Questions tagged [church-history]

The history of the Church following the book of Acts

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Has it always been difficult for churches to reach the next generation?

Has the church always had a tough battle when it comes to reaching the younger generation? Is the current lack of interest from the younger generation unique to today, or has that always been a ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

What is the history of religious orders?

There are religious orders in the Catholic faith (though they may exist elsewhere) such as the Dominicans, the Franciscans, and the Benedictines. What lead to the founding of groups like these? What ...
3
votes
4answers
978 views

How do Catholics respond to the claims that the cross has pagan origins?

According to An Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words (London, 1962), W. E. Vine, p. 256. : The shape of the [two-beamed cross] had its origin in ancient Chaldea, and was used as the symbol ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

How is the idea of the ritual purity implemented in the Catholic Church?

How is the idea of the ritual purity implemented in the Catholic Church? We know that in the Old Testament priests needed to be ritually pure in order to perform rituals. How is this idea implemented ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

How common have reports of paranormal activity and ghost or spirit apparitions been among Christians throughout history?

My question is inspired by the gospels of Matthew and Luke. Concretely, by Matthew 14:26-27 and Luke 24:36-39: 26 When the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were terrified, and said, “It is ...
6
votes
4answers
156 views

Why was Theodosius successful in ending the Arian Controversy?

In the conventional account of the Arian controversy, the council of Constantinople in the year 381 made an end of that controversy. In reality, the controversy was brought to an end by Emperor ...
8
votes
1answer
115 views

When did lay people first get a vote in the general conferences of the United Methodist Church?

In the news reports swirling around the 2019 General Conference of the United Methodist Church, something struck me as odd – there were "lay delegates" among the 800 delegates able to vote on the ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Have a message in tongues and its interpretation ever been verified by an outsider fluent in both languages?

Let's say someone speaks a message in tongues (in language X) to a whole congregation at a church service, and then someone else stands up and speaks the interpretation (in language Y, understood by ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Why was "lay investiture" condemned?

What was the Investiture Controversy and lay investiture, and why exactly was it condemned? Fr. Hardon, S.J., defines "lay investiture": The act by which a sovereign, in the Middle Ages, ...
6
votes
2answers
258 views

What was the impetus for restoring the consecration of virgins for women living in the world in the 20th Century?

The United States Association of Consecrated Virgins says the following about their sacramental: The Consecration of a Virgin is one of the oldest sacramentals in the Church, and one of the fruits of ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Unique Catholic Blessings of local Churches?

Unique Catholic Blessings of local Churches? Just as I asked this question concerning Catholic feasts of local Churches, I would like to know if some readers here know of any local blessings attached ...
1
vote
4answers
340 views

Who assigned the gospel authors originally?

According to the theory of the originally anonymous gospels, the titles of the most ancient surviving manuscripts were added later on. I would like to know: For each gospel, how many different, ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

1588 Welsh Bible - which Hebrew and Greek sources?

I stumbled upon this while watching a history documentary https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Y_Beibl_cyssegr-lan It mentions the use of Hebrew and Greek source text for the translation. However it doesn't ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Reference request about Catholic mitres within the Latin Rite?

Reference request about Catholic mitres within the Latin Rite? I desire to try my hand at making a mitre that is no longer in style within the Roman Rite. I am fixed on this one from the Catholic ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What is Penance and what has been its traditional role in the Catholic Church?

Penance is a confusing term to me. It seems to be tied to confession and temporal sin but I don't fully understand it. What is Penance and how has it been understood by the Catholic Church? Oh also ...
-2
votes
6answers
454 views

Why doesn't hallucination, common burial, legend, and gullibility explain the rise of Christianity (rather than the Resurrection)? How is this wrong?

What scholarship refutes the following view of history? How do we know this alternative to the Gospel is incorrect? Jesus is executed by the Roman empire after preaching a loving humanism based on ...
9
votes
4answers
762 views

Was the "Nicene Creed" of AD 381 an update of the Nicene Creed of AD 325?

