Questions tagged [apostles]

Those "sent out", including Jesus' Twelve Apostles and later equivalents.

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What is the biblical basis for the belief that Paul was the last one to be called by God to be an apostle in church history?

Many Christians believe that the office of apostleship ended in the first century with the apostle Paul, and that after Paul there have not been any more people called by God/Jesus Himself (through ...
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When was it claimed for the first time in Church history that the offices of apostle and prophet have ceased?

First, some context ... Ephesians 2:19-22 (ESV): 19 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20 built on the ...
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What is the view of Reformed Protestantism on those who were 'numbered with' the apostles but did not, as did Paul, receive Peter's approbation?

Paul, alone, receives the strong approbation of Peter and obtains Peter's clear emphasis that Paul's writings are 'scripture : ... even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given ...
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Are there any denominations that believe in contemporary apostles, and if so, how is a person called to be an apostle according to them?

Not much to add to the title. Are there any denominations that believe that God is still calling people to be apostles today? If so, how does a person know for sure that they have been or are being ...
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Why were the apostles still going to the temple for prayer and rituals?

In the book of Acts you read how the Apostles attend the temple, offer rituals, prayers etc. So it is clear they are still obeying the Law. How is it that they didn't understand modern day ...
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Do any local churches in the lands evangelized by the apostles celebrate a particular feast of that apostle?

In Catholic and/or Orthodox traditions are there any liturgical feast(s) that are celebrated by local dioceses in the regions evangelized by the apostles in the honor of any of the apostles? The ...
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How does Catholic Church reconcile the time of and the manner in which Jesus' resurrection was disclosed to Apostles?

We read in Mk 16:1-8, the the Angel's instruction to the women who visited the tomb of Jesus on the day of his Resurrection, and its outcome: When the sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary ...
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Were the 12 apostles all Jewish?

I'm talking about the 12 listed in Matthew 10: 1-4. 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of ...
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Why aren't the Apostles called the Church Fathers?

If the traditional “Church Fathers' are from about 160-380 AD, why are they called the Church Fathers? The Church was started by Jesus and ministered by the apostles from the very beginning - teaching,...
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Who Were Mark and Luke?

From Luke 6:13–16 (NIV): When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, ...
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What verses in the Bible indicate that Apostles expected Christ to come back very soon? [closed]

I heard somewhere that it is possible that the 12 Apostles, right after Christ's ascension, believed that His return would happen very soon, that is, even during their lifetime. What evidence do we ...
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According to John 20:31, was John Writing His Gospel to Teach that Jesus was the Messiah, not God? [closed]

I am editing the question to make it more specific, since the original question was closed for being "off-topic" which I believe meant I was asking too broad a question. I am here looking ...
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What is the Biblical basis for testing the truthfulness of every statement made by Prophets or Apostles who have been confirmed as 'real'?

In the case of 'real' Apostles and Prophets (who have passed the tests), what is the Biblical basis for continuing to test the truthfulness of every statement made by them as they continue in their ...
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How did the early Christians and Apostles Get into the temple? Shouldn't they have been stoned by the Jews for preaching Jesus as God?

How did the early Christians and Apostles get into the temple? Shouldn't they have been stoned by the Jews for preaching Jesus as God? Acts 2:46-47 reads: "Every day they continued to meet ...
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What's the difference between the Apostle's claims and the claims of others who started religious movements?

So I recently watched a documentary about a new age movement and felt a bit rattled by what I perceived to be some examples of peoples behaving in a way that undermines the common arguments for ...
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What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified?

What were the ages of the Apostles Peter and John when Jesus was crucified? What I’ve heard is Peter was about the same age as Jesus (30-33), while John was an older teenage, approximately 18. This ...
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How do traditional Christians defend the teaching that Paul is an authentic apostle?

I want to preface this by saying I don't believe Paul was a false Apostle. I must either view his Apostleship as authentic, or throw away everything I believe. Removing Paul's writings and influence ...
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Does Mary possess the episcopal dignity like that of a bishop to "lay hands" to confer the gifts of the Holy Spirit not possessed by ordinary priest? [duplicate]

In the Book of Acts the Sacraments of Confirmation of baptized Catholic were confer thru the episcopal powers of the Apostles who had received or bestowed upon the power of a Bishop. The ...
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Did Mary lay her hands on all the Apostles in the Upper Room to pour out the Holy Spirit anointing?

Pentecost is the outpouring of graces or anointing coming from the Holy Spirit and the Catholic Church teaches that all graces comes only from the hands of Mary as Mediatrix of all graces. In the Old ...
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Did Jesus Christ certify that the Apostles were infallible? [closed]

As the question asks, which verses in the Bible show that Jesus Christ consecrated the disciples as apostles during his lifetime. Also are there any verses(with words of Jesus in his lifetime) which ...
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How did the Apostle Matthew die?

I see different sources of Apostle Matthew's death staked or impaled to the earth by spears and then beheaded killed by a sword wound natural death he angered a local king who ordered him nailed to a ...
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Is Paul an apostle? [duplicate]

Paul had not met Jesus in person. Jesus never preaches changes to Law. He comes to fulfill it. Jesus has completed the Father's will on earth. Why Paul then?
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How do proponents of Sola Scriptura address the ministry of those Apostles who authored no parts of Scripture?

My purpose is to find a defense of sola scriptura against one part of the argument put forth in this article: https://www.catholic.com/magazine/print-edition/going-beyond The author of the article ...
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Did the Apostles “worship Jesus” in Luke 24:52?

