Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-4
votes
6answers
477 views

Did God the Son become flesh?

I read here somewhere that 'the logos IS the ever-living Son'. This is conjecture as no biblical text seems to support this construct. The bible reveals nothing about an ever-living 'God the Son' ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

How do Biblical Unitarians contextually explain Thomas' exclamation at John 20:28?

John 20:28 has Thomas saying "My Lord and my God!" For Trinitarians, this line is fairly straightforward - Thomas is recognizing that Jesus is not just Lord but also God. How do Biblical ...
4
votes
6answers
254 views

Why is it not enough for Jesus to be human to be the perfect sacrifice, why must he be God?

Regardless of whether Jesus is God or not, why do some stridently hold to, 'Jesus can only cover sin by His own death as God'? Until Jesus' perfect sacrifice/offering, the law required an animal to ...
6
votes
2answers
69 views

How do deniers of the personal pre-incarnate existence of the Son of God interpret John 3:31-32?

He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all. And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth; and ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

How is the resurrected Jesus related to the Trinity?

The Doctrine of the Trinity is affirmed by the Catholic Church and more in general by the large majority of Christian denominations, Orthodox, "mainline" Protestant etc., with some relevant ...
1
vote
6answers
206 views

How do Trinitarians respond to syllogistic arguments against the divinity of Jesus?

In a previous question in which I asked for evidence of early Christians denying the divinity of Jesus, a user posted an answer that, among other things, presents sixteen very interesting syllogistic ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

How do Trinitarians understand Peter's response to Jesus at Matthew 16:16?

At Matthew 16:15-17, Jesus asks his disciples who they think he is, and Peter responds. "“Who do you say I am?” 16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” 17 Jesus ...
-1
votes
0answers
86 views

What does the name יְהֹוָה (YHWH) refer to? [duplicate]

This is a question for serious Trinitarians. Does the Hebrew name יְהֹוָה (YHWH), in its over 6,800 occurences in the Hebrew TaNaKh, usually rendered in English with the (capitalized) LORD, refer to: ...
7
votes
3answers
351 views

Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians denying the divinity of Jesus during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

I'm essentially asking the counter-question to this one. Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians (post-New Testament) openly denying the divinity of Jesus in the 1st and 2nd ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, The ...
5
votes
0answers
229 views

How did the early church fathers refute Adoptionism?

Adoptionism is a Christological heresy which denies the pre-existence of Jesus, and therefore denies Jesus's title as "God the Son" in the Trinitarian conception of the Christian God. See the ...
-3
votes
1answer
246 views

What is the biblical support for 'God the Son' becoming the human Jesus? [closed]

John 1:14 says the logos became flesh. There is no mention of Jesus anywhere before his conception except in prophecy and reference of the one to come, never by name. God the Son, as God, cannot die ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What is an overview of the early Church's viewpoints on Christology at the time of the Apostolic Era?

What were the beliefs of the early Church regarding the nature of Jesus during the Apostolic Era? By Apostolic Era, I mean the time of the Apostles and their immediate successors who knew them ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

How do Biblical Unitarians interpret Malachi 3:1-5?

Malachi 3:1-5 (ESV): “Behold, I send my messenger, and he will prepare the way before me. And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple; and the messenger of the covenant in whom you ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” ...
13
votes
2answers
6k views

From where do Jehovah's Witnesses derive the doctrine that Jesus was and now is Michael the Archangel?

According to some Watchtower literature, it is taught that Michael the Archangel is Jesus and that Jesus, after He ascended into heaven, resumed the name of Michael. "It proves Michael the ...
10
votes
3answers
766 views

How do Trinitarians understand what it means for Jesus to grow 'in favor' with God?

Luke 2:52 says "And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man." (Berean Study Bible) From a unitarian perspective, the idea that Jesus, who is a man, grew in favour ...
4
votes
0answers
118 views

How did Arius interpret Colossians 2:9?

Colossians 2:9 HCSB For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ, NASB: For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form, How did Arius interpret Colossians ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

What analogies have been suggested for kenosis?

I was trying to represent the word "Kenosis" (Philippians 2:5-8) in a graphic way in order to understand it better. I know it sounds strange, but I imagine this concept as an almost empty ...
65
votes
13answers
102k views

Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, I'...
4
votes
3answers
157 views

Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus?

Is there any historical evidence that the early church believed in the divinity of Jesus? What about the first century? What about the second century (and so on)? Was the belief in the divinity of ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Who (or what) died on the cross? [duplicate]

Scripture informs that God is immortal (1 Tim 6:16) God the (eternal) Son cannot experience death, yet the human incarnation, Jesus, did. John 3:16 "...God gave His only Son..." Am I missing ...
7
votes
3answers
986 views

What is the biblical basis for Jesus' eternal pre-existence (as opposed to having been created a long time ago)?

I know that many verses can be cited to argue for Jesus' pre-mortal existence (e.g. here). I'm also perfectly aware that a question asking for the biblical basis for Jesus being God incarnate has ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Which Christian denominations do NOT believe that Jesus existed prior to his conception?

Basically the title: Which Christian denominations do NOT believe that Jesus existed in some manner before his conception? If there are way too many, a reasonable answer listing the most notable ones ...
7
votes
1answer
73 views

How do Biblical Unitarians understand what some theologians refer as the Kenosis in Philippians 2?

Philippians 2:5-9 describes the attitude of humility, love, and service which Christ Jesus possessed while on earth: Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he ...
3
votes
6answers
625 views

According to Jehovah Witnesses, in what way is Jesus human?

