Questions tagged [apostles]

Those "sent out", including Jesus' Twelve Apostles and later equivalents.

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37
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7answers
24k views

How do traditional Christians defend the teaching that Paul is an authentic apostle?

I want to preface this by saying I don't believe Paul was a false Apostle. I must either view his Apostleship as authentic, or throw away everything I believe. Removing Paul's writings and influence ...
25
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5answers
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Did Christ's original twelve apostles have families?

We know that Peter was married because Christ healed his mother-in-law. Do we know if he had children? Do we know whether any of the other apostles were married and if they had children?
19
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1answer
22k views

Where are the tombs of Jesus' original 12 Apostles

I would like a list of the twelve Apostles, correlated with their most probable burial location. I understand that many reliquaries containing parts of their bodies were distributed throughout ...
16
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4answers
65k views

Who Were Mark and Luke?

From Luke 6:13–16 (NIV): When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, ...
15
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4answers
2k views

What is an apostle?

Often the apostles are referred to as "the twelve apostles" - the twelve disciples called by name by Jesus. But Paul called himself and Barnabus apostles. Were Paul and Barnabus really apostles?
14
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1answer
524 views

To what extent should the Apostles' speech be considered infallible?

It is my understanding that all known writings of the Apostles are considered infallible and are Canonical. However, I am unclear as to what extent recorded speech of the Apostles should be ...
13
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11answers
42k views

Who was the 12th Apostle - Matthias or Paul? [closed]

First off, a distinction between disciple and apostle - a disciple is a student, and the 12 disciples were Jesus' students. An Apostle is one who was "sent out." Eleven of Jesus' disciples were sent ...
12
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2answers
1k views

What is the Biblical basis for testing the truthfulness of every statement made by Prophets or Apostles who have been confirmed as 'real'?

In the case of 'real' Apostles and Prophets (who have passed the tests), what is the Biblical basis for continuing to test the truthfulness of every statement made by them as they continue in their ...
12
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2answers
1k views

What is the basis for arguing that Paul should have been selected as the 12th apostle instead of Matthias?

Commentators on the story of Acts 1:15–26, where the Apostles select Matthias to replace Judas as the 12th apostle, often say vague things like: Some have held that the choice of Matthias was ...
11
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2answers
213 views

Are any writings of the Apostles non-Canonical?

Do we have any writings that are reasonably likely to be written by Apostles, but are not included in the Bible?
10
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2answers
1k views

How does one become an Apostle in the LDS Church?

With the recent passing of one of the Apostles in the LDS Church, how will the new Apostle be chosen to fill the vacancy?
10
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2answers
22k views

Are Bartholomew and Nathanael the same?

Comparing the lists of disciples in Matthew 10:1-4, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:12-16, Acts 1:12-14 We find the name Bartholomew, but in John 1 We read about Nathanael. In John 1:46-50, Nathanael is ...
10
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1answer
62k views

Were the 12 apostles all Jewish?

I'm talking about the 12 listed in Matthew 10: 1-4. 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of ...
9
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2answers
995 views

How do proponents of Sola Scriptura address the ministry of those Apostles who authored no parts of Scripture?

My purpose is to find a defense of sola scriptura against one part of the argument put forth in this article: https://www.catholic.com/magazine/print-edition/going-beyond The author of the article ...
9
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3answers
5k views

Reason for the choice of new 12th Apostle?

In Acts 1:20–26, the Apostles are choosing the 12th Apostle who will replace Judas: 20 Peter continued, “This was written in the book of Psalms, where it says, ‘Let his home become desolate, with ...
9
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2answers
20k views

What is "apostolic authority"?

Some Christian traditions use the term "apostolic authority". What is meant by this phrase? Does it have more than one meaning depending on which doctrinal tradition it is coming from? Are there any ...
9
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3answers
39k views

What compelled the fishermen to "immediately" follow Jesus? [closed]

The Gospel of Matthew describes Jesus' call of Peter, Andrew, James, and John: As he was walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon who is called Peter, and his brother Andrew, casting ...
9
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2answers
2k views

What is the evidence that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?

