Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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8
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2answers
6k views

Where did the artistic rendering of Jesus originate?

There seems to be a pretty recognizable and consistent artistic image of Jesus Christ, despite the lack of evidence of what he looked like. Where did this initial image originate?
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How did Luther view relics, like the 'preserved head of John the Baptist'?

According to wiki  Roman Catholic tradition holds that the head on display in San Silvestro in Capite in Rome is that of John the Baptist, discovered for the second time, as also maintained by Pope ...
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How did the early church respond to the accusation that Christianity forbid ‘all uses of images’ even if only ‘representing the Divine Being’?

Origen, in Contra Celsus, Book VII, responds to an attack from Celsus: that Christians are just like Jews in rejecting all forms of images without exception. In this rebuttal by Origen, we clearly ...
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4answers
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Where did the religious symbol of the 'halo' come from?

I once read somewhere that the 'halo' was inherited by Christianity from ancient worshippers of the Sun.  However, although this seems believable I never bothered to verify its historic credibility - ...
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5answers
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Why did Christianity survive at all? [closed]

I was reading about ... hold on, what was I reading about? Nevermind, I was URL surfing. Jumping around from one link to another I somehow got to this - He [Nero] was known for having captured ...
4
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1answer
391 views

Did Arminius believe Adam's actual guilt was imputed against all humanity?

All early reformers believed in the imputation of 'actual guilt' as far as I know. I am fairly certain, however, that Arminians of the 16th century did not believe in the 'imputation of guilt' as ...
8
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1answer
475 views

The Servetus Controversy: What was Calvin's involvement?

The "Servetus Controversy" tells of a man named Michael Servetus who was burned at the stake for heresy -- not by Roman Catholic Inquisitors, but by Protestants in 16th century Geneva, France. Here ...
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2answers
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Have the dietary prohibitions of Acts 15:20 been applied to Christians today?

An answer to this question references Acts 15:20, which says -- (19) Therefore my judgment is that we should not trouble those of the Gentiles who turn to God, (20) but should write to them to ...
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Does any church follow the Apostolic Tradition of Baptism ‘in the nude’, or was that never the tradition?

The Apostolic Tradition was the work of Hippolytus, written somewhere between 215 and 400 AD. Recent scholars seem to take the later date (source). The whole writing can be found here: Apostolic ...
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2answers
498 views

Were the Waldensians like a Protestant Church in the Middle Ages?

I do not know anything about the Waldensians. Specifically, do we actually know what their doctrine was and why the Catholic Church opposed them?
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4answers
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Why is the KJV frequently said to be the “true” translation?

This question actually centers on the KJV translation itself. It's not hard to find a church in America (particularly in the south) where they believe that the KJV is the one true translation and that ...
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3answers
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What is the earliest record of using icons to worship God in the Catholic or Orthodox traditions?

The question is as simple as the title. I am simply wondering, ‘When is the earliest recorded date of this tradition?’
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6answers
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What is the history of the concept of a “personal relationship with Jesus”?

It is common these days to hear questions like: Do you have a personal relationship with Jesus? Or... The most important thing is your personal relationship with Jesus. The Bible never uses ...
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1answer
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When did the Oriental Orthodox Churches start being called 'Orthodox'?

The Eastern Orthodox (Greek, Russian and so on) are distinct from the Oriental Orthodox (Syriac, Armenian, Coptic and so on). Do we know when the term "Oriental Orthodox" started being used for these ...
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4answers
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What is an open atheist's fate in the Middle Ages in Christian Europe?

What would happen to me if, while living in Europe, say, in the 13th or in the 15th century – in fact, in any time of the existence of the Roman Catholic Church before the Reformation – I openly ...
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2answers
546 views

What were the circumstances behind the loss of the “True Cross?”

