Questions tagged [ecclesiology]

Ecclesiology is the theological study of the Christian Church. Questions related to church's origins, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership can be asked under this tag.

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Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
Mike's user avatar
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How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13–20?

The verses read like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
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11 votes
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How do Latter-day Saints rebut Don Stewart's article "Are There Still Apostles Today?"?

Short version How do Latter-day Saints (who believe in modern apostles) rebut Don Stewart's article Are There Still Apostles Today? ? Longer version I'll enumerate key points and include relevant ...
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12 votes
3 answers
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Did the church fathers or OT talk about the visible and invisible church?

In the Reformation, the doctrine of the distinction between the visible and invisible church was important in the Reformers' claim not to have started a rogue church. I am wondering... Given that it ...
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What is the doctrinal or Scriptural basis for a central Church authority?

As explained in a previous question, one Baptist Distinctive is the rejection of a central Church authority (whether an individual or a governing body). Instead, we hold fast to the autonomy of the ...
David Stratton's user avatar
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4 answers
560 views

How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Ephesians 2:20?

The idea of a 5-fold ministry originally comes from Ephesians 4:11-13: 11 And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, 12 to equip the saints for the work of ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the biblical basis for the modern continuation of the office of apostle?

What is the biblical basis for the belief held by some Christians that the office of apostle has not ceased, but has continued until this day? Relevant passages: 28 And God has appointed in the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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How do believers in modern-day apostles interpret 2 Corinthians 12:11-12?

2 Corinthians 12:11-12: 11 I have been a fool! You forced me to it, for I ought to have been commended by you. For I was not at all inferior to these super-apostles, even though I am nothing. 12 The ...
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19 votes
1 answer
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What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
Mr. Bultitude's user avatar
15 votes
9 answers
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How do schisms in the church fit into the plans of a monotheistic God? [closed]

Before 1054 a reasonable claim could be made that there existed "one holy catholic and apostolic Church", as the Nicene Creed puts it. Since then, the visible church has divided into at least three ...
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Origin of the Reformed "Marks of the True Church"

In Reformed Theology, "the marks of a true church" are often delineated, to the effect of: Church discipline Teaching/preaching Administration of the sacraments (These are the marks often denoted in ...
Kazark's user avatar
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What would the Catholic Church's hierarchy look like without the Vatican?

What does the Roman Catholic Church teach would happen if something catastrophic (God forbid!) Destroyed the entire city of Rome, as well as the Vatican city-state? As an example - what would happen ...
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2 answers
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Reformed perspective on "It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us" (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Paul was the last to be called to be an apostle?

Many Christians believe that the office of apostleship ended in the first century with the apostle Paul, and that after Paul there have not been any more people called by God/Jesus Himself (through ...
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Who is a Christian according to the Catholic Church?

How does the Catholic Church define who a Christian is? Is a Christian, according to the Catholic Church, someone who is baptized, a member of the Catholic Church or Mystical Body of Christ something ...
Geremia's user avatar
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How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Revelation 21?

This question is an extension of my previous question How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Ephesians 2:20?. I encourage the reader to read ...
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23 votes
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How would Reformed Christians deal with homosexual marriage of individuals prior to their conversion to Christianity?

I've been pondering this for several weeks and I believe that the reformed church (really, the church in general) is woefully unprepared to answer the following question: How would the church deal ...
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According to churches which teach Believer's Baptism, what are the consequences of not being baptized with water?

Are there any direct consequences to not getting baptized? Whether this person doesn't think it's important, or just doesn't want to, or wants to but just doesn't get around to it, did Jesus or his ...
LCIII's user avatar
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How comparable are the concepts of the Teaching Magisterium in the Catholic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses view of their Watch Tower society?

Just how comparable is this particular aspect of each group's ecclesiology? If from an academic viewpoint there are marked similarities, is there an identifiable Jehovah's witness perspective on the ...
bruised reed's user avatar
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According to Catholicism, is the Body of Christ the same as the Bride of Christ?

Are there any Catholic teaching that differentiates between the “Body of Christ” (Church) and the “Bride of Christ”? Eve was taken from the Body of the First Adam, will the Bride of Christ be taken ...
Rick's user avatar
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How does the ancient Jewish Wedding tradition foreshadow Christ and the church?

I remember something about the ancient Jewish Wedding Ceremony being a foreshadowing of Christ and the Church. Kay Arthur authored a novel that illustrates this idea, entitled With an Everlasting ...
Narnian's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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What is the LDS Law of Common Consent and why is it important?

The LDS Church is perhaps unique in the idea that instruction and change within the Church isn't simply automatic — that Church leaders can't simply do what they want. This doctrine is embodied ...
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Apostolic Succession in the Catholic church

Wikipedia says: In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle. cf. Pope | Wikipedia As someone who isn't Catholic I don't want to argue how true ...
Greg's user avatar
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Are there theological explanations for why God chose the Church to preach the gospel instead of more effective and efficient alternatives?

If the end goal is the preaching of the gospel to every human on the planet, then it shouldn't be too hard to come up with very efficient and effective methods to do so. For example, God could send ...
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4 votes
1 answer
107 views

When did the doctrine of biblical inerrancy first emerge after the Protestant Reformation as officially defined and accepted?

Biblical doctrines are teachings explicitly taught in the Bible. For example, the inspiration of Scripture in 2 Timothy 3:16-17 declares that God is the author of Scripture: 16 All Scripture is ...
Lesley's user avatar
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In Catholicism since when did willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation become mortal sin?

In the history of the Catholic Church, what led to the classification of willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation to be mortal sin? I'm looking for the origin of canon law, council document, ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
490 views

Marks of the true church in Protestantism or Catholicism? [duplicate]

Although this very related question about the marks of the true church in Reformed Theology has already been asked, my question is whether other Protestant traditions or Catholicism have an equivalent ...
Cohen_the_Librarian's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
256 views

What are the different "Marks of the Church" of Christian denominations?

In the Catholic Church, the "Marks of the Church" are what's in the Nicene creed. That she is one, holy, catholic and apostolic. I've seen that the Westminster Catechism has different marks spelled ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
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In Catholicism, do the teachers more truly constitute the "church" than the hearers?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I found him claiming that Catholicism makes an important distinction between the teaching church (ecclesia docens) and the hearing church (ecclesia ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
207 views

According to believers in the cessation of apostleship, who was the last apostle and why?

Who is usually considered to be the last apostle, according believers in the cessation of this church office? Why? Why would God no longer call more apostles after this person? Lastly, what are good ...
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0 votes
3 answers
335 views

If someone is called by God to be an apostle, what is the proper way for them to convince others that their calling is genuine?

If person X is called by God to be an apostle, what should person X do next in order to convince others that their calling is genuine? What kind of evidence should person X provide to an audience of ...
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-1 votes
3 answers
192 views

What is an overview of guidelines for women to have their divine callings to leadership positions in the Church acknowledged by their congregations?

If a woman believes that she has been called by God to a leadership position in the Church (e.g. teacher, pastor, evangelist, prophet, apostle, etc.), what would be the process for her to have her ...
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