Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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Are there any sources other than Acts 2 reporting Xenoglossy during the first centuries of Christianity?

Xenoglossy, the ability to suddenly speak a language one has never learned or studied, is reported to have taken place at Pentecost in Acts chapter 2. Are there any other independent sources that ...
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When was it claimed for the first time in Church history that the offices of apostle and prophet have ceased?

First, some context ... Ephesians 2:19-22 (ESV): 19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20 built on the ...
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Has anyone claimed to have had a "Damascus Road" calling to ministry, which later received trust and ministerial support from fellow Christians?

Has anyone claimed to have been called by God to ministry (e.g. to serve as a missionary, pastor, evangelist, prophet, apostle, etc.) through some dramatic "Road to Damascus" encounter (like ...
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Paul was the last one to be called by God to be an apostle in church history?

Many Christians believe that the office of apostleship ended in the first century with the apostle Paul, and that after Paul there have not been any more people called by God/Jesus Himself (through ...
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1answer
111 views

What is the implication of "munus"?

In the Declaratio, Pope Emeritus Benedictus XVI renounced the exercise of the munus, but not the munus itself. So what is the munus and what are the implications of the renunciation of the exercise ...
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Did identifying various things as the Mark of the Beast only start in late 1900s?

The earliest example that I could easily find of something being identified as the Mark of the Beast is the barcode in the 1970s, and since then numerous other candidates have appeared. Is this ...
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What are historical examples of (alleged) miracles that were attested to by two or more (self-proclaimed) eyewitnesses?

The resurrection of Jesus is the most famous and obvious one, with the apostles being the eyewitnesses. Latter-day Saints would probably put forth the 3 & 8 witnesses to the miraculous golden ...
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Are there any extra-biblical documented instances of the gift of interpretation of tongues in the history of the Church?

The gift of interpretation of tongues is mentioned in chapters 12 and 14 of the apostle Paul's first Epistle to the Corinthians: 10 to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another ...
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When was it claimed for the first time that Christians could "pray in tongues" in private for self-edification?

Very simple question: in the history of Christianity, when was it claimed for the first time (outside of the Bible, to avoid exegetical controversies, please) that the gift of tongues could be used in ...
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Is there any historical evidence that the supernatural gifts of the Spirit were still in operation after the apostolic age?

Once the apostolic age finished with the death of the apostles, is there any evidence that the supernatural gifts of the Spirit (e.g., tongues, prophecy, words of knowledge, healing, miracles, etc.) ...
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Which Christian groups/denominations in the history of the Church have encouraged their members to earnestly desire the gift of prophecy?

I'm interested in learning more about the relevance that the spiritual gifts have had for Christians over the course of history, with special emphasis on the gift of prophecy. For the apostle Paul, ...
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208 views

Have a message in tongues and its interpretation ever been verified by an outsider fluent in both languages?

Let's say someone speaks a message in tongues (in language X) to a whole congregation at a church service, and then someone else stands up and speaks the interpretation (in language Y, understood by ...
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What is the Catholic view of the Book of Enoch?

While doing research for an assignment into the history of the Book of Enoch, I was able to get a Protestant view from this source: https://www.gotquestions.org/book-of-Enoch.html The article says ...
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Has the phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" ever taken place spontaneously and unexpectedly outside of Pentecostal and charismatic circles?

The phenomenon of being "slain in the Spirit" was recently brought to my attention by a couple of very recent uploads. Here are a few additional examples if you want to see more (warning -- ...
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51 views

What is the oldest recorded commentary on 1 Corinthians 12?

What is the oldest recorded commentary on the 12th chapter of Paul's first epistle to the Corinthians? Plenty of people have written commentaries on this chapter, many times biased by their own ...
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Did any of the early church fathers believe they had to follow dietary laws?

I have been asked if any of the early church fathers believed they had to follow dietary laws. Specifically, the person asking wants to know the views of influential early Christians such as Clement ...
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Why did St. Augustine and St. Thomas endorse ensoulment at 40 or 80 days?

I know the story that they lacked our current biological knowledge. I know the story that they still considered abortion to be a grave evil. These two excuses seem inadequate to me. Regardless, they ...
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Did James brother of Jesus, believe that Jesus is God? if so, why were some Jews in the city offended by his death according to Josephus?

According to Flavius Josephus, Antiquities of the Jew: AND now Caesar, upon hearing the death of Festus, sent Albinus into Judea, as procurator. But the king deprived Joseph of the high priesthood, ...
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Is there a theological basis for climate change skepticism among evangelicals?

In my experience there seems to be a strong correlation between right wing evangelical Christians and climate change skepticism which intrigues me. I've never been able to see where this link comes ...
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Does the Catholic church support its participation in genocide? [closed]

In Canada, the residential school system - run by the Catholic church took children from their families and indoctrinated them in Catholic ideology. They abused and buried children in unmarked graves, ...
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Did the early Church become full preterist after AD 70?

Full preterists believe that the last trumpet call took place in AD 70. A very elaborate presentation of this view can be found in Gina's answer in one of my previous questions. A quote from the ...
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What is the oldest recorded filmed Catholic mass?

Where can I view the oldest filmed recording of a mass?
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What is the origin of the "Fire Tunnel" ritual at Bethel Church?

According to Wikipedia: Bethel Church is an American non-denominational hyper-charismatic megachurch in Redding, California with over 11,000 members. The church was established in 1952 and is ...
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287 views

According to Non-Trinitarians, why did God allow Trinitarianism to become the mainstream understanding of His nature? [closed]

According to non-Trinitarians, if God's nature is not adequately portrayed by Trinitarian theology, then why did God allow such an erroneous understanding of His nature to become so widespread among ...
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Did some Christians ,before the 7th century read the Jewish Mishnah?

