Questions tagged [christology]

The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ. For questions about the life of Jesus, use [life-of-jesus].

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3answers
790 views

How can Wisdom be Jesus if Wisdom was created?

Proverbs 8:22 (KJV) The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. Even if you take the stance that Proverbs 8:22 means God possessed me at the beginning (i.e. as opposed ...
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1answer
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus having one nature only, a human nature?

To be perfectly clear, by Jesus having a human nature, it must be remembered that he is, and was, at all times, without sin. He was made like us in every way, so the only difference would seem to be ...
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What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is “not” required for salvation?

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Trinitarian belief is not required for salvation? The Athanasian Creed states "And in this Trinity, no one is before or after, greater or less than ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians contextually explain Thomas' exclamation at John 20:28?

John 20:28 has Thomas saying "My Lord and my God!" For Trinitarians, this line is fairly straightforward - Thomas is recognizing that Jesus is not just Lord but also God. How do Biblical ...
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How can God become the Word and become a man (John 1:1) without a reduction in deity? How do Christians define the word beget?

How can God, who is a Spirit, become man without changing? For I, Jehovah, change not; therefore ye, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed. - Malachi 3:6 ASV God is not a man, that he should lie, ...
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3answers
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Does the phrasing in Nicene Creed cast doubt on the eternality of The Son of God?

The Nicene creed phrase “God of God” or “God from God” refers to The Word, Jesus. It seems that being of or from God indicates a beginning. Jesus,The Word,would not thus be eternally existing. How do ...
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1answer
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Where does the OT predict the Son of man?

Jesus referred to things written about the Son of man, including His death and resurrection: "All things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished. For He ...
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7answers
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If Jesus was God (the famous John 1:1), why was He exalted to a higher position?

I was a trinitian, until I discussed with JW. I still believe in Trinity cause there're many verses back this up(including Mat 28:19) But I wondered According to Phil 2:9 and some other verses. Jesus ...
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1answer
111 views

Did God's essence enter time and space?

Trinitarians believe that Jesus, who was the Lord in the flesh, entered into time and space. But since Jesus has a divine essence, does this mean that the essence of God entered into time and space?
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4answers
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What reasons do Catholics have for believing Jesus is God?

Through natural reason and personal experience, I have come to be convinced that many of the Catholic Church's teachings are good and accurate. In addition, by reading Aristotle and Aquinas, I have ...
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1answer
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When did Jesus assume human nature?

Did Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity, only assume impersonal (anhypostatic) human nature (body and soul), during incarnation, in which he was born of Mary? Or, did he already have human ...
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Did Jesus ever ask for Humanity to Worship him? [duplicate]

Did Jesus ever ask for Humanity to Worship him?
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What meaning would Philippians 2:9 have if Jesus is equal with God? Was Jesus praised for not seizing equality with himself?

Philippians 2:6-9 ASV 6 who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped 7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the ...
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2answers
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What is the biblical basis for the notional/ideal pre-existence of Jesus, as opposed to an actual pre-existence?

Some Christians -- especially Biblical Unitarians -- believe that Jesus only pre-existed notionally/ideally in God's mind prior to his conception in Mary's womb (just like any other human being), ...
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1answer
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Do Biblical Unitarians view John 1:14 and Philippians 2:5-8 as two complementary descriptions of the same event?

John 1:14 (YLT): 14 And the Word became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. Philippians 2:5-8 (YLT): 5 ...
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How do non-trinitarians explain Isaiah 43:11 taking into account its immediate context?

11“I, only I, am the LORD, And there is no savior besides Me. The OT especially has a strong emphasis on there being only one God, Yahweh, and there are only a few scattered and cryptic references to ...
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2answers
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Why don’t Unitarians believe that Jesus Christ pre-existed before incarnation?

I want to ask this again but in a different context. In the context of unitarianism. Why Unitarians do not believe that Jesus Christ is God And why Unitarians do not believe in the pre-existence of ...
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2answers
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How do non-trinitarians interpret Philippians 2:5-8?

Philippians 2:5-8 (NRSV): 5 Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, 7 but emptied ...
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How do Biblical Unitarians understand what some theologians refer as the Kenosis in Philippians 2?

Philippians 2:5-9 describes the attitude of humility, love, and service which Christ Jesus possessed while on earth: Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, who, though he ...
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1answer
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How do Biblical Unitarians respond to passages like 2 Peter 1:1 and Titus 2:13, which seem to call Jesus 'God'?

2 Peter 1:1 says "Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours" (...
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus having two natures?

A comment by Nigel: The dual nature of Jesus Christ is such that Deity and humanity meet in one Person. The natures neither mingle, nor merge, nor 'switch'. They are two distinct things. They meet ...
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According to Chalcedonian theology, did Jesus retain his human nature after his ascension, or did he return to being only divine?

The Epistle of Diognetes, regarded by some to be the earliest example of Christian apologetics, establishes Jesus’ divine role as Creator and even goes as far as to call him God. “As a king sends ...
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Is it Biblical to say that Jesus is God? [duplicate]

It seems that many Christians have a certain reluctance to say that "Jesus is God". There seems to even be some reticence about it in the New Testament, and he is usually described, even by ...
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Is Jesus the Creator?

The following verses clearly credit Jesus Christ with “Creation.” How do Christians view the role of Christ in Creation? Ephesians 3:9: And to make all [men] see what [is] the fellowship of the ...
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What is the Biblical Basis for Christ returning with a physical body at the Second Coming?

