Questions tagged [canon]

A biblical canon is a list of books considered to be authoritative as scripture by a particular religious community.

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What are the strongest arguments for the belief that the Bible was supernaturally inspired by God?

Simple question: How do Christians who believe that the Bible was supernaturally inspired by God justify their position? What are the strongest arguments for the belief that the Bible is the inspired ...
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Are there any Christians who reject the canonicity of the whole protestant Bible?

Are there any Christians who reject the canonicity of the standard protestant Bible? For example: Protestants reject the Books and additions which Catholics and Orthodox accept as canonical and which ...
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Are there theological explanations for why God allowed ambiguity to exist in Scripture?

Doctrinal differences abound in Christianity. This is attested to by the numerous times the Church has suffered splits and given birth to different denominations, branches, and sub-branches. The ...
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Do Messianic Jews accept the entire New Testament?

Do Messianic Jews accept the entire New Testament as a base of their belief? What is the position of Messianic Judaism (if there is a common position) on passages in the Gospel of John and the letters ...
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Which canon did the Early Church recognize?

I’m trying to compile the History of the Bible, at least the Christian recognition of what was inspired and what wasn’t in the Old Testament. I‘ll neglect the question of who had the authority to ...
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Valid Reception of Baptized Christian into Full Communion (Roman Catholic)?

When a person who is validly baptized outside the Roman Catholic Church is received into Full Communion, must they recite the profession of faith themselves ("I believe and profess that...")?...
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Why is the Testament of Solomon not considered canon?

I just heard on YouTube the entire Testament of Solomon only to find out it is not canon. Why is it not canon and is not found in the Old Testament?
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How many books of the bible agreed on any Christian denomination?

How many books of the bible (includes the new testament) considered to be agreed on all denominations / movements? What are the basic books that considered holy for all?
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Why do 21st century Protestants still not include the deuterocanonical books in the canon?

Given the Protestant motto semper reformanda and the doctrine of sola scriptura which in essence strives to purify Christian teaching to be based only on the Word of God interpreted through the lens ...
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On what basis do Catholics continue doctrinal development after the Bible canon was closed?

On what basis do Catholics continue doctrinal development after the Bible canon was closed?
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Canon law - vows, acquired rights meaning problem [closed]

I have a problem with meaning of dispensation from vow restrictions (canon law 1196). I have read that dispensation must not injured rights acquired by others (i have read that it's regards lawfully ...
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Are their any Christian denominations that reject the teachings of Paul? [duplicate]

I am a Yeshua following zealot. I love the Lord as much as life itself as it is granted through the Father's word which is our savior himself. I am pretty well educated in Bible/church history and am ...
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What biblical canon do Eastern Catholic Churches use? [duplicate]

The Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church use slightly different biblical canons: Books of the Bible (Wikipedia). Notably, the Orthodox Church uses 3 Maccabees and 4 Maccabees while the ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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Is there an English Bible translation that includes all of these books?

Apostolic Constitutions Bk. 8. XLVII Let the following books be esteemed venerable and holy by you, both of the clergy and laity. Of the Old Covenant: the five books of Moses— Genesis, Exodus, ...
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Does the Catholic church consider Mark 16:9-20 to be biblical canon?

Many (but not all) scholars assert that Mark 16:9-20 was not present in the earliest manuscripts, and that instead it was added by later copyists. Does the Catholic Church consider these verses to be ...
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Why don't Christians believe in the Gospel Of Barnabas? [duplicate]

The Gospel Of Barnabas is one of the 2 additional Gospel discovered than present in Bible which has an clearly distinct prespective about Jesus (PBUH) and his death so why Christians do not believe in ...
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Why did Swedenborg accept any New Testament books?

Based on this question we see that Swedenborg denied most of the New Testament as being divinely inspired. Swedenborg did not reject the rest of the books of the Protestant Bible. He considered ...
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How do Calvinists explain Calvin's use of Baruch?

In his commentary of 1 Corinthians, Calvin seems to use Baruch to explain verse 20 of chapter 10, It is certain from the Prophet Baruch, (4:7,) that those things that are sacrificed to idols are ...
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From a Protestant perspective why didn't the Apostles address the problem of deutrocanonical books?

The Apostles interacted with Hellenistic Jews (Acts 17:11) who we know historicaly held deutrocanonical books as scripture, why wouldn't St. Paul or any of the other Apostles make it clear that the ...
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Do Anglicans believe the decision on the 66 book canon was infallible?

Do Anglicans believe that the decision taken on the 66 book canon was an infallible decision? (like the attitude the Catholic Church has to the definition of the Canon in the Council of Trent). If so,...
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Is there something in Sirach that caused it to be considered Apocrypha?

My limited research on the topic suggests the only reason Sirach (or Ecclesiasticus or Ben Sira, etc.) was put in the Apocrypha was because the Jewish canon excluded it. As for why the Jewish canon ...
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How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

Chapter I, Article IV of the Westminster Confession (1647) reads: The authority of the Holy Scripture, for which it ought to be believed, and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or ...
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When the early church was formalising the canon, what did they understand by the word 'Inspired'?

When the early church was formalising the Biblical canon, what specific definition of the word 'inspired' did they have in regard to the biblical literature? I'm curious about how this relates to the ...
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Was the 66 book Bible being used by early Christians?

Referring to the most widely used Protestant canon of exactly (and only) the content of these 66 books.
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Did the mention of Simon Magnus contribute to Acts of Peter not being part of the New Testament?

