Questions tagged [comparative-christianity]

For questions seeking comparisons of two or more denominations. For the concept of "denomination," use [denomination], and for surveys of Christian denominations, use [denomination-survey].

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Can somebody summarize the different "branches" of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

All my life, I've been massively confused about how there exists separate, seemingly incompatible and separate, "branches" of Christianity. I know about "protestant", "catholic" and then there's ...
Lloyd's user avatar
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23 votes
7 answers
247k views

What are the main differences between 7th Day Adventists and Catholic/Protestant churches?

What are the main differences between 7th Day Adventists and Catholic/Protestant churches?
Jomet's user avatar
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23 votes
4 answers
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Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
Mike's user avatar
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22 votes
4 answers
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Why does communion frequency vary in different denominations?

Different churches celebrate the Eucharist (Communion, Lord's Supper, ...) with different frequency. At one extreme, Catholic and high Anglican churches tend to celebrate it at least daily. Many ...
James T's user avatar
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17 votes
2 answers
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Why is Freemasonry considered by many evangelicals to be incompatible with Christianity?

Many Protestant and Evangelical churches and Christians view Freemasonry as incompatible with Christianity and teach that a Christian should not be a member of the group. What is the basis, biblical ...
Narnian's user avatar
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16 votes
3 answers
159k views

What are the main differences between Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses?

Both Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses go from door to door, talking to people about their beliefs. Also neither group accepts the notion of Trinity. What are the main differences between these two ...
Dee's user avatar
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16 votes
4 answers
55k views

What are the key differences between the Western and Eastern Christianity?

I'm currently reading about Eastern Christianity as a part of my study. Those are the churches that have existed since early times, such as the Nestorians, the Jacobites, the Coptics, and others. But ...
deathlock's user avatar
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15 votes
6 answers
4k views

How have mainstream Christian denominations interpreted the Acts command to abstain from blood?

Acts 15:28 and 29 tells us that basically all of the old law covenant is no longer to be observed except: Acts 15:28 KJV For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater ...
Kris's user avatar
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14 votes
3 answers
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Is it possible to be both a humanist and a Christian? [closed]

The following definition of a humanist was given by Andrew Copson As a humanist I try: • To be rational, looking to science in an attempt to understand the universe • To be ethical, acting in a way ...
Affable Geek's user avatar
14 votes
5 answers
5k views

Why is the word ‘concupiscence’ so important in understanding the difference between a Catholic view and a Protestant view of ‘Original Sin’?

I have noticed this word ‘concupiscence’ a lot while studying Catholic Theology. It seems to significantly change what ‘Original Sin’ means, making a Catholic meaning of ‘Original Sin’ very different ...
Mike's user avatar
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13 votes
4 answers
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How similar was the resurrected body of Jesus to his physical human body?

Different Christian denominations have differing theologies of the resurrection: what it means for us, how it happened, and so on. What do the main bodies of Christian belief (Orthodox, Catholic, "...
LCIII's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
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What are the primary differences between these Lutheran denominations?

What are the primary differences between the WELS, LCMS, LCMC, NALC, and ELCA Lutheran denominations?
Dan's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
835 views

Are there any Protestant beliefs which have their roots in Mormon doctrines?

Protestants often associate Mormonism with outlandish1 doctrines like innumerable Gods, people living on the sun, or special underwear that you can't take off2. But I am curious what lies at the "...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
3k views

Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ?

My background is mostly in Evangelicalism and premillenialism. I am aware of other "Churches" (Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, cults, etc.) and other eschatological frameworks (amillenial, postmillenial,...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
4k views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
505 views

What are the differences in belief regarding Hesychasm between the Chalcedonian (Eastern) and Non-Chalcedonian (Oriental) Orthodox Churches?

I got into a discussion recently regarding the differences (or lack thereof) between the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches. I'm aware that the Oriental Churches are Miaphysites, while the ...
Josiah's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
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What is fundamentalism?

John Piper provides a list of traits that he respects about fundamentalists, yet he does not consider himself one. In the context of Christianity (of course), what is a fundamentalist? And ...
user avatar
11 votes
6 answers
5k views

Are Calvinism and Arminianism compatible?

This question may seem ridiculous at first glance, but bear with me... As I learn more about Calvinism and Arminianism I am struck with the notion that they are each based on Scripture, and each ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
6k views

What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
deathlock's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between the Amish and Mennonites?

I've heard of different groups, typically technology-rejecting ones, being referred to as "Amish" or "Mennonite". Is there a difference between those two terms? What do these groups believe?
DJClayworth's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
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What is the difference between "ransom theory" and "penal substitution"?

Ransom theory and penal substitution are two (of many) views about the exact nature of Jesus' atoning death on the cross. Both suggest that Jesus in some way paid a price on the cross for the benefit ...
ThaddeusB's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
667 views

Why do Syrian Orthodox churches use only paintings and not sculptures, unlike Catholic churches?

I am an Orthodox Christian, and in our church we don't have sculptures unlike Catholic churches in my area. We only have paintings and pictures. I don't know if this is because of the bull sculpture ...
zod's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
295 views

What is an overview of beliefs on how one can lose salvation?

Some Christian traditions believe that one can lose his or her salvation, even after a genuine conversion experience and years of faithfulness. For those who teach this doctrine, what is an overview ...
Narnian's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
237 views

What is "dominion theology"?

I've read a little bit about "dominion theology", and don't feel I understand it. What distinguishes this movement from mainstream modern Christianity?
TRiG's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
475 views

How comparable are the concepts of the Teaching Magisterium in the Catholic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses view of their Watch Tower society?

