Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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What is the earliest indication of controversy regarding the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1?

Historically, what are the earliest writings that indicate controversy or differing opinions regarding the interpretation of the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1? This debate continues today between those ...
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In what sense is Jesus understood to be “the only begotten son of God” in LDS teaching?

In a comment made on a previous question I asked, someone directed me to Moses 1:35 in the Pearl of Great Price. I read the context and saw Moses 1:32–33, which interested me as well. The text is as ...
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What is the biblical evidence against the idea that God, pre-Fall, always intended Jesus' crucifixion?

The "tree of the knowledge of good and evil" which God placed in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:17) has long been acknowledged by Christians as a symbol of humanity's free will. Having placed this here,...
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What is the Biblical basis for Jesus Christ being a created being according to Jehovah’s Witnesses?

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is a created being. What is the Biblical basis for this position?
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What is an overview of different denominations' beliefs about how Jesus Christ performed miracles? (By the Holy Spirit or by something else?) [closed]

for to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, to another the word of knowledge through the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healings by the same ...
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What is the biblical argument against the claim that Jesus is just “a god”, but not “God Almighty”?

As I understand it, Jehovah's Witnesses teach that Jesus is a god, but not God Almighty. However, this goes against the teaching of the majority of Christian denominations and certainly evangelical ...
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Is “Christ” a title of Jesus, or a name? [duplicate]

I was at Bible Study the other night where we watched the new Bible Series that was aired on TV. Someone had asked a question (sorry I forget what), and my Pastor responded by saying something along ...
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Besides the writings of John, what is the biblical evidence Jesus Christ is the Only-begotten Son of God?

Apart from John's writings, what is the Biblical evidence that Jesus Christ is the only-begotten son of God? John makes it clear (such as in John 1:18, 3:18), but other parts of the Bible refer to ...
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Who symbolizes Christ in J. R. R. Tolkien's “The Lord of the Rings”?

I have long been a fan of J. R. R. Tolkien, and have enjoyed his works from an early age. I am aware that he was raised by a Roman Catholic priest, and remained a deeply religious man his whole life. ...
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What is the Biblical basis for concluding 'Jesus is Yahweh (Jehovah or LORD)'?

Of course Christianity believes Jesus is God, but I am interested in this question for the argument that Jehovah (I AM), the name of God which later Jews were not allowed to speak, is a term not ...
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If Jesus is God then how could he die?

According to trinitarian theology, Jesus is both 100% man and 100% God. It is said that Jesus, being 100% God, died. Therefore, God died. I know that 1/3 of God did not die, because that would be ...
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Which scripture was Paul quoting in 1 Corinthians 15:45?

Paul says while teaching about resurrection of the dead and resurrected body: 1 Corinthians 15:45 (NET) So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living person”; the last Adam ...
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Why would Jesus begin to be called the Son of God?

The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. (Luke 1:35, NIV) This verse seems ...
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How is Jesus God's final word? (Catholic Perspective)

The Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church says plainly (emphasis added): In Jesus Christ, God himself came to earth. He is God's last Word. Indeed, Hebrews 1:1-2 says, God, having spoken ...
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Do Christadelphians believe Jesus is God?

Do Christadelphians believe that Jesus is completely God and has been God since before the creation of the world? If not, when does Jesus become God (or take on God like attributes)? What is their ...
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What is a “Daud of Sons” as stated in Definition of Faith of the Council of Chalcedon?

In my copy of Readings in World Christian History Volume 1: Earliest Christianity to 1453, edited by John W. Coakley & Andrea Sterk, the 35th text, starting on page 175, entitled "Definition of ...
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Did Ignatius believe in the doctrine of Eternal Generation of the Son?

Ignatius wrote in A.D. 110 that Jesus was gennetos kai agennetos, meaning “begotten and not begotten.” Did Ignatius believe in the doctrine of Eternal Generation of the Son? Why did he say that Jesus ...
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Is it Proper to State that Chalcedonianism is a Moderate Position In-between Nestorianism and Monophysitism?

