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Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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According to the Eastern Orthodox, in what sense did the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) give birth to Christ's divinity?

Nestorianism would claim that Mary only gave birth to Christ's humanity. When I thought about it and considered it, I realized my prior attitude towards the Virgin Birth had been somewhat Nestorian, ...
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“Jesus Christ, son of God” or “Jesus Christ is God”? [duplicate]

If Jesus Christ is God, why are there passages stating that Jesus is the son of God?
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153 views

How did the Church fathers of the first four centuries understand 2 Corinthians 5:21?

God made the one who did not know sin to be sin for us, so that in him we would become the righteousness of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21, NET) I'm interested in an overview of the understanding of the ...
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1answer
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What is the biblical basis for the belief that the Lord Jesus Christ does NOT presently possess blood in his incorruptible body?

Some Christians do not believe that the Lord Jesus Christ presently possesses blood in his incorruptible body. What is the biblical basis for such a belief? For example, the Christian Apologetics and ...
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1answer
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Have any critiques of Lindbeck's principles been offered by academics?

George Lindbeck's principles for doing 'good' Christology are as follows: Monotheism - There is only one God Historic Specificity - Centred on Jesus of Nazareth Christological Maximalism - all ...
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1answer
533 views

Which Ante-Nicene Church Fathers believed that Jesus is the “eternal Son” of the Father?

Economic trinitarianism, in the pre-Nicene sense of the phrase, says that God is a monad who becomes tripartite for the purposes of creation and redemption. Forms of this view were held by Justin ...
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5answers
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” ...
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Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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Why is there a need for a perfect sacrifice? Why does Jesus have to be perfect?

Theologically, why was it necessary that Jesus be perfect? Couldn’t there be another ordinary human who said “I will be the sacrifice and take on all the sins of the world past, present, and future ...
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702 views

What do non-trinitarians mean when they call Jesus the “Son of God”?

On a different question I got an answer and some comments. One of which said: Generally, when a Christian says that Jesus is the "Son of God" they are referring to the doctrine of the Trinity, ...
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1answer
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Confusion regarding the son of God [duplicate]

I myself am not a Christian but Iin college I have a Christian Friend. I know that Christians regard Christ as son of God spiritually not bodily. I asked my friend, "Why do you call Eesa (Christ) (...
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According to Catholicism, why do we worship Christ?

According to the Catholic understanding of Christology, Worship and the Trinity; would it be accurate to state that we worship Jesus because He is the Person who is the 2nd Person of the Trinity? ...
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1answer
696 views

If someone claims himself to be Jesus Christ does The Bible tell me to immediately disbelieve him? [closed]

I, as a Christian, believe everything in The Bible. Then I meet a man who claims himself to be Jesus Christ. Can I immediately disbelieve that man based on some arguments from The Bible?
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1answer
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What is the biblical basis against the idea that Jesus descended into hell?

Related question: What is the Biblical basis for the concept that Jesus spent time in Hell? The question linked above provides a number of biblical arguments in support of the "descent into hell" (or ...
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1answer
579 views

Where does Jesus Say He is God? [duplicate]

Many parts in the bible where he said he can't do anything by himself, but by the will of God. If you look at the sentences above almost all the prophets before him used the same words. When he said ...
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1answer
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What is the evidence that the Angel of the Lord in the old Testament is probably Jesus?

In Judges 6:11-12 we read: The angel of the Lord came and sat down under the oak in Ophrah that belonged to Joash the Abiezrite, where his son Gideon was threshing wheat in a winepress to keep it ...
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1answer
710 views

When did “he descended into hell” become part of the Apostles' Creed?

There seems to be much more debate over one clause of the Apostles' Creed than the entire rest of it put together, and that is the "descent into hell" (or "hades") clause, also known as the "harrowing ...
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2answers
427 views

Was Jesus' human nature included in the Trinity?

Since Jesus had two natures, one divine and one human, is human nature included in the Trinity, or just the divine nature? What did the early Christians and the traditions have to say about this?
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What is the basis for King Melchizedek actually being Jesus? Where did this idea come from?

I have heard people state that King Melchizedek was actually Jesus. What is the biblical basis for this idea? Where in church history did this idea begin?
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1answer
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According to Emanuel Swedenborg, will a good person who rejects Jesus go to heaven?

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, or the New Church, can a good person go to heaven if he or she rejects Jesus? If all religions are inherently good, it would mean the a good person who believes only ...
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2answers
279 views

In what way did the ante-nicene church read Sapiental passages like Proverbs 8:22 christologically?

Commentators like Ellicott indicate that the ante-nicene Christian writers (from A.D. 100 to the Council of Nicaea) read Proverbs 8:22 christologically, that is, in reference to Christ. In what way ...
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3answers
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Could Christ who carried our sins on the cross forgive those same sins?

Christ who bore our sins on the Cross: 1 Peter 2:24 (NASB77) 24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you ...
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1answer
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What is an overview of beliefs on “Jesus is the Word (Logos) of God”?

Recently, I've been racked at the possible ways this belief might be construed when someone says it. I suspect that the primary Biblical basis for it is John 1, but as we know, there can be many ...
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How do Trinitarians explain that the Logos is a person?

This question is inspired by What "Word" is John talking about in John 1:1? He argues that the Logos is an impersonal Word of God which He used to create the world just as our own words are impersonal....
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2answers
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“The Son of Man”, Jesus' favorite designation of himself, in view of Numbers 23:19-20?

