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Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, I'...
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7answers
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How is the Christian Jesus different from the Muslim Jesus? [closed]

Obviously they refer to the same human being, however what are some beliefs that Christians hold about Jesus that Muslims do not share. I ask this question in sort of an apologetic spirit so that I ...
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5answers
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus being God incarnate?

In John 17:3 it says that Jesus called the Father the "only true God" and called himself sent by the Father. Also, in Matthew 4:10, Jesus himself says to: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him ...
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10answers
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How can the Son not know what the Father knows?

Matthew 24:36 (NLT) Mark 13:32 (NLT) 36 “However, no one knows the day or hour when these things will happen, not even the angels in heaven or the Son himself. Only the Father knows.” Now ...
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6answers
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How should I understand the emphasis on “begotten, not made” in the Nicene Creed?

I'm trying to understand the importance the repetition of "begotten" in the Nicene creed. It states (emphasis mine): We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,     the only Son ...
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14answers
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What exactly does it mean that Jesus Christ is the son of God?

What does it mean to a Christian that Christ is the son of God? On the one hand, obviously, the normal biological meaning of son does not apply. On the other hand, "we are all children of God", but ...
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2answers
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How do modalists understand the role of Jesus as mediator?

The Bible calls Jesus our mediator: Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. (Romans 8:34, ESV) For ...
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5answers
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Do Protestants believe Jesus and Satan are brothers?

Many, many times, I've seen or heard "Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are brothers". Technically, it's true. Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are sons of God, and by dictionary definition, people can ...
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4answers
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What does it mean that Jesus was the “second Adam”?

I often hear Jesus referred to as the "second Adam" or sometimes as the "last Adam". What meaning does this title carry? Does it mean that things didn't work out so well for Adam and so God had to try ...
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2answers
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What's so bad about monoergism and monothelitism?

Two early heresies that intrigue me a bit are monoergism and monothelitism. Both basically suggest that while Jesus was both human and divine, he only had one "energy" or one "will." Both were ...
16
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1answer
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According to Protestant trinitarians, what is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ?

What is the significance of the father-son relationship between God and Christ in the Trinity? Non-trinitarians believe that Christ is literally the son of God, but that doesn't quite work with the ...
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3answers
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If Jesus is “God's Only Son” then how can we all be God's children?

In the Apostle's creed it states that "I believe in Jesus Christ God's only son our Lord" (ELCA). But many Christians say that we're all God's children, which is contradictory. What does the Bible ...
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9answers
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How have Protestants explained how Jesus could be born of mankind and be sinless?

Very simple question really. If the sin of Adam is passed down through the generations, so that all of us are born with a sin nature, how can it be that Jesus was born of Mary (a human being), yet ...
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4answers
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How could Jesus be surprised?

Matthew 8:5-10 (NLT)  5 When Jesus returned to Capernaum, a Roman officer came and pleaded with him, 6 “Lord, my young servant lies in bed, paralyzed and in terrible pain.”  7 Jesus said,...
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3answers
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If Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) don't believe in a Holy Trinity, then who do they believe is God?

It's a pretty well-known fact that Latter-Day Saint members (aka Mormons) do not believe in the Holy Trinity, i.e., that God, Christ and the Holy Ghost are 'one'. So what exactly do they believe in, ...
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6answers
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According to trinitarians, especially Protestants, who is Wisdom in Proverbs?

In general, Wisdom can be (and is, and was) identified as Jesus. However, there is this verse: Proverbs 8:22 (NLT) 22 "The Lord formed me from the beginning,     &...
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2answers
567 views

What is the earliest use of the phrase “God the Son”?

Does the phrase "God the Son" appear in manuscripts or early translations (Textus Receptus, Vulgate, etc.) of the New Testament scriptures? If not, when did the phrase enter into the Christian ...
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6answers
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If Christ is considered the 'Son of God' then how is He a part of a Trinity?

Note: This is in NO way a troll or a poke at any faith that believes in the doctrine of the Trinity but rather is simply a question for clarity. There are several passages within the bible that ...
15
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1answer
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To JWs, how is Jesus Christ “the same yesterday and today, and forever”?

I'm referring, of course, to Hebrews 13:8. The Jehovah's Witnesses' preferred translation, the New World Translation, translates it in basically the same way as all other translations: Jesus Christ ...
14
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6answers
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Why is Jesus occasionally referred to as “The Christ”? Is there a different definition between the two?

I've occasionally heard of Jesus Christ referred to as "The Christ" and the phrasing has always struck me. What are the differences (if any) between referring to him as Jesus Christ versus "The ...
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5answers
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” ...
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2answers
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How does Christ's hypostatic union affect the temporal nature of the Trinity?

The term hypostatic union is a concise way to say that Jesus was fully God and fully Man at the same time (glossing over the details). There are a number of opinions on the precise details of this ...
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6answers
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Do Rastafarians believe in Jesus as the Way to God?

Do Rastafarians believe that Jesus is the way to God in the same way that Christians believe? I find that their singing speaks a lot about God and spiritual matters.
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2answers
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Did the Romans not breaking Jesus' legs fulfill a prophecy?

