Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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What is the biblical/logical basis for rejecting the “physical” interpretation of Christ's being the Only Begotten Son?

Is there any verse in the Bible or a logical construction disproving the "physical" position on Christ's being the Only Begotten Son? I had a conversation with a Mormon and he told me that Lucifer ...
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Relationships between God the Father, Mary and the two natures of Jesus Christ

Would it be okay to say this: Jesus Christ is both God and Man, which means that He possesses both divine and human nature. Divine nature in Him is from God the Father and the human nature in ...
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Does Jesus's soul exist before his incarnation?

I am referring to clause III in "The Anathematisms of the Emperor Justinian Against Origen": If anyone says or thinks that the soul of the Lord pre-existed and was united with God the Word before ...
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Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses understand Hebrews 1?

Hebrews 1:4–14 contrasts Jesus with the angels. How do groups like Jehovah's Witnesses, who see him as an angel, understand these verses?
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What is the biblical basis for the belief held by Jehovah's Witnesses that Jehovah and Jesus Christ are separate entities?

According to Jehovah's witnesses what evidences are there in the Bible that Jehovah is not Jesus Christ? What passages separate them, or declare them as different?
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain John 8:58-59 in a way that accords with their doctrine?

The Jehovah's witness' version of the bible the NWT translates these verses as: 58 Jesus said to them: “Most truly I say to you, before Abraham came into existence, I have been.” 59 So they picked ...
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How do Modalist and Oneness Pentecostals interpret Revelation 3:12?

In Revelation, after the resurrection, Yeshua says... "Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, ...
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How do monothelites explain Jesus' prayer in the garden of Gethsemane?

...monothelitism is the view that Jesus Christ has two natures but only one will. - Wikipedia In the garden, Jesus prayed: Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but ...
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When did Jesus assume human nature?

Did Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity, only assume impersonal (anhypostatic) human nature (body and soul), during incarnation, in which he was born of Mary? Or, did he already have human ...
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Where in the Bible does Jesus refute that He is just a prophet?

Unlike Christianity, other Abrahamic religions say that Jesus was only a great Prophet. Christians belief, however, is deeply rooted in Bible, where there are many references supporting the Divinity ...
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What is the Biblical basis for thinking that Jesus died for me specifically?

I know that Jesus died for the whole world, but sometime this is phrased as Jesus died specifically for me. What is the Biblical basis for thinking that Jesus died for me specifically?
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According to the doctrine of Trinity, was Jesus always co-equal to the Father?

So I'm trying to understand the Trinity. I always thought of it like this: Jesus was 100% divine when he was with the Father. In other words, he was fully co-equal to the Father. Then, when he became ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, The ...
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How does the view of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints about Jesus Christ differ from Protestant Trinitarian Christology?

The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made. He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. He is the Word ...
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Why does Jesus have to be fully God and fully man? Is it not sufficient to be the son of God and fully man?

This is a follow on from the question Why does the Messiah have to be God? Fully Man: I agree that Jesus had to become man, I believe this is VERY well supported in the bible. Hebrews 2:17-18, ...
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Was Jesus omniscient regarding earthly matters?

There are several questions regarding the omniscience of Jesus, but they mostly concern the Final Judgement, etc., not earthly concerns or human knowledge. This question boils down basically to two ...
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Were all the various systems of Gnosticism Docetist?

From Pelikan's first volume of The Christian Tradition: [The Savior] is also a way of distinguishing between Gnostic and non-Gnostic species of Christianity, for one of the characteristics of ...
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What is the biblical evidence against a pre-incarnate Jesus?

According to groups that reject Jesus having a pre-incarnate existence, what Biblical evidence do they cite for the position that Jesus, the Messiah, did not exist prior to his conception in Mary's ...
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Calvinism: How does Limited Atonement Work in View of the Universality of Christ's Work?

Issues, Etc. has a post on Lutheranism vs. Calvinism. I'm more or less in total agreement with the pastor on the first two of the five Calvinistic points. However, he loses me when talking about ...
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What does the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints teach about who Jesus is and where He came from?

From the answer to another question, someone suggested that the LDS (Mormon) church teaches that Jesus is distinct from God—that though He is a part of the Godhead, the Godhead is not a Trinity ...
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Trinitarian Christianity and Numbers 23:19 - Was Jesus a man?

In a discussion about the trinity, I was asked about Numbers. I was completely stumped. Numbers 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Michael is not Jesus?

Many Christians believe that the Archangel Michael is actually Jesus, most notably the Jehovah's Witnesses and Baptist preacher Charles H. Spurgeon. We have a question asking for the Biblical basis ...
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What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin did not believe that Jesus is Michael?

Upon seeing certain statements in John Calvin and John Wesley's writings some have concluded that these men believed Jesus is Michael. What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin ...
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Does the Catholic Church teach that Jesus' Human Nature was created?

I think this is one of the reasons the we can call Mary the Mother of God. But I'm confused about the exact meaning of Human Nature and Human Soul. So my question is mainly this. What was created ...
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How does Jesus fulfill the offices of Prophet, Priest and King?

