Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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7
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1answer
4k views

How did Luther view relics, like the 'preserved head of John the Baptist'?

According to wiki  Roman Catholic tradition holds that the head on display in San Silvestro in Capite in Rome is that of John the Baptist, discovered for the second time, as also maintained by Pope ...
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0answers
33 views

Did J. Gresham Machen consider joining an existing presbyterian body before founding the OPC?

J. Gresham Machen is best known for his battle against theological liberalism in the northern Presbyterian church in the US (the PCUSA), first founding a seminary (in 1929) and then an independent ...
4
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1answer
53 views

What was the impetus for restoring the Consecration of a Virgin in the 20th Century?

The United States Association of Consecrated Virgins says the following about their sacramental: The Consecration of a Virgin is one of the oldest sacramentals in the Church, and one of the fruits ...
5
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2answers
595 views

Does any church still provide a pension for widows?

In 1 Timothy there is a passage that talks about widows receiving a pension from the church: 1 Timothy 5:9-16 A widow is to be put on the list only if she is not less than sixty years old, ...
9
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3answers
2k views

When, how, and why did the Moravians stop praying 24-7?

The Moravians I speak of were a small group that established and resided in a small village named Herrnut on Count Zinzendorf's estate. They experienced a revival in 1727, and following that they did ...
3
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4answers
177 views

Were the early Christians known by any other name?

We see in Acts 11:24-26 (NRSVCE): "For he was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and of faith. And a great many people were brought to the Lord. Then Barnabas went to Tarsus to look for Saul, and ...
6
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2answers
11k views

Which biblical verse was used against Galileo

Which biblical verse was used against Galileo by the Church to punish him for his blasphemy. and which biblical doctrine was erroneously interpreted by Galileo for such a punitive action by the Church?...
2
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1answer
780 views

Did early Protestants consider transubstantiation to be idol worship?

During the sacrament of the Eucharist in the Catholic denomination, it is taught that the wine becomes the actual blood of Christ. The term is called Transubstantiation. As far as I know, only ...
9
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2answers
437 views

Is there any evidence in the Roman catacombs that the Early Church had a devotion to the Virgin Mary?

Is there any archeological evidence in the catacombs of Rome that the Early Church had any (particular) devotion to the Virgin Mary? If so, what are the sources that support such a devotion?
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4answers
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Why is there no archaeological evidence that Christians existed for 200 years after 70 AD?

This is from the 2/1/2018 issue of Biblical Archaeology Society: ...For almost two hundred years after the crucifixion, Roman cities are entirely devoid of any trace of early Christians; to date, ...
13
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1answer
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When was the word “trinity” first applied to God in Christianity?

The word "trinity" does not occur in the Bible. When, in early Christian writings and creeds, was the word "trinity" first used in reference to God? After that first (known) occurrence, what are ...
6
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1answer
115 views

What is the origin of the “religion vs. relationship” dichotomy?

These days the word "religion" often has a bad connotation. Christians (including myself) often emphasize that they have a "relationship" with Jesus, not that they are "religious." But this doesn'...
3
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1answer
55 views

What is the earliest use of the phrase “the Lord's law of health” in reference to the LDS Word of Wisdom?

Background The modern Church uses the phrase "the Lord's law of health" to describe the Word of Wisdom. For example, Chapter 29 of Gospel Principles is called "The Lord's Law of Health." However, ...
6
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4answers
342 views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the Apostle St. Peter founded the Church in Antioch and, if so, what are the implications?

According to tradition, the Apostle Peter founded the Church in Antioch in A.D. 34 and is regarded as the first Bishop of Antioch. Here are a few extracts from sources I found regarding this claim: ...
0
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1answer
667 views

Does the Devil hate Latin? [closed]

Does the Devil hate Latin? What I'm looking for? Is there any biblical references to support this or have any traditions put a truth in these assertions... perhaps personal encounters or testimonies ...
5
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1answer
773 views

Why are there Sybils and Prophetesses in the Sistine Chapel?