What is the correct reading of Luke 24:52 - did they worship Jesus? Latin Vulgate does not mention this and RSV puts this in footnotes. Luke 24:50-53 (NIV) 50 When he had led them out to the ...
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Are the apostles the final authority on interpreting the scriptures in the LDS church and how can I get their interpretations of specific passages?

I heard a lesson on Isaiah in Sunday school and the manual gave what was to me a surprising interpretation of a scripture. I'm trying to understand the scriptures in Isaiah, (praying included). Having ...
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What are the Christian doctrines denied by the Igreja Maná (Mana Church), if any?

In the city where I live there's a church called Mana Church. I know they venerate (not to the level of God) the founder, Jorge Tadeu. This gives me chills because of Luke 4:8 [KJV] And Jesus ...
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Are there other sources for the belief in Catholicism that the Apostles composed the articles present in the Apostles' Creed between them?

In the section Origin of the creed in the article Apostles' Creed | New Advent, it states that throughout the Middle Ages it was generally believed that the Apostles, on the day of Pentecost, while ...
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Did the apostles believe that God is unique, eternal, infinite, omnipotent, immutable, "simple", spirit, and personal?

I am pretty sure the Jewish Bible (OT) gives these characteristics to God. Examples. 1) God is unique: Is 45:18 2) God is infinite and omnipotent: Ps 135:5-6 3) God is eternal: Is 40:28 4) God ...
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According to Catholicism at the Upper Room, did the Apostles follow the tradition of laying of hands and pouring of oil like the prophet Samuel?

Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brother, and the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward." 1 Samuel 16:13 And Samuel words saying ...
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Why did Jesus predict martyrdom of some of his disciples?

At Luke 21:16-19 (RSVCE) we read : You will be delivered up even by parents and brothers and kinsmen and friends, and some of you they will put to death; you will be hated by all for my name’s ...
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Did the apostles teach ideas about God the Father that were contrary to the teachings of first century Judaism?

Early Christianity surely inherited theology from Judaism. In particular, at least some of God's characteristics as taught by Judaism. After all, Jesus and the apostles were Jews. Did they ever ...
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Apostolic Succession in the Catholic church

Wikipedia says: In the Catholic Church, the Pope is regarded as the successor of Saint Peter, the Apostle. cf. Pope | Wikipedia As someone who isn't Catholic I don't want to argue how true ...
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Reason for the choice of new 12th Apostle?

In Acts 1:20–26, the Apostles are choosing the 12th Apostle who will replace Judas: 20 Peter continued, “This was written in the book of Psalms, where it says, ‘Let his home become desolate, with ...
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Are Bartholomew and Nathanael the same?

Comparing the lists of disciples in Matthew 10:1-4, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:12-16, Acts 1:12-14 We find the name Bartholomew, but in John 1 We read about Nathanael. In John 1:46-50, Nathanael is ...
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Besides Satan, was Jesus alone in the desert?

If Jesus went to desert alone for forty days and forty nights, how could the apostles write about it?
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What writing materials did the writers of the Gospels use?

I am wondering what kind of writing materials the writers of the Gospels used to make the original scrolls. I know that papyrus and parchment were used widely at the time.
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What evidence exists to support church traditions regarding the deaths of the following apostles?

The Bible tells us that King Herod had James killed by the sword (Acts 12:2) but says nothing about the death of Peter, although Jesus made reference to his martyrdom (John 21:18). Is there any ...
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What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
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Did the early Church fathers see a distinction between Matthias' and Paul's apostleship appointment, considering Paul's peculiar verbiage choice?

When reading the appointment of Matthias, you come across very specific actions and precise language. Consider, of course: Acts 1:21-26 ESV 21 So one of the men who have accompanied us during all ...
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In what order were the 12 Apostles called?

A few other people and I at my church have decided to do a detailed study on the 12 Apostles. This got me thinking about the order the apostles were called to follow Christ. We know Simon Peter and ...
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How is it possible that Saint Andrew was an apostle of Jesus Christ?

Saint Andrew is listed as one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, however on Wikipedia, it is written that Saint Andrew was born in 5 BC. How is it possible that a 5 year old child is an apostle? ...
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In John 1:45–51, did Jesus prophesy that Nathanael was one of the 144,000 Jews in Revelation 7 and 14?

When Jesus tells Nathanael he will see the heavens opened and angels descending on the Son of man is He referring to simply a declaration of His deity, His baptism and other events where God confirmed ...
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What is "apostolic authority"?

Some Christian traditions use the term "apostolic authority". What is meant by this phrase? Does it have more than one meaning depending on which doctrinal tradition it is coming from? Are there any ...
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From a Protestant perspective why didn't the Apostles address the problem of deutrocanonical books?

The Apostles interacted with Hellenistic Jews (Acts 17:11) who we know historicaly held deutrocanonical books as scripture, why wouldn't St. Paul or any of the other Apostles make it clear that the ...
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Do any denominations rank the apostles?

Many Christian denominations hold the primacy of Peter as doctrine. That is, they believe that Peter was the most prominent, authoritative, influential, and/or prestigious of the twelve apostles. ...
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What is an apostle?

Often the apostles are referred to as "the twelve apostles" - the twelve disciples called by name by Jesus. But Paul called himself and Barnabus apostles. Were Paul and Barnabus really apostles?
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What is the difference between an apostle and a disciple? [duplicate]

Some people use "apostles" and "disciples" interchangeably when talking about the 12 that originally followed Jesus. Yet, I don't commonly hear the opposite, people using those two words ...
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What is the basis for arguing that Paul should have been selected as the 12th apostle instead of Matthias?

Commentators on the story of Acts 1:15–26, where the Apostles select Matthias to replace Judas as the 12th apostle, often say vague things like: Some have held that the choice of Matthias was ...