and not a man, the Holy One in your midst, and I will not come in wrath. Recently someone ...
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How do Christians who adhere to the maxim “in essentials unity; in non-essentials liberty; and in all things charity” determine what is essential?

The phrase has been worded in different but equivalent ways. For example, the Wikipedia article titled In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas says: In necessariis unitas, in ...
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Do Protestants accept the doctrine of free-will?

Protestants accept the doctrine of faith alone. If they accept the doctrine of free-will, how do they reconcile James 2:20-24 faith is dead without works, since works to do good is a free- will of man....
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How do Eternal Security adherents interpret Ezekiel 18:21-18 and 33:12-16?

Note: for better readability, the relevant parts of the quoted passages are in bold. Ezekiel 18:21-28 (ESV): 21 “But if a wicked person turns away from all his sins that he has committed and keeps ...
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What is an overview of Christian viewpoints on why God sanctioned eating meat after the fall if veganism was already the pre-fall standard?

Genesis tells us that Adam, Eve and all animals had originally plant-based diets, as God provided them with every plant and tree for food: 29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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How do non-Sabbatarians interpret Revelation 14:12?

Revelation 14:12 (KJV) 12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. I've seen Sabbatarians bring up this verse of Revelation as ...
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How do non-Sabbatarians interpret passages in Acts that show that the Gentiles attended synagogues on Sabbath?

Acts 13:42-48 (ESV) 42 As they went out, the people begged that these things might be told them the next Sabbath. 43 And after the meeting of the synagogue broke up, many Jews and devout converts to ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians understand what some theologians refer as the Kenosis in Philippians 2?

Philippians 2:5-9 describes the attitude of humility, love, and service which Christ Jesus possessed while on earth: Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' divinity explain that the angel at Revelation 22:9 did not include Jesus in the list of beings that can be worshipped?

Note: this is an adaptation of a question asked on Hermenutics.SE. Check it out if interested in answers from different viewpoints. When John fell down to worship the angel that had just showed him ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians interpret 1 Corinthians 2:10-14 with regard to God and the Spirit of God?

1 Corinthians 2:10-14 (ESV): 10 these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. 11 For who knows a person's thoughts except the ...
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Did the Church Fathers ever reference the six jars of wine at the Wedding in Cana as symbolising the six followers of Jesus at the wedding?

John 1 describes in some detail Jesus calling his first five disciples - Andrew, Simon, Philip, Nathanael and presumably John. John 2 1-2 says that Jesus' mother was at the wedding and Jesus was there ...
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How do soul sleep adherents make sense of Jesus' acknowledgement of the existence of disembodied spirits and ghosts?

Luke 24:36-39 (NASB): 36 Now while they were telling these things, Jesus Himself suddenly stood in their midst and *said to them, “Peace be to you.” 37 But they were startled and frightened, and ...
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How do advocates of Christian mortalism (aka “Soul sleep”) interpret passages that suggest that humans remain conscious after leaving their bodies? [closed]

There are several passages in Scripture that suggest that human beings are still alive/conscious after being separated from their bodies (because of death or due to some sort of out-of-body experience)...
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How many different Spirits do Biblical Unitarians believe God has sent or gifted to be in believers?

There are many names given in Scripture to a Spirit or Spirits sent to live with and, most especially, live within those who have received the salvation inherent in the Gospel. This is not an ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians understand verses that appear to identify God (the Father) and the Holy Spirit as different beings/entities?

Here are a few notable passages (the list is probably not exhaustive - edits are welcome): 13 So if you, despite being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your ...
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How do non-trinitarians reconcile Rev. 22 verses 6 and 16?

Jehovah's Witnesses, as one non-trinitarian example, claim that Revelation 22:13 is a reference to Jehovah God and not Jesus: I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and ...
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How do Full Preterists interpret 2 Peter 3:9-13?

As I understand, Full Preterism holds that all end time prophesies were fulfilled at the destruction of Jerusalem. 2 Peter chapter 3 appears to provide an end time prophesy wherein the heavens, down ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret John 14:26?