For what purpose did Michelangelo add each Sybils or Prophetesses to the ceiling of the Sistine chapel? This is an explanation to why they're there in the first place. The latter, although ...
4
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1answer
39 views

Does the text of the 13th Century Vita of St. Dymphna still exist today?

The 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia says the following about St. Dymphna: The earliest historical account of the veneration of St. Dymphna dates from the middle of the thirteenth century. Under Bishop ...
0
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2answers
203 views

What day and year was the first public and general confession held in the Church of England?

What day and year was the first public and general confession held in the Church of England? Was it prescribed in the Act of Supremacy of 1532?
2
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1answer
110 views

History of the doctrine of religious vocation in Catholic Church

I am reading Aquinas and I am puzzled by his view on religious vocation and common view in the Church today (I will for sake of simplicity call it a modern view) about religious vocation. In On the ...
5
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3answers
149 views

Has a slave served as a priest?

In a recent sermon on Ephesians 6.5-9, the possibility was raised of a slave being a priest/pastor/bishop with authority over his earthly master. I couldn't think of an example from Church history. ...
5
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2answers
224 views

How was the church structured during the time of 300 AD - 500 AD?

I know in 1054 AD, the Catholic & Orthodox churches had split - creating the great schism, but I'm curious to learn about the earlier history of the church. Are there any historical sources which ...
10
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4answers
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Are there any followers of Catharism today?

I'm interested by Catharism. Is there anywhere in Christendom where this faith has reappeared since being suppressed in the Middle Ages? I know that today some people in France, near Spain, are ...
8
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1answer
315 views

How did Karl Barth justify his relationship with Charlotte von Kirschbaum?

I recently learned that Karl Barth, while he was married, had a decades-long romantic relationship with his personal assistant, Charlotte von Kirschbaum. She actually moved into the Barths' home in ...
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2answers
311 views

Is the Latin Mass, when celebrated not in Full Communion with Rome, not pleasing & acceptable to God?

For brevity, I would clarify my question as relating to the Traditionalist groups who are in full opposition to Pope Francis and to the teachings of Vatican II but would still consider themselves as ...
0
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1answer
144 views

Following the Doctrine in Council of Trent, does God give a soul to human at conception deprived of sanctifying grace?

The Catholic Church teaches, as St. Thomas Aquinas explained, that God intended our first parents to give their descendants the blessings of original justice. When they lost the gifts, however, they ...
0
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5answers
237 views

How did Christians get from the biblical feast of Passover to Easter sunday?

Can any one offer an educated answer of how the Christian Church moved from Passover on the 14th day of the first biblical month to the day we now call Easter? (You can even pretend Passover and ...
9
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1answer
82 views

On what basis does Thomas Aquinas say that the Church existed since the time of Abel?

In Aquinas' Expositio in Symbolum Apostolorum (Explanation of the Apostles' Creed), his explanation in Article 9 of the Church being "catholic" includes this statement: Nam aliqui dixerunt, quod ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Pontius Pilate blamed for killing Jesus in the Apostles' Creed?

In Apostles' Creed, the name of Pontius Pilate is forever associated with the infamy of being Jesus Christ's persecutor. I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I ...
11
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2answers
245 views

What is the basis for saying that the Gospel of Thomas was accepted as scripture by early Christians?

In an answer here, Dick Harfield writes: we know that [the Gospel of Thomas] and (probably) Q were treated as scripture by early Christians. Reading the Wikipedia article on the Gospel of Thomas, ...
13
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2answers
6k views

Has the Catholic Church ever opposed interracial marriage?

A fun refutation of gay marriage supporters who say on Facebook: Not too long ago cross-racial marriages were not allowed, supposedly by God. would be to say, well that's not my church so what do ...
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1answer
86 views

Moses called a liar [closed]

Muhammad,via Surah al-Qasas 28:38 calls Moses one of the liars.Comment please How true is it that The Roman Catholic church educated and trained someone to become or he became Prophet Muhammad...God'...
4
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1answer
89 views

Did the two sides anathematize each other in the East–West Schism of 1054?

