Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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65
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13answers
102k views

Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, I'...
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1answer
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Was the Trinity still a Trinity when Jesus died?

Christians believe a few basic things: God exists as Three Persons in One Being Jesus died on the cross (and rose again) Jesus was God. During #2, however, there seems to be a bit of a problem. How ...
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14answers
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What exactly does it mean that Jesus Christ is the son of God?

What does it mean to a Christian that Christ is the son of God? On the one hand, obviously, the normal biological meaning of son does not apply. On the other hand, "we are all children of God", but ...
16
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4answers
921 views

If Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) don't believe in a Holy Trinity, then who do they believe is God?

It's a pretty well-known fact that Latter-Day Saint members (aka Mormons) do not believe in the Holy Trinity, i.e., that God, Christ and the Holy Ghost are 'one'. So what exactly do they believe in, ...
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5answers
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus being God incarnate?

In John 17:3 it says that Jesus called the Father the "only true God" and called himself sent by the Father. Also, in Matthew 4:10, Jesus himself says to: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him ...
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10answers
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How can the Son not know what the Father knows?

Matthew 24:36 (NLT) Mark 13:32 (NLT) 36 “However, no one knows the day or hour when these things will happen, not even the angels in heaven or the Son himself. Only the Father knows.” Now ...
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6answers
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael?

Congregations such as the Jehovah's Witness and Seventh day Adventists believe that Jesus is Michael. What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael? Jehovah's Witness ...it is ...
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6answers
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Was Christ the man created?

In historical Christian belief (of almost any type), it would be considered heresy to say that God the Son was created. The term "begat" is preferred, where this term does not imply creation. In such ...
3
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2answers
698 views

According to Protestants, what is the biblical basis of Jesus being “one substance with the father”?

The only place in scripture where the relationship of the substance of Jesus with the substance of God that I can find in the scriptures is To the Hebrews:1:3 which actually says that they are of ...
6
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2answers
480 views

Is it Proper to State that Chalcedonianism is a Moderate Position In-between Nestorianism and Monophysitism?

I am reading the book The First Seven Ecumenical Councils by Leo Donald Davis. This is my first introduction to Trinitarian and Christological disputes within the Early Church. It appears to me: ...
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4answers
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses understand Hebrews 1?

Hebrews 1:4–14 contrasts Jesus with the angels. How do groups like Jehovah's Witnesses, who see him as an angel, understand these verses?
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7answers
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If Jesus is God, who/where does Jesus pray to?

I realize that some of Christianity believe God and Jesus to be one being, whereas some believe them to be separate and distinct beings. I come from the background of the latter group, which reasoning ...
6
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10answers
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Besides the writings of John, what is the biblical evidence Jesus Christ is the Only-begotten Son of God?

Apart from John's writings, what is the Biblical evidence that Jesus Christ is the only-begotten son of God? John makes it clear (such as in John 1:18, 3:18), but other parts of the Bible refer to ...
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9answers
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How have Protestants explained how Jesus could be born of mankind and be sinless?

Very simple question really. If the sin of Adam is passed down through the generations, so that all of us are born with a sin nature, how can it be that Jesus was born of Mary (a human being), yet ...
13
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2answers
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From where do Jehovah's Witnesses derive the doctrine that Jesus was and now is Michael the Archangel?

According to some Watchtower literature, it is taught that Michael the Archangel is Jesus and that Jesus, after He ascended into heaven, resumed the name of Michael. "It proves Michael the ...
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5answers
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How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?

According to orthodox trinitarian doctrine, the Father is God, Jesus is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Jesus is co-eqaul, eternally begotten, not made. With that in mind, how could Jesus have a ...
13
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4answers
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How similar was the resurrected body of Jesus to his physical human body?

Different Christian denominations have differing theologies of the resurrection: what it means for us, how it happened, and so on. What do the main bodies of Christian belief (Orthodox, Catholic, "...
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2answers
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What is the difference between Apollinarianism and Eutychianism?

