Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

-1
votes
4answers
129 views

How did Christians get from the biblical feast of Passover to Easter sunday?

Can any one offer an educated answer of how the Christian Church moved from Passover on the 14th day of the first biblical month to the day we now call Easter? (You can even pretend Passover and ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Did the two sides anathematize each other in the East–West Schism of 1054?

In the East–West Schism, did the two sides anathematize each other, stop considering each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ?
5
votes
2answers
351 views

Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
6
votes
0answers
36 views

On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, quod ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Acts 11:26 regarding the word Christian?

Referring to Acts 11:26: Did the people (unbelievers) of Antioch call the "Believers" Christian, or did the Believers start calling themselves Christian first in Antioch? Here is what I mean: Acts 11:...
7
votes
3answers
934 views

When and why did the modern literal 6-Day creation theory become popular?

Historically, Creationists tended to fall into two broad categories, those who subscribe to the Day-Age theory (the idea that the days in Genesis 1 represent ages of indeterminate length, not 24 hour ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Did early Christians believe the world was about to end?

Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom. (Matthew 16:28, NIV) Edit: adding another verse in ...
-2
votes
1answer
91 views

According to Catholicism did “Sacred Tradition” include Gnostic sources?

According to extant history the development of some of its main tenets ("The Doctrine of the Blessed Trinity" and "consubstantialism") clearly do not have their roots in the scriptures (and are ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the oldest surviving photograph of someone who was later canonized as a saint?

Photography is a relatively recent invention, and as such, the appearances of the majority of saints have only been captured in portraits, icons, and other constructed media. What is the oldest ...
0
votes
4answers
587 views

Why is there no archaeological evidence that Christians existed for 200 years after 70 AD?

This is from the 2/1/2018 issue of Biblical Archaeology Society: ...For almost two hundred years after the crucifixion, Roman cities are entirely devoid of any trace of early Christians; to date, ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Did any other early church fathers besides Origen teach the pre-existence of souls?

Origen taught about the pre-existence of our souls, which, among many other of his teachings, was later condemned as heresy. Did any other early church fathers teach this doctrine?
9
votes
1answer
220 views

What effect did the 1897 decree regarding the Johannine Comma have on Catholic scholarship?

The Comma Johanneum, found in some versions of 1 John 5:7–8, such as the KJV, is a disputed text that has been used since at least the Middle Ages to defend trinitarian doctrine. Scholars now widely ...
-7
votes
1answer
60 views

According to Catholicism who was the Pope that immediately followed Peter? [duplicate]

Do they supply a list of all the Popes from Peter onward? Or do they not claim to be able to trace the heritage of the papacy that far back?
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Catholic Church's History Reflects The life of Christ?

Background: A while back I had a very devout friend of mine explain to me that the life (or as I understood, the History) of the Catholic Church sort of paralleled the life of Jesus. That, like Jesus, ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Do the Catholics have any letters addressed to Linus, or to any of them, from an Apostle?

Since the Catholic Church maintains documents for various things, is there any correspondence between St. Linus and St. Peter? Or from any other Apostle? Any instructions, like: "Now that you are ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

Do any second century Christian or Jewish writings discuss the Great Revolt of 70 AD?

The canonical New Testament was written before 70 AD. I have the impression that there are lots of apocryphal gospels, acts and letters, etc. that seem to have arisen around the second century but ...
3
votes
2answers
206 views

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice?

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice? I recently watched a random YouTube video. Random, because I had no idea how I got there. ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the origin of the belief that Satan tortures the unsaved in Hell?

There's a thought that Satan (the devil) tortures the unsaved in Hell. For example, a brief search revealed a website wherein a member posted the following: I think of Satan more of a psycopath ...
5
votes
3answers
127 views

Has a slave served as a priest?

In a recent sermon on Ephesians 6.5-9, the possibility was raised of a slave being a priest/pastor/bishop with authority over his earthly master. I couldn't think of an example from Church history. ...
0
votes
2answers
489 views

Does the Catholic Church consider Constantine's vision of “by this symbol conquer” to be from God?

Does the Catholic Church see in Constantine's vision a divine mandate or simply a myth?
4
votes
0answers
73 views

What is the origin of the “religion vs. relationship” dichotomy?

These days the word "religion" often has a bad connotation. Christians (including myself) often emphasize that they have a "relationship" with Jesus, not that they are "religious." But this doesn'...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Are any of Arius' writings extant?

In 325 CE, following the defeat of Arius at the Council of Nicea, Emperor Constantine the Great went on a campaign of book burning to eradicate all memory of Arius and his beliefs: After the First ...
2
votes
4answers
175 views

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

While reading on Wikipedia I got to thinking why the church uses Latin as a language. According to the canonical Gospels, Jesus was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

In the “Apostles' Creed” were they referring to themselves when they said “holy catholic church”?

I know that the stock answer concerning the identity of "the holy catholic church" is to say that it refers to the "Church Universal". But in all honesty, weren't they talking about Constantine's ...
22
votes
4answers
2k views

Was the Nicene Creed accepted under duress?

In the book Are you Really that Stupid? Observations of a Skeptical Believer, author Joshua Christian makes the claim that the Nicene Creed was accepted under less than ideal (from a theological ...
-2
votes
2answers
71 views

Is the Church a business? [closed]

In most churches, believers generate revenues and cash for the promotion of the faith in churches. In medieval times, people had to pay 10% of their income to the church. So is it quite reasonable to ...
7
votes
1answer
271 views

Were there any Roman Catholic Church martyrs in the 10–15th centuries?

