Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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What were the Apostolic Fathers's contributions to Christology which survived to Nicene (325 AD) and Chalcedon (451 AD)?

The Apostolic Fathers is a special group of church fathers who personally knew or taught by the apostles. Some of their writings were even considered to be included in the canon although ultimately ...
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Did God the Son become flesh?

I read here somewhere that 'the logos IS the ever-living Son'. This is conjecture as no biblical text seems to support this construct. The bible reveals nothing about an ever-living 'God the Son' ...
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Since Trinitarians say it is wrong to use “God” and “Jesus” in a reciprocating proposition, why do they use “God the Son”?

Since Trinitarians say it is wrong to use “God” and “Jesus” in a reciprocating proposition, why do they use God the Son?
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Why don’t Unitarians believe that Jesus Christ pre-existed before incarnation?

I want to ask this again but in a different context. In the context of unitarianism. Why Unitarians do not believe that Jesus Christ is God And why Unitarians do not believe in the pre-existence of ...
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6answers
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Why is it not enough for Jesus to be human to be the perfect sacrifice, why must he be God?

Regardless of whether Jesus is God or not, why do some stridently hold to, 'Jesus can only cover sin by His own death as God'? Until Jesus' perfect sacrifice/offering, the law required an animal to ...
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If Jesus is “a god” do Jehovah’s Witnesses consider themselves to be polytheists?

Isaiah 44:6, Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And His Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, AND THERE IS NO GOD BESIDES ME. Isaiah 44:24, Thus says the Lord your Redeemer,...
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1answer
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How do those who believe that Jesus is a created being understand the verses which say everything that was created was created by him?

There are some people who claim that Jesus is a created being, but this claim is nowhere confirmed, rather the Bible says: Everything became through the Word, and without the Word did not become one ...
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How do Christains argue that “messianic psalms” are messianic and refer to Jesus Christ?

I've heard Christians assert that you can prove that Jesus Christ is the Messiah from the book of psalms. There doesn't seem to be any watertight argument for the existence of messianic psalms other ...
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1answer
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Holy Spirit Presence, Metaphor, Gender; how does gender apply to the Holy Spirit?

I was reading through this page about the "Gender of the Holy spirit" in Wikipedia. "The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the (grammatically feminine) Wisdom of God by two early Church ...
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If “Elohim” can refer to angels and demons, then does Jesus being called “God” really prove anything?

In arguing for the Trinity, I mentioned that Jesus was called God (Theos in Greek). The rebuttal was that Theos in the Greek is equivalent to Elohim, which can refer to angels, demons, or just about ...
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What is the biblical support for 'God the Son' becoming the human Jesus? [closed]

John 1:14 says the logos became flesh. There is no mention of Jesus anywhere before his conception except in prophecy and reference of the one to come, never by name. God the Son, as God, cannot die ...
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What does Trinitarian Protestantism understand by salvation being in the name of 'Jesus Christ of Nazareth'?

Peter had the following words to say to the rulers, elders and scribes in Jerusalem regarding the healing of the lame man at the temple : ... the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth ... neither is there ...
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The Jehovah’s Witnesses state that Jesus was God's first creation? How do they reconcile that with Genesis 1:26, Genesis 2:15-18?

They state in this Watchtower Since all created things had a beginning, there was a time when God was alone. Countless ages ago, however, God became a Creator. Who was his first creation? The last ...
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In Hebrew 5:9, what changed about the Son's perfection?

In the book of Hebrews, we read: 8 Son though he was, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was ...
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Did the early church teach the person of God the Word changed in the incarnation?

According to early Christianity did the person of God the Word change in the incarnation? Is it considered mutability in the person that change?
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According to the Jehovah’s Witnesses, if Jesus Christ is not God why is He presented as the agent of creation?

John 1:3, "All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him (or without Him) NOTHING came into being that has come into being." Also Colossians 1:16-17, "For by Him all things were created, in ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses differentiate Jesus' role in creation from that of a Demiurge?

My question comes out of a discussion on this question: How do Jehovah’s Witnesses explain the unique wording of Colossians 1:15-17 in the NWT? For reference, here is the passage (1971 revision): ...
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Who (or what) died on the cross? [duplicate]

Scripture informs that God is immortal (1 Tim 6:16) God the (eternal) Son cannot experience death, yet the human incarnation, Jesus, did. John 3:16 "...God gave His only Son..." Am I missing ...
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3answers
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Why is Jesus Christ only one person despite having two minds?

I think this question haven't been asked yet here. The teaching of Chalcedonian Christianity (including the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant churches) is that Jesus Christ exists as one ...
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1answer
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Distinction between Created Son and Begotten Son for Jehovah's Witnesses

In the New Testament, the Greek word monogenēs (μονογενής) appears 9 times and is translated as only or only begotten every time. 4 times it is used to describe the solitary physical descendant of ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, does Jesus make the same claim as God, that he is the “first and the last,”?

Isaiah 44:6, "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me." But Jesus Christ makes the same claim in ...
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3answers
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How do Catholics understand how the title “Lord” for Jesus is dependent on his resurrection at Ro 14:9 if it means he is God?

Romans 14:9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living (KJV) How does being revived (lived again, ASV) make him Lord of both the dead ...
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Does original sin have an impact on Jesus?

Was Jesus subject to original sin or because he was born of the Holy Spirit and of Mary he was not born with a sin nature?
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Do some deists believe in Resurrection of Christ?