John 14:26 (NRSV): 26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you everything, and remind you of all that I have said to you. My impression as I read this ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV): 5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, 7 but emptied ...
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Contradiction or translation problem with Moses in Exodus?

Exodus tells of Moses meeting face to face with God. Shortly thereafter there is a warning that nobody can see God's face or they will die. So contradiction, translation problem, or other ...
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How do those who reject the divinity of Jesus understand Hebrews 1:6 (“Let all God’s angels worship him.”)? [duplicate]

My understanding is that God is a jealous God and does not tolerate that anyone else be worshiped (Exodus 20:4-5; Luke 4:8). Yet, Hebrews 1:6 (NIV) says: 6 And again, when God brings his firstborn ...
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Protoevangelium (Genesis 3:15) translational differences

When reading on Biblical Prophecies, a big one is Genesis 3:15. The Douay-Rheims translation says "I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy ...
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Does Malachi 4:1 and Jude 7 prove that hell is temporary? [closed]

Does Malachi 4:1 and Jude 7 prove that hell is temporary? I'm studying the bible and I found a few verses that seem to challenge the idea of an eternal hell forever and ever. Even though the bible ...
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What is the biblical basis for believing that some sense of Deity exists in humans?

This view is called “Sensus Divinitatis” and is described as the natural capacity for humans to perceive God. I understand from this Wikipedia article on Sensus divinitatis that although the concept ...
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Why the 70-year exile and not more?

Reading Jeremiah, it occurred to me that the Israelite occupation of the land, including the time of the Judges, was around 800 years from the time they crossed the Jordan. God says the period of ...
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Why did Jesus commit Mary into the care of the beloved disciple, not James, who is known as his brother?

According to John's Gospel Jesus on the cross committed his mother to the care of the Beloved Disciple, not to his brother, James. Admittedly James was not there. However, I wonder if this indicates ...
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How do Christians that advocate libertarian free will interpret Romans 9:14-24?

Romans 9:14-24 (ESV): 14 What shall we say then? Is there injustice on God's part? By no means! 15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I ...
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According to Catholicism, what is the original intent of the term “virgin” in Lk 1:26-27? [duplicate]

We read of the Annunciation at Lk 1:26-27: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house ...
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How do Cessationists explain Spirit-inspired prophecies whose contents were not recorded in the final canon of scripture?

It's my understanding that Cessationists usually adhere to the interpretation of 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 as meaning that prophecy and other spiritual gifts have ceased because "completeness" ...
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Which monk states that the Old Testament is about the Father and the New Testament about the Holy Ghost

Somebody mentioned to me in a conversation that there was a monk in the 13th century who held the belief that the OT is about the Father and the NT is about the Holy Ghost. The death and resurrection ...
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How do Cessationists interpret John 14:8-14, especially verses 11 and 12?

John 14:8-14 (NIV): 8 Philip said, “Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough for us.” 9 Jesus answered: “Don’t you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone ...
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How does the Catholic Church explain the omission of identity of the young man referred to in Mk 14:51?

In Mark 14:51, we read about a youth who flees, after he sees Jesus being arrested: A certain young man was following him, wearing nothing but a linen cloth. They caught hold of him, but he left the ...
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How do egalitarians understand male headship?

From Ephesians 5 in a complementarian lens, it is understood to be a reflection of how men and women ought to work together in marriage for God's glory - though I am aware that egalitarians and ...
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What is the biblical basis for interpreting “born again”, “baptized in the Holy Spirit” and “filled with the Holy Spirit” as different experiences?

In the New Testament we find expressions such as being "born again", being "baptized in the Holy Spirit" and being "filled with the Holy Spirit". I can't pinpoint ...
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What do non-Calvinists believe about Proverbs 21:1

Proverbs 21:1 says The king's heart is like channels of water in the hand of the LORD; He turns it wherever He wishes. This seems to imply that kings (and perhaps everyone else too) don't have ...
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According to the Catholicism, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35?

According to the Catholic Church, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35? And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, ...
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Is 1 Corinthians 15:28 disregarded by trinitarians? [closed]

International Standard Version: But when everything has been put under him, then the Son himself will also become subject to the one who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all. The ...

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