Questions tagged [ecclesiology]

Ecclesiology is the theological study of the Christian Church. Questions related to church's origins, its role in salvation, its polity, its discipline, its destiny, and its leadership can be asked under this tag.

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How do pentecostal/charismatic churches reconcile their practiced with 1 Corinthians 14:26-27? [duplicate]

1 Corinthians 14 If any man speaks in another language, let there be two, or at the most three, and in turn; and let one interpret. But if there is no interpreter, let him keep silent in the assembly,...
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What denominations believe that the fivefold ministry is available to women?

The concept of "fivefold ministry" comes from Ephesians 4:11-13: 11 And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, 12 to equip the saints for the work ...
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What is an overview of guidelines for women to have their divine callings to leadership positions in the Church acknowledged by their congregations?

If a woman believes that she has been called by God to a leadership position in the Church (e.g. teacher, pastor, evangelist, prophet, apostle, etc.), what would be the process for her to have her ...
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If someone is called by God to be an apostle, what is the proper way for them to convince others that their calling is genuine?

If person X is called by God to be an apostle, what should person X do next in order to convince others that their calling is genuine? What kind of evidence should person X provide to an audience of ...
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9 votes
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How do Latter-day Saints rebut Don Stewart's article "Are There Still Apostles Today?"?

Short version How do Latter-day Saints (who believe in modern apostles) rebut Don Stewart's article Are There Still Apostles Today? ? Longer version I'll enumerate key points and include relevant ...
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Can a Catholic visiting Protestant Parents attend the Parents Church? [duplicate]

Once I am in college and fully convert to Catholicism, would it be considered wrong (in terms of violating Catholic teaching) to attend my Parents Protestant Church? Note that I would probably be ...
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What are the signs of a true apostle according to Latter-day Saints?

Inspired by an answer to a related question, I would like to ask: What are the signs of a true apostle according to Latter-day Saints? Note: I'm borrowing the expression "the signs of a true ...
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What is the biblical basis for the modern continuation of the office of apostle?

What is the biblical basis for the belief held by some Christians that the office of apostle has not ceased, but has continued until this day? Relevant passages: 28 And God has appointed in the ...
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How do believers in modern-day apostles interpret 2 Corinthians 12:11-12?

2 Corinthians 12:11-12: 11 I have been a fool! You forced me to it, for I ought to have been commended by you. For I was not at all inferior to these super-apostles, even though I am nothing. 12 The ...
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Why are most churches nonprofit organizations?

I'm struggling to properly define the reason for a church to be nonprofit organization. Some spiritual leaders run profitable businesses. There are potentially multiple reasons. Can someone clarify ...
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How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Revelation 21?

This question is an extension of my previous question How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Ephesians 2:20?. I encourage the reader to read ...
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How do Christians who believe in current-day Apostles, Prophets and the 5-fold ministry interpret Ephesians 2:20?

The idea of a 5-fold ministry originally comes from Ephesians 4:11-13: 11 And he gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the shepherds and teachers, 12 to equip the saints for the work of ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Paul was the last to be called to be an apostle?

Many Christians believe that the office of apostleship ended in the first century with the apostle Paul, and that after Paul there have not been any more people called by God/Jesus Himself (through ...
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What is the Reformed perspective on how the Holy Spirit is present or is growing a church at the institutional level?

With my Pentecostal friends I often hear comments like these: There is God's presence in the church worship today. The Holy Spirit has moved from church A to church B since church B is growing ...
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Why is the Church of England planning a formal “act of repentance” to apologise to the Jewish community for the expulsion of Jews in 1290?

The 1222 Synod of Oxford approved of two canons aimed against Jews living in England. The Synod was held on the 11th of June, and presided over by Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury and ...
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The gates of hell won't prevail against the church (Matt 16:18), but the beast is given authority to conquer the saints (Rev 13:7)

How would someone who doesn't believe in a pretribulation rapture harmonize the following two verses? "...and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against ...
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Authentic reasons to leave Roman Catholicism?

What are some reasons the Roman Catholic Church would consider authentic reasons for leaving the Roman Catholicism for another community in the Church of Christ?
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Have any 20th/21st century Ecclesiologists developed a framework/models for describing/categorising the functions of the visible church?

I'm a researcher for an Anglican charity, and I'm conducting a literature review. I'd like to develop a coding frame that's able to adequately describe felt changes to the different facets of church ...
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Are there theological explanations for why God chose the Church to preach the gospel instead of more effective and efficient alternatives?

If the end goal is the preaching of the gospel to every human on the planet, then it shouldn't be too hard to come up with very efficient and effective methods to do so. For example, God could send ...
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4 votes
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What are biblical arguments for congregationalist church polity?

The Orthodox and Roman-Catholic Churches argue that the episcopal church polity is the only valid one, citing first and second Timothy and early church fathers like Ignatius of Antioch. What are some ...
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How do Protestants answer the Catholic accusation of historicity?

The Roman Catholic Church has a claim of apostolic succession, from St. Peter transited by the laying on of hands. Most Protestants reject this understanding of apostolic succession, and instead teach ...
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What were the Laodicean church members supposed to do?

In light of this exhortation, neglecting not the gathering together to meet and assemble “not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as ...
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How did Eastern Orthodoxy view mental illness before modern times?

In Eastern-Orthodoxy, in the medieval times like the Byzantine Empire, Russian Empire. etc. How did the Church and the priest saw people who today we know suffer from mental illness like bipolar, ...
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Was Calvin's statements on church membership consistent across all his versions of the Institutes?