I am reading the book The First Seven Ecumenical Councils by Leo Donald Davis. This is my first introduction to Trinitarian and Christological disputes within the Early Church. It appears to me: ...
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Refutation of Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. XII: “Doctrine of the Divinity of Jesus Examined”

Yitzchak ben Avraham of Trakai, Lithuania, also known as Isaac ben Abraham of Troki, was a Karaite Jew who wrote a polemic against Christians known as Chizzuk Emunah (חזוק אמונה), which translates ...
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According to the Eastern Orthodox, in what sense did the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) give birth to Christ's divinity?

Nestorianism would claim that Mary only gave birth to Christ's humanity. When I thought about it and considered it, I realized my prior attitude towards the Virgin Birth had been somewhat Nestorian, ...
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Why is Christ often shown with long hair in Christian iconography?

A friend of mine is Catholic and she has an icon or picture of Christ. It shows him with long, dark brown hair. Is there anything in the New Testament that justifies this representation? It seems to ...
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Weight of importance on the belief that Jesus is Michael for Jehovah's Witnesses?

According to this and this other question, Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jesus is the same as Michael the Archangel. I am curious about the importance of this viewpoint. Is this a "core tenet" ...
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How does Reformed Theology reconcile Jesus' meaningful temptation and impeccability?

According to Reformed Theology (the predominant view or an overview of slight variations within), how is the impeccability of Jesus reconciled with the idea that his temptations were authentic to the ...
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What is the Biblical basis for binitarianism?

We hear a lot at times in church, seminary, general discussions, etc about the godhead, so that got me to wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Binitarianism? UPDATE: ...
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How do the early church fathers expound upon the “exaltation of Christ” (Philippians 2:9-11) in light of the immutability of Jesus Christ?

Philippians 2:9-11 NIV 9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth ...
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Confessional Lutheranism: How does Unlimited Atonement work?

I recognize that concerning the mysteries of the faith that Lutherans do not typically like to answer "how does this doctrine work?" type of questions, but I'm hoping for an explanation. Issues, Etc. ...
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According to Jehovah’s Witnesses what does the name Immanuel mean in light of their belief that Jesus is a created being and not God?

This article goes on to say, Without accurate knowledge, we may become ensnared by false teachings promoted by God's opposer, Satan the Devil. Therefore, if a doctrine contradicts God's Word, if it ...
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Don't the questions of Hebrews 1:5 and 1:13 demand an answer of 'None'? So how can Jehovah's Witnesses say that Jesus is the archangel Michael?

There's a suggested duplicate to this question but that question deals with how the Jehovah's Witnesses explain the begotten divinity of Jesus while still maintaining that He is unequal to God. This ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Paul's apparent equating of Yahweh and Jesus in Ephesians 4?

Recently I was listening to a lecture by Reformed theologian Robert Cara, in which he mentioned how frequently NT writers connect and apply OT Yahweh references to Jesus. A number of examples could ...
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The Trinity before the birth of Jesus

If Jesus was born at a certain date in history, do trinitarian Christians believe that the Trinity did not exist before that date? Alternatively, is some sort of incorporeal Jesus believed to have ...
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Distinction between Created Son and Begotten Son for Jehovah's Witnesses

In the New Testament, the Greek word monogenēs (μονογενής) appears 9 times and is translated as only or only begotten every time. 4 times it is used to describe the solitary physical descendant of ...
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On the Catholic Perspective on the incarnation of Jesus, according to St.Thomas Aquinas: Two natures, one Person

To understand St.Thomas theology, we must understand the metaphysics that goes hand in hand with his theology. For the notion of Person, the previous notion of Suppositum or Hypostasis seems to be ...
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How do Unitarians understand these verses which seem to say that all created things were created by Jesus?

