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Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

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0answers
14 views

Which Prison Epistles are considered to have been written from Rome?

I recognise the modern challenges of traditional/specific dating of the NT books; and that this may suggest various answers. Are there any letters which are reliably recognised as having been written ...
21
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the origin of the moral-civil-ceremonial distinction of the Old Testament law?

This distinction is often called tripartite division of the law. I ran across this series of blog posts, which considers the division of the law into "moral", "civil", and "ceremonial" parts: ...
8
votes
1answer
676 views

What languages were used during Mass from paleo-Christianty until the Council of Trent?

I know Latin was a vulgarization in attempting to make Mass more accessible to Christians. So which were the languages used in paleo-Christian Mass? Koine Greek, classical Greek, or something else? ...
2
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1answer
61 views
6
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1answer
470 views

Why aren't the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches in communion with each other?

Both the Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Church worship the same God and the Blessed Mother Virgin Mary and the Saints and the Holy Trinity. Do language and cultural differences separate them? What ...
1
vote
3answers
157 views

According to Catholicism did Pope Linus know that he was the Pope and Head of the Church?

If the paltry evidence that Linus became the first bishop(?) of Rome it is odd that Paul's letter "Romans" does not mention him while it mentions: Phebe, Priscilla, Aquila, Epaenetus, Mary, Adronicus,...
5
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0answers
77 views

Priestly hiring competitions in the Catholic Church

In the Archives of the Archbishopric of Durango (Mexico) there are a number of documents about concursos de curatos, or priestly concourses, which were used for hiring into vacant parishes and ...
7
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1answer
539 views

When and why did Protestantism begin moving away from liturgy?

I have been to some Protestant churches that have a liturgy on Sunday mornings (Lutherans, Presbyterians, etc) but most of the churches I've attended do not (Baptist, Assembly of God, etc). By liturgy,...
5
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4answers
115 views

What influence did Greek philosophy have on the formation of orthodox Christian doctrine?

What influence did Greek philosophy have on the formation of orthodox Christian doctrine? Particularly, what Christian doctrines or paradigms of understanding God and reality can be traced to have ...
-2
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1answer
40 views

According to Catholicism did “Sacred Tradition” include Gnostic source?

According to extant history the development of some of its main tenets ("The Doctrine of the Blessed Trinity" and "consubstantialism") clearly do not have their roots in the scriptures (and are ...
-6
votes
1answer
51 views

According to Catholicism who was the Pope that immediately followed Peter? [duplicate]

Do they supply a list of all the Popes from Peter onward? Or do they not claim to be able to trace the heritage of the papacy that far back?
-3
votes
1answer
83 views

According to Catholics, what is the source of the “Creed of Athanasius”: Tradition or divine inspiration?

According to Catholics, what is the source of the Trinitarian doctrine of the Athanasian Creed, tradition or divine inspiration?
4
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3answers
142 views

Minimum age of marriage in the Catholic Church through the ages

I was watching a fictional series situated in XV century France, where a girl (princess) aged 8 married a +18 years old man (prince), through the Catholic Church. I wonder whether that was actually ...
-1
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3answers
78 views

The Ten Commandments vs Other Laws

Good Day, In the Old Testament Moses was given the Ten Commandments which we all know and try to follow as best as we can. The general usefulness of these Ten Commandments have shaped western law and ...
13
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4answers
10k views

Apostle John lived in Ephesus - what sources claim that?

Which earliest sources does Christianity posses that claim that apostle John spent the last years of his life in Ephesus?
1
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1answer
138 views

Was St. Patrick a really Roman Catholic and did he keep the 7th day Sabbath?

Does anyone have a historical reference that Saint Patrick actually kept the seventh day Sabbath and was not a Roman Catholic?
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Are there any followers of Catharism today?

I'm interested by Catharism. Is there anywhere in Christendom where this faith has reappeared since being suppressed in the Middle Ages? I know that today some people in France, near Spain, are ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What is the Catholic Church's official position on the Spanish Inquisition?

The Spanish Inquisition seems to have had plenty of support from the Universal Inquisition at the time, but what is the present Vatican's view? Has the Church repudiated the Inquisition?
2
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1answer
80 views

Was there an official Church of England response to the 2002 survey of clergy beliefs?

A 2002 survey of nearly 2000 Church of England clergy uncovered some worrying statistics: a third doubted or disbelieved in the physical resurrection only half were convinced of the truth of the ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

Was Origen and/or certain teachings considered a heretic and/or heretical?

What was clear enough has become muddled for reasons unknown about Origen. We can speculate the resurgence of the idea of universal salvation is one reason for Origen's rise. In the seventeenth ...
2
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5answers
1k views

How did the Christian movement distinguish itself from Judaism?

Can anyone explain to me how Christianity distanced itself from Judaism and set itself apart?
1
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1answer
61 views

How were the Vatican I and Vatican II councils related?

What was the difference between The First Vatican Council and the Second? Was the Second Council a continuation of the first? What does a 'Pastoral' Council mean?
7
votes
1answer
667 views

What is the earliest extrabiblical teaching of baptism using a trinitarian formula?

Oneness Pentecostals and others who hold to "Jesus-name" (or "Jesus-only") baptism maintain that the trinitarian formula used by Nicene Christians and others is based on a misunderstanding of Matthew ...
7
votes
3answers
104 views

What evidence exists to support church traditions regarding the deaths of the following apostles?

The Bible tells us that King Herod had James killed by the sword (Acts 12:2) but says nothing about the death of Peter, although Jesus made reference to his martyrdom (John 21:18). Is there any ...
6
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1answer
185 views

Has the term “born again” always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church?

