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Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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Do any church writers compare or contrast Jesus and the burning bush?

From the Wikipedia article on Oneness Pentecostalism, Oneness theology specifically maintains that God is absolutely and indivisibly one. It equally proclaims that God is not made of a physical ...
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What is Roman Catholic Church's official view on the nature of Christ?

One question that has haunted the Catholic Church from the very beginning is about the way divine and human are related in the person of Jesus Christ. The differences in doctrines have lead to the ...
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Difference between Eutychianism and Monophysitism

I was reading about some Catholic Christological heresies. Then I came across Monophysitisism and Eutychianism. Both discuss the divine and human nature of Christ. They both theorize that Christ had ...
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Was Jesus omniscient regarding earthly matters?

There are several questions regarding the omniscience of Jesus, but they mostly concern the Final Judgement, etc., not earthly concerns or human knowledge. This question boils down basically to two ...
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What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
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Did Ignatius believe in the doctrine of Eternal Generation of the Son?

Ignatius wrote in A.D. 110 that Jesus was gennetos kai agennetos, meaning “begotten and not begotten.” Did Ignatius believe in the doctrine of Eternal Generation of the Son? Why did he say that Jesus ...
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What does it mean for Christ to have been slain before the creation of the world? [closed]

The book of Revelation describes Jesus as "slain before the foundations of the earth": All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast--all whose names have not been written in the book of life ...
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How does transubstantiation account for the amount of Christ's body eaten over the last 2000 years?

If whenever communion occurs the bread and wine literally become Christ's body and blood then how is there enough of Christ's body to last for undoubtedly thousands of communion events every day for ...
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Where Does Jesus Say “I will save humanity”?

I had an old friend ask the following: "Where in the Bible does Jesus say, "I will go save humanity"" (Or something along those lines). I tried to explain God is Jesus, and it was his will. But they ...
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How do modalists understand the role of Jesus as mediator?

The Bible calls Jesus our mediator: Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. (Romans 8:34, ESV) For ...
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How is Jesus God's final word? (Protestant Perspective)

The Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church states plainly (emphasis added): In Jesus Christ, God himself came to earth. He is God's last Word. Indeed, some modern English translations of the New ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain John 8:58-59 in a way that accords with their doctrine?

The Jehovah's witness' version of the bible the NWT translates these verses as: 58 Jesus said to them: “Most truly I say to you, before Abraham came into existence, I have been.” 59 So they picked ...
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How is Jesus God's final word? (Catholic Perspective)

The Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church says plainly (emphasis added): In Jesus Christ, God himself came to earth. He is God's last Word. Indeed, Hebrews 1:1-2 says, God, having spoken ...
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Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
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Does Jesus's soul exist before his incarnation?

I am referring to clause III in "The Anathematisms of the Emperor Justinian Against Origen": If anyone says or thinks that the soul of the Lord pre-existed and was united with God the Word before ...
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Is Ecclesiology more closely related to Christology or Pneumatology?

Lately I've been thinking about my own view of ecclesiology (doctrine of the Church), and have been leaning toward to seeing it as an element of Christology—specifically, I've been thinking that the ...
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What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
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Why is it important for people who believe in Trinity that Jesus is God?

I've heard a lot of discussion lately about whether Jesus is God, or not. I know there are arguments for Trinity, and arguments against. But I am wondering, why is it so important for those who ...
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Does the Bible say that it is better to have been born after Christ?

I have often imagined living as a Jew before Christ and can never really hold the thought that I would enjoy it that much. At first it seemed like a bit of a poor attitude on my part, but then I ...
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Is the al-Hallaj of the Yazidi religion Jesus?

I am a follower of Christ and am going to be a missionary. I am studying the culture and religion of the Yazidi (also spelled Yezidi) and I don't understand al-Hallaj. According to the Yazidi, is al-...
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Is Mary, “Mother of God,” the mother of the Son or of the whole Trinity?

I find the Catholic title "Mother of God" for the Virgin Mary confusing. It is clear that she was the mother of Jesus, the Son. But the title suggests (indeed, not literally, but still) that Mary is ...
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Is “Christ” a title of Jesus, or a name? [duplicate]

I was at Bible Study the other night where we watched the new Bible Series that was aired on TV. Someone had asked a question (sorry I forget what), and my Pastor responded by saying something along ...
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Jesus' divinity among denominations

Are there any current Protestant denominations which do not believe that Jesus was born divine (i.e. that Jesus was God at birth)? Even if they consider Christ's spirit as divine, are there any that ...
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Why did God hide away the fact that He had the Son in the Old Testament times? [closed]

Paul speaks about the fullness of times (I think, in Romans), upon the arrival of which the grace was manifested in the Son of God, but I wonder why was it needed for the Father to conceal the fact ...
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If Jesus ascended to heaven as Michael the angel why is he still called a man?

Jehovah's Witnesses believe Jesus was resurrected as a spirit creature Michael the archangel. If this is so, why do they still call him a man? 1 Timothy 2:5 (King James Version): For there is one ...
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How do Trinitarians explain the Father granting life to the Son (John 5:26)?

