Questions tagged [canon-law]

Laws and regulations made by Church leadership for the government of a church and its members.

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15
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7answers
14k views

Are non-Catholics allowed to go to confession?

As an Episcopalian, we technically have the rite of Confession and Reconciliation as one of the things we are supposed to do, but I've never seen it done in actual practice. In contrast, I know that ...
15
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4answers
15k views

According to the Roman Catholic church, who can baptize a new believer?

As far as I remember, there is no rule in the Bible as to who can baptize a new believer. However, I'm almost certain that sometime in the early history of the Roman Catholic church, someone or some ...
14
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1answer
3k views

Is a Roman Catholic ever permitted to take the Anglican Eucharist?

According to the Catholic catechisms or canon law, is it ever canonically acceptable or lawful for a Roman Catholic to take of the Anglican communion?
13
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4answers
7k views

What are the stipulations for a mixed marriage to be valid in the Catholic Church?

If a devout Catholic woman wants to marry a Baptist man, what what must be made to make the marriage valid to the Catholic Church if they have both gone though the Catholic wedding preparation but ...
12
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3answers
4k views

What is the difference between “Catechism” and “Canon Law” in Catholicism?

What is the difference between "Catechism" and "Canon Law" in Catholicism? I have the Catholic Catechism (CCC). Yet I also see the Canon law code quoted from...what's the difference? are they two ...
12
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2answers
651 views

Can Bishops give dispensations from certain marriage vows?

If, for instance, someone tells me that his bishop said he could get a vasectomy because having children with his wife in the future is likely to be injurious to her health. Should he be able to ...
11
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2answers
26k views

Does the Roman Catholic church recognize marriages outside of the church?

I'm curious about the status of marriages performed outside the auspices of the church. For example, if a non Catholic converts to the Roman church, but was married beforehand, does it "count". Based ...
10
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4answers
599 views

Is there a Catholic bishop with jurisdiction over space?

Background information: An Ordinary, in Catholicism, is a bishop who holds "Ordinary" jurisdiction over a specific territory. He is usually known as the "Bishop of [Place Name]" and holds general ...
9
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1answer
216 views

Do Anglo-Catholics encourage closed Communion?

Closed Communion seems to be commonly required in churches with more physical views of the Real Presence (excluding, of course, Reformed churches that hold to Calvin's "spiritual presence" view). The ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Is a marriage between a transman and transwoman in accordance with Roman Catholic canon law?

Is a marriage between a transman and transwoman in accordance with Roman Catholic canon law? The transman and transwoman can still engage in intercourse to make babies, but the transman would be the ...
8
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2answers
653 views

What do Protestants think about canon laws given by the Church Fathers?

In the seven ecumenical councils, and throughout early Christian history, various Church Fathers gave certain canon laws, or rules that the clergy and laity had to follow. What do Protestants think ...
8
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1answer
508 views

What happens if one wishes to go through the RCIA process but lacks a sponsor?

I've seen many explanations of the RCIA process, but all of them I've found make reference to a sponsor of sorts. A local parish's website explains: A sponsor accompanies any candidate seeking ...
8
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1answer
246 views

Does the Catholic Church have a contingency plan for the case that the pope and all cardinals are dead?

Most modern democratic countries have a chain of command which can be triggered in case of disastrous events and is intended to ensure the continuity of the functioning of the country. This chain of ...
8
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2answers
767 views

Is it possible for an Eastern Rite Catholic to change over to the Roman Rite and become ordained as Latin Rite priest?

Is it possible for an Eastern Rite Catholic to change over to the Roman Rite and become ordained as Latin Rite priest? Is it possible for a layperson of an Eastern Catholic Rite (say the Melkite Rite)...
8
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3answers
19k views

What are the requirements for godparents in the Roman Catholic Church?

I talked to quite a few people today about Catholicism. I asked one couple questions about being godparents, because they were godparents for another child. However, this couple is not even Catholic. ...
7
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4answers
3k views

Can a church pastor prohibit sacraments to people for any reason, other than mortal sin?

A friend of ours alerted us to an example (maybe there are more) of a Catholic Church (took a little checking to make sure it was really a Catholic Church) that is only allowing people who are ...
7
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2answers
1k views

If I win the Powerball jackpot will Catholic Church accept a donation?

