Questions tagged [exegesis]

Exegesis is the interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance. Most exegesis questions should be asked at the Biblical Hermeneutics site; exegesis questions on this site need to specify a perspective and explain why an answer from that perspective is needed.

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How do Christians who adhere to the maxim “in essentials unity; in non-essentials liberty; and in all things charity” determine what is essential?

The phrase has been worded in different but equivalent ways. For example, the Wikipedia article titled In necessariis unitas, in dubiis libertas, in omnibus caritas says: In necessariis unitas, in ...
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Do Protestants accept the doctrine of free-will?

Protestants accept the doctrine of faith alone. If they accept the doctrine of free-will, how do they reconcile James 2:20-24 faith is dead without works, since works to do good is a free- will of man....
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How do Eternal Security adherents interpret Ezekiel 18:21-18 and 33:12-16?

Note: for better readability, the relevant parts of the quoted passages are in bold. Ezekiel 18:21-28 (ESV): 21 “But if a wicked person turns away from all his sins that he has committed and keeps ...
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What is an overview of Christian viewpoints on why God sanctioned eating meat after the fall if veganism was already the pre-fall standard?

Genesis tells us that Adam, Eve and all animals had originally plant-based diets, as God provided them with every plant and tree for food: 29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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How do non-Sabbatarians interpret Revelation 14:12?

Revelation 14:12 (KJV) 12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus. I've seen Sabbatarians bring up this verse of Revelation as ...
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How do non-Sabbatarians interpret passages in Acts that show that the Gentiles attended synagogues on Sabbath?

Acts 13:42-48 (ESV) 42 As they went out, the people begged that these things might be told them the next Sabbath. 43 And after the meeting of the synagogue broke up, many Jews and devout converts to ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians understand what some theologians refer as the Kenosis in Philippians 2?

Philippians 2:5-9 describes the attitude of humility, love, and service which Christ Jesus possessed while on earth: Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he ...
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How do deniers of Jesus' divinity explain that the angel at Revelation 22:9 did not include Jesus in the list of beings that can be worshipped?

Note: this is an adaptation of a question asked on Hermenutics.SE. Check it out if interested in answers from different viewpoints. When John fell down to worship the angel that had just showed him ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians interpret 1 Corinthians 2:10-14 with regard to God and the Spirit of God?

1 Corinthians 2:10-14 (ESV): 10 these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. 11 For who knows a person's thoughts except the ...
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Did the Church Fathers ever reference the six jars of wine at the Wedding in Cana as symbolising the six followers of Jesus at the wedding?

John 1 describes in some detail Jesus calling his first five disciples - Andrew, Simon, Philip, Nathanael and presumably John. John 2 1-2 says that Jesus' mother was at the wedding and Jesus was there ...
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How do soul sleep adherents make sense of Jesus' acknowledgement of the existence of disembodied spirits and ghosts?

Luke 24:36-39 (NASB): 36 Now while they were telling these things, Jesus Himself suddenly stood in their midst and *said to them, “Peace be to you.” 37 But they were startled and frightened, and ...
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How do advocates of Christian mortalism (aka “Soul sleep”) interpret passages that suggest that humans remain conscious after leaving their bodies? [closed]

There are several passages in Scripture that suggest that human beings are still alive/conscious after being separated from their bodies (because of death or due to some sort of out-of-body experience)...
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How many different Spirits do Biblical Unitarians believe God has sent or gifted to be in believers?

There are many names given in Scripture to a Spirit or Spirits sent to live with and, most especially, live within those who have received the salvation inherent in the Gospel. This is not an ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians understand verses that appear to identify God (the Father) and the Holy Spirit as different beings/entities?

Here are a few notable passages (the list is probably not exhaustive - edits are welcome): 13 So if you, despite being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your ...
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How do non-trinitarians reconcile Rev. 22 verses 6 and 16?

Jehovah's Witnesses, as one non-trinitarian example, claim that Revelation 22:13 is a reference to Jehovah God and not Jesus: I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret John 14:26?

John 14:26 (NRSV): 26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you everything, and remind you of all that I have said to you. My impression as I read this ...
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How do non-trinitarians interpret Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV): 5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, 7 but emptied ...
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Contradiction or translation problem with Moses in Exodus?

Exodus tells of Moses meeting face to face with God. Shortly thereafter there is a warning that nobody can see God's face or they will die. So contradiction, translation problem, or other ...
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How do those who reject the divinity of Jesus understand Hebrews 1:6 (“Let all God’s angels worship him.”)? [duplicate]

My understanding is that God is a jealous God and does not tolerate that anyone else be worshiped (Exodus 20:4-5; Luke 4:8). Yet, Hebrews 1:6 (NIV) says: 6 And again, when God brings his firstborn ...
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Protoevangelium (Genesis 3:15) translational differences

When reading on Biblical Prophecies, a big one is Genesis 3:15. The Douay-Rheims translation says "I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy ...
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Does Malachi 4:1 and Jude 7 prove that hell is temporary? [closed]

Does Malachi 4:1 and Jude 7 prove that hell is temporary? I'm studying the bible and I found a few verses that seem to challenge the idea of an eternal hell forever and ever. Even though the bible ...
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What is the biblical basis for believing that some sense of Deity exists in humans?

This view is called “Sensus Divinitatis” and is described as the natural capacity for humans to perceive God. I understand from this Wikipedia article on Sensus divinitatis that although the concept ...
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Why the 70-year exile and not more?

Reading Jeremiah, it occurred to me that the Israelite occupation of the land, including the time of the Judges, was around 800 years from the time they crossed the Jordan. God says the period of ...
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Why did Jesus commit Mary into the care of the beloved disciple, not James, who is known as his brother?

