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Questions tagged [baptism]

A ritual or symbol of admission to the body of Christians, generally performed by immersion or sprinkling with water.

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Was there baptism in the Old Testament? [duplicate]

In my Bible I discovered that the word “baptism” is not present in the Old Testament. Was there a ceremony or practice that represented baptism before John the Baptist?
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What is the will of the (Catholic) Church when she baptizes?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church says that, in an emergency, any person with the right intention can baptize. And “the intention required is to will to do what the Church does when she baptizes.” (...
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What evidence is there that the thief on the cross was not baptized?

In Luke chapter 23, there is an interaction between Jesus and two thieves on the cross. One of the thieves mocks the Savior, telling him to save himself. The other thief rebukes the first, and ...
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What is the earliest extrabiblical teaching of baptism using a trinitarian formula?

Oneness Pentecostals and others who hold to "Jesus-name" (or "Jesus-only") baptism maintain that the trinitarian formula used by Nicene Christians and others is based on a misunderstanding of Matthew ...
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What is the earliest explicit mention of infant baptism?

The Bible describes several adults being baptized (notably Jesus and the Ethiopian eunuch that Phillip baptized). And while it mentions many others being baptized, it doesn't explicitly mention ...
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What is the basis that some Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation?

I have heard many Protestants say that "baptism is not necessary for salvation". They follow Paul I guess, who says all works including Baptism or circumcision are optional. But having read the ...
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Concerning the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults

Why do the American and Canadian Rites of Initiation differ in numbering and in the way that the rites are sometimes celebrated?
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What was the Jewish understanding of baptism?

Considering the message of John the Baptist and the Jewish leaders reaction to it, what was the existing Jewish thought about Baptism? Who needed to be baptized and when?
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Has the term “born again” always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church?

Has the term "born again" always been synonymous with baptism with the Christians of the Early Church? St. Irenaeus (202) wrote the following in 185, which many claim it refers to infant baptism: ...
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Was there a period in the history when all who believed in Christ allowed infant baptism?

Martin Luther lived from 1483 – 1546 and John Calvin from 1509 – 1564. Both thse men wrote about the importance of infant baptism which can be read in The Large Catechism by Martin Luther & ...
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Should those who fall away and return to the church be baptized again? - Overview

It is not uncommon for believers to be faithful for years, but "fall away", only to return years later with a reaffirmation of faith. Often this is common with teens who have a "wild" 20's and 30's, ...
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Acts 8:35-36 and Baptism being Part of the Gospel

Acts 8:34-36 (DRB) And the eunuch answering Philip, said: I beseech thee, of whom doth the prophet speak this? of himself, or of some other man? 35 Then Philip, opening his mouth, and beginning at ...
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Is baptizing someone without consent valid? (Roman Catholic view)

Stemming from this question Is it valid to baptize multiple persons at once?, the question gives the scenario of one person baptising multiple people on a plane that is going to crash. The bit that ...
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What name was Yeshua baptized in?

What name was Yeshua baptized in by John the Baptist. Could it be The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob?
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Why didn’t the disciples baptize using a Trinitarian formula as commanded in the Great Commission?

If the Mathew 28:19 (and the Great Commission therein) is considered an authentic verse, why aren’t there any instances in the NT where the apostles actually baptized someone using the Trinitarian ...
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Does any church follow the Apostolic Tradition of Baptism ‘in the nude’, or was that never the tradition?

The Apostolic Tradition was the work of Hippolytus, written somewhere between 215 and 400 AD. Recent scholars seem to take the later date (source). The whole writing can be found here: Apostolic ...
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Sponsors of converts to Catholicism

A conversion presumably severs the spiritual ties with one's baptismal godparents. I am reading about a convert from Russian Orthodoxy to Roman Catholicism, who apparently converted around age 20 and ...
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In Catholicism, does baptism against the will of a dying, unaware person result in baptismal regeneration?

Suppose that a hostile unbeliever meets a Catholic priest. The unbeliever is a blasphemer and firmly stated that he never wants to become a Christian. However later that day, he is dying and non ...
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Does the Pope have the authority to baptize aliens (martians)?

Does the Pope have the moral authority to baptize Martians? Or any power from the bible? This is the article: Pope Francis says he would baptise aliens: 'Who are we to close doors?' Pontiff ...
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Godparents in Protestantism

Without infant Baptism, do Protestants have godparents? Furthermore, are there any traditions common to most Protestant denominations concerning who should see to it that a child is raised in the ...
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How much water is necessary for baptism (Catholic perspective)?

In Catholicism, how much water is necessary for someone to be baptized? For example, if the only water present is a single droplet on a leaf, is that sufficient to baptize or is more needed? How ...
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Is punishment for sins forgiven by baptism? (Catholic perspective)

After reading this question there is a notion that after the baptism of an adult person all sins are forgiven even all the punishments. In the sacrament of penance, our sins are also forgiven but not ...
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If a person undergoes an emergency baptism, then recovers, do they need a “non-emergency” baptism?

If a person receives an emergency baptism, but then recovers from that danger, is that considered valid for the rest of their life? Or would they be expected to undergo a "non-emergency" baptism in ...
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Did the authors of the Westminster Standards accept Roman Catholic baptisms as valid?

In the original version of the Westminster Standards, a highly regarded Protestant doctrinal statement, there's a line that is particularly famous: There is no other head of the Church but the Lord ...
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When was infant baptism rejected in the development of Pentecostalism?