Did some Christians ,before the 7th century read the Jewish Mishnah? was it possible for some Christians to get a written copy of the Mishnah?
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How common is it for revivalist preachers to testify of a dramatic life-changing divine encounter as the event that sparked their revivalist ministry?

I'm starting to read up on the biographies of some the most notable revivalist preachers in Christianity. Wikipedia has an article that lists many of them. What brought my attention to this topic in ...
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How much authority does Pseudo-Dionysus still have in today's Catholic Church? [duplicate]

Ancient and medieval Church identified the sixth century Syrian Christian Neoplatonist author Dionysius the Areopagite, and not until modern times the truth has been revealed. However, Pseudo-Dionysus ...
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What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT affirmation of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

I have two very related questions: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous affirmation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, distinct from the Father and the Son, in the ...
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Did a Church Father ever write an epistle encouraging Christians to observe the Jewish Sabbath, and if so, what was the earliest instance?

Did a Church Father ever write an epistle in which he explicitly encouraged Christians to embrace the observance of the Jewish Sabbath? I've looked at the matter, but only managed to find examples of ...
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How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)?

Question How widespread was the observance of the Jewish Sabbath among Christians during Early Christianity (A.D. 30–324)? Further Details As a reminder, the Jewish Sabbath is defined as: [...] the ...
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What is an overview of the early Church's viewpoints on Christology at the time of the Apostolic Era?

What were the beliefs of the early Church regarding the nature of Jesus during the Apostolic Era? By Apostolic Era, I mean the time of the Apostles and their immediate successors who knew them ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians denying the divinity of Jesus during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

I'm essentially asking the counter-question to this one. Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians (post-New Testament) openly denying the divinity of Jesus in the 1st and 2nd ...
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Are there any denominations that are or have been both unitarian and think the parousia happened in A.D. 70?

Are there any denominations currently or throughout the history of Christianity that are or have been both a) unitarian and b) think the events described in the Olivet discourse of Matthew (in ...
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What are biblical arguments for congregationalist church polity?

The Orthodox and Roman-Catholic Churches argue that the episcopal church polity is the only valid one, citing first and second Timothy and early church fathers like Ignatius of Antioch. What are some ...
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Were any Popes critics of the Iberian "Blood purity" doctrines?

Spain had at one point of its history a significant Jewish population (Sephardi Jews) as well as a large Muslim minority following the conquests of Islamic realms in Iberia. Judaism and Islam were ...
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How do Protestants answer the Catholic accusation of historicity?

The Roman Catholic Church has a claim of apostolic succession, from St. Peter transited by the laying on of hands. Most Protestants reject this understanding of apostolic succession, and instead teach ...
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Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus?

Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus? What about the first century? What about the second century (and so on)? Was the belief in the divinity of ...
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Are there any documented instances where a council settled a doctrinal debate with the assistance of the Holy Spirit, as in Acts 15?

Acts 15 tells us the story of the Jerusalem Council and the importance that the Holy Spirit had in arriving at a final resolution, which was issued to the Gentiles, concerning their obligations toward ...
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Is there any historical evidence of the gifts of healing in operation by the second Century?

I was wanting to know if any of the church fathers have documented anything concerning the gift of healing with eye witness testimony or the gift of Miracles being in operation by the second century?
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Early Christian responses to suicide (source/text identification)?

I'm looking for a text I read some time ago where an Early Church writer (one of the Patristic Fathers?) responds to an argument regarding suicide put forth by some opponents. IIRC, it goes something ...
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What did the Early Christians Believe About the Trinity Before the Gospel of John? [closed]

I think Christianity today is extremely Johannine, meaning very dependent on the teachings of the Gospel of John. In my studies, I came across the fact that most Christian communities of the late ...
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Who compiled the Canons of Dort?

I have found many articles and discussions online regarding the Canons of Dort but have yet to find who was actually instrumental in formulating this document. Can anyone tell me or link to some ...
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How did the Council of Nicea get such a bad rap? [closed]

I’ve heard countless arguments from Atheists and Muslims that the 1st Council of Nicea banned books from the Bible, hid inconvenient truths, expunged Mohammed from the Bible and so on, we know that ...
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Evidence for the authenticity of relics relics such as the True Cross? [duplicate]

I'm wondering if there is any evidence for the authenticity of various relics such as pieces of the "true cross".
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Was the KJV "too highly colored in many places with the party ideas and opinions of those who made it"?

In the Emphatic Diaglott, the second paragraph under the heading "To the Reader" states: But can it be fairly said that such is the case with our present English Version? We opine not. ...
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Was the matter of whether the Christians who had renounced their faith under torture should be accepted back considered in the First Council?

Was the question of whether to accept back into the Church those who, under torture, renounced their Christian faith, was considered at the First Ecumenical Council of 325? The wiki page on the First ...
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Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the doctrine of intercession of saints during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

Motivated by a related question, I would like to know if there is any historical evidence that the early church believed in the doctrine of intercession of saints during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.
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Sin as a goal of man [closed]

God created Man. Only difference between human and animal is possibiity of sin. Hence God create man for only this purpose, commit sin. And from sin we glorify God. Are there exists in the past/...
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Are there any accounts of "words of knowledge" taking place outside of Pentecostal and Charismatic denominations?

First of all, let me clarify what I mean by "Word of Knowledge" to avoid confusions. I'm particularly interested in the following definition from Wikipedia: [...] It can also be defined as ...
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160 views

What are the origins and history of the practice of holding massive healing crusades in large stadiums or arenas?

For some time I've been interested in the topic of Christian revivals throughout history. In particular, Argentina stands out in my opinion during the second half of the 20th century with a track ...

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