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Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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How does one reconcile the changelessness of God with Jesus' incarnation? [closed]

The Bible says that God "remains the same" (Ps 102:27), and that "Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever" (Heb 13:8). This seems to mean that he is changeless. However, Jesus was not ...
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2answers
164 views

Is the validity of the ransom contingent on Jesus being God?

In discussing the trinity, I've often heard people say that "only God could perform the ransom" or that "only the creator of life could defeat death." What is the basis for these claims? To give some ...
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3answers
322 views

Is God the Son's divine nature human?

According to the hypostatic union, God the Son assumed a human nature, so that he is both fully divine and fully human. The two natures, although distinct, are not separated. Does this mean god the ...
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1answer
107 views

What is the premise from which “the greater works” promise was made by Jesus?

If kenosis is the reason why the glory of the incarnate Son of God was veiled, is that also the reason why He made the statement of John 14:12? Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth ...
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1answer
64 views

What, according to Catholic Church, does the name “Son of Man” signify?

We see Jesus referring to Himself as "Son of Man" in all four Gospels (e.g., in Matthew 8:20, 9:6, 11:19; Mark 10:45, 13:26; Luke 5:24, 6:22, 7:34; and John 1:51, 3:14, 6:27, etc.). What, according to ...
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4answers
316 views

Reason for the references to Christ hundreds of years before first century, in Book of Mormon

A common understanding among Christians is that Jesus "fulfilled the law" because of keeping the Mosaic law perfectly until his sacrificial death. After Jesus fulfilled the law, the animal sacrifices ...
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8answers
425 views

According to Trinitarianism, is Jesus God Almighty?

First of all I want a Trinitarian answer. Is it proper to say that Jesus is God Almighty? The Scriptures are very clear but they (and the church fathers) are very clear that the Father is God ...
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2answers
242 views

Weight of importance on the belief that Jesus is Michael for Jehovah's Witnesses?

According to this and this other question, Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jesus is the same as Michael the Archangel. I am curious about the importance of this viewpoint. Is this a "core tenet" ...
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3answers
222 views

Is God the Son the God of God the Son?

Calvin's Commentary of John 20 says... It is, unquestionably, an invaluable blessing, that believers can safely and firmly believe, that He who is the God of Christ is their God, and that He who is ...
11
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1answer
1k views

According to Orthodox Christianity, did God die on the cross at Calvary?

According to Orthodox Christianity Jesus was in his entire earthly life both God and man. I accept fully that Jesus the man indeed died on the cross, but did Jesus the God die also? Did, in effect, ...
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1answer
238 views

How do Modalist and Oneness Pentecostals interpret Revelation 3:12?

In Revelation, after the resurrection, Yeshua says... "Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, ...
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2answers
239 views

In consideration of Numbers 23:19, can God be a human? (Catholic perspective)

In the King James Version of the Bible, it is mentioned in Num. 23:19 that God is not a human: 19 God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, ...
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1answer
89 views

Is God the Son's blood divine and infinite or human and finite (Western Catholic)

This question is related to Is God the Son's blood divine and infinite or human and finite (Protestant interpretation), but I didn't realize there may be different interpretations. My question ...
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3answers
335 views

Is God the Son's blood divine and infinite or human and finite (Protestant interpretation)

Something I hear a lot is "Jesus has to be God because it took an infinite sacrifice to appease the infinite anger of an infinite God", or something like that. My question concerns whether God the ...
5
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1answer
283 views

Is it accurate to say Jehovah's Witnesses do not view Jesus as divine?

I am fully aware that Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jehovah and Jesus are separate beings. However their translation of John 1:1 says that "the word (logos) was a god. Do Jehovah's Witnesses ...
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2answers
573 views

Is it permissible for a Catholic to believe in Miaphysitism?

The Chalcedonean Definition is the official Christology of the Catholic Church. It states that Christ is a single person with two natures: human and divine. These two natures are neither divided nor ...
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3answers
186 views

What is the Biblical evidence in favor of a pre-incarnate Jesus?