Pentecostalism arose out of the Holiness movement, a movement which itself arose out of Wesleyanism/Methodism. But while Wesleyans and Methodists are generally infant baptists, most Pentecostals are ...
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Who is a Christian according to the Catholic Church?

How does the Catholic Church define who a Christian is? Is a Christian, according to the Catholic Church, someone who is baptized, a member of the Catholic Church or Mystical Body of Christ something ...
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In Mormon theology, why didn't John the Baptist baptize Joseph Smith?

In May 1829, Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery went into the woods to pray because of some questions they had about baptism. As recorded by Joseph Smith, they were visited by John the Baptist, who gave ...
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Can a non-Catholic receive Baptism (to formally marry a Catholic), without converting to the Catholic faith?

I am a practicing Catholic who wishes to marry my Buddhist girlfriend. For the marriage to be a valid sacrament in the eyes of the Church, she must be baptized as a Catholic - something she would be ...
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Do baptists believe baptism did not pre-date Jesus Christ?

Reading "Why Baptism As Symbol And Not A Saving Ordinance" by J. B. Moody, D. D. (First Baptist Church), he made the following statement: If we are saved now as men were saved in the olden times, ...
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What would happen to the Catholic Church if all of the bishops get wiped out? [closed]

If some maniacal, evil, "hitler-esque" dictator decided that he wanted to cripple the Catholic church by assassinating all the bishops, and then he actually succeeds at killing them all, how would the ...
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How do Protestants justify the baptism of infants? [duplicate]

As far as I can determine, this subject has only been covered in respect of discipleship and in respect of the justification of adult baptism. It may be dealt with elsewhere and I may have, ...
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Are there gender requirements for Sponsors for a Catholic baptism?

In the Catholic Church, do sponsors for baptism need to be male and female, or are you able to have two females or two males as sponsors?
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What does it mean that baptism “erases original sin”?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states regarding original sin: Human nature has not been totally corrupted: it is wounded in the natural powers proper to it, subject to ignorance, suffering ...
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According to churches which teach Believer's Baptism, what are the consequences of not being baptized with water?

Are there any direct consequences to not getting baptized? Whether this person doesn't think it's important, or just doesn't want to, or wants to but just doesn't get around to it, did Jesus or his ...
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Are mainline Protestants our Brothers in Christ by virtue of the Trinitarian Baptism? [Catholic] [duplicate]

If I am not mistaken, water baptism is one of the 7 sacraments and it can be performed by laymen and must not necessarily involve clergy. In such a case, since Protestants have no apostolic succession ...
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What kind of baptism is essential to salvation, and what does 'essential' mean in this context? (Catholic perspective)

I'm a protestant and I've often heard statements to the effect that "Catholics believe that salvation is impossible without baptism", but I've also encountered the terms "Baptism of blood" and "...
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Which non LDS Christian denominations believe in baptism after death?

The LDS Church believes that it is possible for individuals to be baptized after death (in particular, their descendants can be baptized on their behalf, and if they accept the covenant of baptism ...
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Can Catholics serve as godparents at an Anglican infant's baptism?

My wife and I (both Catholic) have been asked to serve as godparents at our niece's baptism. The child's parents are fully aware of our strong commitment to the Catholic faith. I've received ...
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What constitutes a “serious” crime for the purpose of LDS baptism preparation?

According to Preach My Gospel, the official LDS (Mormon) missionary guide, missionaries are supposed to ask potential converts Have you ever committed a serious crime? If so, are you now on ...
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Are there involuntary Catholics?

I was just reading this answer which stated that a person could be Catholic without having gone through confirmation: Catholics recommend that this is done to infants. 1 If that is the case, that a ...
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Are foster children considered covenant children in Presbyterianism?

Foster children are on the one hand a part of the household but on the other hand not legally adopted and may be ultimately reunited with their birth parents. So do Presbyterians of a confessional ...
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According to Catholicism what happens to young children who die before being baptized?

John 3:5 is as follows: Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit. In the light of that, what happens to those who ...
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Is the Sacrament of Baptism simulated in cases where records are later discovered? [duplicate]

If someone comes to RCIA and says they are not baptized and we facilitate their baptism and then later a baptismal record is found for them before the Baptism of RCIA has the sacrament been simulated?
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Why did Jesus get baptized? [duplicate]

I have always been taught that Jesus got baptized as an example for us. If people were getting baptized before Jesus did, then why did he need to make that an example if people were already being ...
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What is the baptism requirement for becoming a Mennonite?

Historically, Mennonites and other Anabaptists practiced adult re-baptism when a Catholic or Lutheran converted. This got them in a lot of hot water at the time. As a long-time member of a General ...
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Why do so many baptisms occur with regular clothes on and not swimwear?

Why do so many baptisms occur with regular clothes on, and not in a swimsuit? On my visit to a Southern Baptist church, I saw a little girl get baptized by immersion. That was the only time when I ...
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In John 4:1-3, in whose name were Jesus' disciples' baptizing?

In regards to John 4:1-3, were Jesus' disciples in this passage baptizing with John's baptism? If not, and they were baptizing in the name of Jesus, did the people who receive this baptism have to be ...
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What is achieved by baptism in Eastern Orthodoxy (compared with Catholicism)

In Catholicism, a big part of baptism is the idea that it washes away original sin. As I understand things Eastern Orthodoxy denies original sin, so I'm wondering what the significance of baptism is ...
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Why were Anabaptists called Anabaptists?

Anabaptism, according to the OED, means "a second baptism, re-baptism", but the answer to this question says that Anabaptists only baptize once. Why were Anabaptists called Anabaptists, then?
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Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...