Do we know of any martyrs from among the Roman Catholic Church that lived during the five centuries before Martin Luther (i.e., 10–15th centuries)? I am especially interested in those who have been ...
14
votes
1answer
601 views

What happened to the wives of priests when celibacy was first instituted in the Catholic church?

Since priests were not originally expected to be celibate, many must have been married when celibacy was first introduced. So what happened to the wives during this time when the institution started?
6
votes
3answers
822 views

What was first, sola scriptura or sola fide?

I just watched a video with an Orthodox professor, in which he said that "Sola Scriptura" came first, and then "Sola Fide". Is that true? The best I can gather from the Wiki articles on these two ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there any evidence that Paul was a descendant of Jonathan?

Paul being a descendant of Jonathan would have some appeal from a devotional perspective since Jesus' more direct saving of Paul could be viewed as fulfilling the covenant of friendship between David ...
5
votes
4answers
245 views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the Apostle St. Peter founded the Church in Antioch and, if so, what are the implications?

According to tradition, the Apostle Peter founded the Church in Antioch in A.D. 34 and is regarded as the first Bishop of Antioch. Here are a few extracts from sources I found regarding this claim: ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

Why is the Last Place on Earth St. Peter Founded the Seat of his Authority?

The (Roman) Catholic Church agrees that Peter founded different churches, like at Antioch or Rome, but it claims that it is only at the last place Peter lived or died is to where his supposed ...
6
votes
2answers
155 views

How did Oneness Pentecostalism spread and grow during the 20th century?

Oneness Pentecostalism is a movement within the broader Pentecostal movement which rejects the Trinity and is essentially a revival of Modalism. Oneness Pentecostalism arose shortly after ...
7
votes
3answers
130 views

Historically, how did Protestantism first arrive at a consensus?

Paul urges the Corinthian church : Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

What are the important gifts and graces given to Mary to become Mother of the Church?

Catholic Church Tradition already embraced the view of Mary's role as Mother of the Church. It says Saint Augustine and Pope Saint Leo the Great both reflected on the Virgin Mary’s importance in the ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

As I read through Oman's treatment of the Dark Ages, I am struck again and again by his references to Catholics (which seems in a contextual sense to mean Christian orthodoxy writ large) and what I ...
1
vote
3answers
225 views

According to Catholicism did Pope Linus know that he was the Pope and Head of the Church?

If the paltry evidence that Linus became the first bishop(?) of Rome it is odd that Paul's letter "Romans" does not mention him while it mentions: Phebe, Priscilla, Aquila, Epaenetus, Mary, Adronicus,...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

How did the four living creatures become associated with the Gospel writers?

The visions of Ezekiel recorded in Ezekiel 1 and that of John in Revelation 4:7 include four living creatures (ζῷα) that stand in the presence of the throne of God. In both visions these heavenly ...
5
votes
0answers
36 views

When did lay people first get a vote in the general conferences of the United Methodist Church?

In the news reports swirling around the 2019 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, something struck me as odd – there were "lay delegates" among the 800 delegates able to vote on the ...
0
votes
2answers
156 views

Did the myth of the holy grail originate from Catholicism?

Or its practices? Catholic church sanctioned holy wars suggest they didn't think the Holy Grail a myth back then. The question is about its' origins, source.
9
votes
1answer
219 views

What liturgical languages were used in the worldwide church/broad christiandom around 500 AD?

I understand that the western church used Latin, the eastern church used Greek, and the far eastern church was using Syriac. Was it only those three languages? Or were other languages in use as well ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Historical letters of investiture

Am wondering if "letters of investiture" (if that is the right term), from popes to early European missionaries, are available anywhere in print, or on the web? Am particularly interested in Ansgar.
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Complementarianism - What are the roles of men and women in the church?

Complementarians believe that men and women are equal but have different yet complementary roles assigned by God. What do complementarian church leaders in history believe are the differing roles of ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Which Prison Epistles are considered to have been written from Rome?

I recognise the modern challenges of traditional/specific dating of the NT books; and that this may suggest various answers. Are there any letters which are reliably recognised as having been written ...
5
votes
3answers
331 views

Why are Catholic bishops styled as archbishops?

In the British Isles, bishops of both the Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Churches are all styled "Right Reverend"; archbishops are "Most Reverend": The Rt Revd John Smith, Bishop of ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Were there any saints who criticized the church?

Pope Francis has said that those who constantly criticize the Catholic church are “friends of the devil”. My question is: were there any saints in history who repeatedly criticized the church or ...
5
votes
2answers
72 views

What is the earliest instance of Eucharistic adoration?

Eucharistic adoration is a practice in Catholicism in which the Eucharist, being bread that has literally turned into the body of Christ, is publicly displayed. Commonly, it is placed in a monstrance ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views
22
votes
5answers
24k views

What color was Augustine's skin?

Ok, let me start by saying I don't think more or less of a person because of the color of their skin. I consider racism to be both misguided and a sin. But, when I visualize a person, I like to think ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the origin of the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of the Old Testament law?

This distinction is often called tripartite division of the law. I ran across this series of blog posts, which considers the division of the law into "moral", "civil", and "ceremonial" parts: ...