LDS has a policy of not taking gambling winnings including lottery money as donations. Over the years several other churches have refused as well. Is there an official policy in Catholic Church about ...
7
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3answers
420 views

What are the reasons for the Catholic Church's law regarding the Communion fast?

We know from scripture that the institution of the Eucharist was during supper with the taking of the cup being after supper. And it appears from St. Paul's first letter to the Corinthians that there ...
7
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2answers
548 views

In the Catholic Church, is there specific canon law on voluntary excommunication?

Is there such a thing as voluntary excommunication from the Catholic Church? Maybe a latae sententiae or ferendae sententiae? If there is, how could it be done? Is there some kind of formal process?
7
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2answers
743 views

What would happen if the Pope were to abuse his power?

I find it difficult to fathom the amount of power the Pope can potentially wield. According to book 2, part 2, section 1, chapter 1, article 1 of the Code of Canon Law the Pope basically has ultimate, ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Does the Catholic church allow a previously divorced man to remarry?

Suppose a Catholic guy marries a non-Catholic outside the Catholic church, then years later they divorce. Can that Catholic guy get married again to someone else (a Catholic female) in the Catholic ...
7
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2answers
683 views

Why did Pope Francis raise the minimum age for being granted 'Monsignor' from 35 to 65 years?

'Monsignor' is used for priests who have received certain specific honorary awards or who hold certain offices. The grant is subject to the criteria of the Holy See, including a minimum age, which ...
7
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2answers
638 views

What happens to a diocese when a bishop dies unexpectedly?

Our bishop passed away last week unexpectedly, the only thing I've heard is that it may the Vatican 6-9 months to replace him. What is the process and who is in charge of the diocese during this time? ...
7
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1answer
205 views

Did the 1983 Code of Canon Law change the law on celebrating/receiving the Eucharist in a state of serious sin?

Canon 916 is the current canon governing each individual's obligation not to celebrate or seek to receive the Eucharist in a state of (unconfessed) serious sin: 916. Qui conscius est peccati gravis, ...
7
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1answer
410 views

According to the Catholic Church, is a marriage consummated if the couple had premarital sex?

A valid Catholic marriage can be dissolved if it has not been consummated (if the couple has not had sex after marriage, with some additional rules). This is generally determined to be the case if the ...
7
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1answer
473 views

Which Episcopal Conferences set alternatives for abstinence on Fridays?

The canon law requires Catholics to hold every Friday (except certain solemnities) as a abstinence day (e.g. abstaining from meat), but also grants the episcopal conferences the possibility to require ...
7
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0answers
180 views

The right to read a Catholic church's sacramental register

In the era of handwritten parish registers, when a diocesan or missionary priest performed a sacramental rite, he wrote it up in a semi-structured form in a record book. Sometimes that priest was the ...
6
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3answers
5k views

Can you re-enter the catholic church after leaving?

I was a Catholic. I did my sacraments according to the Catholic lifestyle. When I was born, I was baptized. Around age of 8 years, I got my First Holy Communion, and around 14 years of age, I went to ...
6
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3answers
6k views

Can a married person be elected as the Pope?

What is The Roman Catholic law for electing the Pope in regards to a married person? If a married person is elected, what will happen to his wife after becoming the Pope?
6
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2answers
778 views

Are priests who committed a sin together able to validly administer the Sacrament of Reconciliation to each other?

The Vatican recently released a report about the Holy See's knowledge and involvement in former cardinal Theodore McCarrick's rise to prominence despite allegations of sexual misconduct. The report ...
6
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2answers
3k views

Is impotence developed AFTER the marriage (and consummation) a ground for annulment in Catholic canon law?

I understand that antecedent impotence is ground for annulment in Catholic canon law. But what if the impotence develops AFTER the marriage? Would that also be a ground for annulment?
6
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2answers
2k views

Can a Catholic priest conduct a Catholic baptism upon the request of non-Catholic parents, assuming that they will raise the child Catholic?

Can non-Catholic parents ask the priest to baptize the child (infant) in the Catholic church and promise that they will give the child a Catholic upbringing? I mean, it could be a learning experience ...
6
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1answer
940 views

Is there a medical dispensation formally allowed from Lenten fasting in Catholicism?

Today, 10 February 2016, begins the observation of Lent in the Catholic Church, and indeed in much of Western Christianity. Catholic rules for the observation of Lent include the requirement for ...
6
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2answers
209 views

May the Pope waive the requirements of Canon Law in the appointment of bishops?