For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. (John 5:26, NIV) How do trinitarians explain the fact that the Father has granted life to the Son?
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What is the biblical basis for the claim that Jesus took on the sins of mankind?

It's been said that there is no biblical basis for the assumption that Jesus ever took on the sins of mankind, before, during or after his death. What is the biblical proof that Jesus did take on the ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael?

Congregations such as the Jehovah's Witness and Seventh day Adventists believe that Jesus is Michael. What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael? Jehovah's Witness ...it is ...
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What is the Catholic understanding of the idea that Jesus descended into Hell?

The Christian understanding that everyone was born with origin sin, and then when Jesus/God was killed at the cross, and then he was resurrected from death after 3 days. From what I understand, there ...
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What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin did not believe that Jesus is Michael?

Upon seeing certain statements in John Calvin and John Wesley's writings some have concluded that these men believed Jesus is Michael. What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin ...
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How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?

According to orthodox trinitarian doctrine, the Father is God, Jesus is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Jesus is co-eqaul, eternally begotten, not made. With that in mind, how could Jesus have a ...
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What denominations believe that Jesus Christ has a current physical body? [closed]

As a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, I believe that Christ after his death took up his physical body and that it was this now-perfected body that he showed the disciples, ...
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Did Jesus/God/Jehovah know that Jesus would die on the cross BEFORE coming to Earth? [closed]

I have a question, summarized pretty much by the title, did Jesus and/or God (depending on whether you accept the trinity doctrine) know that he would be crucified before being born a mortal man? I ...
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Which scripture was Paul quoting in 1 Corinthians 15:45?

Paul says while teaching about resurrection of the dead and resurrected body: 1 Corinthians 15:45 (NET) So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living person”; the last Adam ...
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In Psalms 2:7, does the expression 'this day' forbid the thought that Jesus is eternal?

Psalms 2:7: 'Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee' Does the expression 'this day' forbid the thought that Jesus is eternal? Sorry for being not an expert, but that expression makes me ...
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On which parts in the gospels is Weatherhead's argument about Mary, mother of Jesus, founded?

I read that Leslie Dixon Weatherhead, an English Christian theologian, made every effort to present Mary as a very pure, sincere, immature, young maiden who simply had interpreted the Angel's ...
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Are there Christian denominations debating whether Jesus was really the son of God?

I don't know what others christian denominations say, but it is sure that Catholic Church doesn't pose any doubt that Jesus was the son of God, nor a discussion about this believing is in its agenda. ...
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What is the Biblical basis for binitarianism?

We hear a lot at times in church, seminary, general discussions, etc about the godhead, so that got me to wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Binitarianism? UPDATE: ...
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What is the Scriptural basis for Modalism?

We hear a lot at times about the godhead, so that got me wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Modalism?
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In what sense is Jesus understood to be “the only begotten son of God” in LDS teaching?

In a comment made on a previous question I asked, someone directed me to Moses 1:35 in the Pearl of Great Price. I read the context and saw Moses 1:32–33, which interested me as well. The text is as ...
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Why is the Son of God called the Eternal Father in the book of Alma?

I happened across the following verses in the book of Alma: Now Zeezrom saith again unto him: Is the Son of God the very Eternal Father? And Amulek said unto him: Yea, he is the very Eternal Father ...
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Why did Pope Francis tell atheists “just be good”? [duplicate]

“Just do good and we’ll find a meeting point,” The Pope I don't think just being good gets you in heaven. Is the Pope singling out atheists to rethink how to win them over? Is he waiting for the ...
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The Trinity before the birth of Jesus

If Jesus was born at a certain date in history, do trinitarian Christians believe that the Trinity did not exist before that date? Alternatively, is some sort of incorporeal Jesus believed to have ...
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Was the Trinity still a Trinity when Jesus died?

Christians believe a few basic things: God exists as Three Persons in One Being Jesus died on the cross (and rose again) Jesus was God. During #2, however, there seems to be a bit of a problem. How ...
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Is the title of Jesus “Son of God” synonymous with “Messiah”?

How did the New Testament writers view Jesus' title of "Son of God"? What did the early church believes about what it means?
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Is there an evidence about the doctrine of Christophany in the New Testament?

The doctrine about Christophany teaches that before the eternal Son was incarnated he already appeared in the Old Testament as the Angel of the Lord. The question is if there is a New Testament ...
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Why would Jesus begin to be called the Son of God?

The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. (Luke 1:35, NIV) This verse seems ...
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Which scriptures tells us that Jesus laughed or was happy? [closed]

I know that Jesus wept. Where can I find in the bible that Jesus expressed joy, laughter or happiness?
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Were all the various systems of Gnosticism Docetist?

From Pelikan's first volume of The Christian Tradition: [The Savior] is also a way of distinguishing between Gnostic and non-Gnostic species of Christianity, for one of the characteristics of ...
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Was Jesus two separate individuals in one body?

I have always been told, and I thoroughly believe that Jesus was wholly God and wholly man. Since there are multiple occasions in the Bible where pre-incarnate Jesus apparently appeared to people, ...