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Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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65 views

Is there a sound doctrine or biblical explanation why Satan is called “the ape of God”?

I encountered this word in the book entitled "The Devil", I forgot the name of the author. it said Tertullian called Satan the "ape of God" but offer very little explanation. We know from the bible ...
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2answers
87 views

Nature of the Church in 1st Corinthians

In 1 Corinthians 1:10-12 - (“10 I appeal to you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that all of you agree, and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be united in the same ...
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Which prophecies does Justin Martyr claim predict Jesus' Advent? Please identify them

In his First Apology Justin Martyr writes: We find it also predicted that certain persons should be sent by Him into every nation to publish these things, and that rather among the Gentiles [than ...
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379 views

How could Queen Victoria of England marry her first cousin?

How could Queen Victoria of England marry her first cousin? Isn't it forbidden by the church to marry one's first cousin?
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73 views

Early Church Persecution

Was it Jewish or Gentile Christians fed to lions and tigers, and did that influence the contention that developed between Jewish and Gentile Christians?
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2answers
201 views

Did the Catholic Church proscribe private ownership and reading of scripture?

I have heard that the Catholic Church did not permit private ownership of scripture nor any attempts to read and understand it so that the only copies were the ones possessed by the Church and the ...
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1answer
109 views

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?

Did any of the Apostles travel to present day Saudi Arabia? Apostle Thomas?
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77 views

Priestly hiring competitions in the Catholic Church

In the Archives of the Archbishopric of Durango (Mexico) there are a number of documents about concursos de curatos, or priestly concourses, which were used for hiring into vacant parishes and ...
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3answers
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Which doctrine was formalised first: Infant Baptism or Original Sin?

What I mean is something like this : Case A, Original Sin came first because all newly born baby are going to hell if they die in their infant age then let's do Infant Baptism so they don't go to ...
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1answer
185 views

Has the term “born again” always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church?

Has the term "born again" always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church? St. Irenaeus (202) wrote the following in 185, which many claim it refers to infant baptism: ...
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How did Pope Urban II justify the first Crusade?

According to the ten commandments, you shall not kill anyone. How did Pope Urban II justify from a theological standpoint the First Crusade? Since it was successful, Pope Urban II must have had to ...
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4answers
301 views

How do Catholics respond to the claims that the cross has pagan origins?

According to An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words (London, 1962), W. E. Vine, p. 256. : The shape of the [two-beamed cross] had its origin in ancient Chaldea, and was used as the symbol ...
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96 views

What is the earliest surviving reference to the Paschal Greeting?

It's common in some traditions to greet one another with a "Paschal Greeting" on Easter, such as "Christ is risen," with the response "He is risen indeed." The custom seems to have originated in the ...
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88 views

How easy was it to get a Bible (Old Testament or both Testaments) in the Eastern Roman Empire during the early reign of Justinian?

My question spawns from a book I am thinking about writing. It is the story of how a young man (teenager) living in a tribe of nomads trading along the Silk Road. He becomes a Christian and ransoms ...
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2answers
122 views

Did the myth of the holy grail originate from Catholism?

Or its practices? Catholic church sanctioned holy wars suggest they didn't think the Holy Grail a myth back then. The question is about its' origins, source.
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1answer
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Following the Doctrine in Council of Trent, does God gave a soul to human at conception deprived of sanctifying grace?

The Catholic Church teaches, as St. Thomas Aquinas explained, that God intended our first parents to give their descendants the blessings of original justice. When they lost the gifts, however, they ...
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1answer
96 views

Ancient Western Christianity & Indian Christians

India is well outside the bounds of Roman influence, but there is evidence of Christianity in India very early. After the faith reached India, how much contact was there with Christianity in the ...
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441 views

“The Devil hates Latin,” is this true? [closed]

What I'm looking for? Is there any biblical references to support this, or have any traditions put a truth in this assertions... perhaps personal encounters or testimonies may support this and ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do many old churches face east?

Many of the old churches including Anglican, Catholic and Orthodox ones face east. My question is: Was the tradition of construction of churches facing east, a product of certain beliefs, or was it ...
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2answers
144 views

What was the earliest reference to the 3 States of the Church?

The Churches Militant, Penitent and Triumphant are used quite regularly not only in The Catholic Church but also in some Protestant denominations. The Catechism has a reference to the three states of ...
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3answers
119 views

When did tradition become first used as Tradition?

When did the idea that tradition (pious, informed, well-meaning) is actually Tradition (divine, sacred, God-breathed) first become used and defined in the Roman Catholic or Eastern Orthodox traditions?...
5
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2answers
213 views

Why does Methodism exist?

Methodism was born out of the revivals of John Wesley and George Whitfield who were both Anglicans in America. Whether or not they maintained a relationship with the Church of England, it seems like ...
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2answers
103 views

In Roman Catholicism, how far back in history does the process (Sacrament) of Confirmation go?

Does the Sacrament of Confirmation go back to the early Church? Also, has it always occurred around the age 14 (except in situations where it would occur later, such as conversions)?
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207 views

Perseverance of the Saints – Historical Interpretations before Calvin

When I read the writings of early Christians I am constantly seeing references to persevering to the end and absolutely nothing resembling this teaching. It is almost as if everything taught prior to ...
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What was the socioeconomic makeup of early Christian Gnostic sects?

There is ample evidence that early Christianity was socioeconomically very inclusive, being made up of the poor, the wealthy, men, women, the educated, uneducated, etc. For example, Pliny the ...
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3answers
283 views

Catholic Church and the Critique of Pagan Worship? [closed]

There has and still is a major Critique of The Catholic Church when it comes to doctrine around the Pope and the leadership structure and also what is seen as the worship of Mary, you may also add the ...
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50 views

Did the church use stories like the Holy Grail to attract pagans?