Both Apollinaris and Eutychius believed in one divine subject Christology that the only and whole person of Christ is a divine person, the Logos. Not a divine-humane person. Their Christology were ...
8
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1answer
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Does the Chalcedonian Definition mean Christ has two minds?

In the seventh century two Christological doctrines were determined to be un-orthodox and in contradiction to the Chalcedonian Definition: that Christ has one "energy", and then that Christ has one ...
7
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1answer
295 views

What is the Biblical basis for Jesus Christ being a created being according to Jehovah’s Witnesses?

Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that Jesus Christ is a created being. What is the Biblical basis for this position?
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1answer
314 views

Is it accurate to say Jehovah's Witnesses do not view Jesus as divine?

I am fully aware that Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jehovah and Jesus are separate beings. However their translation of John 1:1 says that "the word (logos) was a god. Do Jehovah's Witnesses ...
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6answers
477 views

Did God the Son become flesh?

I read here somewhere that 'the logos IS the ever-living Son'. This is conjecture as no biblical text seems to support this construct. The bible reveals nothing about an ever-living 'God the Son' ...
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1answer
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When did “he descended into hell” become part of the Apostles' Creed?

There seems to be much more debate over one clause of the Apostles' Creed than the entire rest of it put together, and that is the "descent into hell" (or "hades") clause, also known as the "harrowing ...
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6answers
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How should I understand the emphasis on “begotten, not made” in the Nicene Creed?

I'm trying to understand the importance the repetition of "begotten" in the Nicene creed. It states (emphasis mine): We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,     the only Son of God,     ...
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6answers
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According to trinitarians, especially Protestants, who is Wisdom in Proverbs?

In general, Wisdom can be (and is, and was) identified as Jesus. However, there is this verse: Proverbs 8:22 (NLT) 22 "The Lord formed me from the beginning,     &...
3
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1answer
760 views

What is the biblical basis against the idea that Jesus descended into hell?

Related question: What is the Biblical basis for the concept that Jesus spent time in Hell? The question linked above provides a number of biblical arguments in support of the "descent into hell" (or ...
13
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2answers
759 views

According to LDS (Mormon) teaching, what is the relationship between Jesus and Lucifer?

What does the LDS/Mormon church teach about the relationship between Jesus and Lucifer? Are they beings on the same level or of the same origin? What are their natures? What texts are used to teach ...
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2answers
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What are the predominant Christian views on whether Jesus had to specifically die by crucifixion? Could he have chosen another kind of death?

As I understand it, Jesus was sentenced to die "under Pontius Pilate" and was crucified as punishment. It seems to me that Jesus had no choice but to be crucified. After all, if a criminal is ...
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3answers
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What is the Biblical basis that the second Person of the Trinity was the Only-begotten Son of the Father before His incarnation?

Do we have any proof from the Bible that the second Person of the Trinity was the Only-begotten Son of the Father before His incarnation?
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2answers
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According to Jehovah's Witnesses, does Jesus make the same claim as God, that he is the “first and the last,”?

Isaiah 44:6, "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me." But Jesus Christ makes the same claim in ...
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6answers
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Why does Jesus have to be fully God and fully man? Is it not sufficient to be the son of God and fully man?

This is a follow on from the question Why does the Messiah have to be God? Fully Man: I agree that Jesus had to become man, I believe this is VERY well supported in the bible. Hebrews 2:17-18, ...
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8answers
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If Christ is considered the 'Son of God' then how is He a part of a Trinity?

Note: This is in NO way a troll or a poke at any faith that believes in the doctrine of the Trinity but rather is simply a question for clarity. There are several passages within the bible that ...
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2answers
9k views

Did the Romans not breaking Jesus' legs fulfill a prophecy?

I seem to remember that Jesus having already died and not needing his legs broken fulfilled an OT prophecy. Where was this prophecy recorded and what did it say?
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4answers
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What Scriptures did Arius use to support teaching that Jesus was created?

Arius probably quoted the following: Revelation 3:14: These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God. Psalm 8:5–6: thou madest Him Proverbs 8:22–25: ...
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6answers
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Michael is not Jesus?

