Questions tagged [epistemology]

The study of how one goes about "knowing" what they know

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What is the basis for the different epistemologies of continuationists, cessationists and atheists regarding eyewitness testimonies of miracles?

Preliminaries From the Wikipedia article on Epistemology: Epistemology [...] is the branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge. Epistemologists study the nature, origin, and scope of knowledge, ...
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What do Christians pay attention to in order to decide if a given piece of text or manuscript is divinely inspired?

Epistemologically speaking, when a Christian is faced with a given piece of text, manuscript, book, etc., how does he or she go about deciding whether the material at hand is divinely inspired or not? ...
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Why do non-LDS Christians accept the testimonies of the apostles but reject the testimonies of the 3 & 8 witnesses to the golden plates?

Simple question: non-LDS Christians believe the testimonies of the apostles, yet they reject the testimonies of the 3 & 8 witnesses to the golden plates. Why? In the mouth of two or three ...
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Why do Cessationists consider recent testimonial evidence for the gifts of the Spirit less reliable than 2000-year-old evidence for the resurrection?

Arguments for the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus strongly rely on testimonial evidence. Defenders of Jesus' resurrection as a historical fact typically argue that the writings of the New ...
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What is the source of Paul's issues with Sophistry?

Was sophistry a common problem that believers where faced with in Paul's era or sophistry just used in the Biblical sense to mean any time of misleading philosophy? Verses like this one makes me ...
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What makes a Council's conclusions authoritative?

I was just reflecting on an answer to a question I recently asked, and began to wonder... How do we know the conclusions of a given Council were true? Are all findings by Christian Councils ...
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How can Protestants authoritatively declare something wrong or heretical under Sola Scriptura?

Within Protestantism there is no universal definition of theology or how to understand the Bible: Anglicans have one definition, Lutherans another, Calvinists another, (insert name here), etc. So ...
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What method can we consistently use to identify the literal verses from the non literal? [closed]

Is there any consistent method by which theologians can disambiguate literal bible verses from non literal verses? Taking a plain reading of the following verses it appears that yahweh is plainly ...
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What is the "fideism" rejected by the Catholic Church?

In philosophy, fideism seems to be used as a label to refer to epistemological approaches that tend to prioritize faith over reason. And this makes sense; after all, "fideism" is just Latin for "...
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How do creationists address the similarity between Irreducible Complexity and God Of The Gaps?

"God Of The Gaps" refers to using holes in our understanding of the universe as an argument for God. It is rejected by modern creationists, as it is by Christians generally. However, the ...
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Are there truths that can only be known through spiritual means? [closed]

The motivation for this question basically comes from reading the discussion around the question Is it necessary to Biblically support arguments within discussions about Christianity? and a question ...
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What evidence is there to suggest that denominations have different epistemological preferences?

I've read the following: You will find different "schools" of Christianity have different epistemological preferences. To put very very broad brushstrokes (and I don't mean to offend), Rationalsm ->...
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What positions with regard to epistemology exist in Catholicism?

Mostly sparked by debates regarding evolution, I have become curious what epistemological positions exist in Catholicism. I understand the doctrinal priority of biblical texts, so from a Christian ...
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Was Jesus an adherent to 'Sola Scriptura'? [closed]

Adherents to Sola Scriptura basically believe that Scripture should be the foundation of all doctrine. (NOTE: That is not to say that outside sources cannot be used to aide us in understanding the ...
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Does the Bible espouse moral absolutism or moral relativism? [closed]

I believe that throughout both the Old Testament and the New Testament, the Bible espouses moral absolutism. Yet, I recently read on this site a response to a question about slavery: As stated, ...
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Why is the Bible a foundation of theological evidence?

Please excuse my ignorance I'm new to this. I've been looking through the Q&A on the site and I've noticed scripture and especially passages from the Bible are cited as evidence for one argument ...
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Is creationism falsifiable? [closed]

Falsifiability of a theory is an inherent possibility to prove it to be false. Which is a requirement in the field of scientific methodology for a theory to be regarded valuable. As by Karl Popper's "...
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Where does the idea that you cannot conceive of light until you see it come from? [closed]

A friend of mine is an atheist. I told him that his disbelief is an effect of his ignorance and gave him an example. So I told him to imagine a person, who was born and lived all his life in a dark ...
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Christian Position on the meaning of Faith [closed]

We are told, 'The just (upright) shall live by faith.' So I have a question for the Christians here. How do you understand faith? This does not have to be strictly biblical (since the scripture does ...
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How to verify if a "message from God" came from God? [closed]

If I doubted on the authenticity of a "message", must I automatically associate it with the enemy's attacks? Message here refers to any information that might be related to God's Will in our lives.
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Is a "skeptical viewpoint" more objective than "Christian viewpoint" in matters of theology? [closed]

Based on a recent discussion, the assertion was made that a skeptical viewpoint allows one to be more objective, even in matters of theology. Is this demonstrably true? When evaluating Christian ...