I've heard Christians claim that at the Second Coming Christ will return with a physical human body, what is the Bible basis for this belief? It is clear that he has a physical flesh body once: And ...
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1answer
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According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity?

According to Trinitarians, is the Holy Spirit quenched and grieved by those who deny His personhood and Christ's deity? If so, would that mean that people who do not believe in the deity of Christ and ...
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4answers
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Which verses of the NT explicitly state that Jesus was born with a human mind in a human body?

We read in Phil 2: 5-7 : Let the same mind be in you that was in Christ Jesus, who, though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be exploited, but emptied ...
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus not being the logos in John 1:1-3?

1In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God. 2he was in the beginning with God. 3All things came into being through him, and without him not even one thing came ...
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6answers
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Did God the Son become flesh?

I read here somewhere that 'the logos IS the ever-living Son'. The bible says the logos became flesh. John 1:14 In the biblical absence of an ever-living 'God the Son' becoming flesh, where does a '...
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Do Latter-day Saints consider Jehovah's Witnesses, Biblical Unitarians and any other groups that deny the divinity of Jesus to be 'true Christians'?

Is belief in the divinity of Jesus an essential feature of a true Christian, according to Latter-day Saints? If so, would that imply that Christian denominations or groups that deny the divinity of ...
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What does the Chalcedonian Creed mean by person?

The creed says: the distinction of natures being by no means taken away by the union, but rather the property of each nature being preserved, and concurring in one Person and one Subsistence, not ...
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13answers
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Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, I'...
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2answers
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret John 17:5?

`And now, glorify me, Thou Father, with Thyself, with the glory that I had before the world was, with Thee; [John 17:5, YLT] And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory ...
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According to Evangelicalism when did Jesus become the High Priest?

In the Aaronic Priesthood, priests come and go but Jesus is a priest forever. Hebrews 7:23-25 (MSG) 23-25 Earlier there were a lot of priests, for they died and had to be replaced. But Jesus’ ...
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2answers
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How do Biblical Unitarians respond to translations of Hebrews 1:8 which have God calling the Son 'God'?

A typical translation of Hebrews 1:8 is "But about the Son He says: “Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever, and justice is the scepter of Your kingdom." (Berean Study Bible) The 'He'...
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According to Jehovah’s Witnesses, in what way is Jesus human?

From what I understand, Jehovah’s Witnesses believe in a form of Arianism that claims Jesus is “the son of God”, but he is inferior to “God the Father”, as he is usually understood as “God’s first ...
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Are there any surviving Acta Diurna copies mentioning Jesus' trial or other aspects of his life?

I recently learned about Acta Diurna, which are official notices created by Roman authorities describing legal proceedings and the outcome of trials. It occurred to me that the trial of Jesus before ...
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What answer did Arius and Eusebius have to Melchisedec being a representative likeness having ‘no beginning of days’ (Hebrews 7:3)?

Origen of Alexandria 184-253 taught that the relationship between the Father and the Son was one of an ‘eternal begetting’ but Arius 256-336 argued that ‘the Logos had a beginning and that the Son, ...
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How do those who believe that Jesus is a created being understand the verses which say everything that was created was created by him?

There are some people who claim that Jesus is a created being, but this claim is nowhere confirmed, rather the Bible says: Everything became through the Word, and without the Word did not become one ...
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3answers
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What is the Biblical basis that Jesus could sin?

We have many scriptures about Jesus' humanity. Several specific verses about his total dependence on the Father, his God, for all his needs, his words and his ability to perform miracles etc. Jesus ...
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How do Trinitarians understand what Jesus said in the garden of Gethsemane?

Let me preface this by saying that I don't assume the Trinitarian viewpoint is any more or less reasonable than any other, this is a question out of curiosity brought up by things I read in another ...
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Relationships between God the Father, Mary and the two natures of Jesus Christ

Would it be okay to say this: Jesus Christ is both God and Man, which means that He possesses both divine and human nature. Divine nature in Him is from God the Father and the human nature in ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, The ...
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1answer
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How did the early church fathers refute Adoptionism?

Adoptionism is a Christological heresy which denies the pre-existence of Jesus, and therefore denies Jesus's title as "God the Son" in the Trinitarian conception of the Christian God. See the ...
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According to Trinitarians, is Jesus the begotten Son of God the Father, or the begotten Son of God?

A typical translation of a line from the Nicene Creed from the First Council of Constantinople (381) is "And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father" ...
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2answers
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What is an overview of how different denominations interpret Colossians 1:15 - that Jesus is "the firstborn of all creation"?

Jesus is called the firstborn multiple times. In Colossians 1:15-20 (ESV): 15 He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. 16 For by him all things were created, in heaven and ...
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How do Trinitarians explain verses where Jesus claims to have a God?

According to orthodox trinitarian doctrine, the Father is God, Jesus is God, and the Holy Spirit is God. Jesus is co-eqaul, eternally begotten, not made. With that in mind, how could Jesus have a ...
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2answers
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How do deniers of Jesus' preincarnate existence interpret 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9 (ESV): 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. A related ...
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Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians denying the divinity of Jesus during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD?

I'm essentially asking the counter-question to this one. Is there any historical evidence of Early Church Christians (post-New Testament) openly denying the divinity of Jesus in the 1st and 2nd ...
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How do believers in Jesus' deity explain that Jesus is never claimed to be God/divine in the Old Roman Creed and the Didache?

In an answer to a previous question of mine, a user argued against the historicity of the belief in the divinity of Jesus in the early stages of Christianity, by pointing out the fact that Jesus is ...

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