What is the Biblical evidence that Jesus did exist prior to his conception in Mary's womb by the Holy Spirit?
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1answer
127 views

Which denominations teach that Christ received the Holy Spirit at His Baptism by John?

A Christian from an unspecified confession made the statement to me recently that "The holy spirit was fully given to Christ at his baptism in order to give it to others through his resurrection". ...
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2answers
299 views

How do Trinitarians interpret John 14:10?

John 14:10 Don't you believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me? The words I say to you I do not speak on my own authority. Rather, it is the Father, living in me, who is doing ...
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1answer
443 views

How do monothelites explain Jesus' prayer in the garden of Gethsemane?

...monothelitism is the view that Jesus Christ has two natures but only one will. - Wikipedia In the garden, Jesus prayed: Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but ...
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2answers
799 views

What is the biblical evidence against a pre-incarnate Jesus?

According to groups that reject Jesus having a pre-incarnate existence, what Biblical evidence do they cite for the position that Jesus, the Messiah, did not exist prior to his conception in Mary's ...
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3answers
3k views

When was Jesus anointed and who did the anointing?

I know that "Christ" or "Messiah" means "anointed or anointed one" and that Jesus commonly has the title of "Christ." One thing I do not recall is an account of Him being anointed. To that end, what ...
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2answers
345 views

What is the biblical support for the Nicene creed's statement of the Son being “eternally begotten”?

What is the biblical support for the Nicene Creed's statement of the Son being "eternally begotten"?
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1answer
576 views

According to evangelicalism, did Jesus' divine nature suffer on the cross?

From the evangelical perspective, considering that Jesus has both human and divine natures in one person, did His divine nature suffer on the cross along with his human nature?
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5answers
700 views

According to the doctrine of Trinity, was Jesus always co-equal to the Father?

So I'm trying to understand the Trinity. I always thought of it like this: Jesus was 100% divine when he was with the Father. In other words, he was fully co-equal to the Father. Then, when he became ...
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1answer
233 views

What is the biblical evidence against the idea that God, pre-Fall, always intended Jesus' crucifixion?

The "tree of the knowledge of good and evil" which God placed in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:17) has long been acknowledged by Christians as a symbol of humanity's free will. Having placed this here,...
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1answer
279 views

What is the biblical basis for the imputation of Christ's righteousness to believers?

In Christendom as a whole, and within evangelicalism and Reformed theology more specifically, one of the controversial aspects of the doctrine of justification is the imputation of the righteousness ...
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1answer
700 views

When did Jesus assume human nature?

Did Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity, only assume impersonal (anhypostatic) human nature (body and soul), during incarnation, in which he was born of Mary? Or, did he already have human ...
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1answer
240 views

What is the meaning of 'scandalous' associated with the crucifixion of Jesus?

There is a song, "Beautiful Scandalous Night." Also, I have heard this term used with regards to the crucifixion. I assume this does not have the colloquial meaning. What does it mean?
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1answer
263 views

How does Reformed Theology reconcile Jesus' meaningful temptation and impeccability?

According to Reformed Theology (the predominant view or an overview of slight variations within), how is the impeccability of Jesus reconciled with the idea that his temptations were authentic to the ...
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6answers
1k views

If Jesus is God then how could he die?

According to trinitarian theology, Jesus is both 100% man and 100% God. It is said that Jesus, being 100% God, died. Therefore, God died. I know that 1/3 of God did not die, because that would be ...
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4answers
471 views

Jesus rejects equality with God - How does this statement reconcile with traditional teachings?

What does this mean Jesus rejects equality with God? I was always taught Jesus and the Father where separate but equal? Granted you cant find it in the bible. Did they mean to say separate but both ...
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1answer
185 views

What does Tertullian mean by the Son being a “portion of the Father's substance”?

What does Tertullian mean by the Son being a "portion of the Father's substance"? "For the Father is the entire substance, but the Son is a derivation and portion of the whole" (Against Praxeas, ...
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2answers
584 views

According to Protestants, what is the biblical basis of Jesus being “one substance with the father”?

