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Questions tagged [eastern-orthodox]

Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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Does the Eastern orthodox church prohibit Christian meditation?

There is already a question on whether or not yoga and other non-Christian meditative practices are permissible according to the Eastern Orthodox Church, however I was wondering if all forms of ...
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Was adelphopoiesis a plural rite?

Was the rite of "brother-making" exclusive to two individuals, or could a man make more than one other man his brother? Is there any part of the rite that requires you to be nonunited previously? ...
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Is Eastern Orthodox Christianity against doing yoga or meditation?

I've heard opposite opinions on this (for example, in an interview with Christine Mangala Frost) and I was wondering about it. So is Eastern Orthodox Christianity against doing yoga or meditation?
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The Eucharist and the supernatural Priesthood

This is probably a question mostly directed at Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christianity. Why is it that only a priest can consecrate the Eucharist? Is there the assumption that there is some sort of ...
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What is the difference between Eastern Orthodox doctrine of deification and the “little g” god doctrine of the Word of Faith movement?

I noticed that the Word of Faith movement is under a lot of fire for the "little g" god doctrine, but it appears to me that it is almost, if not exactly, the same as the deification/divinization ...
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What was the Original Purpose of Fasting from “Wine” and “Olive Oil” in the Orthodox Tradition?

The Orthodox are required to fast from "wine" and "olive oil" most Wednesdays and Fridays, for Lent, the Dormition of the Theotokos, the Nativity, and other fasts. Nearly all Orthodox define "wine" ...
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796 views

What is the specific meaning of “believe” in John 3:16? [duplicate]

I would like to know the specific meaning of the word "believe" in John 3:16 when it says whosoever believes in Him shall not perish but have everlasting life. Many people that I know say that they ...
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How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads?

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads in the face of this scripture? 1 Cor 11:3-4 But I would have you know, that the head of every ...
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Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
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Why are the bread and wine mixed together in the Holy Eucharist during an Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy?

When and why was the practice of commixture started? What is the theological significance of mixing the two together?
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Why do Orthodox Christians baptize infants?

I know that Roman Catholics baptize infants, because they believe that infants need to be cleansed of original sin, and that the denial of baptism at infancy by Christian parents is tantamount to the ...
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Does Orthodox theology emphasize “redemptive suffering” as much as Catholicism does?

Growing up Catholic I've been taught that "my suffering completes what is lacking" in Christ's sacrifice. Any time that I encounter suffering I should "offer it up." St. Bernadette, Francis of Assisi, ...
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Does the Orthodox Church accept Gay marriage and why?

Some say that it is "okay" some say that it is not, but these are just opinions. What does the Orthodox Church thing about that, and how do they deal with it?
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Where within Biblical Scripture does it mention anything similar to the official Catholic and/or Orthodox church's hierarchy of church officials?

Where within biblical Scripture does it mention anything similar to the official Catholic and/or Orthodox church's hierarchy of church officials? Catholic and/or Orthodox church's may point to (2 ...
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Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
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What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
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How do I know that an “Orthodox” theological work is officially Orthodox doctrine?

Whenever I read theological works written by Roman Catholics I know that, as long as there is an "Imprimatur" from a legitimate Bishop, I can trust it to be official Catholic doctrine. On the other ...
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4answers
607 views

What is the Orthodox teaching about touching Jesus' body?

I was reading answers to a question about Thomas touching Jesus. An answer came from an Orthodox person which said that Thomas was granted special permission to touch his body/wound. That person ...
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Can you give air-kisses to icons in the Eastern Orthodox church instead of physical kisses?

Can you give air-kisses to icons in the Eastern Orthodox church instead of physical kisses? I was reading this website, which teaches church etiquette to church-going Christians. The website seems to ...
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What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
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Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. Who are on the Old, and who are on ...
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Movies and Music during Lent for Orthodox Christians

Last year I was told that the Orthodox do not participate in movies and TV during Lent. Fine -- I assumed it had to do with the fact that new movies/TV are egregiously filled with sin, and Lent is the ...
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Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
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What is the Difference Between ROCOR-MP and ROCOR-A (ROCA)

What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR? I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but ...
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What is the waving cloth in the Creed and what does it mean?

I was recently at an Eastern Orthodox celebration of the Divine Liturgy. During the recitation of the Creed, there was a coloured cloth (I think the veil that had covered the chalice) which was waved ...
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How do Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians evangelize?