The Acts of Peter is a Apocryphal book about the Apostle Peter after he moves to Rome. It seems to talk about Simon Magnus a good deal. I am interested as to whether that is one of the reasons it was ...
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Where is it documented that some people didn't want Gospel of John to be included as canonical?

I have heard in some debates that the Gospel of John had some push back from people (Church Fathers?) from being included into the Canon. Can someone shed some light on this topic? Or provide a book ...
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Do Unitarians believe in the same number of books? Do they reject certain verses?

I'm trying to understand how Unitarians view the Bible and specifically the NT. Do Unitarians generally believe in the same # of books as Catholics/Protestants? Do they simply re-interpret verses in ...
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Do the “Anathemas” Pronounced in the Council of Trent still stand today?

My understanding, is that in response to the protestant reformation, Luther in particular, the Catholic Church convened the council of Trent, and put their official doctrines on the issues into ...
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What record is there of a canon of Scripture having been set at the First Ecumenical Council?

According to this synopsis As to Judith, he notes that the Council of Nicæa had, contrary to the Hebrew tradition, included it in the Canon of Scripture, and this, with his friends’ requests, had ...
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Why was the epistle of Clement to Corinth not considered canonical?

I'm wondering on this one. I'm reading Eusebius and he states that at least one letter from the Bishop Clement (c. 35 AD - 99 AD) to Corinth was considered worthy to be read and was circulated among ...
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Is the Book of Enoch authentic? [closed]

I grew up reading the Holy Bible which portrays God as a loving Father, full of compassion and goodwill for mankind. However, after reading the Book of Enoch, I am perplexed at the way heaven and God ...
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Why did no New Testament books mention AD70? [duplicate]

My full question is; which of the New Testament books were written after AD70? Assuming there are several, why did none of them mention the 'earth-shattering' events of AD70? The destruction of the ...
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What books are in a modern Peshitta?

I'm looking to buy a copy of the Peshitta so that I can learn Syriac, but I understand that it has gradually changed throughout history. The antilogemmon were excluded for the first 500 years or so ...
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Why are the civilly married not allowed confession in the Catholic Church?

Why are the civilly married not allowed confession in the Catholic Church? Is there any guide or law about this?
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How is it that Georgian Orthodox Church are in full communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church when they have a different biblical canon?

There is a table on this wikipedia page which indicates that the Georgian Orthodox Church accepts 2 Esdras 3–14 (4 Ezra) and 4 Maccabees as part of their biblical canon, whereas the rest of the ...
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Do Pentecostals include the Old Testament in their Bible? Or do they only follow the New Testament? [closed]

I have a church near my home, and it's called the New Testament church. So, just wondering if their Bible doesn't have the Old Testament.
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Is the Testament of Solomon Biblical?

Okay so I was looking around on google for some answers about where some of the demon names that are "Biblical" came from, and I came across the Testament of Solomon. It isn't in the Bible from what I ...
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What is the basis for saying that the Gospel of Thomas was accepted as scripture by early Christians?

In an answer here, Dick Harfield writes: we know that [the Gospel of Thomas] and (probably) Q were treated as scripture by early Christians. Reading the Wikipedia article on the Gospel of Thomas, ...
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Why did the reformers include the book of Hebrews in the canon?

Related: Why was Hebrews included in the canon? It's widely known that Hebrews has been in the canon of most of Christendom for a long time, originally on the basis of Pauline authorship (see the ...
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Do any non-Swedenborgian Christian denominations have a smaller biblical canon than Protestantism?

As covered in the Wikipedia article on Biblical canon, among the major branches of Christianity Protestantism has the smallest biblical canon, due almost entirely to a smaller Old Testament canon. ...
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Why do Christians have different books in their Bible?

Some Bibles have all 4 Maccabees books, for example, while others don't. Some Bibles have Esdras and Wisdom, and yet others don't. Why is this? If there was an agreement on what books would be in the ...
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Why isn't the Book of 1 (Ethiopic) Enoch considered canon for the LDS Church?

Recently, I have been reading apocryphal and pseudepigraphical texts, and like many before me, I am struck by the extremely specific similarities between 1 Enoch and the LDS's Book of Moses. I flipped ...
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Did any ancient source believe in more than four gospels?

I'm listening to a lecture series by Dale Martin (Professor of Religious Studies, Yale), and he makes the passing claim that during development of the New Testament canon there were some who thought ...
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Kokabiel's History Forgotten? [closed]

For those of you who don't know who Kokabiel was, Kokabiel was a former advocate of God and his proponents. He was also known as "The Star of God" back when he was still an advocate of God ...
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Was defining the New Testament originally condemned as heresy?

This BBC documentary describes how during the first two centuries, scriptures about Jesus circulated without any author mentioned in them. It then goes on to suggest that actually writing down a New ...
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What denominations consider Apocrypha to be heretical?

Over several years I have asked several pastors and preachers of differing denominations to comment on some books considered to be Apocrypha. Most generally my question was ignored, but on a couple of ...
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What is the Orthodox canon?

What books does the Orthodox Bible contain? Additionally, when was this settled (if it is settled) and how was it decided?
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Is the Catholic canonized Bible closed?

Traditionally most Christians hold that the Biblical Canon has been closed because of the end of the Apostolic era. But if the Pope speaks from "Ex Cathedra", isn't that stating his teaching is ...
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What writings are held as “biblical canon” by Swedenborgians?

Reading an article on Emanuel Swedenborg, I came across the following fact: It should be noted, however, that Corinthians is not included in the list of books that, according to Swedenborg, ...