Questions tagged [exegesis]

Exegesis is the interpretation of a Biblical text, to explore its meaning, significance and relevance. Most exegesis questions should be asked at the Biblical Hermeneutics site; exegesis questions on this site need to specify a perspective and explain why an answer from that perspective is needed.

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How do Trinitarians interpret Jesus's statement that “I live because of the Father”?

Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me (John 6:57) This statement by Jesus seems to insinuate that Jesus derives his ...
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Who resurrected Jesus - the Father, the Son, or the Holy Spirit

In John 2:19-22 Jesus tells the Jews that he will perform a miraculous sign by raising the temple of his body in three days. In John 10:18 Jesus says he has authority to lay down his life and ...
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Explain why it is believed that Luke wrote the Acts of the Apostles? [migrated]

What proofs are there to support “evidence that Luke is the writer of the Book of Acts?”
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According to Reformed theology, why does God tell people to repent if they don't have the choice to do so, as in Exodus 10:3?

This question is addressed to those who believe in the doctrine of Total Depravity. In Exodus 10:3 God asks the Pharaoh for how long will he remain proud. Why does God ask such a question if the ...
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Is Levi from Luke 5:27 and Mark 2:14 referring to the apostle Matthew

Both Luke 5:27 and Mark 2:14 mention a tax collector named Levi: 27 After this, Jesus went out and saw a tax collector by the name of Levi sitting at his tax booth. "Follow me," Jesus said to him,...
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Who was house of Chloe? [closed]

In 1 Corinthians 1:11 Paul says: 11 For it has been reported to me about you, my brothers, by members of Chloe’s household, that there is rivalry among you. Who is Chloe here? I'm looking to ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses understand Galatians 1:11-12?

The Apostle Paul stated at Galatians 1:11-12 the following: Galatians 1:11-12: For I would have you know, brethern, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. For I neither ...
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How do Arminians interpret God's reserving of a remnant in Romans 11:4?

Much has been written about Romans 9 and the differing Calvinist/Arminian interpretations of it. However, Arminians (and I consider myself an Arminian) usually argue that, read in context with the ...
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What is the Catholic interpretation of 2 Thessalonians 2:3?

The English translation of 2 Thes. 2:3 according to New American Bible, Revised Edition: 3 Let no one deceive you in any way. For unless the apostasy comes first and the lawless one is revealed, ...
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How is the situation of “divorce her quietly” in Matthew 1:19 according to Catholic?

Matthew 1:19 Because Joseph her husband was faithful to the law, and yet did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. In these modern days, in my ...
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Is Genesis 18 regarded as a Theophany of the Trinity by any denomination?

Abraham addresses the three visitors as LORD. Is there any group of Christians that understands this as a theophany of the Trinity? Genesis 18:1-2 NASB 1 Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of ...
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Did Moses leave his wife and kids? If so, why? [closed]

Is this passage implying that Moses left his wife and children before he went into the wilderness? If that's true, why did Moses leave his family? Exodus 18:1-7 ESV Jethro, the priest of Midian, ...
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Is there a consensus among early Christians on Romans 9?

How did the early church interpret St. Paul in Romans 9? Is there a consensus in early Christianity regarding the relation between predestination and free will?
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How do Evangelicals understand “holy children” in 1 Cor 7:14, with respect to the salvation of children dying in infancy?

For the unbelieving husband is made holy because of his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy because of her husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but as it is, they are holy. (1 ...
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What does it mean for the Spirit to only speak of what he hears? (trinitarian perspective)

I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he ...
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How do opponents of penal substitutionary atonement theory handle Isaiah 53?

How do opponents of the penal substitution theory of atonement handle Isaiah 53? This seems to describe penal substitution quite well: 53:4 Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we ...
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How do Trinitarians explain John 17:3?

Unitarians use John 17:3 to affirm their faith that the Father alone is the only true God. They would say that this is the strongest evidence that there is only one person who is true God. Thus, the ...
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1answer
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Where do Saints go after we return with Jesus (Pentecostal perspective)

I was wondering where the glorified Saints go to live after we return with Jesus as described in Revelation 19:11–16: And I saw Heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was ...
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Who does Paul consider to be “Saints” in Romans 1:7?

I am not a Roman Catholic. In my understanding of Roman Catholicism, the term "saints" is not applied to all believers. It's applied to a subset of believers who have performed some miracle or great ...
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What is the meaning of the word “ONE” in the Bible? [closed]

In the Bible it talks of Jesus being one with the Father John 10:30 but also says that we should be one with them John 17:11. In the Bible's original Greek text, is the same word used for both, or is ...
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Why did Paul say “I am pure from the blood of all men”?

In Acts 20 Paul is saying his farewell to the elders of Ephesus. He is bringing to their memory the manner, in which he had spent all that time with them - in humility (Acts 20:19). Then he says: ...
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What does Romans 13:13-14 mean by “behave decently, as in the daytime”?

In Romans 13:13-14 NIV we read Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. Rather, clothe ...
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In the tradition of Jehovah's Witnesses, does Romans 6:23 mean that all people who are resurrected have their sins blotted out?

Since the Bible itself says there is to be a resurrection of the good and bad (Acts 24:15) how do Jehovah's Witnesses explain their position that death blots out the sins of all? If death blots out ...
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The Prohet and the Messiah in John 1:20-21

Why did the Jews in John 1:20-21 ask John the Baptist if he was the Christ and then if he was the Prophet? Since the coming Prophet mentioned in Deut. 18:18 is the Messiah, it seems that their ...
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How do Reformed Protestants interpret Matthew 18:18?