When people talk about "The Nicene Creed," it seems that they are often referring to the document associated with the Council of Constantinople (AD 381). I'm sure there are many reasons for this, one ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

What is the history of 'The United Church of God'?

The Wikipedia article regarding The United Church of God only gives contemporary information as does the official website of the denomination. I note that the denomination does not believe in the ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Has any reputable Christian claimed to have been physically visited by Jesus Christ Himself after Paul's conversion?

According to Acts chapter 9, Paul was visited by the risen Christ -- the well-known "Road to Damascus" encounter. Has any other Christian, of good repute, claimed to have experienced a ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the earliest example of the concept of Total Depravity?

Total Depravity is the Calvinist doctrine that human nature is thoroughly corrupt and sinful as a result of the Fall. Thus we can only do good works through God's grace. What is the earliest document ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

What is the earliest example of the observance of a Pope in Rome?

The Pope in Rome has (arguably) succession all the way back to Peter. I am wondering what the earliest acknowledgment of some kind of pastoral power over the church in Rome, whether it be in letter or ...
4
votes
5answers
421 views

According to non-trinitarians, why did God allow trinitarianism to become the mainstream understanding of His nature?

According to non-trinitarians, if God's nature is not adequately portrayed by trinitarian theology, then why did God allow such an erroneous understanding of His nature to become so widespread among ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

From where did Mary get the attribution of "Full of Grace"?

The Catholic prayer referred to as a "Hail Mary" ascribes the phrase "full of grace" to Mary. The Scriptures describe both Jesus and Stephen as being "full of grace". In Greek, this is "πλήρης ...
1
vote
3answers
64 views

What is first time infant baptism was established and commissioned according to catholic church? What does church history say about this?

What is first time infant baptism was established and commissioned according to Catholic Church? What does church history says about this? What was reason for infant baptism being established instead ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Was there ever a period in Nascent Christianity before formalized ritual or dogma?

The title is pretty explicit. But further, if so, is there any reliable documentation of who the adherents were and how they comported themselves?
12
votes
3answers
365 views

Why did the Western and Eastern churches react to their respective states so differently?

In Church History in Plain Language, Bruce Shelley points out a key distinction between Western and Eastern Christianity: how each has related to the State through history. Ambrose had hit upon the ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there any evidence to support the claim that the Apostle St. Peter founded the Church in Antioch and, if so, what are the implications?

According to tradition, the Apostle Peter founded the Church in Antioch in A.D. 34 and is regarded as the first Bishop of Antioch. Here are a few extracts from sources I found regarding this claim: ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT denial of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

Essentially the opposite of this question: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous denial of the personhood of the Holy Spirit? When was it claimed for the first ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

What does the historical evidence tell us about the pneumatological beliefs of the early Church during the first two centuries of Christianity?

What did the early Christians believe about the Holy Spirit in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD? What does the historical evidence tell us? Did most Christians believe that the Holy Spirit was a Person? ...
2
votes
8answers
298 views

Besides Paul, have there been any other Christians who had both a scholarly background and overtly supernatural experiences?

Not much to add to the title. Have there been any Christians with a scholarly background who had an overtly supernatural conversion or supernatural experiences after their conversion? The apostle Paul ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

According to Catholic exorcists, does the Devil hate Catholic Church prayers said in Latin?

According to Catholic exorcists, does the Devil really hate Catholic Church prayers said in Latin? I just attended a talk by the exorcist for diocese of San Jose, Fr Gary Thomas. He is the subject of ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Have there been cases in church history of revival occurring in times of prosperity and general peace?

In looking at historical cases of revival it seems like most seem to occur right in the midst of some disaster or general societal upheaval. Of course, the occasion for revival taking place shouldn't ...
5
votes
1answer
202 views

What is the earliest clear and unambiguous post-NT affirmation of the Holy Spirit's personhood in Christianity?

I have two very related questions: What is the earliest recorded post-NT instance of a clear and unambiguous affirmation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, distinct from the Father and the Son, in the ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Did the invention of the printing press change Christianity?

