Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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What are the major problems that Chalcedonians have with Miaphysite Christology?

The Council of Chalcedon of 451 gave a clear definition of the Hypostatic Union, the doctrine that in the incarnation, the Son of God took on a full human nature, so that in this one person are united ...
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How did Old Testament saints show they were focused on God’s promises even though they did not know when or how their Redeemer/Messiah would appear? [closed]

I am preparing a message on the importance of eliminating distractions and making Christ and His crucifixion our focal point. These New Testament Scriptures illustrate the point: For I resolved to ...
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What is the nature of Dyothelitism according to the Council of Chalcedon?

What is the nature of Dyothelitism according to the Council of Chalcedon? At the Council of Chalcedon, the church taught that the Incarnate Lord Jesus Christ had two natures: divine and human, united ...
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Does transubstantiation teach that the Son regularly returns physically?

Is Catholicism's accidents and species/transubstantiation teaching that the Son of God, our Lord Jesus Christ, returned or regularly returns physically, with a second, mute, nonhuman, physical ...
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Is there any biblical basis for the Church to depict Jesus as a European or some other ethnic race?

The reason I ask is that the Most Rev Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury (Anglican Church of England) was recently interviewed on BBC Radio 4’s ‘Today’ programme and said that in the wake of Black ...
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1answer
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Are there Christians who believe that Jesus does not have a physical body right now?

I've researched about this topic online and I could only find one Christian website so far that affirms this belief. https://www.bible.ca/d-Jesus-body-now.htm Does anybody else know if a particular ...
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Don't the questions of Hebrews 1:5 and 1:13 demand an answer of 'None'? So how can Jehovah's Witnesses say that Jesus is the archangel Michael?

There's a suggested duplicate to this question but that question deals with how the Jehovah's Witnesses explain the begotten divinity of Jesus while still maintaining that He is unequal to God. This ...
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Which groups believe that Jesus is a Created Being?

This question refers to people who believe that Jesus is a Created Being. Who are these people? Which groups who identify as Christian teach that Jesus was created? I'm guessing they're not ...
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1answer
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Is Jesus the fullness of the Logos? [closed]

Jesus is the fleshly expression of the logos... The word became flesh. It seems there are other aspects of the logos that are not Jesus. God is always doing things, saying things apart from through ...
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How did the early church fathers refute Adoptionism?

Adoptionism is a Christological heresy which denies the pre-existence of Jesus, and therefore denies Jesus's title as "God the Son" in the Trinitarian conception of the Christian God. See the ...
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What were the Apostolic Fathers's contributions to Christology which survived to Nicene (325 AD) and Chalcedon (451 AD)?

The Apostolic Fathers is a special group of church fathers who personally knew or taught by the apostles. Some of their writings were even considered to be included in the canon although ultimately ...
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God the Son - where does he fit in?

The word became flesh = Jesus... ✓ Jesus is the son of God... ✓ Where does 'God the Son' fit in to this? I know he isn't mention Biblically per se, but what is the foundation for this construct? ...
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Since Trinitarians say it is wrong to use “God” and “Jesus” in a reciprocating proposition, why do they use “God the Son”?

Since Trinitarians say it is wrong to use “God” and “Jesus” in a reciprocating proposition, why do they use God the Son?
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Why don’t Unitarians believe that Jesus Christ pre-existed before incarnation?

I want to ask this again but in a different context. In the context of unitarianism. Why Unitarians do not believe that Jesus Christ is God And why Unitarians do not believe in the pre-existence of ...
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If Jesus is “a god” do Jehovah’s Witnesses consider themselves to be polytheists?

Isaiah 44:6, Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And His Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, AND THERE IS NO GOD BESIDES ME. Isaiah 44:24, Thus says the Lord your Redeemer,...
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1answer
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How do those who believe that Jesus is a created being understand the verses which say everything that was created was created by him?

There are some people who claim that Jesus is a created being, but this claim is nowhere confirmed, rather the Bible says: Everything became through the Word, and without the Word did not become one ...
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Holy Spirit Presence, Metaphor, Gender; how does gender apply to the Holy Spirit?

I was reading through this page about the "Gender of the Holy spirit" in Wikipedia. "The Holy Spirit was furthermore equated with the (grammatically feminine) Wisdom of God by two early Church ...
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If “Elohim” can refer to angels and demons, then does Jesus being called “God” really prove anything?

In arguing for the Trinity, I mentioned that Jesus was called God (Theos in Greek). The rebuttal was that Theos in the Greek is equivalent to Elohim, which can refer to angels, demons, or just about ...
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2answers
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What does Trinitarian Protestantism understand by salvation being in the name of 'Jesus Christ of Nazareth'?

Peter had the following words to say to the rulers, elders and scribes in Jerusalem regarding the healing of the lame man at the temple : ... the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth ... neither is there ...
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2answers
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In Hebrew 5:9, what changed about the Son's perfection?

In the book of Hebrews, we read: 8 Son though he was, he learned obedience from what he suffered 9 and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him 10 and was ...
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Did the early church teaches the person of God the Word changed in the incarnation?

According to early Christianity did the person of God the Word change in the incarnation? Is it considered mutability in the person that change?
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According to the Jehovah’s Witnesses, if Jesus Christ is not God why is He presented as the agent of creation?

John 1:3, "All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him (or without Him) NOTHING came into being that has come into being." Also Colossians 1:16-17, "For by Him all things were created, in ...
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Did Jesus Claim Divinity? [duplicate]

Did Jesus Claim Divinity like "I'm the God" or "I'm the Creator"? Any verses from the bible prove that Jesus claimed divinity.
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses differentiate Jesus' role in creation from that of a Demiurge?