I have heard that Jesus fulfills the three Jewish "offices" of Prophet, Priest, and King. What is significant about this, and how specifically does or did Jesus fulfill those offices?
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How do Trinitarians explain the Father granting life to the Son (John 5:26)?

For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. (John 5:26, NIV) How do trinitarians explain the fact that the Father has granted life to the Son?
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Is the validity of the ransom contingent on Jesus being God?

In discussing the trinity, I've often heard people say that "only God could perform the ransom" or that "only the creator of life could defeat death." What is the basis for these claims? To give some ...
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What does Jesus say about your spirit going to heaven?

I had an interesting question presented to me by a rector of a church. He asked me to find anywhere in the bible where Jesus spoke of your spirit going to heaven and then research those specific ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Paul's apparent equating of Yahweh and Jesus in Romans 10?

Recently I was listening to a lecture by Reformed theologian Robert Cara, in which he mentioned how frequently NT writers connect and apply OT Yahweh references to Jesus. A number of examples could ...
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What is the Biblical basis that it was was the second person of the Trinity that walked in the garden of Eden?

Genesis 3:8 tells us: Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the ...
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Are there any surviving Acta Diurna copies mentioning Jesus' trial or other aspects of his life?

I recently learned about Acta Diurna, which are official notices created by Roman authorities describing legal proceedings and the outcome of trials. It occurred to me that the trial of Jesus before ...
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What is the biblical basis for the claim that Jesus took on the sins of mankind?

It's been said that there is no biblical basis for the assumption that Jesus ever took on the sins of mankind, before, during or after his death. What is the biblical proof that Jesus did take on the ...
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Why is it important for people who believe in Trinity that Jesus is God?

I've heard a lot of discussion lately about whether Jesus is God, or not. I know there are arguments for Trinity, and arguments against. But I am wondering, why is it so important for those who ...
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Was Jesus' death legitimate? [closed]

Legitimate, not in the fact that He died, but in how specifically his blood was shed. It is said that Jesus' death was the final fulfillment of the old testament requirements. If this is true, then ...
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Why didn't the Archangel Michael save Jesus when he was crucified? [closed]

I have read several articles about Michael the archangel, who is meant for the protection of people and souls. Out of curiosity, I wondered: since Jesus is Son of God and also a prophet, why didn't ...
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Was Christ the man created?

In historical Christian belief (of almost any type), it would be considered heresy to say that God the Son was created. The term "begat" is preferred, where this term does not imply creation. In such ...
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What percentage of self-identifying Christians believe Jesus was not God, and instead was a messenger of God?

Does such sect inside Christianity exist?
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What is the significance of the name, “The Word”?

God / Jesus has many names which reveal something of His nature / character, e.g.: Son of God (reveals His divine nature) Son of Man (reveals His human nature) etc. But "The Word" is more puzzling ...
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Holiness of Mary and Joseph [closed]

Often in stain glass and other art, both Mary and Joseph are seen to have the 'halo' around them that also surround those of saints. I was once told (by I think my religion teacher) that for Jesus, ...
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If Jesus is “a god” do Jehovah’s Witnesses consider themselves to be polytheists?

Isaiah 44:6, Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And His Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, AND THERE IS NO GOD BESIDES ME. Isaiah 44:24, Thus says the Lord your Redeemer,...
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What is Roman Catholic Church's official view on the nature of Christ?

One question that has haunted the Catholic Church from the very beginning is about the way divine and human are related in the person of Jesus Christ. The differences in doctrines have lead to the ...
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What are the predominant Christian views on whether Jesus had to specifically die by crucifixion? Could he have chosen another kind of death?

As I understand it, Jesus was sentenced to die "under Pontius Pilate" and was crucified as punishment. It seems to me that Jesus had no choice but to be crucified. After all, if a criminal is ...
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Is Jesus the Creator?

The following verses clearly credit Jesus Christ with “Creation.” How do Christians view the role of Christ in Creation? Ephesians 3:9: And to make all [men] see what [is] the fellowship of the ...
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When was Jesus anointed and who did the anointing?

I know that "Christ" or "Messiah" means "anointed or anointed one" and that Jesus commonly has the title of "Christ." One thing I do not recall is an account of Him being anointed. To that end, what ...
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How are the 12 Anathemas of St. Cyril against Nestorius supposed to be read?

I'd never seen this before today when I was trying to answer a question on the natures of God, but St. Cyril's 12 Anathemas against Nestorius is pretty interesting, and as a piece of literature, I ...
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How does the Jehovah’s Witness view of who Jesus Christ is differ from Protestant Trinitarian Christology?

The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made. He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. He is the Word ...
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Historical Apologetic used by 7th Century Christians towards Early Muslims Regarding the Hypostatic Union and Jesus' Title “Son of God”

According to my research Jesus is called the Son of God about 40 times in the NT. When interacting with Muslims, a common objection they give against Christ's deity, and the Trinity is that the Quran ...
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Does the Chalcedonian Definition mean Christ has two minds?

In the seventh century two Christological doctrines were determined to be un-orthodox and in contradiction to the Chalcedonian Definition: that Christ has one "energy", and then that Christ has one ...

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