Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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Is Jesus the last Prophet?

Many Muslims believe that the Prophet of Islam is the Last prophet of God. Does this belief of 'last' Prophet exist in Christianity as well? Do any Christians believe that any other prophet will ...
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Zechariah 14 and Acts 1 according to those who reject the deity of Christ

Zechariah 14:1-5 (DRB) Behold the days of the Lord shall come, and thy spoils shall be divided in the midst of thee. 2 And I will gather all nations to Jerusalem to battle, and the city shall be ...
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Did God want Satan to tempt Jesus as a means of showing the spiritual realm that Jesus's love for and loyalty to God was undeniable?

Matthew 4:1 "Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil." I am wondering if God wanted Jesus to be tempted by Satan as a means of showing Satan and the demons, ...
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According to Orthodox Christianity, did God die on the cross at Calvary?

According to Orthodox Christianity Jesus was in his entire earthly life both God and man. I accept fully that Jesus the man indeed died on the cross, but did Jesus the God die also? Did, in effect, ...
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Jesus and Contingency

Let's assume that God is omnipotent in the sense that he can do anything which is logically possible (so that he cannot create square circles because a square circle is a contradiction). Now it is ...
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How does the view of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints about Jesus Christ differ from Protestant Trinitarian Christology?

The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made. He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. He is the Word ...
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How did Arius interpret Colossians 2:9?

Colossians 2:9 HCSB For the entire fullness of God’s nature dwells bodily in Christ, NASB: For in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form, How did Arius interpret Colossians ...
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What is the right word, Jesus assumed a human soul or have a created rational soul?

Jesus has two nature fully God and fully man. We know that man is compose of body & soul. Its very hard to grasp the nature of Jesus human soul. Is Jesus human soul created or assumed?
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Why is Christ often shown with long hair in Christian iconography?

A friend of mine is Catholic and she has an icon or picture of Christ. It shows him with long, dark brown hair. Is there anything in the New Testament that justifies this representation? It seems to ...
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1answer
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What was the stance of Arius on John 1:1?

Introduction Arius believed that Jesus was a creature, a created god. What did he write about John 1:1? Or if there is no such extant manuscript, how would he interpreted ''the Word was God'' in John ...
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Was Christ the man created?

In historical Christian belief (of almost any type), it would be considered heresy to say that God the Son was created. The term "begat" is preferred, where this term does not imply creation. In such ...
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What are the predominant Christian views on whether Jesus had to specifically die by crucifixion? Could he have chosen another kind of death?

As I understand it, Jesus was sentenced to die "under Pontius Pilate" and was crucified as punishment. It seems to me that Jesus had no choice but to be crucified. After all, if a criminal is ...
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Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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3answers
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What is the difference between Jesus “resurrected body” and Mary's “glorified body”?

Jesus is Ascended into Heaven with a "resurrected body". Mary was Assumed into Heaven with a "glorified body? Revelation 21:27 "Nothing defiled shall enter the Kingdom..." I put a question ...
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What Scriptures did Arius use to support teaching that Jesus was created?

Arius probably quoted the following: Revelation 3:14: These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God. Psalm 8:5–6: thou madest Him ...
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1answer
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How can one have eternal life by the death of Jesus or by Jesus teachings? [closed]

Before the death of Jesus, Jesus was teaching the birth of eternal life(birth of the Spirit) which steps are not completely describe by the four gospel (Matthew, mark, Luke, and john). On several note ...
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According to Trinitarianism, is Jesus God Almighty?

First of all I want a Trinitarian answer. Is it proper to say that Jesus is God Almighty? The Scriptures are very clear but they (and the church fathers) are very clear that the Father is God ...
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Do Protestants understand Jesus to be both “the son of Adam” and “the son of God”?

Do Protestants understand Jesus to be both "the son of Adam" and "the son of God"?
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What is the biblical basis for the claim that Jesus took on the sins of mankind?

It's been said that there is no biblical basis for the assumption that Jesus ever took on the sins of mankind, before, during or after his death. What is the biblical proof that Jesus did take on the ...
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How is the divinity of Jesus defended in light of Philippians 2:9 (“God exalted him”) and Matthew 28:18?

Philippians 2:9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name Matthew 28:18 Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on ...
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1answer
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How can Wisdom be Jesus if Wisdom was created?

Proverbs 8:22 (KJV) The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. Even if you take the stance that Proverbs 8:22 means God possessed me at the beginning (i.e. as opposed ...
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If Christ is considered the 'Son of God' then how is He a part of a Trinity?

Note: This is in NO way a troll or a poke at any faith that believes in the doctrine of the Trinity but rather is simply a question for clarity. There are several passages within the bible that ...
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How do Catholic theologians reconcile homoousion with the vulgate translation of Hebrews 1:3?

How do Catholic theologians reconcile homoousion with the Vulgate translation of Hebrews 1:3? (Vulgata Clementa) qui cum sit splendor glóriæ, et figúra substántiæ ejus, portánsque ómnia verbo ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain John 8:58-59 in a way that accords with their doctrine?

The Jehovah's witness' version of the bible the NWT translates these verses as: 58 Jesus said to them: “Most truly I say to you, before Abraham came into existence, I have been.” 59 So they picked ...
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Why is Jesus portrayed as White in media? [duplicate]

How did it come about that Jesus was portrayed as White in media?
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Did Jesus know he was immortal at the time of the crucifixion?