Sorry if this has been asked before, but I am avid watcher of the History Channel series on the Templar Knights. In one episode, the character playing the Pope announces that stories like the Holy ...
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3answers
433 views

What did early Christians say about apostolic succession?

Did early Christian writers teach apostolic succession or reject it? How do their teachings on this topic compare with contemporary and significant historical understandings of apostolic succession?
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1answer
160 views

Did Saint Paul attend the council of Nicaea? Which other councils did he attend? [closed]

My question is exactly who is Saint Paul? When did he live and when did he die? Did he attend the council of Nicaea? Which councils did He attend?
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2answers
317 views

Did John Calvin observe Christmas?

In some strands of Reformed theology, the regulative principle of worship is understood to mean that "church holidays," not specifically established in the Bible, should not be recognized in public ...
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2answers
289 views

What is a priest of Rome?

While writing a paper for school, I looked back at this answer so I could use that passage as a reference. In doing so, I got a good look at the title of the book, which I never had before. It’s ...
4
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1answer
84 views

Missing work of St. Augustine in Latin?

I have been trying to look for a work of St. Augustine in Latin but I have had no luck of finding it. Not only that, I don't think it's been translated to English. It's called "La Fe, Dedicada a Pedro ...
3
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1answer
157 views

Was the First Apocalypse of James written after the Second Apocalypse of James?

The current version of the Wikipedia article for the First Apocalypse of James has the following sentence at the end of the article: One of the most curious features of the First Apocalypse of ...
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1answer
122 views

Are there any surviving writings by Marcion or is everything we know of him what his enemies wrote of him?

I'm growing increasingly suspicious that Marcion was more of a dispensationalist or "hyper-dispensationalist" who fell victim to misrepresentation by those who either did not understand him or agree ...
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1answer
101 views

What was the first recorded near death experience of a Christian claiming to have one?

What is the first recorded description of a Christian claiming to have what we would today call a near death experience? Did perhaps any of the early church fathers describe such an event that ...
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2answers
82 views

Which Roman Catholic figure(s) has/have accused the Church of Mariolatry?

I seem to remember hearing that an early R.C.C. leader had accused the church of falling into Mariolatry—the worship of Mary. Have any popes or other leaders of the Roman Catholic Church, especially ...
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1answer
77 views

Epiphaneus: “Martyrdom of Peter and Paul”

I’m researching a particular subject in Epiphanius’ writings and have found every often listed reference except one, despite a long, wearying search in every nook and cranny of Google. This reference ...
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2answers
119 views

What is the extra value of the body of Christ in the Eucharist when someone is already full of the Holy Spirit?

In the Catholic Church, the Eucharist is almost the central practice of their faith. By eating the bread as the body of Christ, one is united with God, but sometimes a person can be so full of the ...
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2answers
231 views

Why did Katarina von Bora need to hide in a barrel to escape from her convent?

In the 2003 movie Luther, Katarina von Bora (future wife of Martin Luther) says that she escaped from her convent with other nuns by hiding in herring barrels. But we see that Luther did not need to ...
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1answer
83 views

Where is it documented that some people didn't want Gospel of John to be included as canonical?

I have heard in some debates that the Gospel of John had some push back from people (Church Fathers?) from being included into the Canon. Can someone shed some light on this topic? Or provide a book ...
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Did Martin Luther really nail his 95 Theses to the church door?

The traditional story is that Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the church doors of Wittenberg, Germany, which served as a bulletin board of sorts, on October 31, 1517. However, some sources ...
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1answer
167 views

Who was Theophylact?

As mentioned in this question, this commentary mentions one "Theophylact" who was apparently a contemporary of Athanasius. Wikipedia only provides a list of figures who lived well past Athanasius's ...
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1answer
119 views

Were celebrations for the 400th Anniversary of the Reformation held in Germany during World War I?

The 400th anniversary of Luther posting his 95 Theses was October 31, 1917. At this point, Germany was suffering heavy losses in World War I, and the war would continue until November 11th of the ...
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1answer
278 views

What are the historical arguments against a literal interpretation of Luke 22:44?

This question led me to reread Luke 22:44 in various translations, and I noticed that all of them used a comparison, as if Jesus’s sweat was similar to great drops of blood, but not actually great ...
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226 views

How did Karl Barth justify his relationship with Charlotte von Kirschbaum?

I recently learned that Karl Barth, while he was married, had a decades-long romantic relationship with his personal assistant, Charlotte von Kirschbaum. She actually moved into the Barths' home in ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Were there indulgences sold for those who had no family when they died?

The book Martin Luther: A Life by James A. Nestingen describes the indulgences around the time of 1517, and says that they could be bought for oneself or others, typically family members. An ...
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119 views

Who was the first Devil's Advocate?

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Devil's Advocate (Advocatus Diaboli) was: [a] popular title given to one of the most important officers of the Sacred Congregation of Rites, established ...
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1answer
429 views

Was Tetzel robbed by a man who had preemptively bought an indulgence?

Wikipedia recounts a story told by Martin Luther about Johann Tetzel. It goes a little something like this: Tetzel was in Leipzig selling indulgences. After collecting a large sum of money, Tetzel ...
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1answer
2k views

Did a Seventh Day Adventist start the Jehovah Witness organization?

I have a couple of friends who are JWs, and I mentioned to them about one of the founders having come from a Seventh Day Adventist background, and they acted like they never heard that before. I'm ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Who first addressed a religious male or female with “brother” or “sister,” respectively?

What is the first occurrence in Church history of addressing a religious male or female (i.e., one who has taken vows of obedience, chastity, and poverty) with "brother" or "sister," respectively?