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Use this tag for questions about the origin of Christian writings, especially scripture.

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104 views

What did Protestant reformers think about the date and authorship of the New Testament?

Biblical scholars state that the different books of the New Testament were written between 49 and 120 AD, approximately. This means - rather uncontroversially - that the activity of the Church (i.e. ...
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4answers
1k views

Were the Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts written by the same person?

Can you please explain why some people would argue that the Gospel of Luke and Acts were written by the same person?
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1answer
164 views

Is Any New Testament Book Undisputed In Its Authorship?

It seems as though every time I turn around, I find that "the majority of scholars" doubt this person wrote this gospel or letter. It seems as though no book of the NT is immune to this doubting and ...
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3answers
376 views

Do Christians believe the gospels were written by some of 12 apostles? [closed]

From studying historical new testament the authors claim the gospels were written 50-100 years after Jesus by people that had no eyewitness connection to Jesus or the 12 apostles (instead collected ...
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2answers
170 views

What evidence is there to support Deuteronomy being written during the reign of King Josiah?

I was reading an article today, and the author claimed that King Josiah sponsored the writing of Deuteronomy. Here's the exact quote: In the seventh century BCE, when the Old Testament’s book of ...
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0answers
869 views

In what year was the letter to the Galatians written?

I found conflicting sources on the internet: The first source said the Letter to the Galatians was written between 52-55 AD. The second source said it was written between 48-49 AD. Just comparing ...
12
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4answers
749 views

What are the arguments that Acts was written prior to 70 AD?

What are the reasons, whether theological or secular, for concluding that the book of Acts was written prior to 70 AD? Please also view the related question What are the arguments that the book of ...
5
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1answer
233 views

What are the arguments that the book of Acts was written after 70 AD?

What are the major reasons, whether theological or secular, for concluding that the book of Acts was written after the destruction of the temple in 70 AD? Please also view the related question: What ...
12
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1answer
1k views

What arguments are given that Ephesians was not written by Paul?

According to the opening paragraph of the article for the Book of Ephesians on Wikipedia, it is not universally held that Ephesians was written by Paul. A source on that site says, Hoehner surveys ...
0
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1answer
180 views

Who wrote the book of Hebrews and is the book complete?

I was recently reading in the book of Hebrews when I realized that I didn't know who was speaking, and I haven't been able to figure it out. I was just reading a commentary that stated it was James, ...
4
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2answers
769 views

When and by whom was the Exsultet written?

On Wikipedia I found the Latin text of the Exsultet, but it is not clear when exactly it was written, or by whom. What is its origin?
17
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3answers
824 views

Among modern critics who believe in the attributed authorship of the Gospels, what are their arguments?

According to the many online lectures by biblical scholars, not to mention entries in Wikipedia and other online sites, whether the experts are on either the liberal side or the conservative side of ...
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2answers
947 views

Defense of ancient Enoch authorship

According to the Ethiopian and Eritrean Churches, the Book of Enoch was written by Enoch himself around the year 3300 BC. I have seen statements like, "outside of Ethiopia, no one has defended this ...
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1answer
102 views

What is biblical theology? [duplicate]

My understanding of biblical theology is that it is a theological understanding that is presented by a book of the Bible. Does it automatically become systematic theology when you pull from another ...
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2answers
3k views

Did Matthew the Tax Collector author the Gospel? [closed]

As Jesus went on from there, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector’s booth. “Follow me,” he told him, and Matthew got up and followed him. Matthew 9:9 Did Matthew the Tax Collector ...
2
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2answers
166 views

Why does Isaiah not mention himself after chapter 39?

Why is it that after the 39th chapter of Isaiah that there is no more third person. In addition, if Isaiah composed this book why is it in third person to begin with? Are there three authors to Isaiah?...
5
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1answer
6k views

Who were Agur and Lemuel?

The book of Proverbs lists different authors. Some are given names (Like Solomon - Proverbs 1:1) while some have no names like "Sayings of the Wise (Proverbs 22:17, 24:23). We also read in Proverbs ...
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1answer
4k views

For whom did Solomon write Proverbs?

Is there anything in Scripture or Hebrew historical documents that says for whom Proverbs was written? Did Solomon expect his sons to read them or were they for the people of Israel? Please provide ...
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6answers
4k views

Was Bible Revealed to Jesus? (Christian Perspective)

I am asking this question from a Muslim perspective. We are told that Zubur and Injeel (Old Testament and New Testament) were revealed to Moses and Jesus just like Quran was revealed to Muhammad (PBUH)...
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3answers
1k views

Are the Gospels considered anonymous by historians only or by the Catholic Church also?

