Questions tagged [eastern-orthodox]

Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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Can a non-orthodox layman arrive to Hesychia?

After reading about Hesychasm and the related topics such as Jesus' Prayer, Philokalia and palamism I'm stuck with a question. In Hesychasm, the main objective is to arrive to Hesychia, which is ...
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What is the origin of the Orthodox belief that Sts. Joseph and Mary were betrothed but not married?

The Orthodox refer to St Joseph as Joseph the Betrothed. They assert that he and the Virgin Mary were betrothed, but never married. This differs from the Catholic and Protestant belief that they were ...
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Why are the bread and wine mixed together in the Holy Eucharist during an Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy?

When and why was the practice of commixture started? What is the theological significance of mixing the two together?
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What is the scriptural basis for a monarchical episcopate?

What scriptural basis has traditionally been put forth by the Catholic and the Orthodox Churches to support the idea of monarchical episcopate (the idea that there must be only one bishop over a city ...
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Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
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Does Roman Catholic Church recognize some Eastern Orthodox Saints?

I heard that in some of Catholic churches (I mean parishes) in Europe there are icons of Russian Saints, such as Seraphim of Sarov, for example (may be I'm wrong, I personally haven't seen this). So ...
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218 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, how is an icon recognized as inspired?

In a discussion on imagery and icons, the Orthodox Study Bible says: Every image, or icon, of Christ has significant theological content. For it proclaims anew the Incarnation of God, who "became ...
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Orthodox churches recognized by Catholic Church

Which Orthodox churches are recognized by the Catholic church? Are there any churches older than the split that are not recognized by the Catholic Church and that are still active? Edit: "recognize" ...
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What does 'ages of ages' mean, specifically?

I run into this phrase a lot in the Orthodox church, particularly as part of the longer phrase 'and unto ages of ages'. I understand that, generally, this means 'for a long time'. However, what does ...
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What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
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Is there one guardian angel for each person?

A Roman Catholic friend of mine told me that each person has a guardian angel. He told me it is based on this verse: Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That ...
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What's the name of this doctrine and (when) did the Eastern Orthodox Church condemn it?

"God is merciful and He wants all people to be saved, thus, all the humans, even the worst ones, having fully redeemed themselves from their wrongdoings by spending some adequate time in the hell, ...
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596 views

Were any popes or patriarchs converts to Christianity?

The Biblical Peter was an adult when Jesus began his ministry, and thus ranks among the earliest converts to Christianity. Roman Catholics hold that Peter was also the first pope. Are any subsequent ...
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Orthodoxy's “ancestral sin” versus Calvinism's “total depravity”

Correct me if I'm wrong, but from what I understand, one of the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology is "ancestral sin." Note: Although Roman Catholicism's definition ...
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491 views

What is the waving cloth in the Creed and what does it mean?

I was recently at an Eastern Orthodox celebration of the Divine Liturgy. During the recitation of the Creed, there was a coloured cloth (I think the veil that had covered the chalice) which was waved ...
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Does the Orthodox Church accept Gay marriage and why?

Some say that it is "okay" some say that it is not, but these are just opinions. What does the Orthodox Church thing about that, and how do they deal with it?
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648 views

What is the “new doctrine” that Leo Tolstoy mentions in *Anna Karenina*?

In Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina (1873-1877), there's a point where the author refers to a "new doctrine" that was fashionable among the Russian upper classes. The following extract is from Part 5,...
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441 views

How are Orthodox monastic names chosen?

Orthodox monks seem to always acquire monastic names when they join a monastery. Thus Mikhail became Macarius. (They also acquire a "seminary surname" if they did not have one already, though this ...
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481 views

Schism leading to present day Christian Churches?

I was reading about schisms in Christianity. I could found out a few schisms which has lead to the generation of new churches. But many of those churches were died out after sometime but some of them ...
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448 views

Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
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What is the Catholic response to the Eastern Orthodox view that the Immaculate Conception remove Jesus' ability to redeem all of humanity?

I am discussing and debating the various subtle doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do Orthodox ...
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When were the Fasting Patterns of the Eastern Orthodox Church Established?

I am under the impression that the fasting patterns of the Orthodox church were established over the course of several centuries. I am interested in some sources that would clarify when the pattern ...
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267 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, what is most important for the efficacy of the sacraments: the right Church or the right God?

In Eastern Orthodoxy, is it most important for the efficacy of the sacraments that they be administered canonically by an ordained priest (who is in apostolic succession), or the fact that God is the ...
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621 views

What's the source of the “new world religion” memorandum signed in Strasbourg?

There is a document which is shared on the internet these days. I saw it in Romanian language and then searching a bit, I found it in English as well: it's a "memorandum" signed in Strasbourg ...
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According to Protestants, what “new” things has the Eastern Orthodox Church acquired over time?

What things in general have been brought with time into the Eastern Orthodox Church that the mainstream protestant Christianity considers as not being able to be traced back to the times of the church ...
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Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

Saint Augustine (Doctor Gratiae) is considered by Catholic and Anglican churches as: one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. (...
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What did Luther think of the Eastern Orthodox and vice versa?