I seem to remember that Jesus having already died and not needing his legs broken fulfilled an OT prophecy. Where was this prophecy recorded and what did it say?
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5answers
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How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?

According to orthodox trinitarian doctrine, the Father is God, Jesus is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Jesus is co-eqaul, eternally begotten, not made. With that in mind, how could Jesus have a ...
13
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1answer
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Who is Immanuel?

In Isaiah 7:13-17 13 Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of humans? Will you try the patience of my God also? 14 Therefore the Lord himself will ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between Apollinarianism and Eutychianism?

Both Apollinaris and Eutychius believed in one divine subject Christology that the only and whole person of Christ is a divine person, the Logos. Not a divine-humane person. Their Christology were ...
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1answer
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The Christology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer

I once heard a Reformed theologian critique Dietrich Bonhoeffer for his Christology, but it failed to stick with me because I have not (yet) read any Bonhoeffer and am not very familiar with recent ...
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8answers
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Which scriptures tells us that Jesus laughed or was happy? [closed]

I know that Jesus wept. Where can I find in the bible that Jesus expressed joy, laughter or happiness?
12
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2answers
710 views

According to LDS (Mormon) teaching, what is the relationship between Jesus and Lucifer?

What does the LDS/Mormon church teach about the relationship between Jesus and Lucifer? Are they beings on the same level or of the same origin? What are their natures? What texts are used to teach ...
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8answers
758 views

How do classic Trinitarians answer the implications of Revelation 1:1?

Revelation 1:1 (NIV) reads: The revelation from Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John. So this ...
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2answers
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From where do Jehovah's Witnesses derive the doctrine that Jesus was and now is Michael the Archangel?

According to some Watchtower literature, it is taught that Michael the Archangel is Jesus and that Jesus, after He ascended into heaven, resumed the name of Michael. "It proves Michael the ...
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1answer
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What is christomonism?

The term christomonism has sometimes been leveled against Karl Barth, John MacArthur, and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. But there doesn't seem to be a canonical definition; most mentions of the term are ...
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3answers
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What Scriptures did Arius use to support teaching that Jesus was created?

Arius probably quoted the following: Revelation 3:14: These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God. Psalm 8:5–6: thou madest Him ...
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1answer
710 views

When did “he descended into hell” become part of the Apostles' Creed?

There seems to be much more debate over one clause of the Apostles' Creed than the entire rest of it put together, and that is the "descent into hell" (or "hades") clause, also known as the "harrowing ...
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1answer
377 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
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6answers
3k views

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael?

Congregations such as the Jehovah's Witness and Seventh day Adventists believe that Jesus is Michael. What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael? Jehovah's Witness ...it is ...
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7answers
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If Jesus is God, who/where does Jesus pray to?

I realize that some of Christianity believe God and Jesus to be one being, whereas some believe them to be separate and distinct beings. I come from the background of the latter group, which reasoning ...
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1answer
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According to Orthodox Christianity, did God die on the cross at Calvary?

According to Orthodox Christianity Jesus was in his entire earthly life both God and man. I accept fully that Jesus the man indeed died on the cross, but did Jesus the God die also? Did, in effect, ...
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2answers
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How would Mormon christology be classified?

Is Mormon christology Trinitarian in the sense of seeing Jesus as having always existed? Or is it Arian as seeing him as the first being created by God and used as the agent in creation of everything ...
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1answer
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Was the Trinity still a Trinity when Jesus died?

Christians believe a few basic things: God exists as Three Persons in One Being Jesus died on the cross (and rose again) Jesus was God. During #2, however, there seems to be a bit of a problem. How ...
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2answers
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What is the biblical support for the Nicene creed's statement of the Son being “eternally begotten”?

What is the biblical support for the Nicene Creed's statement of the Son being "eternally begotten"?
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3answers
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What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
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3answers
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How does Samson foreshadow Christ?

Samson is an Old Testament character that is often depicted from the pulpit as a womanizer of marginal character. However, there seems to be a growing perspective that Samson foreshadows first advent ...
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7answers
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What is the biblical/logical basis for rejecting the “physical” interpretation of Christ's being the Only Begotten Son?

Is there any verse in the Bible or a logical construction disproving the "physical" position on Christ's being the Only Begotten Son? I had a conversation with a Mormon and he told me that Lucifer ...
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4answers
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Relationships between God the Father, Mary and the two natures of Jesus Christ

Would it be okay to say this: Jesus Christ is both God and Man, which means that He possesses both divine and human nature. Divine nature in Him is from God the Father and the human nature in ...
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4answers
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How is Matthew 24:36 explained by trinitarians?

In Matthew 24:36 Jesus is quoted saying, that even he does not know when the end of the world will come, only God (the Father) alone. I'm interested in how the major trinitarian denominations explain ...
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2answers
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Does Jesus's soul exist before his incarnation?

I am referring to clause III in "The Anathematisms of the Emperor Justinian Against Origen": If anyone says or thinks that the soul of the Lord pre-existed and was united with God the Word before ...
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4answers
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Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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3answers
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What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...