What evidence do we possess today indicating that Ignatius of Antioch was ordained by the Apostles?
9
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1answer
2k views

How did the Apostles die?

For some reference as to why this question interests me, one of the evidences that is often given for proof that Jesus really did die and was resurrected is the change wrought in his original ...
9
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4answers
2k views

Why (and when) did the Apostles stop requiring exactly twelve apostles? Why was James not replaced?

In Acts 1:12-26 we read the story of how Matthias was chosen to replace Judas. This kept the number of apostles at Twelve. Sometime later, James, the brother of John was murdered (Acts 12:2). James ...
8
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3answers
557 views

What evidence exists to support church traditions regarding the deaths of the following apostles?

The Bible tells us that King Herod had James killed by the sword (Acts 12:2) but says nothing about the death of Peter, although Jesus made reference to his martyrdom (John 21:18). Is there any ...
7
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4answers
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What is the significance of "Zealot" in Acts 1:13?

When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Those present were Peter, John, James and Andrew; Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew; James son of Alphaeus and Simon ...
7
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2answers
522 views

What was the role of Apollos in the early church?

In 1 Corinthians 3:6, Paul wrote: I planted the seed, Apollos watered it, but God has been making it grow. Why did Paul specifically mention Apollos as that is the name of a god in Greek mythology?...
6
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1answer
474 views

Is a bishop in Roman Catholic tradition equal in authority with the apostles?

According to an answer to this question When did Peter become the first Pope, according to Roman Catholic doctrine?, the Pope is the bishop of Rome. So this made me wonder - since Peter was ordained ...
6
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2answers
746 views

Is there any explanation from the early church Fathers as to why there is no record of the Apostles being baptized?

I never really noticed this before but it does seem odd that everyone is to be baptized in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, yet it does not appear that the Apostles were. At least there is ...
6
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4answers
393 views

According to biblical inerrantists, are the apostles' recorded speeches in the book of Acts inerrant?

Evangelicals/fundamentalists who believe in biblical inerrancy hold that the Bible is the inspired word of God, and contains no errors.1 This is typically understood to refer to the original ...
6
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1answer
646 views

Did the early Church fathers see a distinction between Matthias' and Paul's apostleship appointment, considering Paul's peculiar verbiage choice?

When reading the appointment of Matthias, you come across very specific actions and precise language. Consider, of course: Acts 1:21-26 ESV 21 So one of the men who have accompanied us during all ...
6
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2answers
292 views

What is the difference, if any, between the work of the Holy Spirit in our lives vs. the apostles lives?

I think all Christian denominations will agree as fundamental doctrine that the Holy Spirit was sent to us (the invisible church) after Christ's death on the cross (John 14:16). However, it seems like ...
5
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2answers
545 views

What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified?

What Biblical evidence is there that the Apostles feared for their lives after Jesus was crucified? A good answer will cite published commentary and/or provide in depth analysis of specific passages.
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10answers
405 views

How did the early Christians and Apostles Get into the temple? Shouldn't they have been stoned by the Jews for preaching Jesus as God?

How did the early Christians and Apostles get into the temple? Shouldn't they have been stoned by the Jews for preaching Jesus as God? Acts 2:46-47 reads: "Every day they continued to meet ...
5
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3answers
192 views

What is the significance of presenting the Apostles as acting foolishly many times in the Gospels?

Multiple times in the four Gospels, the Apostles seem to act foolishly. They are around Jesus for a long time, witness miracles, and still lose faith pretty easily. Another example: Jesus says a ...
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3answers
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Apostolic Succession in the Catholic church

Wikipedia says: In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle. cf. Pope | Wikipedia As someone who isn't Catholic I don't want to argue how true ...
5
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2answers
360 views

Considering the Lord's Supper was instituted on the Passover, would the apostles have concluded it was to be an annual celebration like the Passover? [closed]

When instituting the Lord's Supper, Jesus commands the apostles: "Do this in remembrance of me." Luke 22:19 reads: Then he took bread, and after giving thanks he broke it and gave it to them, ...
5
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1answer
780 views

How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles?