It is my understanding that there was a relic, used by the Crusaders, that was claimed to be the very Cross on which Jesus was crucified. I also understand that sometime around 1187, it was captured ...
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1answer
278 views

Were there any Roman Catholic Church martyrs in the 10–15th centuries?

Do we know of any martyrs from among the Roman Catholic Church that lived during the five centuries before Martin Luther (i.e., 10–15th centuries)? I am especially interested in those who have been ...
14
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1answer
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How did the Seven Deadly Sins originate and how is it used?

The "List enumerating character attributes guaranteeing political success" (Lust, Envy, Covetousness, Anger, Gluttony, Pride, and Sloth) has a long career as "the seven deadly sins." What I don't see ...
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1answer
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Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone of contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
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According to Protestants, what “new” things has the Eastern Orthodox Church acquired over time?

What things in general have been brought with time into the Eastern Orthodox Church that the mainstream protestant Christianity considers as not being able to be traced back to the times of the church ...
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3answers
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What was Martin Luther King, Jr.'s understanding of salvation?

I've been reading A Testament of Hope, which is a compilation of sermons by the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. I also know he's a Baptist. (I even got to stand and preach for a minute in his pulpit last ...
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0answers
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What is the origin of celibacy for Catholic Priests? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When did the prohibition of marriage for priests in the Catholic church originate? When and why did the Vatican decide that Catholic priests should take a vow of celibacy?
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12answers
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What is the oldest hymn (with music) that is still sung in churches today?

Using any of the standard hymnals, what is the oldest hymn that people are still singing? For example: The Baptist Hymnal 1975 / 1991 / 2008, The Faith We Sing (Methodist, right?), The (Episcopal) ...
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1answer
545 views

What's the first recorded case of the Church's persecuting heretics?

What's the first recorded case of the Church's persecuting heretics? By persecution I mean not only the act of stopping fellowship with a heretic, but also something more than that - things like, for ...
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1answer
834 views

How are the 12 Anathemas of St. Cyril against Nestorius supposed to be read?

I'd never seen this before today when I was trying to answer a question on the natures of God, but St. Cyril's 12 Anathemas against Nestorius is pretty interesting, and as a piece of literature, I ...
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1answer
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When did the angel archetype change from masculine to feminine?

Throughout the bible, angels typically appear as men or a masculin form. They're often described as warriors, engaging in battle. (Source) However, in modern, generally Western (or at least American)...
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1answer
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What role did the Donation of Constantine have on the development of the doctrine of Papal supremacy?

In the late Middle Ages, two documents arose which, together, are called the The Donation of Constantine. They made a large number of statements which would have had the effect of making the Pope the "...
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1answer
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Why did John Wycliffe oppose papal authority in the 14th century?

He's been called the "Eosphoros of the Reformation", but how did he come to believe that the Bible opposes the idea that papal authority is above government authority?
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1answer
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What non-Catholic Christian groups existed in Western Europe during the Middle Ages?

Between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the Reformation, were there any Christian groups outside the Roman Catholic Church? Who were they?
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How old is old earth creationism?

The answers to What is the biblical evidence for an old Earth? say that biblical arguments for old Earth creationism are based on the ambiguous words used for describing lengths of time in Genesis. ...
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1answer
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Did Martin Luther know Hebrew or Greek?

I know that Martin Luther knew Latin and German, but did he know other languages? For example, did he know Greek or Hebrew (I mean those Greek and Hebrew that the Bible is written in)?
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2answers
840 views

When did the older English spelling of the endings of Isaiah and Elijah stop being used in the Catholic Church?

I was reading Archbishop Fulton Sheen's Life of Christ and he always refers to Isaiah and Isaias and Elijah as Elias. I know that's one of the traditional English spellings, but when did it change ...
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2answers
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What has the LDS Church (Mormons) historically taught about the Curse of Cain and dark skin?

I have heard that people with black skin had been denied certain things in the Mormon Church until the past 30 years or so and that this has something to do with the Curse of Cain. What has been the ...
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2answers
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What is the Toronto Blessing?