Before 1440 and the invention of the printing press, most Christians would not have had their own personal bible. So I would assume the only place they would see one would be in a church read by a ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Are there any denominations that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?

Are there any denominations currently or throughout the history of Christianity that are or have been both continuationist and non-Trinitarian?
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Were the Dictatus Papae considered to be spoken "ex cathedra"?

In 1075, Pope Gregory the Seventh decreed the Dictatus Papae, also called the Papal Dictats. One part of the document makes the claim that: The Roman Church has never erred. Nor will it err, to all ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

John the Disciple and John the Elder

Eusebius of Cesarea writes (Church History, Book 3, Chapter 39) In these words, it is noteworthy that Papias lists the name John twice. The first time he includes John with Peter, James, Matthew and ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

What Pagan elements were adopted in christianity?

I have commonly come across the belief that "newer" religions integrate existing customs and traditions into their own. So what traditions and customs in Christianity can be traced back (...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Was the date of Christmas just derived from Saturnalia and other winter pagan festivals? [duplicate]

This picture and the answer at Why is Christmas on December 25th? seems to explain the biblical basis of the date. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D11jAEKgB2o, the topmost answers however on https://...
4
votes
4answers
212 views

Are there any accounts of former Pagans being supernaturally reached by God (or an angel) with the Gospel before any human missionary arrived?

Continuing with a series of questions on the eternal fate of the unreached (see here, here, here and here), I would like to ask a question now about the possibility of God Himself reaching unconverted ...
13
votes
1answer
719 views

What effect did the 1897 decree regarding the Johannine Comma have on Catholic scholarship?

The Comma Johanneum, found in some versions of 1 John 5:7–8, such as the KJV, is a disputed text that has been used since at least the Middle Ages to defend trinitarian doctrine. Scholars now widely ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Was Chrysostom mistaken about the cessation of charismatic gifts in the late 4th century?

John Chrysostom (AD 347-407), while commenting on 2 Thessalonians 2:7, writes about how some in his day thought the prevalence of the full range of charismatic gifts functioned to restrain the coming ...
7
votes
5answers
179 views

How widespread was Marian devotion during the first two centuries of Christianity?

Was Marian devotion commonplace among early Christians during the first centuries of Christianity? What about the first century AD? What about the second century AD? There are a few related questions, ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Cyprian of Carthage manuscript and authentication help

Do we have dated manuscripts and authentication that Cyprian of Carthage wrote de ecclesiae catholicae unitate? I've been looking around the internet and can't find any authentication, aside from it ...
5
votes
1answer
513 views

Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the doctrine of intercession of saints during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

Motivated by a related question, I would like to know if there is any historical evidence that the early church believed in the doctrine of intercession of saints during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.
4
votes
2answers
242 views

Were there women leaders in the early church?

We have a lot of documents from early church fathers, who were as far as I'm aware always male, but is there any accounts of females acting in a leadership or authority role similar to that of the ...
4
votes
2answers
420 views

Did the early Church become full preterist after AD 70?

Full preterists believe that the last trumpet call took place in AD 70. A very elaborate presentation of this view can be found in Gina's answer in one of my previous questions. A quote from the ...
9
votes
2answers
522 views

The Servetus Controversy: What was Calvin's involvement?

The "Servetus Controversy" tells of a man named Michael Servetus who was burned at the stake for heresy -- not by Roman Catholic Inquisitors, but by Protestants in 16th century Geneva, France. Here ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

In Catharism, did they use as a guide any books of the Bible and if so, which?

Cathars are known for having been a community which did not believe good things about the Old Testament deity and were based in the Languedoc region of today's southern France around the 12th century. ...
-3
votes
1answer
84 views

The ark of Covenant

When the children of Israel walked with Moses in the wilderness they had an ark that contained the rod, pot of manna, and the tablets. When they got to Canaan those things were no longer working. My ...

1
2 3 4 5
15