Questions tagged [comparative-christianity]

For questions seeking comparisons of two or more denominations. For the concept of "denomination," use [denomination], and for surveys of Christian denominations, use [denomination-survey].

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22
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4answers
34k views

Does the Catholic Church officially recognize Protestants as Christians?

I have always thought that the Pope did not recognize the validity of the faith of those outside of the Catholic church, but in comments from a different post I am surprised to find out I may be ...
22
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7answers
236k views

What are the main differences between 7th Day Adventists and Catholic/Protestant churches?

What are the main differences between 7th Day Adventists and Catholic/Protestant churches?
16
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4answers
51k views

What are the key differences between the Western and Eastern Christianity?

I'm currently reading about Eastern Christianity as a part of my study. Those are the churches that have existed since early times, such as the Nestorians, the Jacobites, the Coptics, and others. But ...
13
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4answers
1k views

How similar was the resurrected body of Jesus to his physical human body?

Different Christian denominations have differing theologies of the resurrection: what it means for us, how it happened, and so on. What do the main bodies of Christian belief (Orthodox, Catholic, "...
22
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4answers
19k views

Why does communion frequency vary in different denominations?

Different churches celebrate the Eucharist (Communion, Lord's Supper, ...) with different frequency. At one extreme, Catholic and high Anglican churches tend to celebrate it at least daily. Many ...
17
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2answers
5k views

Why is Freemasonry considered by many evangelicals to be incompatible with Christianity?

Many Protestant and Evangelical churches and Christians view Freemasonry as incompatible with Christianity and teach that a Christian should not be a member of the group. What is the basis, biblical ...
9
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2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “ransom theory” and “penal substitution”?

Ransom theory and penal substitution are two (of many) views about the exact nature of Jesus' atoning death on the cross. Both suggest that Jesus in some way paid a price on the cross for the benefit ...
12
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2answers
2k views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
5
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2answers
4k views

Why do some denominations not wash feet before taking communion?

Why is it that some denominations follow the ordinance of humility as described in John 13 while others do not? What reason is there for not performing the foot washing ceremony before partaking in ...
10
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6answers
3k views

Are Calvinism and Arminianism compatible?

This question may seem ridiculous at first glance, but bear with me... As I learn more about Calvinism and Arminianism I am struck with the notion that they are each based on Scripture, and each ...
13
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1answer
24k views

What are the primary differences between these Lutheran denominations?

What are the primary differences between the WELS, LCMS, LCMC, NALC, and ELCA Lutheran denominations?
2
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3answers
26k views

What is the difference between Jehovah's Witnesses and Pentecostals?

What are the dogmatic differences between Jehovah's Witness Churches and Pentecostal Churches? Until recently I thought both churches were one and the same in beliefs.
13
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1answer
693 views

Are there any Protestant beliefs which have their roots in Mormon doctrines?

Protestants often associate Mormonism with outlandish1 doctrines like innumerable Gods, people living on the sun, or special underwear that you can't take off2. But I am curious what lies at the "...
5
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5answers
146k views

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?

What is the difference between the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches?
14
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3answers
2k views

Is it possible to be both a humanist and a Christian? [closed]

The following definition of a humanist was given by Andrew Copson As a humanist I try: • To be rational, looking to science in an attempt to understand the universe • To be ethical, ...
9
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2answers
432 views

How comparable are the concepts of the Teaching Magisterium in the Catholic Church and the Jehovah's Witnesses view of their Watch Tower society?

Just how comparable is this particular aspect of each group's ecclesiology? If from an academic viewpoint there are marked similarities, is there an identifiable Jehovah's witness perspective on the ...
5
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2answers
534 views

What is the Catholic biblical or canon basis saying some moral works without grace (transient or permanent) are good (or not have the nature of sin)?

I am trying to clarify the difference in my own mind between a traditional Catholic and traditional Protestant view of grace, specifically in terms of the 'works of unbelievers'. It seems hard to ...
8
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1answer
187 views

What is “dominion theology”?

I've read a little bit about "dominion theology", and don't feel I understand it. What distinguishes this movement from mainstream modern Christianity?
6
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1answer
2k views

Byzantine Chant vs. Gregorian Chant: What are the differences in goals as far as attitude and concepts between these two chanting styles

I'm NOT interested here in the difference in musical structure and rules here, per-say, between the Byzantine and Gregorian chanting styles. What I'm more interested in is the difference between them ...
5
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2answers
5k views

What is the process for starting a new Christian denomination?

There are thousands of Christian denominations. How did these groups form? What is the typical process for organizing a denomination?
5
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3answers
158 views

Why are there so many priests in the LDS Church?

I don't have any hard number, but in most other churches, usually there are only a few priests per church (if they have priests). In the LDS Church on the other hand, usually almost half of the ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How do opponents of Decision Theology distinguish themselves from Universal Salvation?

There is a tradition, perhaps strongest in Lutheranism, that opposes what it calls "Decision Theology". Biblical support for opposing Decision Theology would come in passages like, "No one can say ...
2
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4answers
2k views

What theological teachings of Watchman Nee, Witness Lee, and the Local Churches differ from Reformed Theology

I recently moved and have been Church hunting (but this it not a question about Church advice) and attended a "Local Church." In this particular Church, service goes as follows: first part: ...
0
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2answers
189 views

What is an overview of beliefs on “Jesus is the Word (Logos) of God”?

Recently, I've been racked at the possible ways this belief might be construed when someone says it. I suspect that the primary Biblical basis for it is John 1, but as we know, there can be many ...
10
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3answers
1k views

What is fundamentalism?

John Piper provides a list of traits that he respects about fundamentalists, yet he does not consider himself one. In the context of Christianity (of course), what is a fundamentalist? And ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What is the gist of CARM's criticism of Joyce Meyer?

Joyce Meyer was accused of false teaching by CARM. I can find no response from Joyce Meyer ministries as to misrepresentation, and CARM refer to some poor audio tapes and her book written in 1993. I'm ...
5
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2answers
128 views

What is an overview of the similarities and differences between the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity?

Upon a cursory examination, both the Catholic doctrine of Original Sin and the Reformed doctrine of Total Depravity seem to say that mankind is by default separated from God. What is an overview of ...
3
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2answers
159 views

Innocent until conception or birth?

Does Psalm 51 imply that an unborn child will have no sin? Assuming that is true, are there any denominations that support that all unborn children have salvation? Is there newer scripture (in the ...
2
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2answers
229 views

Similarities and differences between the priesthood of all believers and the LDS priesthood

In the LDS Church, all men and older boys are encouraged to obtain the priesthood. Women are also encouraged to receive ordinances in the temple, which Joseph Smith described as entering into an "...
-2
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1answer
306 views

How do Christian denominations define what the meaning of life is?

The Baltimore Catechism says: "God made me to know him, to love him, and to serve him in this world and to be happy with him forever in the next." Many Catholics have this ingrained in their ...