Questions tagged [canon]

A biblical canon is a list of books considered to be authoritative as scripture by a particular religious community.

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Are there any historical Churches that do not recognize the 66 books from the Protestant Bible?

There are differences in the Bible Canon between Protestants, Roman-Catholics and Eastern-Orthodox and Oriental-Orthodox. But is the Protestant Canon of 66 books the common denominator? Aka, are there ...
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Are there theological explanations for why God allowed ambiguity to exist in Scripture?

Doctrinal differences abound in Christianity. This is attested to by the numerous times the Church has suffered splits and given birth to different denominations, branches, and sub-branches. The ...
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What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is NOT closed?

Related: What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed? Most people are familiar with the warning in the Book of Revelation: "And if any man shall take away from the words of the ...
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What are the strongest arguments for the belief that the Bible was supernaturally inspired by God?

Simple question: How do Christians who believe that the Bible was supernaturally inspired by God justify their position? What are the strongest arguments for the belief that the Bible is the inspired ...
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What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed?

Some religions claim to have a newer revelation of God: the Book of Mormon and the Qur'an are presented to be the latest revelation of God. The Old Testament closes with a climax of expectation of ...
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Are there any Christians who reject the canonicity of the whole protestant Bible?

Are there any Christians who reject the canonicity of the standard protestant Bible? For example: Protestants reject the Books and additions which Catholics and Orthodox accept as canonical and which ...
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Which canon did the Early Church recognize?

I’m trying to compile the History of the Bible, at least the Christian recognition of what was inspired and what wasn’t in the Old Testament. I‘ll neglect the question of who had the authority to ...
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Do Messianic Jews accept the entire New Testament?

Do Messianic Jews accept the entire New Testament as a base of their belief? What is the position of Messianic Judaism (if there is a common position) on passages in the Gospel of John and the letters ...
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Did any ancient source believe in more than four gospels?

I'm listening to a lecture series by Dale Martin (Professor of Religious Studies, Yale), and he makes the passing claim that during development of the New Testament canon there were some who thought ...
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Do any non-Swedenborgian Christian denominations have a smaller biblical canon than Protestantism?

As covered in the Wikipedia article on Biblical canon, among the major branches of Christianity Protestantism has the smallest biblical canon, due almost entirely to a smaller Old Testament canon. ...
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Kokabiel's History Forgotten? [closed]

For those of you who don't know who Kokabiel was, Kokabiel was a former advocate of God and his proponents. He was also known as "The Star of God" back when he was still an advocate of God ...
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Are there any churches that do not accept the teachings of Paul?

From different discussions (including some on this site) it seems that Paul's teachings were different from the teachings of Jesus and the other apostles in some aspects. In light of this are there ...
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Why is the Testament of Solomon not considered canon?

I just heard on YouTube the entire Testament of Solomon only to find out it is not canon. Why is it not canon and is not found in the Old Testament?
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Is there a unique characteristic for all canonical books?

Is there any one unique characteristic that would be common for all the books of the Bible besides being chosen by the Church to be a part of canon? I am interested here in the main-stream Protestant ...
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Why isn't the Book of 1 (Ethiopic) Enoch considered canon for the LDS Church?

Recently, I have been reading apocryphal and pseudepigraphical texts, and like many before me, I am struck by the extremely specific similarities between 1 Enoch and the LDS's Book of Moses. I flipped ...
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Why did the mid-early church consider the Gospel of Matthew to be reliable?

The Gospel of Matthew is now considered to be important, however the 1st century and 2nd century references to it are surprisingly confusing and sparse. Which authors in the 1st and 2nd century ...
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Did Martin Luther take exception to the gospels in any way?

I was watching a video* that was about the "heresy" of Protestantism. It briefly discussed Martin Luther and his exceptions with certain books. He removed the so called "apocrypha" and also took ...
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Why is Mark not the first gospel?

We all know that Mark was the first gospel ever written. Why then is it that when the New Testament was compiled, Mark was not listed as the first book in the New Testament? What are the reasons that ...
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Where is it documented that some people didn't want Gospel of John to be included as canonical?

I have heard in some debates that the Gospel of John had some push back from people (Church Fathers?) from being included into the Canon. Can someone shed some light on this topic? Or provide a book ...
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What is the origin of the Catholic apocrypha?

In the Catholic tradition, several "apocryphal" books are used in addition to the same Old Testament canon used by Protestants. What is the origin of these books and how do they differ from from the ...
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Valid Reception of Baptized Christian into Full Communion (Roman Catholic)?

When a person who is validly baptized outside the Roman Catholic Church is received into Full Communion, must they recite the profession of faith themselves ("I believe and profess that...")?...
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What exactly was the purpose of the Council of Nicea?

I heard recently in a bible study class on "How we got the Bible", that the Council of Nicea is not actually responsible for the compilation of the complete, canon biblical texts. I had always thought ...
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On what basis do Catholics continue doctrinal development after the Bible canon was closed?

On what basis do Catholics continue doctrinal development after the Bible canon was closed?
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How is it that Georgian Orthodox Church are in full communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church when they have a different biblical canon?

There is a table on this wikipedia page which indicates that the Georgian Orthodox Church accepts 2 Esdras 3–14 (4 Ezra) and 4 Maccabees as part of their biblical canon, whereas the rest of the ...
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Is there a scriptural basis for treating the non-Gospel books of the New Testament as scripture?

