Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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Why is Jesus referred as the Son of God instead of God? [duplicate]

The bible never explicitly said that he's god. However, the bible referred Jesus as the son of god. The word "son of god" sounds as if he's not a god. Why is that the case?
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Since there is only one God who is not formed then how can the Jehovah’s Witnesses claim that Jesus is a created god?

If there is only one God, how can Jesus be another "god" as taught by the Jehovah's Witnesses? Isaiah quotes Jehovah in Isaiah 43:10-11 the very verse from which the Jehovah's Witnesses ...
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How does C.S Lewis come to the conclusion that Jesus is God? [closed]

NO REASON TO CLOSE THIS QUESTION The reason why this question is not opinion based, is because I am asking how C.S Lewis himself arrived to the conclusion of his dilemma. Because as it reads from this ...
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How do the Father and Son differ if they have the same particular essence?

My question assumes ousia in Christian orthodoxy means a particular (not universal) essence or form, and not a concrete instantiation (hypostasis). If the Father and Son have the same ousia, where are ...
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Was Jesus resurrected after or {within} three days of his death? [duplicate]

Was Jesus resurrected after complete 3 days, or he resurrected in the third day?. I mean if he had been resurrected in the third day, this means that he had spent less than 72 hours before his ...
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How do Trinitarians interpret Jesus's statement that “I live because of the Father”?

Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me (John 6:57) This statement by Jesus seems to insinuate that Jesus derives his ...
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Are these assertions about Christ correct?

I heard Fr. Rick Walsh say in this excerpt: "we are Christ", "Christ is a woman", "Christ is lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer" and "in Christ I am ...
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Was Jesus superior to man when he was in flesh? [closed]

I was asking myself this, while reading the Pauline epistles, was Jesus on earth able to do miracles or he was a man like us with our limits and depending only on God?
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses understand Galatians 1:11-12?

The Apostle Paul stated at Galatians 1:11-12 the following: Galatians 1:11-12: For I would have you know, brethern, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. For I neither ...
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Which virtue did only Jesus teach and practice?

Almost all religions teach good morals and virtues to their followers. In the case of Christianity the Lord Jesus Christ is not only the center of Christianity, but also the highest perfect model that ...
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Is Christ androgynous? [closed]

What are the stances, if any, of the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Church on whether Christ was androgynous?
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Did arians have any kind of scriptural basis? [duplicate]

Did arians have any kind of scriptural basis for their teachings? If yes, what is it? What I am interested in here is the christology. Christ as created being.
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Christ 'made' sin - the Reformed, Protestant view?

Following on from both of the two recent questions regarding the inheritance or transmission of 'original' or 'inbred' sin, from generation to generation, I am interested in the Trinitarian, ...
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According to Jehovah’s Witnesses what does the name Immanuel mean in light of their belief that Jesus is a created being and not God?

This article goes on to say, Without accurate knowledge, we may become ensnared by false teachings promoted by God's opposer, Satan the Devil. Therefore, if a doctrine contradicts God's Word, if it ...
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What are the major problems that Chalcedonians have with Miaphysite Christology?

The Council of Chalcedon of 451 gave a clear definition of the Hypostatic Union, the doctrine that in the incarnation, the Son of God took on a full human nature, so that in this one person are united ...
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How did Old Testament saints show they were focused on God’s promises even though they did not know when or how their Redeemer/Messiah would appear? [closed]

I am preparing a message on the importance of eliminating distractions and making Christ and His crucifixion our focal point. These New Testament Scriptures illustrate the point: For I resolved to ...
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What is the nature of Dyothelitism according to the Council of Chalcedon?

What is the nature of Dyothelitism according to the Council of Chalcedon? At the Council of Chalcedon, the church taught that the Incarnate Lord Jesus Christ had two natures: divine and human, united ...
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Does transubstantiation teach that the Son regularly returns physically?

Is Catholicism's accidents and species/transubstantiation teaching that the Son of God, our Lord Jesus Christ, returned or regularly returns physically, with a second, mute, nonhuman, physical ...
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Is there any biblical basis for the Church to depict Jesus as a European or some other ethnic race?

The reason I ask is that the Most Rev Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican Church of England) was recently interviewed on BBC Radio 4’s ‘Today’ programme and said that in the wake of Black ...
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Are there Christians who believe that Jesus does not have a physical body right now?

I've researched about this topic online and I could only find one Christian website so far that affirms this belief. https://www.bible.ca/d-Jesus-body-now.htm Does anybody else know if a particular ...
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Don't the questions of Hebrews 1:5 and 1:13 demand an answer of 'None'? So how can Jehovah's Witnesses say that Jesus is the archangel Michael?

There's a suggested duplicate to this question but that question deals with how the Jehovah's Witnesses explain the begotten divinity of Jesus while still maintaining that He is unequal to God. This ...
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Which groups believe that Jesus is a Created Being?

This question refers to people who believe that Jesus is a Created Being. Who are these people? Which groups who identify as Christian teach that Jesus was created? I'm guessing they're not ...
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Is Jesus the fullness of the Logos? [closed]

Jesus is the fleshly expression of the logos... The word became flesh. It seems there are other aspects of the logos that are not Jesus. God is always doing things, saying things apart from through ...
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How did the early church fathers refute Adoptionism?

Adoptionism is a Christological heresy which denies the pre-existence of Jesus, and therefore denies Jesus's title as "God the Son" in the Trinitarian conception of the Christian God. See the ...
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What were the Apostolic Fathers's contributions to Christology which survived to Nicene (325 AD) and Chalcedon (451 AD)?

