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Questions tagged [creeds-and-confessions]

Questions regarding the declared statements of faith/belief of Christian communities.

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According to Catholics, was faith in the assertions made in the Creed of St. Athanasius required of those in the first 3 centuries?

If the person that penned the Creed of St. Athanasius that was identified by St. Thomas Aquinas as being St. Athanasius based on "style" had not published his opus and had it declared Truth until the ...
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4answers
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What influence did Greek philosophy have on the formation of orthodox Christian doctrine?

What influence did Greek philosophy have on the formation of orthodox Christian doctrine? Particularly, what Christian doctrines or paradigms of understanding God and reality can be traced to have ...
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3answers
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What is the source of the 44 assertions made in the Creed of Athanasius?

I cannot locate where any but the most basic of the 44 assertions made in the Creed of Athanasius are also made in the canonical scriptures. Nor do I see any scriptural references provided within the ...
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0answers
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How did the original texts of the Creed relate Pilate to Jesus' Passion?

In the Creed in English we see the mention of Jesus having suffered and died 'under Pontius Pilate' . In my native language Malayalam, the counterpart reference says ' in the days of Pontius Pilate' ...
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3answers
214 views

What problems, if any, do Oneness Pentecostals have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to previous questions, I'd like to know: Do Oneness Pentecostals disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series ...
4
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1answer
172 views

What problems, if any, do Christadelphians have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to previous questions, I'd like to know: Do Christadelphians disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series in ...
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3answers
216 views

What problems, if any, do Swedenborgians have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to previous questions, I'd like to know: Do Swedenborgians disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series in ...
12
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2answers
657 views

What problems, if any, do Mormons have with the Apostles' Creed?

As a follow-up to a previous question, I'd like to know: Does the LDS church disagree with or "reinterpret" any phrases in the Apostles' Creed? Here's the context: I'm listening to an audio series in ...
7
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2answers
505 views

What problems, if any, do Jehovah's Witnesses have with the Apostles' Creed?

I'm listening to an audio series in which the Apostles' Creed is used as the framework for "Christian theology," implying that those who believe the Apostles' Creed are orthodox. However, it's ...
1
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1answer
130 views

“You are dust and to dust you shall return” versus resurrection of the body (Catholic perspective)

In the Ash Wednesday mass of the Catholic Church, the priest puts a cross made of ash in the forehead, whilst saying: You are dust and to dust you shall return I understand the literal and (I ...
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1answer
165 views

In the “Creed of Athanasius” does “before all things” mean “sooner” or “most important”?

Please see this question for why I think the Creed claims to be the declaration of the catholic church rather than merely clarifying the catholic position regarding the doctrine of "Trinity": The ...
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1answer
150 views

Why have some conservative Reformed churches objected to the Belhar Confession?

Among the reasons given by several Reformed Church in America churches in the midwestern US when leaving the denomination are issues with the Belhar Confession, a document emphasizing reconciliation ...
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2answers
63 views

Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them?

In the section Origin of the creed in the article Apostles' Creed | New Advent, it states that throughout the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Apostles, on the day of Pentecost, while ...
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2answers
554 views

Was the “Nicene Creed” of AD 381 an update of the Nicene Creed of AD 325?

When people talk about "The Nicene Creed," it seems that they are often referring to the document associated with the Council of Constantinople (AD 381). I'm sure there are many reasons for this, one ...
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1answer
360 views

Creed, Encyclical, Decretal, Canon, Bull, etc - What's the difference?

In Catholicism, what is the difference between a Creed, an Encyclical, a Decretal, a Canon and a Papal Bull? Are there any other decrees or formal or informal outlines of official church doctrine used ...
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2answers
474 views

Have any noteworthy church councils denounced Full Preterism as heresy?

Full preterists believe that all prophecies in the Bible have already been fulfilled, including those related to the final resurrection, the Second Coming of Christ, and the Final Judgment. I have ...
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1answer
214 views

Did any of the Catholic or Protestant paramilitary groups of the Northern Ireland conflicts of the 60s and 70s ever have an actual theological creed?

I have been reading old newspapers for fun and noticed a lot of conflicts in Northern Ireland making the newspaper during the 60s and 70s (along with the usual Vietnam and Israel conflicts). When I ...
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2answers
342 views

How do Baptists catechize children?

If Baptists do not believe in the formalized confessional creeds of the church, then how do they catechize children? In the Small Catechism, Martin Luther notes that learning the Creeds is very ...
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2answers
566 views

What is the Baptist justification for anti-confessionalism?

According to Wikipedia, "Confessionalism, in a religious (and particularly Christian) sense, is a belief in the importance of full and unambiguous assent to the whole of a religious teaching. ...
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1answer
115 views

According to the Catholic Church in her recent pronouncements, what is the order of truths to which the believer adheres?

This @PeterTurner's answer to What is the difference between a dogma, a doctrine, an infallible statement, an ex cathedra statement, etc.? opined There are a few levels of Magisterial Teaching. ...
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Where do Christians believe the Qur'an came from? [closed]

The "prophet" Muhammad stated that the angel Gabriel visited him with revelation and he put great importance upon Gabriel. So my question is, where do Christians believe Muhammad's revelation came ...
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508 views

In light of Article of Religion XVII, why is teaching predestination a good thing?