(This question has been closed though OP rephrased it.I will risk asking it rephrased again): Given this quote from Numbers 23:18–20 Then he took up his discourse and said, "Arise, O Balak, ...
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4answers
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What is the Christological difference between the early Church fathers and the Arians?

There is a debate on whether or not precursor to Arianism can be found among the earliest church fathers before the First Ecumenical Council at Nicaea. Among the early Christian authors whom the early ...
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2answers
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Does Jesus call himself divine in the synoptic gospels? [duplicate]

John's Gospel teaches clearly that Jesus is divine. And he was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. (John 1:10) The Jesus depicted by that Gospel appears to ...
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2answers
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Was Calvin a Nestorian?

Was John Calvin a Nestorian? I ask because of the (at least superficial similarity) between the extra calvinisticum and Nestorian thought, and because his theology of the Lord's Supper has ...
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1answer
377 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
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2answers
485 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism, the belief that Christ's body, ...
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What is the difference between the Christologies of Nestorianism and Pelagianism?

Both Nestorius and Pelagius believed in a composite subject Christology that the person of Christ is a divine-humane person, the Logos and His tabernacle. Their Christology were condemned at Ephesus (...
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What is the difference between Apollinarianism and Eutychianism?

Both Apollinaris and Eutychius believed in one divine subject Christology that the only and whole person of Christ is a divine person, the Logos. Not a divine-humane person. Their Christology were ...
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1answer
370 views

To JWs, how is Jesus Christ “the same yesterday and today, and forever”?

I'm referring, of course, to Hebrews 13:8. The Jehovah's Witnesses' preferred translation, the New World Translation, translates it in basically the same way as all other translations: Jesus Christ ...
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What is the Biblical basis that it was was the second person of the Trinity that walked in the garden of Eden?

Genesis 3:8 tells us: Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the ...
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According to Catholicism, why is the Holy Spirit never spoken of as the Father of Jesus?

The sixth article of the creed recites: He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. Now a woman conceives by the agency of a man who becomes the father of that ...
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What Scriptures did Arius use to support teaching that Jesus was created?

Arius probably quoted the following: Revelation 3:14: These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God. Psalm 8:5–6: thou madest Him ...
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2answers
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Where is Jesus's Soul according to tripartite theology?

When Lord Jesus came to the earth, He was fully God and fully human. Many Christians believe that the human has three parts – body, soul and the spirit – and the word says He came in flesh. Then we ...
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553 views

What is the difference between humans as “image of God” and Jesus as “image of God”?

What is the difference between humans as "image of God" and Jesus as "image of God" ? Humans are God's image: Genesis 1:26-27 26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, The ...
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1answer
382 views

On the Catholic Perspective on the incarnation of Jesus, according to St.Thomas Aquinas: Two natures, one Person

To understand St.Thomas theology, we must understand the metaphysics that goes hand in hand with his theology. For the notion of Person, the previous notion of Suppositum or Hypostasis seems to be ...
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2answers
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How do Trinitarians reconcile Jesus is a spirit?

From my understanding of the Trinity (please correct me if I am wrong), the Trinity is God the Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three separate beings (or personalities) but one God. They ...
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2answers
475 views

Is Jesus God, as well as the son of God in LDS?

I have not yet been able to find the answer to this question, about LDS Mormon beliefs. I think, because Mormon belief is different from orthodox / mainstream Christianity, that this question provokes ...
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2answers
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What is the biblical basis for the belief held by Jehovah's Witnesses that Jehovah and Jesus Christ are separate entities?

According to Jehovah's witnesses what evidences are there in the Bible that Jehovah is not Jesus Christ? What passages separate them, or declare them as different?
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Do Protestants believe Jesus and Satan are brothers?

Many, many times, I've seen or heard "Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are brothers". Technically, it's true. Mormons believe Jesus and Satan are sons of God, and by dictionary definition, people can ...
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What blood type has been found on the relics of Jesus Christ here on earth? [closed]

In contemporary times the best known, studied and discussed relic attributed to Jesus is the Shroud of Turin, currently kept in Turin and personal possession of the Pope. According to tradition, the ...
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2answers
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What are the most prominent christologies in all of Christendom?

There is no doubt that the most prominently accepted view of the nature of Christ is Trinitarianism, but I'm curious to know what other christologies would make the "top ten" of the most prominent ...
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4answers
675 views

Why must the hypostatic union be viewed as taking place at Jesus' conception?

What are the reasons why Trinitarian orthodoxy holds that the Word had to make his hypostatic union with the man Jesus Christ at the point of his conception in Mary's womb rather than later at his ...
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Why do adherents to Hypostatic Union believe that God the Son (Jesus) must be fully Human?

Orthodox teaches that Jesus assumed the full human nature. Why is it necessary that he is fully human?
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2answers
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How would Mormon christology be classified?

Is Mormon christology Trinitarian in the sense of seeing Jesus as having always existed? Or is it Arian as seeing him as the first being created by God and used as the agent in creation of everything ...
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555 views

Alpha, Omega, & everlasting God?

One time Jesus said: "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending" (cf. Revelation 22:13). But at another time Jesus said that He is the everlasting God, which supposedly has no ending. Can ...