I once met one guy on Youtube who says he believes that Jesus was so moraly perfect (secular language to say sinless) that He got attention of the Supreme Being (i.e. God) and that this Supreme Being ...
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If Jesus was resurrected as a man how can Paul say his apostleship was not through a man but it was through Jesus at Galatians 1:1?

Catholics, Protestants, and Eastern Orthodox Christians agree that Jesus was both God and man as described in the Chalcedon Definition in 451. However at Galatians 1:1 Paul says that the source of his ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Michael is not Jesus?

Many Christians believe that the Archangel Michael is actually Jesus, most notably the Jehovah's Witnesses and Baptist preacher Charles H. Spurgeon. We have a question asking for the Biblical basis ...
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What is the Biblical basis for Jesus Christ being a created being according to Jehovah’s Witnesses?

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is a created being. What is the Biblical basis for this position?
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How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
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What reasons do Catholics have for believing Jesus is God?

Through natural reason and personal experience, I have come to be convinced that many of the Catholic Church's teachings are good and accurate. In addition, by reading Aristotle and Aquinas, I have ...
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How do Unitarians understand these verses which seem to say that all created things were created by Jesus?

John 1:1-3: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has ...
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At the second coming, will Jesus descend in the same body or will he be reborn again?

All of us know that Jesus had ascended to God the father after he had resurrected, we know that he will come again at the end of time to judge the people and found the kingdom of God on earth. The ...
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Luke 21:32 and the coming of the kingdom

I'm new to Christianity and am still exploring the gospels. According to the gospel of Luke, verse 21:32, Jesus says that this generation shall not pass until all these things have taken place." ...
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Can a person prove that Jesus Christ is in the Old Testament without going to the New Testament?

Sometimes as christians when we are talking to the Jews, we tell them the Old Testament refers to the coming of Jesus Christ. It's like we are forcing our beliefs unto them by using references from ...
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Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...
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Is there a concept of a theological quadrilemma with regard to the person and divinity of Jesus Christ?

One well-known trilemma considered a proof of the divinity of Jesus is most commonly known in the version by C. S. Lewis. It proceeds from the premise that Jesus claimed to be God, and that therefore ...
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2answers
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Did Jesus have a physical body before his incarnation?

According to the doctrine of the trinity the Son is eternal. Is this in reference to his divine nature only or the physical and divine? If it is both physical and divine, then did the body shrink ...
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Is there an ontological change in human nature after Jesus Passion and resurrection?

I came across this passage from Jacques Servais, commenting on Thomas Aquinas’ view on Christ’s Passion: God himself acts in human nature by regenerating it from within. He, in fact, wanted, to ...
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Why didn't the Archangel Michael save Jesus when he was crucified? [closed]

I have read several articles about Michael the archangel, who is meant for the protection of people and souls. Out of curiosity, I wondered: since Jesus is Son of God and also a prophet, why didn't ...
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What is meant by the expression that Jesus came in the fullness of time?

What do they mean when they say "in the fullness of time Jesus came"? I want to know what the fullness of time means in this scriptural context.
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Historical Apologetic used by 7th Century Christians towards Early Muslims Regarding the Hypostatic Union and Jesus' Title “Son of God”

According to my research Jesus is called the Son of God about 40 times in the NT. When interacting with Muslims, a common objection they give against Christ's deity, and the Trinity is that the Quran ...
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1answer
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Did God want Satan to tempt Jesus as a means of showing the spiritual realm that Jesus's love for and loyalty to God was undeniable?

Matthew 4:1 "Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil." I am wondering if God wanted Jesus to be tempted by Satan as a means of showing Satan and the demons, ...
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Is Jesus the last Prophet?

Many Muslims believe that the Prophet of Islam is the Last prophet of God. Does this belief of 'last' Prophet exist in Christianity as well? Do any Christians believe that any other prophet will ...
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Zechariah 14 and Acts 1 according to those who reject the deity of Christ

Zechariah 14:1-5 (DRB) Behold the days of the Lord shall come, and thy spoils shall be divided in the midst of thee. 2 And I will gather all nations to Jerusalem to battle, and the city shall be ...
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What is the right word, Jesus assumed a human soul or have a created rational soul?

Jesus has two nature fully God and fully man. We know that man is compose of body & soul. Its very hard to grasp the nature of Jesus human soul. Is Jesus human soul created or assumed?
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How did Arius interpret Colossians 2:9?

Colossians 2:9 HCSB For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ, NASB: For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form, How did Arius interpret Colossians ...
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What was the stance of Arius on John 1:1?

Introduction Arius believed that Jesus was a creature, a created god. What did he write about John 1:1? Or if there is no such extant manuscript, how would he interpreted ''the Word was God'' in John ...
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What are the predominant Christian views on whether Jesus had to specifically die by crucifixion? Could he have chosen another kind of death?

As I understand it, Jesus was sentenced to die "under Pontius Pilate" and was crucified as punishment. It seems to me that Jesus had no choice but to be crucified. After all, if a criminal is ...
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How can one have eternal life by the death of Jesus or by Jesus teachings? [closed]

Before the death of Jesus, Jesus was teaching the birth of eternal life(birth of the Spirit) which steps are not completely describe by the four gospel (Matthew, mark, Luke, and john). On several note ...
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Jesus and Contingency

Let's assume that God is omnipotent in the sense that he can do anything which is logically possible (so that he cannot create square circles because a square circle is a contradiction). Now it is ...

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