Questions tagged [covenants]

Agreement, compact, or testament between two or more parties, such as between God and man or between members of the Trinity.

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13
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2answers
16k views

What is the difference between a covenant and a contract?

Specifically as used by the Reformed theological tradition, what is meant by the term "covenant"? How is this different than other forms of agreements under assorted names in English like contract, ...
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4answers
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How many bilateral covenants occur in the Bible?

As the title asks, how many bilateral covenants occur in scripture between God and His creation (this does not include bilateral covenants between humans and humans, e.g., a marriage covenant between ...
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What is the origin of the Covenant of Grace?

In Covenant Theology the Covenant of Grace refers to an overarching theological covenant which God made on the basis of grace. The various Biblical covenants such as Abraham's, the Mosaic/Deuteronomic,...
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Why did God create a new covenant? [closed]

Why did God create a new covenant? It seems as if he had a covenant set in place in the Old Testament and provided a means for Israel to follow the covenant and offer sacrifices to atone for their ...
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3answers
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Judah, Joseph, and Jacob's birthright

Jacob had twelve sons, the firstborn of whom was Reuben. Yet, the birthright that should have passed on to Reuben did not due to Reuben's sin against his father (1 Chronicles 5:1-2). Naturally, ...
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1answer
601 views

What is the biblical basis for dual-covenant theology?

Dual-covenant theology, or two-covenant theology, holds that there are two covenants in effect—one, the Old Covenant (with the Mosaic Law) applying to Jews, and the second, the New Covenant (through ...
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5answers
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Is the New Covenant a unilateral or a bilateral covenant? [closed]

The Old Covenant was a bilateral covenant of which Yahveh and the nation of Israel were parties. The Israelites had to agree to the terms of the covenant, which they did (Exo. 24:7). Is the New ...
7
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1answer
421 views

How are the different covenants related to or different from each other?

In church traditions that subscribe to Reformed theology it is common to refer to God's relationship to men in terms of covenants -- agreements between God and His people in which God makes specific ...
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1answer
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How do Covenant Theologians explain the Noahic covenant?

In Covenant Theology, the Covenant of Grace is a singular overarching covenant God makes with his people. The various Biblical covenants are understood to be expressions or administrations of this ...
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2answers
281 views

In Reformed Covenant Theology, why does the covenant sign of circumcision pass away but the Abrahamic covenant of which it was the sign of does not?

Galatians 3:16-18 denies that the Mosaic covenant annulled the promises of the Abrahamic and proceeds to argue the Christian gospel on the basis of the Abrahamic covenant against the idea of salvation ...
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Was the Mosaic Covenant a covenant of “works” or “grace”?

In Exodus 20 (but all of Exodus/Leviticus/Numbers/Deuteronomy as well) we read of what many refer to as the Mosaic Covenant - enacted at Sinai, where God gives the Ten Commandments (and later the rest ...
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3answers
538 views

Was the covenant with Adam suspended or replaced by the covenant with Noah?

I am a new Christian who just started reading the Bible and just read the first few books in one sitting, and I have a lot of questions. Before I ask them all, I would like to ask just one question, ...
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Does the word 'testament' in the titles OT and NT imply the death of the testator in both covenants?

A will or testament is a legal declaration by which a person, the testator, names one or more persons to manage his estate and provides for the transfer of his property at death. This property an ...
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2answers
283 views

Was the Covenant made with the Church or does 'Everlasting' mean something other than 'eternal?' [closed]

I am posting this question on behalf of another user, and it corresponds to a related textual question. Galatians 3:16 (KJV) says, "Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith ...
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1answer
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What is the old covenant of Hebrews 8:6?

But in fact the ministry Jesus has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, since the new covenant is established on better promises. ~ ...
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Was It Possible or Not To Keep the Law of Moses?

Doing a study on grace and the fulfilment of the Law at present, and wonder if someone can assist: some texts definitely state that it is not humanly possible to perfectly keep the Law. Thus Paul in ...
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2answers
693 views

Did God really “regret” making man? (Catholic perspective)

On the cusp of the flood and God's covenant with Noah, "who found favor with the Lord," Genesis 6:6 [New American Bible] states [T]he Lord regretted making human beings on the earth, and his heart ...
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In Federal Vision theology, what is the difference between decisional regeneration and presupposed regeneration?

In some Reformed/Calvinist circles, a theological framework called the Federal Vision (FV) has led to significant internal debate over the true nature of the covenant between God and man, and, by ...
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4answers
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According to Reformed theology, when did the New Covenant start?

When instituting the Lord's Supper, Jesus Christ said (Luke 22:20, NIV): In the same way, after the supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out ...
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3answers
632 views

How many covenants has God established with humanity and are any of them everlasting?