I have read that the Gospels were anonymous, and much later they were named Mark, Mathew, Luke and John (and Luke, Mark and Mathew very similar compared with John). Now is this more of from a ...
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6answers
17k views

How did Moses write the events which happened ~2000 years before him?

Except the book of Genesis, I believe that it is possible to make some plausible possibilities on how the books of the Bible were written. Moses wrote about himself, Joshua recorded his conquest of ...
7
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2answers
703 views

Psalm 14 and psalm 53 are similar?

Psalm 14 and Psalm 53 are almost identical with little differences. Is there any reason why the same psalm is repeated? Are these psalms composed by the same author?
4
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1answer
232 views

Does specific authorship of a given book of the Bible “matter”? [closed]

Based on a variety of previous questions, it seems that specific authorship of many parts of the Bible are not known for sure. For example (though I realize there are traditions of who wrote what): ...
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2answers
65k views

Who were the 40 men who wrote the Bible?

Jehovah's Witnesses believe that the Bible is made up of "66 smaller books". God used about "40 faithful men" to write them. According to them, the first five books were written by Moses about 3,500 ...
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3answers
35k views

Who wrote the Book of Revelation?

More specifically: What authorities claim that the Book of Revelation was written by the Apostle John? What authorities claim otherwise? This C.SE answer apparently references Pliny and Tacitus in ...
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3answers
795 views

Who could have written the Pastoral Epistles?

In my Bible, The New Oxford Annotated Bible (NSRV), a prologue states the Pastoral Epistles are psuedoepigraphical, not written by Paul. When comparing "The Letter of Romans or other letters ...
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2answers
4k views

Was the Obadiah in 1 Kings 18 the same Obadiah who wrote the Book of Obadiah?

Pretty straightforward question - In 1 Kings 18, Elijah speaks with a servant of the Lord named Obadiah. Is that the same guy wrote the book of the same name?
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6answers
7k views

Which NT books were written after the destruction of the temple?

The temple was destroyed sometime around AD 70. Which New Testament books were written after that catastrophe? Do these books comment at all on the destruction of the temple?
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3answers
2k views

Are the gospel authors who we believe them to be?

What I'm wondering is whether the actual authors of the book of John, Luke, Matthew, and Mark are who we believe them to be. I go to a Catholic high school, and in our version of the Bible it says, in ...
2
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1answer
440 views

What is the Authenticity of Bible? [closed]

I have heard many arguments and debates on the authenticity of bible. But everyone involved was just putting forward his or her own opinions/suggestions. I would like to know a little more about this ...
7
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1answer
8k views

Where does the belief the Bible is written by the Holy Spirit come from?

My pastor mentioned the Bible is written by the Holy Spirit, through man. Where does this concept come from (rather than just written by wise or experienced men)? Other than direct references to ...
5
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1answer
3k views

How many writings of those who were disciples of the first 12 apostles (plus Paul) are available today?

How many writings of those who were disciples of the first 12 apostles, plus Paul, are available today? There's no need to include Mark and Luke as their writings are included in the Bible.
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2answers
548 views

Was the first gospel written in Hebrew?

I found this website that basically says that some if not all of the gospel could have been written in Hebrew. Is this theory supported today and by whom? Scholars and school of though would be ...
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2answers
444 views

Sources on Historical Reliability of the New Testament [closed]

Unlike many of the other great religions of the world - Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, even Judaism to some extent - Christianity is founded not on a philosophy or a metaphysical idea, but on an ...
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2answers
632 views

What reasons do those who reject the JEPD view of Scripture provide?

The documentary hypothesis, or JEPD view of Scripture, states that the Pentatuech was potentially compiled from four different sources: the Jahwist, Elohist, Priestly, and Deuteronomical. It is widely ...
10
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1answer
129 views

What was Satan's view on the authority of Scripture?

Does the Bible give us any indication about what Satan's own view of the Scriptures and their authority as divine testimony is? Does the way he uses it or the way he responds to those who use it tell ...
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2answers
880 views

What was Jesus' view on the authority of Scripture? [closed]

What was Jesus' own personal view on the nature of the Scripture as far as the divine authority of the OT? Can his view on this issue be determined through his own use of it?
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5answers
4k views

Did Paul write the Epistle to the Hebrews?

The authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews is an open question. The common scholarly opinion is that the author certainly wasn't Paul. Most modern Bible translations make no mention of the author, ...
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4answers
3k views

Who wrote the book of Genesis? (Overview)

I've heard reference in other questions on this site that seem to indicate a belief that Genesis was written by "the same man." What do we actually know about wrote Genesis (whether a single, or ...