Questions tagged [ecclesiology]

Ecclesiology is the theological study of the Christian Church. Questions related to church's origins, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership can be asked under this tag.

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33 views

How do those against the traditional monepiscopacy deal with Ignatius of Antioch?

It's often claimed that 'Ignatius is the first to believe in the monepiscopacy' (that a bishop runs a church region with the assistance of presbyters/elders) or that 'churches were simply run by a ...
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Where does the principle of applying the concept of model to the Church come from?

Avery Cardinal Dulles applies the concept of model to the Church in his book "Models of the Church". I want to understand where this principle originates from. As far as I understand, this requires ...
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87 views

On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, quod ...
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Historically, how did Protestantism first arrive at a consensus?

Paul urges the Corinthian church : Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be ...
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73 views

Can the cloud of witnesses mentioned in Hebrews 12:1 speak to us today?

Who are the cloud of witnesses mentioned in Heb.12:1 and do they communicate to us today? Some examples of this from the bible is Moses and Elijah on the Mount of Transfiguration and the man mentioned ...
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6answers
342 views

Apart from any claim related to antiquity, does the modern Roman Catholic Church claim to be ‘The Body of Christ'?

An argument to be the Universal Church (made by any organisation) might be the argument of continuity and antiquity, that an organisation can trace its existence back to antiquity such that it can ...
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Is “formal schismatic” a useful category in practice?

Wikipedia says that formal schismatics are those who: knowing the true nature of the Church, have personally and deliberately committed the sin of schism. But if formal schismatics have to truly ...
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1answer
358 views

According to Vatican II Catholicism, what is the counterfeit church and what are its marks?

Words of Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen (1948): “[Satan] will set up a counterfeit church which will be the ape of the [Catholic] Church… It will have all the notes and characteristics of the Church, ...
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81 views

How is the command to “Take it to the Church” interpreted in light of Protestant Ecclesiology?

Matthew 18:15-18 (DRB) But if thy brother shall offend against thee, go, and rebuke him between thee and him alone. If he shall hear thee, thou shalt gain thy brother. And if he will not hear thee, ...
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154 views

What is the LDS Law of Common Consent and why is it important?

The LDS Church is perhaps unique in the idea that instruction and change within the Church isn't simply automatic — that Church leaders can't simply do what they want. This doctrine is embodied ...
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120 views

According to the Catholic Church, in Luke 10:19 what kind of authority & power Jesus had given the Apostles & Disciples?

What I'm looking for: Scriptures said 'See, I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will harm you. Nevertheless, do not ...
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194 views

What are the different “Marks of the Church” of Christian denominations?

In the Catholic Church, the "Marks of the Church" are what's in the Nicene creed. That she is one, holy, catholic and apostolic. I've seen that the Westminster Catechism has different marks spelled ...
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239 views

According to Protestants, must clergy be ordained by other ordained clergy?

Some of the initial leaders of the Reformation, who presumably ordained later Protestant clergy, were ordained priests in the Catholic Church. But, in (denominational, rather than congregationalist) ...
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86 views

Missing work of St. Augustine in Latin?

I have been trying to look for a work of St. Augustine in Latin but I have had no luck of finding it. Not only that, I don't think it's been translated to English. It's called "La Fe, Dedicada a Pedro ...
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1answer
496 views

What is the justification used by the Nazarene denomination that permits women to be pastors/ elders?

Nazarenes allow for, and indeed pride ourselves on, our allowance of women in the pastorate. What is their justification for doing so?
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613 views

In Korean Protestantism, what is the position of Kwonsa?

In the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), a conservative Presbyterian denomination, there is a sizable contingent of Korean-Americans – they make up 12% of the denomination's members and have 212 ...
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1answer
488 views

When a Jehovah's Witness is reinstated how does the congregation react?

When a disfellowshipped person takes the steps necessary to be accepted back into the Jehovah's Witness faith an announcement is made to the congregation informing all of the reinstatement of this ...
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3answers
757 views

When did the word “Catholic” become a proper noun?

After reading "At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?" on this site I enjoyed a bit of research into the etymology and meaning of the word "Catholic," and as ...
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Do Mormons secretly pray about you and then consider you included in their church?

I met two men on the street who were Mormons. We had a nice discussion and they gave me their book with a bookmark pointing to a verse in it. Later that day I met with my friend and he said I ...
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2answers
242 views

Does “Being in schism” merely imply mutual excommunication? (Catholic perspective)

In the answer provided to the following question: Explanation of the bell, book, and candle ritual of excommunication the author states that it is a common misconception that excommunication implies ...
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1answer
126 views

How is the “spirituality of the church” consistent with theonomy?

In Hart and Muether's history of American Presbyterianism, Seeking a Better Country, they describe a doctrine of the "spirituality of the church," which emphasizes the spiritual, not social, task of ...
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How did Martin Luther justify the separation from the Catholic Church?

Even though Luther found great abuses in the Church of his time, there is the clear idea in the Bible that the Church is one, Jesus even prays that his followers be in unity. ("I pray that they will ...
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278 views

What effect did the 1897 decree regarding the Johannine Comma have on Catholic scholarship?

The Comma Johanneum, found in some versions of 1 John 5:7–8, such as the KJV, is a disputed text that has been used since at least the Middle Ages to defend trinitarian doctrine. Scholars now widely ...
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103 views

Where does the Bible support the idea of church budgets, for those traditions that think it does?