How do the church fathers reconcile the accounts of Jesus calling Peter and Andrew to be apostles? With scriptures listed below it appears that though John, Andrew, and Peter were the first to ...
5
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2answers
92 views

Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them?

In the section Origin of the creed in the article Apostles' Creed | New Advent, it states that throughout the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Apostles, on the day of Pentecost, while ...
4
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4answers
288 views

Why no specific names of false apostles and false brothers in Acts and epistles? [closed]

Why is it so that while we are told in the Acts and epistles of many false-apostles and false brothers, there are no specific names mentioned? Has this matter ever been considered in Christianity?
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3answers
3k views

Why were the apostles still going to the temple for prayer and rituals?

In the book of Acts you read how the Apostles attend the temple, offer rituals, prayers etc. So it is clear they are still obeying the Law. How is it that they didn't understand modern day ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Is apostleship continuing on into the current age?

I was watching a video on youtube : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nLh8xnf_Qx0 That I didn't have an answer for. He gives the argument that Matthias became the 12th apostle by the casting of Lots. And ...
4
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3answers
3k views

According to reformed theologians, was Barnabas an Apostle?

We usually read the position that there were only 12 Apostles + Paul, and that after the Apostolic era, we have no more Apostles at all. Specially I see this among Reformed theologians. But how do ...
4
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3answers
273 views

Why aren't the Apostles called the Church Fathers?

If the traditional “Church Fathers' are from about 160-380 AD, why are they called the Church Fathers? The Church was started by Jesus and ministered by the apostles from the very beginning - teaching,...
4
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3answers
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What is the difference between an Apostle and an Evangelist according to Charismatic Christianity?

Consider the following passage from the letter to the Ephesians that lists a number of offices of ministry. Ephesians 4:11-14 And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as ...
4
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2answers
174 views

What doctrines are based on 1st Timothy 4:14 when hands are laid on a believer?

In 1st Timothy 4:14 (Recovery Version) some elders laid hands on Timothy: Do not neglect the gift which is in you, which was given to you by means of prophecy with the laying on of hands of the ...
4
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1answer
134 views

What verses in the Bible indicate that Apostles expected Christ to come back very soon? [closed]

I heard somewhere that it is possible that the 12 Apostles, right after Christ's ascension, believed that His return would happen very soon, that is, even during their lifetime. What evidence do we ...
4
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1answer
250 views

Do any denominations rank the apostles?

Many Christian denominations hold the primacy of Peter as doctrine. That is, they believe that Peter was the most prominent, authoritative, influential, and/or prestigious of the twelve apostles. ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Why doesn't the Catholic church have prophets and apostles? [closed]

The New Testament often mentions the title/calling apostle and prophet. Why don't Catholics (the largest Christian denomination) use those titles/callings? Is it because they see some biblical basis ...
3
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3answers
901 views

What is the difference between an apostle and a disciple? [duplicate]

Some people use "apostles" and "disciples" interchangeably when talking about the 12 that originally followed Jesus. Yet, I don't commonly hear the opposite, people using those two words ...
3
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4answers
546 views

What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
3
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4answers
8k views

Why did the Apostles not go with the rest of the believers outside of Jerusalem?

I noticed that the Apostles stayed in Jerusalem for a long time while others sort of acted like missionaries as a result of being scattered... except the Apostles. And there arose on that day a ...
3
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1answer
2k views

In John 1:45–51, did Jesus prophesy that Nathanael was one of the 144,000 Jews in Revelation 7 and 14?

When Jesus tells Nathanael he will see the heavens opened and angels descending on the Son of man is He referring to simply a declaration of His deity, His baptism and other events where God confirmed ...
3
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2answers
167 views

Are the apostles the final authority on interpreting the scriptures in the LDS church and how can I get their interpretations of specific passages?

I heard a lesson on Isaiah in Sunday school and the manual gave what was to me a surprising interpretation of a scripture. I'm trying to understand the scriptures in Isaiah, (praying included). Having ...