Just over a decade ago there was much hype in the media about the Toronto Blessing, a phenomenon that began at Toronto Airport Church and subsequently spread from there. What is it? Is it still ...
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5answers
16k views

When did the prohibition of marriage for priests in the Catholic church originate?

The Bible mentions that one of the miracles Jesus performed was the healing of Peter's mother-in-law. This makes it quite clear that Peter himself was married, and Peter is the considered the first ...
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5answers
10k views

Was tithing 10% required or encouraged by the early church?

I cannot find in the New Testament an obligation on Christians to tithe 10% of their income. Instead I read that it is up the individual to decide: 2 Corinthians 9:7 (NIV1984) Each man should ...
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3answers
9k views

How did the Inquisition impact modern Christianity?

Related Question How did the Crusades impact modern Christianity? How did the Inquisition impact modern day Christianity own sense of morality and spirituality? What do these things mean to a ...
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1answer
81 views

Were the “prophecies” in Montanism related to the pagan oracles?

I was reading Wikipedia's article on Montanism and saw this passage: The Montanist prophets did not speak as messengers of God but were described as possessed by God while being unable to resist. ...
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3answers
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Have any real people been de-canonized?

People can be canonized (declared to be saints) and these official declarations are held to be infallible. Some people might be considered saints because of popular devotion, without being actually ...
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3answers
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What is the origin of the Good Friday tradition?

As suggested by this question and this answer, it seems possible that Jesus actually died on a Wednesday, not on a Friday. In light of these competing theories, what is the origin of the Good Friday ...
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2answers
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Why would cold running water be preferred for baptism?

The Didache, or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (an early Christian text not part of the New Testament) says of baptism (chapter 7): On the subject of baptism, baptise thus: after having taught all ...
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2answers
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When did the pronunciation of “Jesus” change?

When did the pronunciation of Jesus change from Yeh-sus to Gee-zus? Why did the name change? How? Where? Update: how did the name pronunciation change? Wouldn't there be people to correct ...
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2answers
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What is the Biblical and historical basis for Christian pacifism?

My understanding is that early Christians were generally pacifists. Today (at least in the U.S.) Christian pacifists are a bit hard to come by. Many quote Romans 13:1-3 to support Christian ...
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1answer
628 views

What do “Templar” and “Soldiers of Christ” mean?

I have been hearing a lot about Templars in movies such as Ironclad and games like Assassin's Creed. I did a quick look up on Google about "Templars" and still haven't got any clue on what is it about....
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4answers
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What effect did the Reformation have inside the Catholic Church?

I confess my knowledge of church history branches at about the Reformation. I know a quite a bit about Catholicism today, and I have an idea of what it was before the Reformation. These are not at all ...
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1answer
1k views

Did the Church Fathers advocate celibacy?

What is an overview of the Church Fathers' views on celibacy? Did they see celibacy as a higher or more spiritual calling than marriage? Did they see marriage as incompatible with a spiritual life? ...
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4answers
2k views

How did the monastic tradition evolve?

In the 4th Century there was a strong monastic tradition, which usually involved living in solitude or small groups in the wilderness. By the 12th Century the monastic life was being lived in large ...
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4answers
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Why does communion frequency vary in different denominations?

Different churches celebrate the Eucharist (Communion, Lord's Supper, ...) with different frequency. At one extreme, Catholic and high Anglican churches tend to celebrate it at least daily. Many ...
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4answers
88k views

What is the origin of praying hands folded?

I was taught in Sunday school to pray hands folded. On the other hand, there's no biblical mention of the practice (as far as I know). It actually doesn't seem to matter which position we pray in. ...
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5answers
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Why was Thomas More canonized?

Thomas More was canonized in 1935 by the Catholic Church. During his chancellorship between 1525-1529 in the campaign against the reformation people were killed and tortured in his name, for example, ...