Earlier this year, as part of the effort to normalize relations between the Vatican and China, the New York Times reported that the Vatican asked one of its bishops to step down to make way for a ...
6
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2answers
18k views

What are legitimate reasons for a Catholic priest to take a sabbatical?

Some of the priests I know were recently given a sabbatical year (in both cases it wasn't for the sake of study - the priests ended their parish assignments lasting for many years and had time to ...
6
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4answers
209 views

How are conflicting views concerning latae sententiae excommunications resolved in the Catholic Church?

One might identify the real-world problem behind this question. I have tried to put it forth without naming anyone involved in such situation and instead posed it as an imaginary situation. Please ...
6
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1answer
581 views

Is holding hands and forming a circle around the altar during eucharistic prayer allowed?

We have a new priest in our parish who does things differently. Today in Mass he invited all children to form a circle around the altar with him and hold hands. I know that some priests do this while ...
6
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1answer
1k views

How many practicing Canon Lawyers are there in the USA, and the world?

To me, it seems Canon Lawyers are hard to come by. In fact, I've never met one and 19 out of 20 times I see the phrase "canon lawyer" it is usually in the form "I am not one". It seems becoming a ...
6
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1answer
239 views

Catholic restricted from Communion

(Note: This is in Holland) A Catholic Charismatic woman desired to have her baptism blessed by immersion in water (she had been baptized as a child in the Catholic church). She presumed that it was ...
6
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1answer
475 views

What are the reasons for fasting from midnight before Eucharist?

According to traditional Catholic rules (before Vatican the 2nd Council), as well as in Eastern Orthodox traditions, those who want to receive the Sacraments should fast, i.e. do not consume any food ...
6
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1answer
782 views

What are the requirements for establishing an Eastern Orthodox church or mission?

As a former parish council member of a recently founded Catholic mission, I'm somewhat familiar with the process of establishing a Catholic mission/church within the parameters of canon law. What is ...
5
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2answers
4k views

What is latae sententiae?

I heard that some things (like getting an abortion or attacking the pope) have the penalty of latae sententiae excommunication. What is that?
5
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2answers
889 views

Why can't the laity preach a homily, and can a lay person ever preach?

From this, Rochester diocese ends illicit practice of allowing lay people to preach homilies, perhaps because this was going on for such a long time, a person would ask what is the authoritative ...
5
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1answer
176 views

Is there a canon law for what to do if a hostage situation breaks out while consecrating the Eucharist?

I was told by a friend that the Roman Catholic Church has canon law for what to do if, while consecrating the Eucharist during mass (say, halfway through reciting the Words of Institution), a hostage ...
5
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1answer
185 views

Legal base for “any male baptized Catholic is eligible to be elected Pope”

A lot of sources (e.g. Wikipedia) mention the fact that "any male baptized Catholic is eligible" to become Pope. I'd like to find the canon law (if any) that states this fact. Canon 332 states that If ...
5
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2answers
1k views

What does the Catholic Church require for a parent's name to appear on the child's baptism certificate?

Does the pastor of a parish, or his representative, have the right in canon law to prevent a parent's name from appearing on the baptismal certificate of their child to be baptized for any reason, ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Do Jehovah's Witnesses recognize marriages performed by non-denominational ministers?

I am seeking my Ordained Minister License and was asked to perform the wedding ceremony of my brother and his future bride, who are studying to become Jehovah's Witnesses. Do JWs require a particular ...
5
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2answers
98 views

Through what procedure is canon law amended?

The Code of Canon Law has undergone at least one other version since the first in 1917, and has received amendments since the 1983 version from what I've read. What would warrant a new version of ...
5
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3answers
201 views

Why did the Bishop of Rome accept (and retains until today) the title “Pontifex Maximus” and how were the rights and duties transferred/transformed?

According to the annual yearbook of the Catholic Church, the Bishop of Rome holds many other titles: Vicar of Jesus Christ, Successor of the Prince of the Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Universal ...
5
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1answer
89 views

Is the Pope limited in his authority over the Order of Malta?

Is the Pope limited in his authority over the Catholic Order of Malta? How is the jurisdiction affected with the pope over the (Catholic) Sovereign Military Order of Malta since it is able to procure ...