Most churches work under a budget system, and have meetings every year to discuss this. What are their Biblical justifications for doing so?
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691 views

Who is a Christian according to the Catholic Church?

How does the Catholic Church define who a Christian is? Is a Christian, according to the Catholic Church, someone who is baptized, a member of the Catholic Church or Mystical Body of Christ something ...
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158 views

In Catholicism, do the teachers more truly constitute the “church” than the hearers?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I found him claiming that Catholicism makes an important distinction between the teaching church (ecclesia docens) and the hearing church (ecclesia ...
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419 views

According to Reformed Baptist theology when did the Church begin?

According to Reformed Baptist theology, when did the Church begin? In the Old Testament or in the New Testament?
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269 views

To “once saved always saved” advocates, what does it mean that church leaders “keep watch over our souls”?

Many evangelicals believe that people cannot lose their salvation due to disobedience. If that is so, why do we need people to "keep watch over our souls"? Hebrews 13:17 (ESV) Obey your leaders and ...
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116 views

How do Congregationalists explain 1st Tim 1:3 and Titus 1:5?

1 Timothy 1:3, KJV As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine Titus 1:5, KJV For this cause ...
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1answer
137 views

What kind of ecclesiastical structure did Ignatius of Antioch discuss in his epistles?

There are approximately seven "genuine" epistles attributed to Ignatius of Antioch. I'm curious to know what kind of ecclesiastical structure he mentions in his epistles. If he discussed it, in what ...
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1answer
734 views

Does the Catholic church today require for you to pay taxes?

I am a student at a private Catholic high school in New York. I am currently doing a project on the Middle Ages and had this question: does the Catholic church today require for you to pay taxes?
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138 views

What is to be understood by Mary being the “mother of the church”?

Ever since St. Ambrose of Milan there has been a line of thinking that Mary is the "Mother of the Church" - what is to be understood by this title?
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How was the word preached in NT era churches?

In many churches today, the word is preached as follows: a pastor / priest talks for the entirety of the meeting (generally 1 hour) a large group of Christians listen. In the Watchmen Nee inspired ...
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3answers
245 views

How does the Catholic Church reconcile the holy Catholic Church with (the) Pope(s) asking for forgiveness?

In the Creed, the profession of Christian Faith, an article of Faith is I believe in [...], the holy catholic Church/We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. How does the Catholic Church ...
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416 views

How comparable are the concepts of the Teaching Magisterium in the Catholic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses view of their Watch Tower society?

Just how comparable is this particular aspect of each group's ecclesiology? If from an academic viewpoint there are marked similarities, is there an identifiable Jehovah's witness perspective on the ...
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602 views

What would the Catholic Church's hierarchy look like without the Vatican?

What does the Roman Catholic Church teach would happen if something catastrophic (God forbid!) Destroyed the entire city of Rome, as well as the Vatican city-state? As an example - what would happen ...
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4answers
16k views

According to churches which teach Believer's Baptism, what are the consequences of not being baptized with water?

Are there any direct consequences to not getting baptized? Whether this person doesn't think it's important, or just doesn't want to, or wants to but just doesn't get around to it, did Jesus or his ...
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441 views

Is Ecclesiology more closely related to Christology or Pneumatology?

Lately I've been thinking about my own view of ecclesiology (doctrine of the Church), and have been leaning toward to seeing it as an element of Christology—specifically, I've been thinking that the ...
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454 views

Marks of the true church in Protestantism or Catholicism? [duplicate]

Although this very related question about the marks of the true church in Reformed Theology has already been asked, my question is whether other Protestant traditions or Catholicism have an equivalent ...
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1answer
1k views

What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
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483 views

What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
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According to Catholicism, is the Body of Christ the same as the Bride of Christ?

Are there any Catholic teaching that differentiates between the “Body of Christ” (Church) and the “Bride of Christ”? Eve was taken from the Body of the First Adam, will the Bride of Christ be taken ...
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1k views

How does the ancient Jewish Wedding tradition foreshadow Christ and the church?

I remember something about the ancient Jewish Wedding Ceremony being a foreshadowing of Christ and the Church. Kay Arthur authored a novel that illustrates this idea, entitled With an Everlasting ...
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7answers
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How do Protestants interpret Matthew 16:13–20?

The verses read like this: 13 When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14 They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; ...
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Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
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3answers
956 views

Apostolic Succession in the Catholic church

Wikipedia says: In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle. cf. Pope | Wikipedia As someone who isn't Catholic I don't want to argue how true ...
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1k views

Reformed perspective on “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us” (Acts 15:28)

Acts 15 records the Council of Jerusalem, a meeting in about 50AD of early Church leaders regarding whether Gentiles could be Christians without first becoming Jews. "After much discussion" (15:7) ...
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2k views

How would Reformed Christians deal with homosexual marriage of individuals prior to their conversion to Christianity?

I've been pondering this for several weeks and I believe that the reformed church (really, the church in general) is woefully unprepared to answer the following question: How would the church deal ...
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3answers
607 views

Jehovah's Witnesses's teaching on the Church

I just read a wiki page on Jehovah's witnesses, visited their official website, and was quite surprised that in the list of their believes there is a striking absence of the definition (or at least ...
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Origin of the Reformed “Marks of the True Church”

In Reformed Theology, "the marks of a true church" are often delineated, to the effect of: Church discipline Teaching/preaching Administration of the sacraments (These are the marks often denoted in ...