Just how comparable is this particular aspect of each group's ecclesiology? If from an academic viewpoint there are marked similarities, is there an identifiable Jehovah's witness perspective on the ...
bruised reed's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
46k views

What are the main differences between Anglicanism and Catholicism?

The Anglican Church came from the Roman Catholic Church about the same time as the Reformation was starting, but that doesn't answer how they are different on a practical level. How is the Anglican ...
jondinham's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
374 views

What is the biblical basis for Christian denominations to believe in a visible appearance of Christ Jesus when he returns?

This question is inspired by a question asked in 2013: 'Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ?' Do all Christian traditions expect a second coming of Christ? Although it is my ...
Lesley's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is there any evidence that people of Jewish descent came to the Americas before the birth of Christ Jesus

While doing research into a question about the Aztec and Mayan peoples I found an article from the official web site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints which suggests that Jesus ...
Lesley's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
18k views

What does a "non-denominational" Protestant believe?

I have heard "non-denominational" Protestant churches identify themselves as such because they believe they are above the squabbling and blindness that characterizes denominational Christianity. I ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
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What is the gist of CARM's criticism of Joyce Meyer?

Joyce Meyer was accused of false teaching by CARM. I can find no response from Joyce Meyer ministries as to misrepresentation, and CARM refer to some poor audio tapes and her book written in 1993. I'm ...
Leanne Warrener's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
276 views

Which Christian Churches or Denominations subscribe to sacerdotalism as essential?

Based in part on answers to this question, this definition from the Merriam-Webster dictionary: : religious belief emphasizing the powers of priests as essential mediators between God and humankind ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
863 views

If the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is neither Catholic nor Protestant then what authority is their Church based upon

I realise there are some significant theological differences between LDS, Catholicism and Protestantism, mainly to do with the Trinity and the person of Jesus Christ. LDS doctrine recognizes Jehovah ...
Lesley's user avatar
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7 votes
6 answers
4k views

Do all believers receive the Holy Spirit at conversion but only a few are filled with the Holy Spirit post conversion?

The following passages seem to support that all believers receive the Holy Spirit at the time of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the message of ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the main differences between Jehovah's Witnesses and Biblical Unitarians?

What are the main differences between the two? I know that both reject the trinity and the divinity of Jesus, but that's about it. I'm particularly interested in knowing their doctrinal differences (...
user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
240 views

What makes a Council's conclusions authoritative?

I was just reflecting on an answer to a question I recently asked, and began to wonder... How do we know the conclusions of a given Council were true? Are all findings by Christian Councils ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
362 views

What is an overview of Christian viewpoints on the afterlife of aborted babies?

What does the afterlife look like for an aborted baby? What happens to their consciousness (if any)? What happens to their spirit/soul? Since these are presumably controversial questions, I'm ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
496 views

What is the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God?

What is an overview of the practices, doctrines, and goals of the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God that distinguish it from other Evangelical and Pentecostal groups active in Latin America?
Andrew's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
211 views

How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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6 votes
5 answers
148k views

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?
AppleDevX's user avatar
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6 votes
8 answers
10k views

Does every sin affect other people? [closed]

Clearly Adam's sin in the Garden of Eden affected everyone. And clearly if you murder someone, or commit adultery, it affects others. But are there sins which do not affect other people? What I am ...
Jas 3.1's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
9k views

What Christian groups do not observe or celebrate the Eucharist?

Are there any groups who identify as Christian but who do not celebrate/observe the Eucharist?
Ruminator's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
870 views

Why there isn't a daily prayer structure like Liturgy of the Hours among Protestants?

Why the protestants, (and I exclude Lutherans & Anglicans, maybe some Methodists too), don't have a daily prayer rule ? Even if it isn't as elaborate as the Catholic or Orthodox ones, they can ...
Akash Davis's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Do non-Christians go to hell?

What is the official stance of various Christian denominations on whether or not non-believers go to hell? How do denominations which preach that they do, reconcile the damnation of people who grow ...
Kevin Ryan's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
415 views

How does mainstream Christianity's perception of Heaven differ from the Mormon perception of the Terrestrial Kingdom?

Unless I am mistaken, it seems to me that the Mormon definition of the Terrestrial Kingdom (the second highest kingdom of glory) is essentially identical to mainstream Christianity's definition of ...
ShemSeger's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
13k views

What theological differences exist between Baptist and Evangelical Free denominations?

What theological differences exist between Baptist churches and the Evangelical Free Church of America? Where Baptist viewpoints might differ, assume American Baptist Churches USA as the specific ...
TheIronCheek's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
971 views

What theolological distinctives are exhibited in 'The True Furqan'?

The book The True Furqan, a work first published in Arabic a little over a decade ago, has come up recently in several contexts from being a suspect in anti government plots1 to being proof that ...
Caleb's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
179 views

What is the difference between the way Catholics view The Blessed Virgin Mary and Unitarians view Jesus?

Reading chats and posts and such here with our BU friends I've noticed a thread that seems similar to the way Catholics view The Blessed Virgin Mary and Unitarians view Jesus. It seems like in both ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
4k views

Byzantine Chant vs. Gregorian Chant: What are the differences in goals as far as attitude and concepts between these two chanting styles

I'm NOT interested here in the difference in musical structure and rules here, per-say, between the Byzantine and Gregorian chanting styles. What I'm more interested in is the difference between them ...
Josiah's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
7k views

What is the process for starting a new Christian denomination?

There are thousands of Christian denominations. How did these groups form? What is the typical process for organizing a denomination?
Greg McNulty's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
413 views

What is an overview of Christian epistemological views on scientific skepticism and the epistemic value of eyewitness testimony?

Most atheists & agnostics are known for practicing scientific skepticism. They reject any miracle/supernatural claims unless solid scientific evidence is provided. A consequence of this ...
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