From what I understand, Jehovah Witnesses believe in a form of Arianism that claims Jesus is “the son of God”, but he is inferior to “God the Father”, as he is usually understood as “God’s first ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

How do deniers of Jesus' divinity explain that the angel at Revelation 22:9 did not include Jesus in the list of beings that can be worshipped?

Note: this is an adaptation of a question asked on Hermenutics.SE. Check it out if interested in answers from different viewpoints. When John fell down to worship the angel that had just showed him ...
8
votes
2answers
668 views

What is the Biblical Basis for Christ returning with a physical body at the Second Coming?

I've heard Christians claim that at the Second Coming Christ will return with a physical human body, what is the Bible basis for this belief? It is clear that he has a physical flesh body once: And ...
4
votes
3answers
222 views

What is the biblical basis for Jesus' pre-incarnate existence?

Basically the opposite of this question. What are the most notable biblical passages that believers in the pre-incarnate existence of Jesus resort to to defend their position? How do they usually ...
3
votes
2answers
222 views

If Christ Has Been Given All Authority Why Does He Need to Make Intercession For Us?

The bible tells us both that Jesus has been given all authority but he also is ever making intercession for us with God the Father. Has there ever been any theological explanation by anyone on why ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

What is an example of a deductive argument that Biblical Unitarians would present to prove that Jesus is not God?

I'm interested in learning about how Biblical Unitarians arrive at the conclusion that Jesus is not God from a deductive reasoning standpoint (for examples of deductive arguments, see this question). ...
6
votes
2answers
306 views

Since there is only one God who is not formed then how can the Jehovah’s Witnesses claim that Jesus is a created god?

If there is only one God, how can Jesus be another "god" as taught by the Jehovah's Witnesses? Isaiah quotes Jehovah in Isaiah 43:10-11 the very verse from which the Jehovah's Witnesses ...
4
votes
2answers
116 views

For Biblical Unitarians, are there divine attributes that the Father has but the Son doesn't?

I've seen multiple times (biblical) unitarians claim that being divine does not imply being God, and that we can view Jesus as divine (i.e. as having divine attributes) without being "God" ...
5
votes
3answers
429 views

Do any church writers compare or contrast Jesus and the burning bush?

From the Wikipedia article on Oneness Pentecostalism, Oneness theology specifically maintains that God is absolutely and indivisibly one. It equally proclaims that God is not made of a physical ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

How do non-trinitarians interpret Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV): 5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, 7 but emptied ...
15
votes
2answers
402 views

According to Jehovah's Witnesses, does Jesus make the same claim as God, that he is the “first and the last,”?

Isaiah 44:6, "Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel And his Redeemer, the Lord of host; I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me." But Jesus Christ makes the same claim in ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What is the best way to distinguish when God (the son) is talking in His human nature or in His divine?

In Mark 13:32, Yeshua says: But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. I'm going to use Ellicott's Commentary for ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the Biblical basis for binitarianism?

We hear a lot at times in church, seminary, general discussions, etc about the godhead, so that got me to wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Binitarianism? UPDATE: ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God?

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God and, specifically, Jesus? A common Christian belief is that God is One in Three co-equal, co-eternal Persons--the Father, the Son, and the ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

How do those who reject the divinity of Jesus understand Hebrews 1:6 (“Let all God’s angels worship him.”)? [duplicate]

My understanding is that God is a jealous God and does not tolerate that anyone else be worshiped (Exodus 20:4-5; Luke 4:8). Yet, Hebrews 1:6 (NIV) says: 6 And again, when God brings his firstborn ...
16
votes
4answers
11k views

If Jesus is “God's Only Son” then how can we all be God's children?

In the Apostle's creed it states that "I believe in Jesus Christ God's only son our Lord" (ELCA). But many Christians say that we're all God's children, which is contradictory. What does the Bible ...
4
votes
0answers
135 views

How is Union with Christ understood across Christianity?

1 Corinthians 1:30 (NIV): It is because of him that you are in Christ Jesus, who has become for us wisdom from God—that is, our righteousness, holiness and redemption. Union with Christ is an ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

Is there a Christology that states that Jesus inherited divinity?

Is there a Christological doctrine that teaches that Jesus wasn't originally divine but inherited or became divine, being exalted into divinity by the Father as the result of an act or event?
0
votes
2answers
153 views

Did the early church teach the person of God the Word changed in the incarnation?

According to early Christianity did the person of God the Word change in the incarnation? Is it considered mutability in the person that change?
6
votes
1answer
559 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Paul's apparent equating of Yahweh and Jesus in Ephesians 4?

Recently I was listening to a lecture by Reformed theologian Robert Cara, in which he mentioned how frequently NT writers connect and apply OT Yahweh references to Jesus. A number of examples could ...
3
votes
4answers
137 views

Did God create Jesus' soul?

This is one of a series of questions I have regarding the Christian notion of the Trinity. Assuming Jesus soul was created, and that Jesus has a free will of his own, then any God-like attributes ...
0
votes
5answers
2k views

Isn't Israel the firstborn Son of the Lord?

We read in Exodus 4:22 that the people Israel are God's firstborn son: "Then you shall say to Pharaoh, 'Thus says the LORD, "Israel is My son, My firstborn. (NASB) So now, how can Jesus be the ...
6
votes
2answers
746 views

Do Christadelphians believe Jesus is God?

Do Christadelphians believe that Jesus is completely God and has been God since before the creation of the world? If not, when does Jesus become God (or take on God like attributes)? What is their ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Why aren't Christmas and New Year's Day the same date?

As I understand it, the modern calendar is separated by Jesus's birth (B.C. for "before Christ" and A.D. for Anno Domini). Ignoring the fact that Christ was probably born between 6-4 B.C and ...

1
2 3 4 5
8