Questions tagged [ecclesiology]

Ecclesiology is the theological study of the Christian Church. Questions related to church's origins, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership can be asked under this tag.

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How did Eastern Orthodoxy view mental ilesss before modern times?

In Eastern-Orthodoxy, in the medieval times like the Byzantine Empire, Russian Empire. etc. How did the Church and the priest saw people who today we know suffer from mental illness like bipolar, ...
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Was Calvin's statements on church membership consistent across all his versions of the Institutes?

We know that Calvin wrote on church membership: 4.2.8 But as here full certainty was not necessary, he has in its place substituted the judgment of charity, by which we acknowledge all as members of ...
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What is the status of Eunuchs now in the Church and also in the world to come?

Eunuchs, who are considered to be the third gender, are also human beings. Some eunuchs are made by other human beings, particularly in the ancient times. Some people voluntarily become eunuchs as an ...
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635 views

Do Reformed theologians understand the Catholic Church and the Papacy to have been true heirs of Peter until the Reformation?

In other words, say, in the fourth century, were they "on track" and the legitimate heirs of the reins of Christianity, so to speak but then went off track toward the middle ages? Or do they ...
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According to Catholics, who are “the elect”?

Calvinists believe that God unconditionally elects certain people to believe, these are His "elect" I am trying to figure what Catholics believe. This article states "A true biblical understanding of ...
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In Catholicism since when did willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation become mortal sin?

In the history of the Catholic Church, what led to the classification of willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation to be mortal sin? I'm looking for the origin of canon law, council document, ...
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168 views

How does one explain that the Church is the Bride of Christ?

Allow me to explain my view first: Matthew 9:15 KJV: And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when ...
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172 views

According to Catholicism, what is meant by the Church being indefectible?

One of the properties of the Church according to Catholicism is indefectibility. What does this mean and where does this doctrine originate?
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Was there a time when bishops were not appointed to other sees and did not generally ever relocate?

Today it is common for bishops to relocate to another (probably more prestigious) episcopal see. For example Rainer Wölki was first titular Bishop of Scampa, then Archbishop of Berlin and is now ...
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How do those against the traditional monepiscopacy deal with Ignatius of Antioch?

It's often claimed that 'Ignatius is the first to believe in the monepiscopacy' (that a bishop runs a church region with the assistance of presbyters/elders) or that 'churches were simply run by a ...
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Where does the principle of applying the concept of model to the Church come from?

Avery Cardinal Dulles applies the concept of model to the Church in his book "Models of the Church". I want to understand where this principle originates from. As far as I understand, this requires ...
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On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, ...
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Historically, how did Protestantism first arrive at a consensus?

Paul urges the Corinthian church : Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be ...
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140 views

Can the cloud of witnesses mentioned in Hebrews 12:1 speak to us today?

Who are the cloud of witnesses mentioned in Heb.12:1 and do they communicate to us today? Some examples of this from the bible is Moses and Elijah on the Mount of Transfiguration and the man mentioned ...
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356 views

Apart from any claim related to antiquity, does the modern Roman Catholic Church claim to be ‘The Body of Christ'?

An argument to be the Universal Church (made by any organisation) might be the argument of continuity and antiquity, that an organisation can trace its existence back to antiquity such that it can ...
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Is “formal schismatic” a useful category in practice?

Wikipedia says that formal schismatics are those who: knowing the true nature of the Church, have personally and deliberately committed the sin of schism. But if formal schismatics have to truly ...
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How is the command to “Take it to the Church” interpreted in light of Protestant Ecclesiology?

Matthew 18:15-18 (DRB) But if thy brother shall offend against thee, go, and rebuke him between thee and him alone. If he shall hear thee, thou shalt gain thy brother. And if he will not hear thee, ...
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What is the LDS Law of Common Consent and why is it important?

The LDS Church is perhaps unique in the idea that instruction and change within the Church isn't simply automatic — that Church leaders can't simply do what they want. This doctrine is embodied ...
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181 views

According to the Catholic Church, in Luke 10:19 what kind of authority & power Jesus had given the Apostles & Disciples?

What I'm looking for: Scriptures said 'See, I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will harm you. Nevertheless, do not ...
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What are the different “Marks of the Church” of Christian denominations?

In the Catholic Church, the "Marks of the Church" are what's in the Nicene creed. That she is one, holy, catholic and apostolic. I've seen that the Westminster Catechism has different marks spelled ...
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According to Protestants, must clergy be ordained by other ordained clergy?

Some of the initial leaders of the Reformation, who presumably ordained later Protestant clergy, were ordained priests in the Catholic Church. But, in (denominational, rather than congregationalist) ...
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Missing work of St. Augustine in Latin?

I have been trying to look for a work of St. Augustine in Latin but I have had no luck of finding it. Not only that, I don't think it's been translated to English. It's called "La Fe, Dedicada a Pedro ...
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What is the justification used by the Nazarene denomination that permits women to be pastors/ elders?

Nazarenes allow for, and indeed pride ourselves on, our allowance of women in the pastorate. What is their justification for doing so?
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In Korean Protestantism, what is the position of Kwonsa?

In the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), a conservative Presbyterian denomination, there is a sizable contingent of Korean-Americans – they make up 12% of the denomination's members and have 212 ...
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When a Jehovah's Witness is reinstated how does the congregation react?

When a disfellowshipped person takes the steps necessary to be accepted back into the Jehovah's Witness faith an announcement is made to the congregation informing all of the reinstatement of this ...
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When did the word “Catholic” become a proper noun?