My question comes out of a discussion on this question: How do Jehovah’s Witnesses explain the unique wording of Colossians 1:15-17 in the NWT? For reference, here is the passage (1971 revision): ...
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3answers
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Why is Jesus Christ only one person despite having two minds?

I think this question haven't been asked yet here. The teaching of Chalcedonian Christianity (including the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant churches) is that Jesus Christ exists as one ...
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Distinction between Created Son and Begotten Son for Jehovah's Witnesses

In the New Testament, the Greek word monogenēs (μονογενής) appears 9 times and is translated as only or only begotten every time. 4 times it is used to describe the solitary physical descendant of ...
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, does Jesus make the same claim as God, that he is the “first and the last,”?

Isaiah 44:6, "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me." But Jesus Christ makes the same claim in ...
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3answers
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How do Catholics understand how the title “Lord” for Jesus is dependent on his resurrection at Ro 14:9 if it means he is God?

Romans 14:9 For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living (KJV) How does being revived (lived again, ASV) make him Lord of both the dead ...
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Does original sin have an impact on Jesus?

Was Jesus subject to original sin or because he was born of the Holy Spirit and of Mary he was not born with a sin nature?
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Do some deists believe in Resurrection of Christ?

I once met one guy on Youtube who says he believes that Jesus was so moraly perfect (secular language to say sinless) that He got attention of the Supreme Being (i.e. God) and that this Supreme Being ...
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5answers
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If Jesus was resurrected as a man how can Paul say his apostleship was not through a man but it was through Jesus at Galatians 1:1?

Catholics, Protestants, and Eastern Orthodox Christians agree that Jesus was both God and man as described in the Chalcedon Definition in 451. However at Galatians 1:1 Paul says that the source of his ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Michael is not Jesus?

Many Christians believe that the Archangel Michael is actually Jesus, most notably the Jehovah's Witnesses and Baptist preacher Charles H. Spurgeon. We have a question asking for the Biblical basis ...
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What is the Biblical basis for Jesus Christ being a created being according to Jehovah’s Witnesses?

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is a created being. What is the Biblical basis for this position?
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How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
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What reasons do Catholics have for believing Jesus is God?

Through natural reason and personal experience, I have come to be convinced that many of the Catholic Church's teachings are good and accurate. In addition, by reading Aristotle and Aquinas, I have ...
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How do Unitarians understand these verses which seem to say that all created things were created by Jesus?

John 1:1-3: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has ...
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3answers
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At the second coming, will Jesus descend in the same body or will he be reborn again?

All of us know that Jesus had ascended to God the father after he had resurrected, we know that he will come again at the end of time to judge the people and found the kingdom of God on earth. The ...
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Luke 21:32 and the coming of the kingdom

I'm new to Christianity and am still exploring the gospels. According to the gospel of Luke, verse 21:32, Jesus says that this generation shall not pass until all these things have taken place." ...
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Sin Nature and the Sarx, how can Jesus be sinless if all flesh is evil

Someone asked about sin nature and the answer they were given was that the word Sarx was translated as sin nature? In Greek Sarx just means flesh. So if Jesus came in the Sarx and was sinless how is ...
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Is there a concept of a theological quadrilemma with regard to the person and divinity of Jesus Christ?

One well-known trilemma considered a proof of the divinity of Jesus is most commonly known in the version by C. S. Lewis. It proceeds from the premise that Jesus claimed to be God, and that therefore ...
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Did Jesus have a physical body before his incarnation?

According to the doctrine of the trinity the Son is eternal. Is this in reference to his divine nature only or the physical and divine? If it is both physical and divine, then did the body shrink ...
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2answers
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Is there an ontological change in human nature after Jesus Passion and resurrection?

I came across this passage from Jacques Servais, commenting on Thomas Aquinas’ view on Christ’s Passion: God himself acts in human nature by regenerating it from within. He, in fact, wanted, to ...
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Why didn't the Archangel Michael save Jesus when he was crucified? [closed]

I have read several articles about Michael the archangel, who is meant for the protection of people and souls. Out of curiosity, I wondered: since Jesus is Son of God and also a prophet, why didn't ...
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What is meant by the expression that Jesus came in the fullness of time?

What do they mean when they say "in the fullness of time Jesus came"? I want to know what the fullness of time means in this scriptural context.
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1answer
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Historical Apologetic used by 7th Century Christians towards Early Muslims Regarding the Hypostatic Union and Jesus' Title “Son of God”

According to my research Jesus is called the Son of God about 40 times in the NT. When interacting with Muslims, a common objection they give against Christ's deity, and the Trinity is that the Quran ...
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1answer
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Did God want Satan to tempt Jesus as a means of showing the spiritual realm that Jesus's love for and loyalty to God was undeniable?

Matthew 4:1 "Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil." I am wondering if God wanted Jesus to be tempted by Satan as a means of showing Satan and the demons, ...
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Is Jesus the last Prophet?

Many Muslims believe that the Prophet of Islam is the Last prophet of God. Does this belief of 'last' Prophet exist in Christianity as well? Do any Christians believe that any other prophet will ...
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2answers
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Zechariah 14 and Acts 1 according to those who reject the deity of Christ

Zechariah 14:1-5 (DRB) Behold the days of the Lord shall come, and thy spoils shall be divided in the midst of thee. 2 And I will gather all nations to Jerusalem to battle, and the city shall be ...
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What is the right word, Jesus assumed a human soul or have a created rational soul?

Jesus has two nature fully God and fully man. We know that man is compose of body & soul. Its very hard to grasp the nature of Jesus human soul. Is Jesus human soul created or assumed?

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