Article 17 of the Articles of Religion, on the topic of predestination, asserts that for the non-elect having the sentence of predestination before their eyes causes them to sin more and more. So, ...
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1answer
101 views

Meaning of end of chapter 3 of the 2nd Helvetic Confession

What is the meaning of the last paragraph of Chapter 3 of the Second Helvetic Confession(?): HERESIES. Therefore we condemn the Jews and Mohammedans, and all those who blaspheme that sacred and ...
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2answers
199 views

Athanasian Creed article 6, meaning of “the glory equal”

In the Athanasian Creed, article 6, we read: But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit is all one, the glory equal, the majesty coeternal. Does the wording of this article ...
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How do Protestants harmonize the creeds and confessions on anthropomorphism?

In the 39 Articles of the Anglican/Episcopalian church, the first article says: I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. There is but one living and true God, everlasting, without body, parts, or ...
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3answers
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What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
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5answers
268 views

What's the justification for believing that God interacts with us today the same way He did thousands of years ago?

Most Christians I have come across believe that because 8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. Hebrews 13:8 God must interact with people today the same way He did back then. ...
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6answers
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Is the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of “the Monarchy of the Father” consistent with the Athanasian creed?

Background: this particular question arose from considering the implied ground of the following question: Does the Holy Spirit's procession from the Father and Son infringe on the co-equality of the ...
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2answers
216 views

How does Western Christian theology explain the doctrine of the Filioque within the context of the Old Testament?

I'm doing a pseudo-superficial scriptural study of the Nicene-Constantinopalitan Creed and how it differs from the Latin addition of the Filioque. The Caroligian theologians mainly used the Gospel of ...
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What do the Nicene, Apostles, Chalcedonian, Creeds add to the concept of God, Jesus, and the Holy Ghost that is not found directly in the Bible?

There were opposing views especially on the nature of God and His relationship to Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost. That was in part the reason for the councils. To try to unify the church and come to ...
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257 views

Where can I find the Orthodox response to the Augsburg Confession?

According to Steven Runciman's The Great Church in Captivity (excerpt), the Orthodox Patriarch Jeremias II wrote a letter detailing the differences between the Orthodox doctrines and Lutheran ...
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1answer
94 views

What biblical or historical reasons have been given for avoiding creeds & catechisms?

I read a book by George Fox, founder of Quakerism, where he spoke of his reluctance to endorse any creed, and part of the reason seemed to be the abuse he received in prison for being a heretic. Q:...
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3answers
3k views

What is closest thing Baptists have to a catechism?

I teach Sunday School at an evangelical congregation that is essentially nondenominational, but has various, historical ties to the Church of the Brethren and or one of the smaller Baptist ...
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509 views

What is the justification for reciting creeds in public worship according to the regulative principle?

Some churches which hold to the regulative principle of worship (RPW) insist that recitation of creeds or portions of confessions or catechisms by the congregation is an important act in the public ...
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407 views

Does every denomination / sect have a catechism?

In Lutheranism, there's the Small Catechism, Large Catechism, and the Book of Concord, with each book in series getting much larger and having more specific doctrinal material. Even though the ...
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2answers
188 views

What theological statement would be made if the Creeds preceded the homily?

In both the Anglican and Catholic Mass, the Liturgy of the Word (aka reading the lessons), begins with Scripture, includes a Homily, and then concludes with the recitation of one of the Creeds. ...
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1answer
678 views

What doctrinal changes did the Westminster Confession bring to the Church of Scotland?

After the reforms of the 16th century, the Scots Confession served as the primary confession for the Church of Scotland for just over 80 years. In 1648 it was replaced by the The Humble Advice of the ...
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1answer
260 views

On what basis did Mary Queen of Scots first reject the Scots Confession?

The history of the Scots Confession seems to have some amusing interludes. Having been drafted in just 4 days by 5 guys all named John, it went on to serve as the primary confession of the Church of ...
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226 views

What is the meaning of creeds? [closed]

What are creeds and how they came about. Is there a Biblical basis for them and how many creeds are there till date?
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514 views

What elements are most commonly included in an exposition of faith?

The "exposition of faith" (expositio fidei) or "statement of faith" is quite common. The early Church fathers often summarized an exposition of faith, and today, many Christian websites, especially ...
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972 views

Why do we use the order “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit”?

The three persons of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are united in an undivided Trinity, in which all are equal in stature, according to orthodox trinitarian Christianity. Given that our language is ...
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Why did the authors of the London Baptist Confession of 1689 callout the pope as being the antichrist?

In chapter 26 paragraph 4 of the 1689 LBC, the authors called the pope the antichrist: neither can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof, but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son of ...
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402 views

According to reformed theology, why are certain important doctrines not “obvious”? [i.e. why does the Westminister Confession even exist?]

Consider the important doctrines of: divinity of Christ doctrine of Trinity doctrine of predestination Consider in general, that the Westminister Confession is shorter than most books of the Bible. ...
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Did the Apostles' Creed originate with the Apostles?

The Apostles' Creed is perhaps the oldest statement of faith in the Christian tradition. Is there any evidence that it was used by Jesus' first followers? If not, when did it originate?