I found this interesting partial quote from today’s Morning & Evening devotional by Charles Spurgeon. It’s about the “Covenant of Grace”: Jesus is the representative head of His people. In ...
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1answer
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How do Pre-Millennial Dispensationalists reconcile Hebrews 8:13?

Pre-Millennial Dispensationalists believe God has two covenants: one with the Christians and one with the Jews but that appears to be going against the grain of what Hebrews 8:13 says. "By ...
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1answer
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How does Christianity work with all the biblical covenants?

One major theme of the Bible is the number of covenants between God and humanity. How do Christians manage to work them out? Are the covenants prioritized from highest priority to lowest priority, or ...
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Who adheres to dual-covenant theology?

Another question has asked about the Biblical basis for dual-covenant theology, but I'm interested in who holds it. Wikipedia indicates that some "liberal" Christians do, but I'm looking for more ...
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What does the Roman Catholic Church teach about covenant theology?

In Reformed theology, there are summary theological constructs termed the covenant of works, the covenant of grace, and the covenant of redemption. In short, the covenant of works encompasses the path ...
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Do Protestants believe it is easier for New Testament believers to fulfill the moral law than it was before Christ?

Jeremiah prophesied that on the new covenant the law would be written on the hearts of the believer (Jr 31:33) "But this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those ...
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Did Mosaic covenants follow Ancient Near East Suzerain Treaties or was it the other way around?

I often heard theologians said that Mosaic covenant followed the structure of Ancient Near East (ANE) treaties that were there in Moses' time. For example, here is the view of Meredith Kline: Suzerain ...
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What does “it is finished” mean? [closed]

In Old Testament sacrifice, High Priest said 'It is finished' when he had killed the lamb; to say it is finished lamb had to die and then the sacrifice was finished. But Jesus Christ said it is ...
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What is the biblical basis for the replacement of God's law by the new covenant in Christ? [duplicate]

In Matthew 5:17, Jesus states that he has not come to abolish the law, but to fulfill it. However, much of the law written in Deuteronomy is not practiced by Christian churches today (Deut 22:11 is ...
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2answers
128 views

Am I a party to the covenant of atonement? [closed]

Jesus prayed (Jn 17:21) that “they may be one in us as you are in me and I am in you.” (Easier to comprehend if in means in union with.) This is the original sense of at-one-ment. “We also joy in God ...
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5answers
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What's the justification for believing that God interacts with us today the same way He did thousands of years ago?

Most Christians I have come across believe that because 8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. Hebrews 13:8 God must interact with people today the same way He did back then. ...
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1answer
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What is the Obsolete Covenant? [duplicate]

By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated will soon disappear. (Hebrews 8:13, NIV) In the light of the Epistle to Hebrews, what did the ...
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4answers
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Are there one or two covenants in Exodus? Clarifying the role of the first set of laws compared to the second set

Im a little confused by some commentaries as to how they describe the laws given to Moses. We see a first set of commands listed in Exodus 20:1-17 and 20:22-23:33. These are then agreed upon by ...
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3answers
180 views

Is belief in the suspension or replacement of any of the previous covenants necessary for salvation today?

Is belief in the suspension or replacement of any of the previous covenants necessary for salvation today? To those who wants a longer wording: Is belief in the suspension or replacement of any of ...
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2answers
247 views

Do protestants believe that the New Testament is the final covenant?

Do Protestants believe that the New Testament is the final covenant/testament? For example, many branches which built off Christianity believe the Bible is not complete and requires another revelation/...
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0answers
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What is the ‘Gospel of the Grace of God’?

I just encountered a teaching about ‘The Gospel of Promised Grace to Abraham’ or ‘The Gospel of Grace of God.’ It talks about the everlasting covenant of God to Abraham. I know how the promise of God ...
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2answers
60 views

Can God replace his covenent with Abraham?

In the book of Genesis, God makes the covenant of circumcision with Abraham for him and his descendants. In verse 7 we are told this is an everlasting covenant. How does this go in hand with the fact ...
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1answer
147 views

Covenants and reformed theology [closed]

As part of a theology course I've been asked to look at covenants, so I looked on Amazon for a book or two and was surprised to see many book titles including "reformed" or books written by reformed ...
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1answer
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Why don't we stone people? [duplicate]

The bible many times specifically tell us to stone people... Yet, I have yet to meet someone that defends that practice. I've heard many times that this is because the OT is not valid anymore ...
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1answer
93 views

Was There a '7' Associated With the New Covenant? [closed]

I have heard from several places that Covenant making often involves the number 7 in some way. I don't ever recall a mentioning of a 7 associated with Jesus institution of the Eucharist and his death ...