We know that Calvin wrote on church membership: 4.2.8 But as here full certainty was not necessary, he has in its place substituted the judgment of charity, by which we acknowledge all as members of ...
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What is the status of Eunuchs now in the Church and also in the world to come?

Eunuchs, who are considered to be the third gender, are also human beings. Some eunuchs are made by other human beings, particularly in the ancient times. Some people voluntarily become eunuchs as an ...
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5 votes
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Do Reformed theologians understand the Catholic Church and the Papacy to have been true heirs of Peter until the Reformation?

In other words, say, in the fourth century, were they "on track" and the legitimate heirs of the reins of Christianity, so to speak but then went off track toward the middle ages? Or do they ...
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According to Catholics, who are "the elect"?

Calvinists believe that God unconditionally elects certain people to believe, these are His "elect" I am trying to figure what Catholics believe. This article states "A true biblical understanding of ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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In Catholicism since when did willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation become mortal sin?

In the history of the Catholic Church, what led to the classification of willfully violating Sunday Mass obligation to be mortal sin? I'm looking for the origin of canon law, council document, ...
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3 votes
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How does one explain that the Church is the Bride of Christ?

Allow me to explain my view first: Matthew 9:15 KJV: And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when ...
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According to Catholicism, what is meant by the Church being indefectible?

One of the properties of the Church according to Catholicism is indefectibility. What does this mean and where does this doctrine originate?
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Was there a time when bishops were not appointed to other sees and did not generally ever relocate?

Today it is common for bishops to relocate to another (probably more prestigious) episcopal see. For example Rainer Wölki was first titular Bishop of Scampa, then Archbishop of Berlin and is now ...
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3 votes
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How do those against the traditional monepiscopacy deal with Ignatius of Antioch?

It's often claimed that 'Ignatius is the first to believe in the monepiscopacy' (that a bishop runs a church region with the assistance of presbyters/elders) or that 'churches were simply run by a ...
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Where does the principle of applying the concept of model to the Church come from?

Avery Cardinal Dulles applies the concept of model to the Church in his book "Models of the Church". I want to understand where this principle originates from. As far as I understand, this requires ...
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9 votes
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On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, ...
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Historically, how did Protestantism first arrive at a consensus?

Paul urges the Corinthian church : Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be ...
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Can the cloud of witnesses mentioned in Hebrews 12:1 speak to us today?

Who are the cloud of witnesses mentioned in Heb.12:1 and do they communicate to us today? Some examples of this from the bible is Moses and Elijah on the Mount of Transfiguration and the man mentioned ...
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2 votes
6 answers
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Apart from any claim related to antiquity, does the modern Roman Catholic Church claim to be ‘The Body of Christ'?

An argument to be the Universal Church (made by any organisation) might be the argument of continuity and antiquity, that an organisation can trace its existence back to antiquity such that it can ...
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Is "formal schismatic" a useful category in practice?

Wikipedia says that formal schismatics are those who: knowing the true nature of the Church, have personally and deliberately committed the sin of schism. But if formal schismatics have to truly ...
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How is the command to "Take it to the Church" interpreted in light of Protestant Ecclesiology?

Matthew 18:15-18 (DRB) But if thy brother shall offend against thee, go, and rebuke him between thee and him alone. If he shall hear thee, thou shalt gain thy brother. And if he will not hear thee, ...
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What is the LDS Law of Common Consent and why is it important?

The LDS Church is perhaps unique in the idea that instruction and change within the Church isn't simply automatic — that Church leaders can't simply do what they want. This doctrine is embodied ...
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1 vote
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According to the Catholic Church, in Luke 10:19 what kind of authority & power Jesus had given the Apostles & Disciples?

What I'm looking for: Scriptures said 'See, I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. Nothing will harm you. Nevertheless, do not ...
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4 votes
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What are the different "Marks of the Church" of Christian denominations?

In the Catholic Church, the "Marks of the Church" are what's in the Nicene creed. That she is one, holy, catholic and apostolic. I've seen that the Westminster Catechism has different marks spelled ...
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According to Protestants, must clergy be ordained by other ordained clergy?

Some of the initial leaders of the Reformation, who presumably ordained later Protestant clergy, were ordained priests in the Catholic Church. But, in (denominational, rather than congregationalist) ...
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4 votes
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Missing work of St. Augustine in Latin?

I have been trying to look for a work of St. Augustine in Latin but I have had no luck of finding it. Not only that, I don't think it's been translated to English. It's called "La Fe, Dedicada a Pedro ...
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What is the justification used by the Nazarene denomination that permits women to be pastors/ elders?

Nazarenes allow for, and indeed pride ourselves on, our allowance of women in the pastorate. What is their justification for doing so?
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In Korean Protestantism, what is the position of Kwonsa?

In the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), a conservative Presbyterian denomination, there is a sizable contingent of Korean-Americans – they make up 12% of the denomination's members and have 212 ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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When a Jehovah's Witness is reinstated how does the congregation react?

When a disfellowshipped person takes the steps necessary to be accepted back into the Jehovah's Witness faith an announcement is made to the congregation informing all of the reinstatement of this ...
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When did the word "Catholic" become a proper noun?

After reading "At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?" on this site I enjoyed a bit of research into the etymology and meaning of the word "Catholic," and as ...
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15 votes
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Do Mormons secretly pray about you and then consider you included in their church?

I met two men on the street who were Mormons. We had a nice discussion and they gave me their book with a bookmark pointing to a verse in it. Later that day I met with my friend and he said I ...
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Does "Being in schism" merely imply mutual excommunication? (Catholic perspective)

In the answer provided to the following question: Explanation of the bell, book, and candle ritual of excommunication the author states that it is a common misconception that excommunication implies ...
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