John 1:1-3: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has ...
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How does transubstantiation account for the amount of Christ's body eaten over the last 2000 years?

If whenever communion occurs the bread and wine literally become Christ's body and blood then how is there enough of Christ's body to last for undoubtedly thousands of communion events every day for ...
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What are the most prominent christologies in all of Christendom?

There is no doubt that the most prominently accepted view of the nature of Christ is Trinitarianism. I'm curious to know what other christologies would make the "top ten" of the most prominent ...
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Why do most Christians call Jesus “Son of God” rather than simply “God”?

We call Jesus the son of God that became the son of man. And yet, Jesus is God per the doctrine of the trinity. Why don't orthodox Christians address him as God when talking about him and praying? ...
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According to Catholicism, why is the Holy Spirit never spoken of as the Father of Jesus?

The sixth article of the creed recites: He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. Now a woman conceives by the agency of a man who becomes the father of that ...
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What reasons do Catholics have for believing Jesus is God?

Through natural reason and personal experience, I have come to be convinced that many of the Catholic Church's teachings are good and accurate. In addition, by reading Aristotle and Aquinas, I have ...
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Is Mary, “Mother of God,” the mother of the Son or of the whole Trinity?

I find the Catholic title "Mother of God" for the Virgin Mary confusing. It is clear that she was the mother of Jesus, the Son. But the title suggests (indeed, not literally, but still) that Mary is ...
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According to orthodox Trinitarians, why did Jesus respond that only God is good?

18"Why do you call Me good?” Jesus replied. “No one is good except God alone." (Mark 10:18 BSB, Luke 18:19 BSB) How can Jesus be God Himself (and part of the Trinity) when he says "no one is good ...
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Why is the Bible seemingly silent on the love which the God the Son has for God the Father? [closed]

I assume that each member of the Godhead loves each other member of the Godhead. God is, after all, love (1 John 4:8 and 16). The Gospels are quite explicit regarding the love which God the Father ...
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What do non-trinitarians mean when they call Jesus the “Son of God”?

On a different question I got an answer and some comments. One of which said: Generally, when a Christian says that Jesus is the "Son of God" they are referring to the doctrine of the Trinity, ...
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Is the al-Hallaj of the Yazidi religion Jesus?

I am a follower of Christ and am going to be a missionary. I am studying the culture and religion of the Yazidi (also spelled Yezidi) and I don't understand al-Hallaj. According to the Yazidi, is al-...
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How does the Christology of the Baha'i faith differ from that of trinitarian Christianity?

In his letter dated 28 March 1941 addressed to the believers throughout the West, Shoghi Effendi emphasizes: As to the position of Christianity, let it be stated without any hesitation or equivocation ...
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What is meant by the expression that Jesus came in the fullness of time?

What do they mean when they say "in the fullness of time Jesus came"? I want to know what the fullness of time means in this scriptural context.
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Is the incarnation of Jesus permanent, according to reformers like Luther or Calvin?

Before, I thought that by the time Jesus died, that's the end of His incarnation state after He fulfilled His role, spilling His blood for the forgiveness of sins. Below is an article I found in this ...
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If Christ had a complete human nature, how come his human nature wasn't totally depraved as ours is?

I understand the reformed doctrine of total depravity to be that the human nature is such that it is utterly unable to choose to follow God. Another way I've heard it put is that men are by nature ...
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According to Emanuel Swedenborg, will a good person who rejects Jesus go to heaven?

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, or the New Church, can a good person go to heaven if he or she rejects Jesus? If all religions are inherently good, it would mean the a good person who believes only ...
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What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God?

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God and, specifically, Jesus? A common Christian belief is that God is One in Three co-equal, co-eternal Persons--the Father, the Son, and the ...
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What was the stance of Arius on John 1:1?

Introduction Arius believed that Jesus was a creature, a created god. What did he write about John 1:1? Or if there is no such extant manuscript, how would he interpreted ''the Word was God'' in John ...

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