The Apostolic Fathers is a special group of church fathers who personally knew or taught by the apostles. Some of their writings were even considered to be included in the canon although ultimately ...
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God the Son - where does he fit in?

The word became flesh = Jesus... ✓ Jesus is the son of God... ✓ Where does 'God the Son' fit in to this? I know he isn't mention Biblically per se, but what is the foundation for this construct? ...
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Since Trinitarians say it is wrong to use “God” and “Jesus” in a reciprocating proposition, why do they use “God the Son”?

Since Trinitarians say it is wrong to use “God” and “Jesus” in a reciprocating proposition, why do they use God the Son?
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Why don’t Unitarians believe that Jesus Christ pre-existed before incarnation?

I want to ask this again but in a different context. In the context of unitarianism. Why Unitarians do not believe that Jesus Christ is God And why Unitarians do not believe in the pre-existence of ...
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If Jesus is “a god” do Jehovah’s Witnesses consider themselves to be polytheists?

Isaiah 44:6, Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And His Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, AND THERE IS NO GOD BESIDES ME. Isaiah 44:24, Thus says the Lord your Redeemer,...
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How do those who believe that Jesus is a created being understand the verses which say everything that was created was created by him?

There are some people who claim that Jesus is a created being, but this claim is nowhere confirmed, rather the Bible says: Everything became through the Word, and without the Word did not become one ...
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How do Christains argue that “messianic psalms” are messianic and refer to Jesus Christ?

I've heard Christians assert that you can prove that Jesus Christ is the Messiah from the book of psalms. There doesn't seem to be any watertight argument for the existence of messianic psalms other ...
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Holy Spirit Presence, Metaphor, Gender; how does gender apply to the Holy Spirit?

I was reading through this page about the "Gender of the Holy spirit" in Wikipedia. "The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the (grammatically feminine) Wisdom of God by two early Church ...
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If “Elohim” can refer to angels and demons, then does Jesus being called “God” really prove anything?

In arguing for the Trinity, I mentioned that Jesus was called God (Theos in Greek). The rebuttal was that Theos in the Greek is equivalent to Elohim, which can refer to angels, demons, or just about ...
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What does Trinitarian Protestantism understand by salvation being in the name of 'Jesus Christ of Nazareth'?

Peter had the following words to say to the rulers, elders and scribes in Jerusalem regarding the healing of the lame man at the temple : ... the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth ... neither is there ...
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The Jehovah’s Witnesses state that Jesus was God's first creation? How do they reconcile that with Genesis 1:26, Genesis 2:15-18?

They state in this Watchtower Since all created things had a beginning, there was a time when God was alone. Countless ages ago, however, God became a Creator. Who was his first creation? The last ...
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In Hebrew 5:9, what changed about the Son's perfection?

In the book of Hebrews, we read: 8 Son though he was, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was ...
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Did the early church teaches the person of God the Word changed in the incarnation?

According to early Christianity did the person of God the Word change in the incarnation? Is it considered mutability in the person that change?
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According to the Jehovah’s Witnesses, if Jesus Christ is not God why is He presented as the agent of creation?

John 1:3, "All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him (or without Him) NOTHING came into being that has come into being." Also Colossians 1:16-17, "For by Him all things were created, in ...
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Did Jesus Claim Divinity? [duplicate]

Did Jesus Claim Divinity like "I'm the God" or "I'm the Creator"? Any verses from the bible prove that Jesus claimed divinity.
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses differentiate Jesus' role in creation from that of a Demiurge?

My question comes out of a discussion on this question: How do Jehovah’s Witnesses explain the unique wording of Colossians 1:15-17 in the NWT? For reference, here is the passage (1971 revision): ...
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Why is Jesus Christ only one person despite having two minds?

I think this question haven't been asked yet here. The teaching of Chalcedonian Christianity (including the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant churches) is that Jesus Christ exists as one ...
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Distinction between Created Son and Begotten Son for Jehovah's Witnesses

In the New Testament, the Greek word monogenēs (μονογενής) appears 9 times and is translated as only or only begotten every time. 4 times it is used to describe the solitary physical descendant of ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, does Jesus make the same claim as God, that he is the “first and the last,”?

Isaiah 44:6, "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me." But Jesus Christ makes the same claim in ...
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How do Catholics understand how the title “Lord” for Jesus is dependent on his resurrection at Ro 14:9 if it means he is God?

Romans 14:9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living (KJV) How does being revived (lived again, ASV) make him Lord of both the dead ...
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Does original sin have an impact on Jesus?

Was Jesus subject to original sin or because he was born of the Holy Spirit and of Mary he was not born with a sin nature?
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Do some deists believe in Resurrection of Christ?

I once met one guy on Youtube who says he believes that Jesus was so moraly perfect (secular language to say sinless) that He got attention of the Supreme Being (i.e. God) and that this Supreme Being ...
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If Jesus was resurrected as a man how can Paul say his apostleship was not through a man but it was through Jesus at Galatians 1:1?

Catholics, Protestants, and Eastern Orthodox Christians agree that Jesus was both God and man as described in the Chalcedon Definition in 451. However at Galatians 1:1 Paul says that the source of his ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Michael is not Jesus?

Many Christians believe that the Archangel Michael is actually Jesus, most notably the Jehovah's Witnesses and Baptist preacher Charles H. Spurgeon. We have a question asking for the Biblical basis ...
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What is the Biblical basis for Jesus Christ being a created being according to Jehovah’s Witnesses?

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is a created being. What is the Biblical basis for this position?
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How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...

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