According to John's Gospel Jesus on the cross committed his mother to the care of the Beloved Disciple, not to his brother, James. Admittedly James was not there. However, I wonder if this indicates ...
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How do Christians that advocate libertarian free will interpret Romans 9:14-24?

Romans 9:14-24 (ESV): 14 What shall we say then? Is there injustice on God's part? By no means! 15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I ...
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According to Catholicism, what is the original intent of the term “virgin” in Lk 1:26-27? [duplicate]

We read of the Annunciation at Lk 1:26-27: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house ...
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How do Cessationists explain Spirit-inspired prophecies whose contents were not recorded in the final canon of scripture?

It's my understanding that Cessationists usually adhere to the interpretation of 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 as meaning that prophecy and other spiritual gifts have ceased because "completeness" ...
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Which monk states that the Old Testament is about the Father and the New Testament about the Holy Ghost

Somebody mentioned to me in a conversation that there was a monk in the 13th century who held the belief that the OT is about the Father and the NT is about the Holy Ghost. The death and resurrection ...
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How do Cessationists interpret John 14:8-14, especially verses 11 and 12?

John 14:8-14 (NIV): 8 Philip said, “Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough for us.” 9 Jesus answered: “Don’t you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone ...
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How does the Catholic Church explain the omission of identity of the young man referred to in Mk 14:51?

In Mark 14:51, we read about a youth who flees, after he sees Jesus being arrested: A certain young man was following him, wearing nothing but a linen cloth. They caught hold of him, but he left the ...
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How do egalitarians understand male headship?

From Ephesians 5 in a complementarian lens, it is understood to be a reflection of how men and women ought to work together in marriage for God's glory - though I am aware that egalitarians and ...
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What is the biblical basis for interpreting “born again”, “baptized in the Holy Spirit” and “filled with the Holy Spirit” as different experiences?

In the New Testament we find expressions such as being "born again", being "baptized in the Holy Spirit" and being "filled with the Holy Spirit". I can't pinpoint ...
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What do non-Calvinists believe about Proverbs 21:1

Proverbs 21:1 says The king's heart is like channels of water in the hand of the LORD; He turns it wherever He wishes. This seems to imply that kings (and perhaps everyone else too) don't have ...
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According to the Catholicism, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35?

According to the Catholic Church, what exactly is the meaning of “overshadowed” by the power of the most High in Luke 1:35? And the angel answering, said to her: The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, ...
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Why is 1 Corinthians 15:28 disregarded by trinitarians?

International Standard Version: But when everything has been put under him, then the Son himself will also become subject to the one who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all. The ...
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How does Oneness Pentecostalism interpret Matthew 24:36?

Matthew 24:36 (NIV) 36“But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. If the Father and the Son are expressions of the same God, how come ...
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How Did Ussher Determine That the World Began on “Sunday Evening, October 23, 4004 B.C.”?

One of the more famous estimates of the age of the earth was given by James Ussher in 1656, who, based on a literal biblical interpretation, concluded that the world began on Sunday evening, October ...
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How do Christians tell whether they lack or have the “power” promised in Acts 1:8?

Acts 1:7-8 (NIV): 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you ...
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According to Catholicism must we all suffer in life?

In the Catholic Church there is a certain mystic aspect regarding to the suffering of Jesus Christ in which often faithful who go trough sufferings, especially for the faith, see their suffering as ...
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How many non-decalogue commandments from the Old Testament are still morally binding for Christians? [duplicate]

Many denominations believe that Christians should obey the ten commandments (also known as the decalogue), which can be found in Exodus 20:1-17. However, there are 613 commandments in the Old ...
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Why aren't the two greatest commandments part of the Decalogue?

In Matthew 22:36-40 (NIV) Jesus says: 36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?” 37 Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all ...
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How does Catholic Church explain the reference to Christ at 1 Cor. 10?

We read at 1 Corinthians 10: 1 Corinthians 10:1-5, 9 (NRSVCE): I do not want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, and ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief by Seventh-day Adventists that evangelized Gentiles should keep the Sabbath?

Which passages of Scripture are canonically or typically cited by Seventh-day Adventists in defense of the belief that evangelized Gentiles are to keep the Sabbath (sunset Friday to sunset Saturday) ...
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Genesis 3:22 inconsistent with singularity of god [duplicate]

Genesis 3:22 says: Then the LORD God said, "See, the man has become like one of us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret Jesus's statement that “I live because of the Father”?

Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me (John 6:57) This statement by Jesus seems to insinuate that Jesus derives his ...
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Who resurrected Jesus - the Father, the Son, or the Holy Spirit

In John 2:19-22 Jesus tells the Jews that he will perform a miraculous sign by raising the temple of his body in three days. In John 10:18 Jesus says he has authority to lay down his life and ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses understand Galatians 1:11-12?

The Apostle Paul stated at Galatians 1:11-12 the following: Galatians 1:11-12: For I would have you know, brethern, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. For I neither ...
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Does the verse in Song of Solomon 5:16 contain the name of the Islamic prophet Muhammad?

I have met Muslims and interacted with them directly and indirectly about their brief that the Islamic prophet Muhammad is mentioned in the Bible. One such claim is centred on the Song of Solomon 5:16....
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Why do Jehovah’s Witnesses cite William Barclay as to the identity of the speaker in Revelation 22:13 knowing he believed it is Jesus?

This is according to the article, Who or What Is “the Alpha and the Omega”? which also says, "This term occurs three times in the Bible. Revelation 1:8; Revelation 21:6; and here at Revelation 22:...

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