In the East–West Schism, did the two sides anathematize each other, stop considering each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ?
5
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2answers
363 views

Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
6
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2answers
3k views

Acts 11:26 regarding the word Christian?

Referring to Acts 11:26: Did the people (unbelievers) of Antioch call the "Believers" Christian, or did the Believers start calling themselves Christian first in Antioch? Here is what I mean: Acts 11:...
7
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3answers
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When and why did the modern literal 6-Day creation theory become popular?

Historically, Creationists tended to fall into two broad categories, those who subscribe to the Day-Age theory (the idea that the days in Genesis 1 represent ages of indeterminate length, not 24 hour ...
3
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2answers
141 views

Did early Christians believe the world was about to end?

Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom. (Matthew 16:28, NIV) Edit: adding another verse in ...
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1answer
98 views

According to Catholicism did “Sacred Tradition” include Gnostic sources?

According to extant history the development of some of its main tenets ("The Doctrine of the Blessed Trinity" and "consubstantialism") clearly do not have their roots in the scriptures (and are ...
14
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2answers
2k views

What is the oldest surviving photograph of someone who was later canonized as a saint?

Photography is a relatively recent invention, and as such, the appearances of the majority of saints have only been captured in portraits, icons, and other constructed media. What is the oldest ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Did any other early church fathers besides Origen teach the pre-existence of souls?

Origen taught about the pre-existence of our souls, which, among many other of his teachings, was later condemned as heresy. Did any other early church fathers teach this doctrine?
9
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1answer
242 views

What effect did the 1897 decree regarding the Johannine Comma have on Catholic scholarship?

The Comma Johanneum, found in some versions of 1 John 5:7–8, such as the KJV, is a disputed text that has been used since at least the Middle Ages to defend trinitarian doctrine. Scholars now widely ...
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1answer
66 views

According to Catholicism who was the Pope that immediately followed Peter? [duplicate]

Do they supply a list of all the Popes from Peter onward? Or do they not claim to be able to trace the heritage of the papacy that far back?
2
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2answers
107 views

Catholic Church's History Reflects The life of Christ?

Background: A while back I had a very devout friend of mine explain to me that the life (or as I understood, the History) of the Catholic Church sort of paralleled the life of Jesus. That, like Jesus, ...
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1answer
95 views

Do the Catholics have any letters addressed to Linus, or to any of them, from an Apostle?

Since the Catholic Church maintains documents for various things, is there any correspondence between St. Linus and St. Peter? Or from any other Apostle? Any instructions, like: "Now that you are ...
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1answer
60 views

Do any second century Christian or Jewish writings discuss the Great Revolt of 70 AD?

The canonical New Testament was written before 70 AD. I have the impression that there are lots of apocryphal gospels, acts and letters, etc. that seem to have arisen around the second century but ...
2
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2answers
248 views

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice?

What kind of movement or denomination in Christianity made being a Christian a personal/individual choice? I recently watched a random YouTube video. Random, because I had no idea how I got there. ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the origin of the belief that Satan tortures the unsaved in Hell?

There's a thought that Satan (the devil) tortures the unsaved in Hell. For example, a brief search revealed a website wherein a member posted the following: I think of Satan more of a psycopath ...
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2answers
502 views

Does the Catholic Church consider Constantine's vision of “by this symbol conquer” to be from God?

Does the Catholic Church see in Constantine's vision a divine mandate or simply a myth?
2
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1answer
96 views

Are any of Arius' writings extant?

In 325 CE, following the defeat of Arius at the Council of Nicea, Emperor Constantine the Great went on a campaign of book burning to eradicate all memory of Arius and his beliefs: After the First ...
2
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4answers
211 views

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

While reading on Wikipedia I got to thinking why the church uses Latin as a language. According to the canonical Gospels, Jesus was arrested and tried by the Sanhedrin, and then sentenced by ...
0
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2answers
135 views

In the “Apostles' Creed” were they referring to themselves when they said “holy catholic church”?

I know that the stock answer concerning the identity of "the holy catholic church" is to say that it refers to the "Church Universal". But in all honesty, weren't they talking about Constantine's ...