After reading "At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?" on this site I enjoyed a bit of research into the etymology and meaning of the word "Catholic," and as ...
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Do Mormons secretly pray about you and then consider you included in their church?

I met two men on the street who were Mormons. We had a nice discussion and they gave me their book with a bookmark pointing to a verse in it. Later that day I met with my friend and he said I ...
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Does “Being in schism” merely imply mutual excommunication? (Catholic perspective)

In the answer provided to the following question: Explanation of the bell, book, and candle ritual of excommunication the author states that it is a common misconception that excommunication implies ...
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135 views

How is the “spirituality of the church” consistent with theonomy?

In Hart and Muether's history of American Presbyterianism, Seeking a Better Country, they describe a doctrine of the "spirituality of the church," which emphasizes the spiritual, not social, task of ...
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How did Martin Luther justify the separation from the Catholic Church?

Even though Luther found great abuses in the Church of his time, there is the clear idea in the Bible that the Church is one, Jesus even prays that his followers be in unity. ("I pray that they will ...
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What effect did the 1897 decree regarding the Johannine Comma have on Catholic scholarship?

The Comma Johanneum, found in some versions of 1 John 5:7–8, such as the KJV, is a disputed text that has been used since at least the Middle Ages to defend trinitarian doctrine. Scholars now widely ...
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Where does the Bible support the idea of church budgets, for those traditions that think it does?

Most churches work under a budget system, and have meetings every year to discuss this. What are their Biblical justifications for doing so?
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Who is a Christian according to the Catholic Church?

How does the Catholic Church define who a Christian is? Is a Christian, according to the Catholic Church, someone who is baptized, a member of the Catholic Church or Mystical Body of Christ something ...
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187 views

In Catholicism, do the teachers more truly constitute the “church” than the hearers?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I found him claiming that Catholicism makes an important distinction between the teaching church (ecclesia docens) and the hearing church (ecclesia ...
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443 views

According to Reformed Baptist theology when did the Church begin?

According to Reformed Baptist theology, when did the Church begin? In the Old Testament or in the New Testament?
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To “once saved always saved” advocates, what does it mean that church leaders “keep watch over our souls”?

Many evangelicals believe that people cannot lose their salvation due to disobedience. If that is so, why do we need people to "keep watch over our souls"? Hebrews 13:17 (ESV) Obey your leaders and ...
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How do Congregationalists explain 1st Tim 1:3 and Titus 1:5?

1 Timothy 1:3, KJV As I besought thee to abide still at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge some that they teach no other doctrine Titus 1:5, KJV For this cause ...
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140 views

What kind of ecclesiastical structure did Ignatius of Antioch discuss in his epistles?

There are approximately seven "genuine" epistles attributed to Ignatius of Antioch. I'm curious to know what kind of ecclesiastical structure he mentions in his epistles. If he discussed it, in what ...
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772 views

Does the Catholic church today require for you to pay taxes?

I am a student at a private Catholic high school in New York. I am currently doing a project on the Middle Ages and had this question: does the Catholic church today require for you to pay taxes?
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What is to be understood by Mary being the “mother of the church”?

Ever since St. Ambrose of Milan there has been a line of thinking that Mary is the "Mother of the Church" - what is to be understood by this title?
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How was the word preached in NT era churches?

In many churches today, the word is preached as follows: a pastor / priest talks for the entirety of the meeting (generally 1 hour) a large group of Christians listen. In the Watchmen Nee inspired ...
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How does the Catholic Church reconcile the holy Catholic Church with (the) Pope(s) asking for forgiveness?

In the Creed, the profession of Christian Faith, an article of Faith is I believe in [...], the holy catholic Church/We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. How does the Catholic Church ...
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How comparable are the concepts of the Teaching Magisterium in the Catholic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses view of their Watch Tower society?

Just how comparable is this particular aspect of each group's ecclesiology? If from an academic viewpoint there are marked similarities, is there an identifiable Jehovah's witness perspective on the ...
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What would the Catholic Church's hierarchy look like without the Vatican?

What does the Roman Catholic Church teach would happen if something catastrophic (God forbid!) Destroyed the entire city of Rome, as well as the Vatican city-state? As an example - what would happen ...
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According to churches which teach Believer's Baptism, what are the consequences of not being baptized with water?

Are there any direct consequences to not getting baptized? Whether this person doesn't think it's important, or just doesn't want to, or wants to but just doesn't get around to it, did Jesus or his ...
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Is Ecclesiology more closely related to Christology or Pneumatology?

Lately I've been thinking about my own view of ecclesiology (doctrine of the Church), and have been leaning toward to seeing it as an element of Christology—specifically, I've been thinking that the ...
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Marks of the true church in Protestantism or Catholicism? [duplicate]

Although this very related question about the marks of the true church in Reformed Theology has already been asked, my question is whether other Protestant traditions or Catholicism have an equivalent ...
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What of Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the Reformation?

BB Warfield is famous for saying that the Reformation was a triumph of Augustine's soteriology over his ecclesiology. For those who believe that Augustine's ecclesiology was rejected in the ...
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492 views

What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
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According to Catholicism, is the Body of Christ the same as the Bride of Christ?

Are there any Catholic teaching that differentiates between the “Body of Christ” (Church) and the “Bride of Christ”? Eve was taken from the Body of the First Adam, will the Bride of Christ be taken ...