Questions tagged [comparative-christianity]

For questions seeking comparisons of two or more denominations. For the concept of "denomination," use [denomination], and for surveys of Christian denominations, use [denomination-survey].

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29
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9answers
6k views

Can somebody summarize the different “branches” of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

All my life, I've been massively confused about how there exists separate, seemingly incompatible and separate, "branches" of Christianity. I know about "protestant", "catholic" and then there's ...
22
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7answers
236k views

What are the main differences between 7th Day Adventists and Catholic/Protestant churches?

What are the main differences between 7th Day Adventists and Catholic/Protestant churches?
22
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4answers
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Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
22
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4answers
19k views

Why does communion frequency vary in different denominations?

Different churches celebrate the Eucharist (Communion, Lord's Supper, ...) with different frequency. At one extreme, Catholic and high Anglican churches tend to celebrate it at least daily. Many ...
17
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2answers
5k views

Why is Freemasonry considered by many evangelicals to be incompatible with Christianity?

Many Protestant and Evangelical churches and Christians view Freemasonry as incompatible with Christianity and teach that a Christian should not be a member of the group. What is the basis, biblical ...
16
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4answers
51k views

What are the key differences between the Western and Eastern Christianity?

I'm currently reading about Eastern Christianity as a part of my study. Those are the churches that have existed since early times, such as the Nestorians, the Jacobites, the Coptics, and others. But ...
14
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible to be both a humanist and a Christian? [closed]

The following definition of a humanist was given by Andrew Copson As a humanist I try: • To be rational, looking to science in an attempt to understand the universe • To be ethical, ...
13
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4answers
1k views

How similar was the resurrected body of Jesus to his physical human body?

Different Christian denominations have differing theologies of the resurrection: what it means for us, how it happened, and so on. What do the main bodies of Christian belief (Orthodox, Catholic, "...
13
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1answer
24k views

What are the primary differences between these Lutheran denominations?

What are the primary differences between the WELS, LCMS, LCMC, NALC, and ELCA Lutheran denominations?
13
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1answer
693 views

Are there any Protestant beliefs which have their roots in Mormon doctrines?

Protestants often associate Mormonism with outlandish1 doctrines like innumerable Gods, people living on the sun, or special underwear that you can't take off2. But I am curious what lies at the "...
12
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2answers
2k views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
12
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1answer
226 views

What are the differences in belief regarding Hesychasm between the Chalcedonian (Eastern) and Non-Chalcedonian (Oriental) Orthodox Churches?

I got into a discussion recently regarding the differences (or lack thereof) between the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches. I'm aware that the Oriental Churches are Miaphysites, while the ...
11
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3answers
2k views

Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ?

My background is mostly in Evangelicalism and premillenialism. I am aware of other "Churches" (Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, cults, etc.) and other eschatological frameworks (amillenial, postmillenial,...
11
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4answers
4k views

Why is the word ‘concupiscence’ so important in understanding the difference between a Catholic view and a Protestant view of ‘Original Sin’?

I have noticed this word ‘concupiscence’ a lot while studying Catholic Theology. It seems to significantly change what ‘Original Sin’ means, making a Catholic meaning of ‘Original Sin’ very different ...
11
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3answers
5k views

What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
10
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6answers
3k views

Are Calvinism and Arminianism compatible?

This question may seem ridiculous at first glance, but bear with me... As I learn more about Calvinism and Arminianism I am struck with the notion that they are each based on Scripture, and each ...
10
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3answers
1k views

What is fundamentalism?

John Piper provides a list of traits that he respects about fundamentalists, yet he does not consider himself one. In the context of Christianity (of course), what is a fundamentalist? And ...
10
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between the Amish and Mennonites?

I've heard of different groups, typically technology-rejecting ones, being referred to as "Amish" or "Mennonite". Is there a difference between those two terms? What do these groups believe?
10
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1answer
484 views

Why do Syrian Orthodox churches use only paintings and not sculptures, unlike Catholic churches?

I am an Orthodox Christian, and in our church we don't have sculptures unlike Catholic churches in my area. We only have paintings and pictures. I don't know if this is because of the bull sculpture ...
9
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “ransom theory” and “penal substitution”?

Ransom theory and penal substitution are two (of many) views about the exact nature of Jesus' atoning death on the cross. Both suggest that Jesus in some way paid a price on the cross for the benefit ...
9
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2answers
432 views

How comparable are the concepts of the Teaching Magisterium in the Catholic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses view of their Watch Tower society?

Just how comparable is this particular aspect of each group's ecclesiology? If from an academic viewpoint there are marked similarities, is there an identifiable Jehovah's witness perspective on the ...
8
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1answer
187 views

What is “dominion theology”?

I've read a little bit about "dominion theology", and don't feel I understand it. What distinguishes this movement from mainstream modern Christianity?
7
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2answers
17k views

What does a “non-denominational” Protestant believe?

I have heard "non-denominational" Protestant churches identify themselves as such because they believe they are above the squabbling and blindness that characterizes denominational Christianity. I ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What is the gist of CARM's criticism of Joyce Meyer?

Joyce Meyer was accused of false teaching by CARM. I can find no response from Joyce Meyer ministries as to misrepresentation, and CARM refer to some poor audio tapes and her book written in 1993. I'm ...
7
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2answers
44k views

What are the main differences between Anglicanism and Catholicism?

The Anglican Church came from the Roman Catholic Church about the same time as the Reformation was starting, but that doesn't answer how they are different on a practical level. How is the Anglican ...
7
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3answers
173 views

What makes a Council's conclusions authoritative?