Has the term "born again" always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church? St. Irenaeus (202) wrote the following in 185, which many claim it refers to infant baptism: ...
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3answers
238 views

Which doctrine was formalised first: Infant Baptism or Original Sin?

What I mean is something like this : Case A, Original Sin came first because all newly born baby are going to hell if they die in their infant age then let's do Infant Baptism so they don't go to ...
5
votes
2answers
324 views

Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the origin of hands lifting in worship?

You don't need to go far to agree that raising hands while singing and worshiping (with music or prayer) is a big Christian tradition. I've always thought that this was some reference to Psalm 134.2: ...
6
votes
1answer
172 views

Who are the “extreme Anabaptists” who believed that regeneration makes people incapable of sin?

While reading Louis Berkhof's Systematic Theology, I noticed an interesting tidbit about the beliefs of "extreme Anabaptists" on regeneration. He argues: [Regeneration is not] a complete or ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Historical origins of the doctrine of God's self glorification

Within the Reformed tradition, it is a considered a fundamental principle of doctrine that the 'Chief End' of Man, of Creation and most importantly of God Himself is His own self glorification. We see ...
9
votes
1answer
451 views

Was William of Ockham the first sedevacantist?

Ockham (cf. this article on him by the Catholic logician Paul V. Spade) invented his dead-end nominalist philosophy in order to justify his being against the papacy (cf. Thomist John Deely's Four Ages ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Ignatius of Antioch: Christophoros or Theophorus?

I have recently being reading into some history of early Christians. I came across a reference to Ignatius of Antioch in the book "Revelations: Visions, Prophecy & Politics in the Book of ...
8
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1answer
103 views

Why is the Textus Receptus important?

I've seen it mentioned that some translations use the Textus Receptus and others don't, so why is this document important?
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Did the two sides anathematize each other in the East–West Schism of 1054?

In the East–West Schism, did the two sides anathematize each other, stop considering each other brothers in Christ and members of the Body of Christ?
18
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2answers
1k views

When did the pronunciation of “Jesus” change?

When did the pronunciation of Jesus change from Yeh-sus to Gee-zus? Why did the name change? How? Where? Update: how did the name pronunciation change? Wouldn't there be people to correct ...
27
votes
3answers
4k views

Is Xmas a secular name for Christmas?

I heard that Xmas is a secular way of "taking Christ out of Christmas". When and why did this practice originate? Is there any truth to the claim that it has a secular or "un-Christian" origin?
5
votes
0answers
93 views

Reference for Comprehensive Prophecy Analysis in Scripture?

What all resources/expositions/writings have been published as a comprehensive analysis of prophecy in Scripture? Any resources about prophecy in all of Scripture, its fulfillment, extrabiblical ...
2
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0answers
121 views

What were the doctrinal differences behind the Great Schism of 1054?

What were the doctrinal differences that caused the split of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Catholic Church in 1054?
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1answer
8k views

What is the background of the words “notitia,” “fiducia,” and “assensus” and how do they relate to the biblical notion of “faith”?

The book Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (page 18) describes notitia, fiducia, and assensus as the three essential elements that make up the biblical notion of "faith." notitia ...
0
votes
3answers
471 views

Are Christians supposed to be like-minded? [closed]

Brotherly love is a commandment: 1 John 4:20,21 …and this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also. Brotherly love is a Christian trademark: John 13:35 By this shall ...
16
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1answer
2k views

Seeking a graphic or flowchart of the history of the formation of Christian denominations

I'm hoping someone can refer me to a graphic, flowchart or even a list of when various Christian denominations formed. For example, a biggie is the Lutheran church breaking off from the Catholic ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

When did the use of formal, seminary-type education begin and why?

When did it become the norm for church leaders to get a formal Christian education and why did that process begin? When I say formal education I'm not talking about the mentor/mentee style that Jesus ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Were there women leaders in the early church?

We have a lot of documents from early church fathers, who were as far as I'm aware always male, but is there any accounts of females acting in a leadership or authority role similar to that of the ...
7
votes
2answers
134 views

What is the origin of the idea that Miriam, sister of Moses, was a virgin?

Church father Chromatius, writing around the turn of the 4th century, appeals to an interesting OT example to defend the perpetual virginity of Mary: Remember that Miriam the prophetess of the Old ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are many Protestant Churches not practicing Confession?

Recently, I come to know that Lutheran Church practice Confession, though there is some difference in theology on it compared to the Roman Catholic Church. As a man brought up in a place where ...
10
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5answers
5k views

Does any church follow the Apostolic Tradition of Baptism ‘in the nude’, or was that never the tradition?

The Apostolic Tradition was the work of Hippolytus, written somewhere between 215 and 400 AD. Recent scholars seem to take the later date (source). The whole writing can be found here: Apostolic ...
8
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4answers
386 views

Was universalism the majority belief of the early church?

I recently came upon an article that made this statement: According to historical records, Universal Reconciliation was the majority belief of the church during the first five centuries of the ...
4
votes
3answers
146 views

Was Peter ever in Rome? [duplicate]

Is there any Biblical or historical evidence that Peter ever went to Rome? If not, how can Peter be considered the first Pope? Please note that unlike the following questions (What evidence is there ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

What evidence is there that Peter was a bishop in Rome?

The Encyclopaedia Brittanica says The claims that the church of Rome was founded by Peter or that he served as its first bishop are in dispute and rest on evidence that is not earlier than the ...
7
votes
3answers
8k views

When and why did the Catholic Church first start issuing annulments?

I understand that the Catholic Church issues annulments in place of divorces under certain circumstances. When did this practice first begin and under what was the reasoning given for it and its ...