Many Christians believe that the Archangel Michael is actually Jesus, most notably the Jehovah's Witnesses and Baptist preacher Charles H. Spurgeon. We have a question asking for the Biblical basis ...
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1answer
195 views

How do those who believe that Jesus is a created being understand the verses which say everything that was created was created by him?

There are some people who claim that Jesus is a created being, but this claim is nowhere confirmed, rather the Bible says: Everything became through the Word, and without the Word did not become one ...
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2answers
308 views

Since there is only one God who is not formed then how can the Jehovah’s Witnesses claim that Jesus is a created god?

If there is only one God, how can Jesus be another "god" as taught by the Jehovah's Witnesses? Isaiah quotes Jehovah in Isaiah 43:10-11 the very verse from which the Jehovah's Witnesses ...
5
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3answers
912 views

What do non-trinitarians mean when they call Jesus the “Son of God”?

On a different question I got an answer and some comments. One of which said: Generally, when a Christian says that Jesus is the "Son of God" they are referring to the doctrine of the Trinity, ...
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5answers
2k views

Why do most Christians call Jesus “Son of God” rather than simply “God”?

We call Jesus the son of God that became the son of man. And yet, Jesus is God per the doctrine of the trinity. Why don't orthodox Christians address him as God when talking about him and praying? ...
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3answers
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Did Jesus/God/Jehovah know that Jesus would die on the cross BEFORE coming to Earth? [closed]

I have a question, summarized pretty much by the title, did Jesus and/or God (depending on whether you accept the trinity doctrine) know that he would be crucified before being born a mortal man? I ...
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4answers
2k views

How could Jesus be surprised?

Matthew 8:5-10 (NLT)  5 When Jesus returned to Capernaum, a Roman officer came and pleaded with him, 6 “Lord, my young servant lies in bed, paralyzed and in terrible pain.”  7 Jesus said,...
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6answers
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Why is Jesus occasionally referred to as “The Christ”? Is there a different definition between the two?

I've occasionally heard of Jesus Christ referred to as "The Christ" and the phrasing has always struck me. What are the differences (if any) between referring to him as Jesus Christ versus "The ...
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3answers
988 views

What does the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints teach about who Jesus is and where He came from?

From the answer to another question, someone suggested that the LDS (Mormon) church teaches that Jesus is distinct from God—that though He is a part of the Godhead, the Godhead is not a Trinity ...
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6answers
2k views

If Jesus is God then how could he die?

According to trinitarian theology, Jesus is both 100% man and 100% God. It is said that Jesus, being 100% God, died. Therefore, God died. I know that 1/3 of God did not die, because that would be ...
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0answers
230 views

How did the early church fathers refute Adoptionism?

Adoptionism is a Christological heresy which denies the pre-existence of Jesus, and therefore denies Jesus's title as "God the Son" in the Trinitarian conception of the Christian God. See the ...
5
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2answers
358 views

If Christ had a complete human nature, how come his human nature wasn't totally depraved as ours is?

I understand the reformed doctrine of total depravity to be that the human nature is such that it is utterly unable to choose to follow God. Another way I've heard it put is that men are by nature ...
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3answers
429 views

Do any church writers compare or contrast Jesus and the burning bush?

From the Wikipedia article on Oneness Pentecostalism, Oneness theology specifically maintains that God is absolutely and indivisibly one. It equally proclaims that God is not made of a physical ...
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2answers
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What is temptation? [closed]

Temptation, in the common secular sense, seems to indicate an attraction to something. Temptation The act of tempting The condition of being tempted. Something attractive, tempting or ...
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3answers
677 views

Is God the Son's blood divine and infinite or human and finite (Protestant interpretation)

Something I hear a lot is "Jesus has to be God because it took an infinite sacrifice to appease the infinite anger of an infinite God", or something like that. My question concerns whether God the ...
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7answers
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How is the Christian Jesus different from the Muslim Jesus? [closed]

Obviously they refer to the same human being, however what are some beliefs that Christians hold about Jesus that Muslims do not share. I ask this question in sort of an apologetic spirit so that I ...