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Questions tagged [eastern-orthodox]

Doctrine, practice, saints and other topics around Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian etc.) Church.

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Universalism in the Orthodox Church?

Is this true that in the Orthodox Church there are still two quite opposite views existing, one of which holds that everybody will sooner or later be delivered by God from the hell, and another one ...
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3answers
12k views

What is the difference between icons and idols in churches that permit icons?

There are a number of Protestants that say the use of the images and statues in the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church is idolatry. I know that these churches call certain images "icons", but I ...
11
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1answer
318 views

At what point did the Roman See start self-identifying as the Catholic Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Roman see start identifying itself as the Catholic ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the difference between original sin and original guilt?

This is a question that every convert to Eastern Orthodoxy always asked. The question can be stated differently: Does the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin include Original Guilt? Fr. John Romanides ...
6
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1answer
468 views

Why aren't the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches in communion with each other?

Both the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Church worship the same God and the Blessed Mother Virgin Mary and the Saints and the Holy Trinity. Do language and cultural differences separate them? What ...
23
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4answers
2k views

Do Evangelicals see Catholics as pagans?

This question is based on my personal experience. Some time ago I had a discussion with a friend of mine who's an evangelical pastor. In a very subtle way, he was asserting that I actually believe ...
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3answers
4k views

What happens with a soul after one's death according to Eastern Orthodox doctrine?

Inspired by this question and answers for it: what happens with a soul after one's death according to Eastern Orthodox doctrine? I'm interested in all variants.
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5answers
974 views

How can common believers in the Eastern Orthodox Church be sure that the Church's decisions are correct and not erroneous?

There have been some councils, the decisions of which were later reversed by some latter councils. Thus, if your position on a particular matter that was being considered at those councils was too ...
5
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1answer
146 views

At what point did the Eastern Church start self-identifying as the Orthodox Church?

The Great (East-West) Schism was a massive trainwreck centuries in the making and centuries in its outworking. At what point in the process did the Eastern Church start identifying itself as the ...
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0answers
105 views

What is the Roman Catholic view on using the term 'orthodox', particularly in regard to Eastern Orthodoxy?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
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2answers
2k views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
11
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2answers
423 views

Is the Eastern Orthodox Church independent from regional governments?

I have heard that interference from Moscow has been the cause of some dissent and even a schism within the Russian Orthodox Church in America. I think the very existence of the Russian Orthodox ...
4
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2answers
389 views

How do the Eastern Orthodox view using the term 'catholic', particularly in regard to Roman Catholicism?

The terms orthodox and catholic have immense significance to those that seek to make exclusive truth claims about their particular Christian Tradition. Both Roman Catholics and Eastern Orthodox trace ...
7
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4answers
819 views

Why doesn't the Orthodox church consider Saint Augustine Doctor and Father?

Saint Augustine (Doctor Gratiae) is considered by Catholic and Anglican churches as: one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Era. (...
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4answers
6k views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
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6answers
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Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
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1answer
3k views

Does Roman Catholic Church recognize some Eastern Orthodox Saints?

I heard that in some of Catholic churches (I mean parishes) in Europe there are icons of Russian Saints, such as Seraphim of Sarov, for example (may be I'm wrong, I personally haven't seen this). So ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does the Roman Catholic church allow girls to serve the altar?

I once knew a classmate who told me that she belonged to the Coptic Orthodox church. Out of curiosity, I asked her whether she had ever served the altar, because I figured that serving the altar was ...
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3answers
376 views

What is the biblical basis for the Catholic and Eastern doctrines of the Assumption of Mary?

Catholic doctrine asserts that Mary the Mother of Jesus was not only without sin and ever-virgin, but that she also ascended into Heaven. Some Eastern traditions hold that she even died, then was ...
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2answers
673 views

In the Catholic or Orthodox tradition, did Jesus appear to his mother after death?

None of the Resurrection narratives seem to include Mary as a witness to the resurrection or among the first few people who see Jesus after his death; not does she seem to be mentioned until ...
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2answers
2k views

Who is a Christian according to the Russian Orthodox Church

I was told by my Russian Orthodox friends on several occasions that according to their beliefs only members of the Orthodox Church are Christians. (For example, they pointed out that my statement that ...
23
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7answers
21k views

Are Orthodox Christians all the same faith?

I've noticed some churches in my area that are titled things like: "Greek" Orthodox "Russian" Orthodox "Serbian" Orthodox "Antiochian" Orthodox etc... Are these all the same type of Christian Church?
14
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1answer
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What is the ecclesiastical 'hierarchy' of the Eastern Orthodox Church?

I know that every cultural expression of Orthodoxy has different terms for the orders (roles) from the language of their home country, but I am interested in the English terms. What is the 'hierarchy,'...
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2answers
812 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
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5answers
144k views

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?
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3answers
1k views

Does “Mere Christianity” represent the core of Christian belief?

I just finished reading C. S. Lewis in A Time of War by Justin Phillips. It seems Lewis went to great lengths to ensure that everything he said in his BBC talks that became Mere Christianity was ...
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2answers
3k views

Is Roman Catholic reconciliation with the Orthodox likely (or possible)?

I have consistently heard rumors that the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics will be reconciling at some point (at least to the point of Catholics being able to receive Orthodox sacraments). Sometimes ...
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2answers
1k views

When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
10
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1answer
338 views

How is spiritual progress described in eastern monastic traditions?