Without citing any books of the New Testament besides the Gospels as evidence (since that would be self-referential), is there a scriptural basis (either in the Gospels or in the Old Testament) for ...
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Who or what established the divine inspiration for the authors of the bible? [closed]

Conventional Christianity would assert that all authors of the bible were divinely inspired to write exactly what they wrote. What evidence is used as the basis of this assertion? Is there recorded ...
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How many books of the bible agreed on any Christian denomination?

How many books of the bible (includes the new testament) considered to be agreed on all denominations / movements? What are the basic books that considered holy for all?
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Why do 21st century Protestants still not include the deuterocanonical books in the canon?

Given the Protestant motto semper reformanda and the doctrine of sola scriptura which in essence strives to purify Christian teaching to be based only on the Word of God interpreted through the lens ...
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How were the books of the New Testament chosen?

I'm interested in finding out: what the process of choosing the books of the New Testament was, when did it occur, who did the choosing, and what are the supporting evidences
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Modern Book of Jasher - Genuine?

I've been reading the book of Jasher (supposedly the one quoted in the book of Samuel) and its quite amazing. But I ask - what is the proof or lack of proof on it's authenticity? There are however a ...
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Could there be a “Newer” Testament? If so, how would it become canonical?

Could there possibly ever be a new set of books added to the Bible which have modern stories and rules for future generations? Such as a book describing internet etiquette - which isn't so far out of ...
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Canon law - vows, acquired rights meaning problem [closed]

I have a problem with meaning of dispensation from vow restrictions (canon law 1196). I have read that dispensation must not injured rights acquired by others (i have read that it's regards lawfully ...
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Are their any Christian denominations that reject the teachings of Paul? [duplicate]

I am a Yeshua following zealot. I love the Lord as much as life itself as it is granted through the Father's word which is our savior himself. I am pretty well educated in Bible/church history and am ...
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Why did the reformers include the book of Hebrews in the canon?

Related: Why was Hebrews included in the canon? It's widely known that Hebrews has been in the canon of most of Christendom for a long time, originally on the basis of Pauline authorship (see the ...
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According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

I read at carm.org: Paul tells us that the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God. This means that they are the ones who understood what inspired Scriptures were, and they never accepted ...
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What biblical canon do Eastern Catholic Churches use? [duplicate]

The Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church use slightly different biblical canons: Books of the Bible (Wikipedia). Notably, the Orthodox Church uses 3 Maccabees and 4 Maccabees while the ...
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Is the Testament of Solomon Biblical?

Okay so I was looking around on google for some answers about where some of the demon names that are "Biblical" came from, and I came across the Testament of Solomon. It isn't in the Bible from what I ...
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What writings are held as “biblical canon” by Swedenborgians?

Reading an article on Emanuel Swedenborg, I came across the following fact: It should be noted, however, that Corinthians is not included in the list of books that, according to Swedenborg, ...
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Why do Protestants trust what Paul and Luke wrote 100%?

This has always been a big question for me. I can understand that many Christians believe there is good evidence for the resurrection of Jesus, and that gives a basis for their faith in the teaching ...
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What is the basis for saying that the Gospel of Thomas was accepted as scripture by early Christians?

In an answer here, Dick Harfield writes: we know that [the Gospel of Thomas] and (probably) Q were treated as scripture by early Christians. Reading the Wikipedia article on the Gospel of Thomas, ...
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Do the “Anathemas” Pronounced in the Council of Trent still stand today?

My understanding, is that in response to the protestant reformation, Luther in particular, the Catholic Church convened the council of Trent, and put their official doctrines on the issues into ...
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What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
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Do Anglicans believe the decision on the 66 book canon was infallible?

Do Anglicans believe that the decision taken on the 66 book canon was an infallible decision? (like the attitude the Catholic Church has to the definition of the Canon in the Council of Trent). If so,...
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Are there any Christians who only accept the gospels?

Have there ever been historically, or now, Christians who have only accepted either the Gospels, just one of them, or a synthesis/redaction of the four Gospels as being truly inspired or in some other ...
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Is there an English Bible translation that includes all of these books?

Apostolic Constitutions Bk. 8. XLVII Let the following books be esteemed venerable and holy by you, both of the clergy and laity. Of the Old Covenant: the five books of Moses— Genesis, Exodus, ...
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Why were none of the Apostolic fathers' writings included in the last canon accepted in the Ecumenical Councils?

Why is it so that none of the Apostolic fathers' writings was included in the last canon accepted during the time of the Seven Ecumenical Councils? By the "last canon" I mean the one that we have ...
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Does the Catholic church consider Mark 16:9-20 to be biblical canon?

Many (but not all) scholars assert that Mark 16:9-20 was not present in the earliest manuscripts, and that instead it was added by later copyists. Does the Catholic Church consider these verses to be ...
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When did the insertion of title-page for Old Testament and New Testament started?

All the Bible I have seen have title-pages for both New Testament and Old Testament. There is always a dedicated page just before the Book of Genesis with the title "The Old Testament" which indicates ...
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Was the 66 book Bible being used by early Christians?

Referring to the most widely used Protestant canon of exactly (and only) the content of these 66 books.
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What deuterocanonical books are quoted in the New Testament?

When talking with a Catholic friend (I'm a Protestant) about the apocrypha/deuterocanonical books, it occurred to me that a possible argument for their inclusion in the Canon would be their authority, ...