If you have been to a public university or college campus in the USA, then you may have seen a live, theatrical performance of street evangelism. Sometimes, the preacher may give his (yes, the ...
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Baking and cutting eucharistic bread in the Eastern Orthodox Churches

What is the scriptural basis of the Eastern Orthodox Church to select a person in good standing to bake the bread in preparation for the Eucharist, and what is the scriptural basis for cutting the ...
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Why is Origen considered a Church Father, but not a saint?

I've heard and read in "Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern West" (book by Anthony Grafton, page 222) that Origen was considered a Church Father but not a Saint by either the ...
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Orthodoxy's “ancestral sin” versus Calvinism's “total depravity”

Correct me if I'm wrong, but from what I understand, one of the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Protestant theology is "ancestral sin." Note: Although Roman Catholicism's definition ...
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2answers
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Is there one guardian angel for each person?

A Roman Catholic friend of mine told me that each person has a guardian angel. He told me it is based on this verse: Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That ...
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What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?
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Do Christians still make icons?

Do Christians still make icons? Typically, it's easy to find Christian icons from the Middle Ages. But are there any Christian icons in the modern age?
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Where can I find the Orthodox response to the Augsburg Confession?

According to Steven Runciman's The Great Church in Captivity (excerpt), the Orthodox Patriarch Jeremias II wrote a letter detailing the differences between the Orthodox doctrines and Lutheran ...
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Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of splitting away? [duplicate]

Why not the Orthodox beliefs instead of the Protestant Reformation? What prompted the Reformers to "rewrite" everything?
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What is the Catholic response to the Eastern Orthodox view that the Immaculate Conception remove Jesus' ability to redeem all of humanity?

I am discussing and debating the various subtle doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do Orthodox ...
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2answers
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When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
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When were the Fasting Patterns of the Eastern Orthodox Church Established?

I am under the impression that the fasting patterns of the Orthodox church were established over the course of several centuries. I am interested in some sources that would clarify when the pattern ...
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What are the requirements for establishing an Eastern Orthodox church or mission?

As a former parish council member of a recently founded Catholic mission, I'm somewhat familiar with the process of establishing a Catholic mission/church within the parameters of canon law. What is ...
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How young do children start to receive communion regularly in Eastern Catholic/Orthodox churches?

I know that in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches communion is given to infants at baptism along with chrismation. What about after that? Do they continue all throughout childhood, or ...
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Where did the Petrine title of “First Among Equals” originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
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To whom do the Eastern Orthodox Church's believe the “Keys to the Kingdom” were given by Jesus?

"I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” (Matthew 16:19) This is the ...
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For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church has several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus. Are there any Eastern Orthodox equivalents to ...
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526 views

How do Orthodox Bishops and theologians view the Church Fathers' definition of the word “catholic?”

While perusing the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) website I came across this question. I fully understand what the word catholic by itself means. Orthodox Christians (like many liturgical ...
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In which Christian denomination(s), do people plan their weddings around the bride's menstrual periods?

I am a Russian Orthodox Christian, and I know other Russian Orthodox Christians who consider a woman's menses to be impure. As a woman, this monthly bleeding is not saying that I am evil or bad during ...
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Meaning behind skull at the base of a cross?

I recently visited the Museum of Russian Icons on vacation and while there I came across many icons that portrayed the crucifix with a skull at the base of cross (example). What is the significance ...
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What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by ROC?

What was the main reason for excluding 35 latest names from the list of recognized saints by the Synodal Commission of Russian Orthodox Church on Canonization? Source: РПЦ отзывает партию святых, ...
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When did the Orthodox and Catholic Churches distinguish the manner in which the Sign of the Cross was to be made?

From a comment on What is the role of “Sign of the cross” gesture in Catholicism?, it was noted that Catholics make the Sign of the Cross by starting at the top, going to the left and then right, ...
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How do Protestants in general respond to these points concerning them?

I haven't had much experience interacting with Catholics, but I have had a lot of interactions with the Orthodox and have been exposed to many of their writings and teachings. Whenever I would talk to ...
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What is the “new doctrine” that Leo Tolstoy mentions in *Anna Karenina*?

In Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina (1873-1877), there's a point where the author refers to a "new doctrine" that was fashionable among the Russian upper classes. The following extract is from Part 5,...
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Does Roman Catholic Church recognize some Eastern Orthodox Saints?

I heard that in some of Catholic churches (I mean parishes) in Europe there are icons of Russian Saints, such as Seraphim of Sarov, for example (may be I'm wrong, I personally haven't seen this). So ...