I was just reflecting on an answer to a question I recently asked, and began to wonder... How do we know the conclusions of a given Council were true? Are all findings by Christian Councils ...
7
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1answer
421 views

What is the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God?

What is an overview of the practices, doctrines, and goals of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God that distinguish it from other Evangelical and Pentecostal groups active in Latin America?
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8answers
8k views

Does every sin affect other people? [closed]

Clearly Adam's sin in the Garden of Eden affected everyone. And clearly if you murder someone, or commit adultery, it affects others. But are there sins which do not affect other people? What I am ...
6
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3answers
3k views

What Christian groups do not observe or celebrate the Eucharist?

Are there any groups who identify as Christian but who do not celebrate/observe the Eucharist?
6
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2answers
342 views

How does mainstream Christianity's perception of Heaven differ from the Mormon perception of the Terrestrial Kingdom?

Unless I am mistaken, it seems to me that the Mormon definition of the Terrestrial Kingdom (the second highest kingdom of glory) is essentially identical to mainstream Christianity's definition of ...
6
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2answers
6k views

What theological differences exist between Baptist and Evangelical Free denominations?

What theological differences exist between Baptist churches and the Evangelical Free Church of America? Where Baptist viewpoints might differ, assume American Baptist Churches USA as the specific ...
6
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1answer
814 views

What theolological distinctives are exhibited in 'The True Furqan'?

The book The True Furqan, a work first published in Arabic a little over a decade ago, has come up recently in several contexts from being a suspect in anti government plots1 to being proof that ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Byzantine Chant vs. Gregorian Chant: What are the differences in goals as far as attitude and concepts between these two chanting styles

I'm NOT interested here in the difference in musical structure and rules here, per-say, between the Byzantine and Gregorian chanting styles. What I'm more interested in is the difference between them ...
5
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2answers
5k views

What is the process for starting a new Christian denomination?

There are thousands of Christian denominations. How did these groups form? What is the typical process for organizing a denomination?
5
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5answers
146k views

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?
5
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2answers
4k views

Why do some denominations not wash feet before taking communion?

Why is it that some denominations follow the ordinance of humility as described in John 13 while others do not? What reason is there for not performing the foot washing ceremony before partaking in ...
5
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3answers
345 views

Is there any evidence that people of Jewish descent came to the Americas before the birth of Christ Jesus

While doing research into a question about the Aztec and Mayan peoples I found an article from the official web site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints which suggests that Jesus ...
5
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2answers
534 views

What is the Catholic biblical or canon basis saying some moral works without grace (transient or permanent) are good (or not have the nature of sin)?

I am trying to clarify the difference in my own mind between a traditional Catholic and traditional Protestant view of grace, specifically in terms of the 'works of unbelievers'. It seems hard to ...
5
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3answers
507 views

Do non-Christians go to hell?

What is the official stance of various Christian denominations on whether or not non-believers go to hell? How do denominations which preach that they do, reconcile the damnation of people who grow ...
5
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3answers
158 views

Why are there so many priests in the LDS Church?

I don't have any hard number, but in most other churches, usually there are only a few priests per church (if they have priests). In the LDS Church on the other hand, usually almost half of the ...
5
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2answers
128 views

What is an overview of the similarities and differences between the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity?

Upon a cursory examination, both the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity seem to say that mankind is by default separated from God. What is an overview of ...
5
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1answer
529 views

How does the loss of Wesleyan perfectionism differ from Catholic distinctions between mortal and venial sins?

Wesleyan perfectionism is often compared to a Calvinist view of sanctification but this question is different. It is designed for someone familiar with Wesleyan theology to provide an explanation that ...
4
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1answer
245 views

Did any of the Catholic or Protestant paramilitary groups of the Northern Ireland conflicts of the 60s and 70s ever have an actual theological creed?

I have been reading old newspapers for fun and noticed a lot of conflicts in Northern Ireland making the newspaper during the 60s and 70s (along with the usual Vietnam and Israel conflicts). When I ...
4
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1answer
195 views

How do Protestantism and the LDS Church differ as to what is required for a believer to attain salvation and eternal life?

What is the difference between what Protestantism and the LDS Church teach about what is needed to attain salvation and life in eternity? Good answers will summarise the doctrines of both with quotes ...
4
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1answer
572 views

Comparison of church services between Church of Ireland and the Catholic Church

I am Roman Catholic and what I would like to know is how does the Mass of the Roman Catholic Church differ from one in the Church of Ireland.
4
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2answers
365 views

Who developed the doctrine of Biblical Inerrancy first - Catholics or Protestants?

This article on Christian Fundamentalism says that it is developed by Protestants at Princeton University. This Catholic source on Biblical inerrancy says that it has always been with the Catholics. ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How do opponents of Decision Theology distinguish themselves from Universal Salvation?

There is a tradition, perhaps strongest in Lutheranism, that opposes what it calls "Decision Theology". Biblical support for opposing Decision Theology would come in passages like, "No one can say ...
4
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1answer
658 views

Lutheranism, Has God ordained all things?

According to the Westminster Confession of Faith God has, in some way, ordained everything that comes to pass. I. God from all eternity did by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely ...
4
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0answers
101 views

How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Are the early followers of Christ considered Christians or Jews in today's context? If not, when was the religion created? [duplicate]

From sometime after 4 BC and up to and sometime between the destruction of the Second Temple (C. 70) and Council of Nicaea (AD 325), Christians were considered Jewish with Jesus as their leader. When ...