Questions tagged [ecclesiology]

Ecclesiology is the theological study of the Christian Church. Questions related to church's origins, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership can be asked under this tag.

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23
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4answers
36k views

Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
24
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7answers
10k views

How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13–20?

The verses read like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
11
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2answers
881 views

Did the church fathers or OT talk about the visible and invisible church?

In the Reformation, the doctrine of the distinction between the visible and invisible church was important in the Reformers' claim not to have started a rogue church. I am wondering... Given that it ...
10
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4answers
870 views

What is the doctrinal or Scriptural basis for a central Church authority?

As explained in a previous question, one Baptist Distinctive is the rejection of a central Church authority (whether an individual or a governing body). Instead, we hold fast to the autonomy of the ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Origin of the Reformed “Marks of the True Church”

In Reformed Theology, "the marks of a true church" are often delineated, to the effect of: Church discipline Teaching/preaching Administration of the sacraments (These are the marks often denoted in ...
19
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1answer
1k views

What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
15
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9answers
2k views

How do schisms in the church fit into the plans of a monotheistic God? [closed]

Before 1054 a reasonable claim could be made that there existed "one holy catholic and apostolic Church", as the Nicene Creed puts it. Since then, the visible church has divided into at least three ...
8
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3answers
642 views

What would the Catholic Church's hierarchy look like without the Vatican?

What does the Roman Catholic Church teach would happen if something catastrophic (God forbid!) Destroyed the entire city of Rome, as well as the Vatican city-state? As an example - what would happen ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Reformed perspective on “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us” (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
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2answers
1k views

Who is a Christian according to the Catholic Church?

How does the Catholic Church define who a Christian is? Is a Christian, according to the Catholic Church, someone who is baptized, a member of the Catholic Church or Mystical Body of Christ something ...
24
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4answers
2k views

How would Reformed Christians deal with homosexual marriage of individuals prior to their conversion to Christianity?

I've been pondering this for several weeks and I believe that the reformed church (really, the church in general) is woefully unprepared to answer the following question: How would the church deal ...
9
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2answers
439 views

How comparable are the concepts of the Teaching Magisterium in the Catholic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses view of their Watch Tower society?

Just how comparable is this particular aspect of each group's ecclesiology? If from an academic viewpoint there are marked similarities, is there an identifiable Jehovah's witness perspective on the ...
8
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2answers
1k views

According to Catholicism, is the Body of Christ the same as the Bride of Christ?

Are there any Catholic teaching that differentiates between the “Body of Christ” (Church) and the “Bride of Christ”? Eve was taken from the Body of the First Adam, will the Bride of Christ be taken ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Apostolic Succession in the Catholic church

Wikipedia says: In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle. cf. Pope | Wikipedia As someone who isn't Catholic I don't want to argue how true ...
5
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1answer
252 views

What is the LDS Law of Common Consent and why is it important?

The LDS Church is perhaps unique in the idea that instruction and change within the Church isn't simply automatic — that Church leaders can't simply do what they want. This doctrine is embodied ...
4
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1answer
228 views

What are the different “Marks of the Church” of Christian denominations?

In the Catholic Church, the "Marks of the Church" are what's in the Nicene creed. That she is one, holy, catholic and apostolic. I've seen that the Westminster Catechism has different marks spelled ...
4
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1answer
194 views

In Catholicism, do the teachers more truly constitute the “church” than the hearers?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I found him claiming that Catholicism makes an important distinction between the teaching church (ecclesia docens) and the hearing church (ecclesia ...
9
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4answers
17k views

According to churches which teach Believer's Baptism, what are the consequences of not being baptized with water?

Are there any direct consequences to not getting baptized? Whether this person doesn't think it's important, or just doesn't want to, or wants to but just doesn't get around to it, did Jesus or his ...
8
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2answers
1k views

How does the ancient Jewish Wedding tradition foreshadow Christ and the church?

I remember something about the ancient Jewish Wedding Ceremony being a foreshadowing of Christ and the Church. Kay Arthur authored a novel that illustrates this idea, entitled With an Everlasting ...
4
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2answers
468 views

Marks of the true church in Protestantism or Catholicism? [duplicate]

Although this very related question about the marks of the true church in Reformed Theology has already been asked, my question is whether other Protestant traditions or Catholicism have an equivalent ...
4
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2answers
333 views

In Catholicism since when did willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation become mortal sin?

In the history of the Catholic Church, what led to the classification of willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation to be mortal sin? I'm looking for the origin of canon law, council document, ...