When the Reformation began to take hold, the Orthodox may have been in decline, but were definately still present. I'm curious to know what what the two "breakaways" thought of each other - is it a ...
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How can common believers in the Eastern Orthodox Church be sure that the Church's decisions are correct and not erroneous?

There have been some councils, the decisions of which were later reversed by some latter councils. Thus, if your position on a particular matter that was being considered at those councils was too ...
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Is it mandatory for a Roman Catholic girl to convert to Syrian Orthodox if the boy is of the Syrian Orthodox church, in the case of marriage?

If a woman is Roman Catholic, and a man is from Kerala, from the Malankara Orthodox Syrian church, and they wish to marry, does the woman need to convert to Syrian Orthodoxy? According to the Syrian ...
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Primacy of Andrew in Eastern Orthodoxy

I heard this from a Catholic friend of mine: He said, in explaining where Orthodoxy is coming from, that because St. Andrew told his brother Simon about Jesus, he's the real leader of the church and ...
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Do the Orthodox and Catholic Churches allow participation in each others' services?

Is it alright for an Orthodox christian to go into a Catholic church and vice versa? That is: Does either Eastern Orthodox or Catholic teaching object to occasional participation of an Eastern ...
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339 views

How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus “sending” the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

One of the issues behind the schism between East and West was the doctrine of the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit: does he proceed from the Father, or from the Father and Son? There doesn't ...
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What is the earliest surviving reference to the Paschal Greeting?

It's common in some traditions to greet one another with a "Paschal Greeting" on Easter, such as "Christ is risen," with the response "He is risen indeed." The custom seems to have originated in the ...
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What was the basis for saying that 11th-century Greek churches were “rebaptizing” Latins?

In the run-up to the fateful excommunications of 1054, accusatory letters were exchanged between the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius, and Pope Leo IX. Each had issues with the other's ...
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Where did the Petrine title of “First Among Equals” originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
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Do all Orthodox saints have their own akathist?

I don't quite understand the concept of an 'akathist' (hymn devoted to a saint). Are these written, one per saint whenever someone is glorified? Are they spontaneously generated over time? I am trying ...
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Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. Who are on the Old, and who are on ...
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279 views

Questions about Eastern Orthodox infant baptism practices

Recently I saw this video in which infants have their head immersed in water, are flipped over and have their feet then immersed. This cycle is repeated 3 times for a total of 6 immersions. Is this ...
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847 views

What does “proceeds” mean to Eastern Orthodox?

The Eastern Orthodox Nicene Creed says: I believe in one God, Father Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-...
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According to proponents of transubstantiation, in what sense is Jesus present “where two or three are gathered”?

Matthew 18:20 is commonly referenced to refer to Christ's presence among his people: For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them. For advocates of the "spiritual presence"...
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Why does the Eastern Orthodox church forbid blind men from becoming priests?

An Eastern Orthodox man told me that, because he was blind, canon law forbid him from serving as a priest. He was quite okay with this (and served his church in other capacities), but unfortunately ...
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To whom do the Eastern Orthodox Church's believe the “Keys to the Kingdom” were given by Jesus?

"I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” (Matthew 16:19) This is the ...
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What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by ROC?

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by the Synodal Commission of Russian Orthodox Church on Canonization? Source: РПЦ отзывает партию святых, ...
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What were the common exonyms of the Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox churches leading up to and after the Great Schism (1054)?

A common misconception I encounter among people interested in the history of Christianity is that the term "Catholic" refers solely to the Roman Catholic church and likewise "Orthodox" only to the ...
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472 views

Does Orthodox theology emphasize “redemptive suffering” as much as Catholicism does?

Growing up Catholic I've been taught that "my suffering completes what is lacking" in Christ's sacrifice. Any time that I encounter suffering I should "offer it up." St. Bernadette, Francis of Assisi, ...
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Are there any Saints that have miraculously overcome death (should have died, but did not)?

Are there any saints that should have died but didn't, not like they dodged a moving train, but rather something like were stabbed in the heart but didn't bleed, or something. And when they did die, ...
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387 views

What objective, foolproof method do Eastern Orthodox have for working out which side is correct in the case of a Schism?

I'm Catholic but I have a great respect for and interest in Eastern Orthodoxy. I almost became Orthodox when I was converting out of protestantism but I became Catholic for reasons of convenience. ...
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Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
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641 views

Do heterodox have a guardian angel as well? (Eastern Orthodox perspective)

According to the Eastern Orthodox Church, do non-Eastern Orthodox have guardian angels as well? By guardian angel, I mean a righteous spirit assigned to a person by God in order to guide and protect ...
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Did St. James write the Divine Liturgy of St. James?

This is related to the question titled "What is the earliest written surviving liturgy?", but different in what it is asking. I was reading on Infogalactic the following. The Liturgy of Saint James ...

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