The only place in scripture where the relationship of the substance of Jesus with the substance of God that I can find in the scriptures is To the Hebrews:1:3 which actually says that they are of ...
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1answer
164 views

What is the earliest indication of controversy regarding the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1?

Historically, what are the earliest writings that indicate controversy or differing opinions regarding the interpretation of the anarthrous θεός in John 1:1? This debate continues today between those ...
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1answer
80 views

In Presbyterianism, what is the basis for a parallel between the office of deacon and Christ's priestly office?

In Presbyterianism, there are three "titles" that can be given to officers of a church: Teaching elder (e.g., pastors) Ruling elder Deacon Last weekend I heard something rather novel, at least to ...
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1answer
265 views

Is Jesus seen as both the Passover Lamb and Goat(s) of the Atonement in any Protestant Theology? [closed]

It is often said that Jesus fulfilled the Jewish spring feasts when he first came and the expectation is that he will fulfill the fall feasts when we returns. Also, that Jesus died at the time of ...
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2answers
567 views

What is the earliest use of the phrase “God the Son”?

Does the phrase "God the Son" appear in manuscripts or early translations (Textus Receptus, Vulgate, etc.) of the New Testament scriptures? If not, when did the phrase enter into the Christian ...
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1answer
154 views

What LDS scriptures support the doctrine that Jesus is Jehovah of the Old Testament?

What passages of the LDS edition of the KJV and other authoritative writings and recorded teachings of the LDS support the teaching that Jesus is Jehovah of the Old Testament?
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2answers
228 views

How do Mormons interpret Phillipians 2:6?

In the context of the doctrine of exaltation, which says that God was a man who was exalted to Godhead, and Jesus after him, interpret Phillipians 2:6, which says that Jesus was "in the form of God" ...
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1answer
89 views

Is there a Christology that states that Jesus inherited divinity?

Is there a Christological doctrine that teaches that Jesus wasn't originally divine but inherited or became divine, being exalted into divinity by the Father as the result of an act or event?
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2answers
561 views

How do nontrinitarians view Jesus? (overview) [closed]

What is an overview of how nontrinitarians view Jesus?
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5answers
665 views

Trinitarian Christianity and Numbers 23:19 - Was Jesus a man?

In a discussion about the trinity, I was asked about Numbers. I was completely stumped. Numbers 23:19 God is not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath ...
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1answer
103 views

What is the biblical basis for believing that Christ is the man upon the throne from Ezekiel 1:26?

In Ezekiel 1:26 we read And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the ...
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1answer
488 views

Are there any surviving Acta Diurna copies mentioning Jesus' trial or other aspects of his life?

I recently learned about Acta Diurna, which are official notices created by Roman authorities describing legal proceedings and the outcome of trials. It occurred to me that the trial of Jesus before ...
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2answers
212 views

Why is the Bible seemingly silent on the love which the God the Son has for God the Father? [closed]

I assume that each member of the Godhead loves each other member of the Godhead. God is, after all, love (1 John 4:8 and 16). The Gospels are quite explicit regarding the love which God the Father ...
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1answer
258 views

Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father?

Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father? By "denomination" in this context I am excluding any sects, Unitarians, ...
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2answers
193 views

According to Catholic Tradition, what is Jesus doing right now?

According to Catholic Tradition, what is Jesus doing right now? Catholics believe that the Holy Spirit is among us on Earth. Catholics believe that God the Father listens to our prayers and ...
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1answer
172 views

How do the early church fathers expound upon the “exaltation of Christ” (Philippians 2:9-11) in light of the immutability of Jesus Christ?

Philippians 2:9-11 NIV 9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth ...
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2answers
177 views

According to the Eastern Orthodox, in what sense did the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) give birth to Christ's divinity?

Nestorianism would claim that Mary only gave birth to Christ's humanity. When I thought about it and considered it, I realized my prior attitude towards the Virgin Birth had been somewhat Nestorian, ...