According to the Bible, was Jesus aware of his immortal nature at the time of the crucifixion? Or did he only become aware of it after the Ressurection?
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What is the biblical basis for Docetism?

Docetism is the belief that Jesus never took a physical, corporeal form, but He was instead solely spiritual in nature. Passages such as 1 John 2:15, Galatians 5:17, and Romans 7:18 could be ...
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2answers
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Do Calvinists Disbelieve the Doctrine of Eternal Generation as a 'Begetting'?

I read this on a Calvinist website (emphasis mine): Monogenes – This fallacy has existed for years and caused much confusion and damage. It is thought by many to be derived from monos (only) and ...
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Atonement in Eastern Orthodoxy

The mainline protestant idea of Atonement is, as Luther himself put it, this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Romans 3:24–25). He ...
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What explains the similarities in appearance between Jesus and a certain angel?

The primary physical description for Jesus is Revelation 1:13-15. I noticed that this physical description is essentially identical to the angel in Daniel 10:5-6 (unnamed, maybe Gabe). Each is/has: ...
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According to trinitarians, especially Protestants, who is Wisdom in Proverbs?

In general, Wisdom can be (and is, and was) identified as Jesus. However, there is this verse: Proverbs 8:22 (NLT) 22 "The Lord formed me from the beginning,     &...
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If Christ has all power to perform miracles, how is that that “he could there do no mighty work” save that He healed a few?

If Christ has all power to act upon all his creations, including the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve, I would assume he could never be prohibited from performing miracles for them. Yet in Mark 6:5-...
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Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, I'...
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How does the Christology of the Baha'i faith differ from that of trinitarian Christianity?

In his letter dated 28 March 1941 addressed to the believers throughout the West, Shoghi Effendi emphasizes: As to the position of Christianity, let it be stated without any hesitation or equivocation ...
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If Jesus is God then how could he die?

According to trinitarian theology, Jesus is both 100% man and 100% God. It is said that Jesus, being 100% God, died. Therefore, God died. I know that 1/3 of God did not die, because that would be ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Thomas's exclamation, “My Lord and my God”?

In John 20, Jesus is resurrected and is showing Thomas the wounds in his hands, to prove that he is risen. In John 20:28–29, we see Thomas's response: 28 Thomas answered him, “My Lord and my God!” ...
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What is the Biblical basis for binitarianism?

We hear a lot at times in church, seminary, general discussions, etc about the godhead, so that got me to wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Binitarianism? UPDATE: ...
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A Christian that believe in one God and gives him no image. What kind of Christian is that?

I always believed in One God, with no image( which for me means no mental image of something). Jesus Christ is a prophet from God. I was taught in this way. I was in a Catholic College and I never ...
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When was Jesus anointed and who did the anointing?

I know that "Christ" or "Messiah" means "anointed or anointed one" and that Jesus commonly has the title of "Christ." One thing I do not recall is an account of Him being anointed. To that end, what ...
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1answer
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How does the Jehovah’s Witness view of who Jesus Christ is differ from Protestant Trinitarian Christology?

The Protestant Trinitarian view of Jesus Christ is that he is the only-begotten Son of God – begotten, not made. He is of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. He is the Word ...
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1answer
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Have any critiques of Lindbeck's principles been offered by academics?

George Lindbeck's principles for doing 'good' Christology are as follows: Monotheism - There is only one God Historic Specificity - Centred on Jesus of Nazareth Christological Maximalism - all ...
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Weight of importance on the belief that Jesus is Michael for Jehovah's Witnesses?

According to this and this other question, Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Jesus is the same as Michael the Archangel. I am curious about the importance of this viewpoint. Is this a "core tenet" ...
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How is the Christian Jesus different from the Muslim Jesus? [closed]

Obviously they refer to the same human being, however what are some beliefs that Christians hold about Jesus that Muslims do not share. I ask this question in sort of an apologetic spirit so that I ...
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From where do Jehovah's Witnesses derive the doctrine that Jesus was and now is Michael the Archangel?

According to some Watchtower literature, it is taught that Michael the Archangel is Jesus and that Jesus, after He ascended into heaven, resumed the name of Michael. "It proves Michael the ...
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1answer
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Which Ante-Nicene Church Fathers believed that Jesus is the “eternal Son” of the Father?

Economic trinitarianism, in the pre-Nicene sense of the phrase, says that God is a monad who becomes tripartite for the purposes of creation and redemption. Forms of this view were held by Justin ...
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1answer
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What is the Catholic understanding of the idea that Jesus descended into Hell?

The Christian understanding that everyone was born with origin sin, and then when Jesus/God was killed at the cross, and then he was resurrected from death after 3 days. From what I understand, there ...
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2answers
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How is Jesus God's final word? (Catholic Perspective)

The Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church says plainly (emphasis added): In Jesus Christ, God himself came to earth. He is God's last Word. Indeed, Hebrews 1:1-2 says, God, having spoken ...
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2answers
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How is Jesus God's final word? (Protestant Perspective)

The Youth Catechism of the Catholic Church states plainly (emphasis added): In Jesus Christ, God himself came to earth. He is God's last Word. Indeed, some modern English translations of the New ...
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Why do Christians call Jesus the “Son of God” rather than simply “God”?

We call Jesus the son of God that became the son of man. And yet, Jesus is God per the doctrine of the trinity. Why don't orthodox Christians address him as God when talking about him and praying? ...