How do Reformed Protestants interpret Matthew 18:18? Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. - Matthew 18:...
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What's the problem with groves? [closed]

In Exodus 34:13, Deuteronomy 7:5, Deuteronomy 12:3, God states laws against idolatry, and God says to cut down or burn groves: Exodus 34:13 KJV But ye shall destroy their altars, break their ...
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Who is the speaker and who is “him” in Daniel 11:1 according to the Seventh-day Adventist?

Daniel 11:1 New American Standard Bible In the first year of Darius the Mede, I arose to be an encouragement and a protection for him. In my own interpretation, the speaker is Jesus and the "him&...
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Who is the prophet Moses mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:15?

Who is the prophet Moses mentioned in Deuteronomy 18:15 ? I was thinking Moses was talking about Jesus, but Jesus is not considered a prophet is he ? Deuteronomy 18:14-16 (NIV) 14 The nations you ...
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Does the verse in Song of Solomon 5:16 contain the name of the Islamic prophet Muhammad?

I have met Muslims and interacted with them directly and indirectly about their brief that the Islamic prophet Muhammad is mentioned in the Bible. One such claim is entered on Song of Solomon 5:16. ...
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According to evangelicals, who are the Great Multitude at Rev 7:9, who come out of the great tribulation (on earth) where they are given life?

Revelation 7:4-8 describes the 144,000. Then another group is mentioned that is the subject for this question. According to evangelicals, who are the Great Multitude at Re 7:9, Rev 7:9 ...
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Who are the five brothers mentioned in the story of Lazarus and the rich man (Luke 16:28)? [closed]

Luke 16:27–28 (NIV) reads: 27 “He answered, ‘Then I beg you, father, send Lazarus to my family, 28 for I have five brothers. Let him warn them, so that they will not also come to this place of ...
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What is the definition of sons of God in Job 2:1?

Job 2 Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord Multiple sons of God are mentioned in Job 2:1. What definition would entail the title 'Sons of God'. Is ...
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What about the story of the “Rich Man and Lazarus” indicates whether it is a parable or not?

To extend this previous question, what about the text of the story of Lazarus and the Rich Man indicates whether it should be considered a parable or an "actual" account?
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Why do Jehovah’s Witnesses cite William Barclay as the speaker in Revelation22:13 knowing he believed it is Jesus?

This is according to the following link, https://www.jw.org/en/bible-teachings/questions/alpha-omega/ which also says, "This term occurs three times in the Bible. -Revelation 1:8; Revelation 21:...
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How do soul sleep adherents explain Lk 23:43?

Luke 23:43 says: And he said to him, “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise.” Jesus told the thief on the cross beside him that he'll be in paradise with Jesus that day. Being ...
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1answer
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Have any Wesleyan theologians compared Outler's Quadrilateral to PaRDeS?

In 1964, Methodist theologian Albert C. Outler outlined the Wesleyan Quadrilateral in his introduction to John Wesley's anthology of works. This establishes a hermeneutic framework in which truth, ...
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Why did the Jews comment that Jesus was not yet fifty years of age?

We see at John 8 , the long debate that Jesus has with the Pharisees . We read at verse 57 the question which the Pharisees pose to him: Then the Jews said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, ...
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What was the significance of thirty pieces of silver Judas was offered for betraying Jesus?

At Matthew 26:14-15 we read: Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, “What will you give me if I betray him to you?” They paid him thirty pieces ...
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What is the meaning of Isaiah 1:17? [closed]

Defend the oppressed. Take up the cause of the fatherless. Plead the case of the widow. (NIV) What does those three things mean? An how do you do such things? I would surely appreciate an ...
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How do Christains argue that “messianic psalms” are messianic and refer to Jesus Christ?

I've heard Christians assert that you can prove that Jesus Christ is the Messiah from the book of psalms. There doesn't seem to be any watertight argument for the existence of messianic psalms other ...
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Looking for references from the early Church Fathers on Galatians 3:13

Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree: [Galatians 3:13, KJV] ...As it relates to a Luther(esque) ...
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For since the creation(ism)… men are without excuse

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in ...
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Why does the KJV say “people perish” in Pr. 29:18?

Can anyone tell me why the KJV translates the Hebrew words yipara am as “people perish” in Pr. 29:18? (The Hebrew word am means people and yipara means unrestrained.) Other translations render yipara ...
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Job 39:30 AND Matthew 24:28 [closed]

Job 39:30 AND Matthew 24:28 For wheresoever the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered together. This is scripture regarding Christ's return. My difficulty is in understanding why this ...
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Different genealogy in Matthew and Luke

In the Matthew and Luke we can read the genealogy of Jesus. While in Matthew 1 it dates back to Abraham, in Luke 3 it goes back to Adam. What's the significance of this difference?
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What was the usage of the “dove dung” mentioned in 2 Kings 6:25? [closed]

When reading about Samaria's condition, I have came across the following: 2 Kings 6:25 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass's head was sold for ...
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Is Paul making an oath in Galatians 1?

Several times in the New Testament, we are told not to make oaths but to make simple statements of affirmation or denial. For example... Matthew 5:33-37 (NIV)     33 “Again, ...
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According to Unitarians, to whom does the word הָאָדוֹן refer in Mal. 3:1?

Regarding the word אֲדֹנִי (adoni) in Psa. 110:1 (actually prefixed with -ל, i.e. לַאדֹנִי), translated as “my lord,” a self-professed Unitarian website states,1 Trinitarian commentators frequently ...
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Which of these interpretations of Malachi 3:1 can be eliminated? [closed]

The authorised KJV translates Malachi 3:1 as follows: "Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, ...
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What is the basis for the claim that Ezekiel 44 is about Mary the Mother of Jesus?

Upon being referred to the statements of Thomas Aquinas in Summa Theologia, I read this: It is written (Ezekiel 44:2): "This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall pass ...

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