Catholic church has a long monastic history, and there are excellent exponents of spiritual progress whose concepts are used even today. Take Theresa of Avila's "interior castle" or Juan de la Cruz' "...
9
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2answers
435 views

What is the distinction between Justification and Salvation? (Orthodox/Greek/Eastern View)

As a practicing Christian, my only hope is for salvation through Jesus Christ. I note that scripture addresses salvation, and that in Paul's letters being justified is proclaimed to be of importance. ...
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2answers
2k views

Is Eastern Orthodox Christianity against doing yoga or meditation?

I've heard opposite opinions on this (for example, in an interview with Christine Mangala Frost) and I was wondering about it. So is Eastern Orthodox Christianity against doing yoga or meditation?
7
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1answer
290 views

How do Eastern Christians explain Jesus “sending” the Holy Spirit in John 15:26?

One of the issues behind the schism between East and West was the doctrine of the eternal procession of the Holy Spirit: does he proceed from the Father, or from the Father and Son? There doesn't ...
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3answers
2k views

How do Protestants in general respond to these points concerning them?

I haven't had much experience interacting with Catholics, but I have had a lot of interactions with the Orthodox and have been exposed to many of their writings and teachings. Whenever I would talk to ...
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1answer
795 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church believe in Aerial Toll Houses?

In the Oration, St. Gregory of Nazianzus talked about “last baptism,” the baptism of eschatological fire, longer lasting and more painful than one’s penance for sins (Or. 39.19). Some Protestants have ...
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2answers
917 views

When did Arabic enter into usage as a liturgical language among Orthodox Christians?

Today, many Orthodox churches in the Middle East use Arabic as the language of the Divine Liturgy, often mingled with Greek. When did this practice begin? I assume that at the time of the Muslim ...
7
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3answers
2k views

What did Luther think of the Eastern Orthodox and vice versa?

When the Reformation began to take hold, the Orthodox may have been in decline, but were definately still present. I'm curious to know what what the two "breakaways" thought of each other - is it a ...
6
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1answer
4k views

Which Orthodox churches are on the New Calendar, and which are on the Old Calendar?

I'm trying to determine whether or not a majority of Orthodox are on the Old or on the New Calendar. I don't need numbers for this question, but I do need names. Who are on the Old, and who are on ...
6
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1answer
905 views

Byzantine Chant vs. Gregorian Chant: What are the differences in goals as far as attitude and concepts between these two chanting styles

I'm NOT interested here in the difference in musical structure and rules here, per-say, between the Byzantine and Gregorian chanting styles. What I'm more interested in is the difference between them ...
5
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1answer
180 views

For Eastern Orthodox churches, what are the main references concerning Biblical Interpretation methodology?

The Catholic Church has several encyclicals giving guidelines for Biblical Interpretation, such as Divino Afflante Spiritu or Providentissimus Deus. Are there any Eastern Orthodox equivalents to ...
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4answers
604 views

What is the Orthodox teaching about touching Jesus' body?

I was reading answers to a question about Thomas touching Jesus. An answer came from an Orthodox person which said that Thomas was granted special permission to touch his body/wound. That person ...
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2answers
307 views

If Orthodox Christians must repent of any act of violence, how does this not entail pacifism?

I have heard from many Orthodox that one should repent of any act of violence, including violence committed in self-defense or in the service of military duties. As I understand it, true repentance ...
3
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1answer
177 views

In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Lutheranism, what are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized?

What are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized in Catholicism, in Eastern Orthodoxy, and in Lutheranism? As far as I understand, baptism in the above-mentioned ...
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4answers
579 views

Is Mary omniscient (by participation, not by nature)?

I'm mainly interested in an Orthodox or Catholic response. Although any protestant denomination which has a high Mariology is welcome to answer (eg Anglocatholics, high church Lutherans). If your ...
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1answer
4k views

Why is Origen considered a Church Father, but not a saint?

I've heard and read in "Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern West" (book by Anthony Grafton, page 222) that Origen was considered a Church Father but not a Saint by either the ...
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2answers
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Orthodox churches recognized by Catholic Church

Which Orthodox churches are recognized by the Catholic church? Are there any churches older than the split that are not recognized by the Catholic Church and that are still active? Edit: "recognize" ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the biblical basis for and against the “filioque”? [closed]

In order to contextualize the question I add the following quote from the wikipedia article concerning Filioque clause: Filioque, Latin for "and (from) the Son", is a phrase found in the form of ...
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1answer
197 views

In Eastern Orthodoxy, how is an icon recognized as inspired?

In a discussion on imagery and icons, the Orthodox Study Bible says: Every image, or icon, of Christ has significant theological content. For it proclaims anew the Incarnation of God, who "became ...
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2answers
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What's the name of this doctrine and (when) did the Eastern Orthodox Church condemn it?

"God is merciful and He wants all people to be saved, thus, all the humans, even the worst ones, having fully redeemed themselves from their wrongdoings by spending some adequate time in the hell, ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the Catholic response to the Eastern Orthodox view that the Immaculate Conception remove Jesus' ability to redeem all of humanity?

I am discussing and debating the various subtle doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do Orthodox ...
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2answers
3k views

Is there one guardian angel for each person?

A Roman Catholic friend of mine told me that each person has a guardian angel. He told me it is based on this verse: Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That ...