Questions tagged [apologetics]

Defenses of religious positions using reason. This tag should only be used with respect to disagreements with religions other than Christianity.

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18
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5answers
3k views

Counterarguments to “KJV-only”?

Some people believe the King James Version of the Bible is the only version English-speakers should be using, as it is the only inspired translation. (This is referred to as "KJV-onlyism.") ...
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3answers
78 views

What's the difference between the Apostle's claims and the claims of others who started religious movements?

So I recently watched a documentary about a new age movement and felt a bit rattled by what I perceived to be some examples of peoples behaving in a way that undermines the common arguments for ...
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1answer
144 views

What was Van Til's view on the use and validity of historical proofs for the resurrection?

Cornelius Van Til was the pioneer of presuppositional apologetics, and was one of the founding members of Westminster Theological Seminary. The defenses of faith that he developed sought to apply the ...
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9answers
2k views

Resurrection and Deuteronomy 13

It seems that Christian apologetics very much rests on the historical veracity of the resurrection. That is, if we can verify the resurrection, than we have an objective rationale to believe in the ...
0
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1answer
152 views

How much of the text of the Gospel of John can be substantiated by early copies and quotes from early Church Fathers?

It's interesting that a person will claim passages were added at a later date without considering the textual evidence. A fragment of the Gospel of John dates in the first half of the second century. ...
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3answers
134 views

How can a catholic argue against the accusation of Papolatry?

Papolatry is defined as an "Excessive reverence for the Pope". If a catholic have an excessive defense for the teachings or moral laws of the Pope (when he contradicts the Deposit of Faith ...
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2answers
131 views

Do cases of scientific foreknowledge in the Bible come from Exegesis or Eisegesis?

There are many apologists who say that scientific knowledge can be found in the Scriptures, although they are not really explicit. [The only fact I can see clearly stated is that the Universe had a ...
1
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1answer
363 views

On what basis do Evangelical apologists argue that Muhammad committed sin?

Muhammad claimed to be a Prophet of God, even God's last Prophet. As such his life should have been godly. There is not much of his life revealed in the Quran. What is spoken of sometimes needs one ...
3
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2answers
104 views

Is thinking of God as a Loving Father specific to Christianity?

I was looking to respond to someone who sent me a Christopher Hitchens video saying that nothing would be different if Jesus never existed and I was thinking of all the ways this is dead wrong. One ...
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2answers
166 views

What formal methods and criteria could be used to evaluate the message of the bible? [closed]

My agnostic friend has asked for "formal evidence" of the Bible. How can one scientifically evaluate statements written over 2,000 years ago? Besides the historical evaluation of events, how to ...
6
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1answer
398 views

Did Voltaire actually say “If you want to kill Christianity, you must abolish Sunday”?

Recently I was listening to a defense of the observation of the Sabbath, and within it the speaker quoted Voltaire as saying something like: If you want to kill Christianity, you must abolish ...
11
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5answers
718 views

How to make driving out demons reasonable for non-christians?

Recently I invited some colleague students over to an evening called Questions to Christians at my student association. Two of them came (both almost) completely unfamiliar with Christianity/faith/God ...
16
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2answers
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Rules behind resolving alleged Biblical discrepancies

One of the charges that is consistently leveled against Biblical reliability is that the Bible is "full of contradictions". This is certainly not a new charge, and the field of Apologetics, with its ...
3
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5answers
306 views

Looking for an apologetic to the “Cosmic Child Abuse” objection

Recently during a discussion I got smacked with the "Cosmic Child Abuse" argument. I had heard of it before, but never really had to wrestle with it in real life. I discovered that I don't actually ...
2
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5answers
744 views

Christian apologetics regarding the killing of innocent children during the Genesis flood [closed]

I'm trying to catalog the various justifications that are put forth when it is claimed that killing innocent children in the Genesis flood was some combination of immoral, cruel, or unjust. Here are ...
15
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8answers
637 views

Is it correct to say “any effort using scientific way to prove or disprove God is in vain”?

Am I right in saying that we can never use science to find the physical existence of God, neither could we disprove that? I am in academic, I am surrounded by so many "science-is-the-ultimate-answer" ...
0
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1answer
169 views

Is there a concept of a theological quadrilemma with regard to the person and divinity of Jesus Christ?

One well-known trilemma considered a proof of the divinity of Jesus is most commonly known in the version by C. S. Lewis. It proceeds from the premise that Jesus claimed to be God, and that therefore ...
7
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1answer
155 views

Historical Apologetic used by 7th Century Christians towards Early Muslims Regarding the Hypostatic Union and Jesus' Title “Son of God”

According to my research Jesus is called the Son of God about 40 times in the NT. When interacting with Muslims, a common objection they give against Christ's deity, and the Trinity is that the Quran ...
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3answers
98 views

How does one reconcile belief in objective moral values with the notion of moral progress?

I've noticed that people tend to prefer moral relativism to moral absolutism because of the idea of moral progress. Moral progress is the notion that the world is on a trajectory towards a better and ...
2
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4answers
775 views

How Does Catholicism Refute the Reasons Muslims Claim That Jesus Was Not Crucified?

Muslims say Jesus didn't claim to be God. My question is Twofold: 1) When a Muslim objects to the teaching that Christ was crucified, what is their given reason that anyone ever attempted to ...
5
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4answers
263 views

How can apologists argue that if Jesus did not rise again then Christianity and the Church would not have lasted, when other religions have?

As I reflect on this Easter holiday, as a spiritually young person, I thought of the idea that's often repeated: that if the resurrection of Jesus were not true, then Christianity and the Church would ...
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1answer
123 views

El Elohe Isra’el - What does it mean?

So when Jacob names the site of his altar, he declares “El Elohe Isra’el”. I understand the most common translation of this phrase is said to be something along the lines of “God is the God of Israel”....
14
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3answers
782 views

How do local flood proponents explain God's promises to never do it again?

Some Christians believe that Noah's Flood was a local event, and that the author of the Flood narrative never intended it to be understood as global in scope. My question is, how then would we explain ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis for the historicity of the Bible?

That same professor who brought this question and this question is at it again. His claim is that the Bible doesn't claim to be a historical account because the thought that one can look to history as ...
21
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3answers
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What is “Manuscript Evidence” and how is it useful?

In several Apologetics articles (including one answer of mine on a different question), I see the statement that "there is overwhelming manuscript evidence to support the fact that the Bible has been ...
7
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1answer
389 views

Can other “scripture” (such as the Quran) be used as ultimate authority in presuppositional apologetics?

I've been impressed lately with the presuppositional apologetic work of Sye Ten Bruggencate and how his arguments seem to be irrefutable by those he debates. The only problem I have is that he claims ...
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7answers
2k views

How is the Christian Jesus different from the Muslim Jesus? [closed]

Obviously they refer to the same human being, however what are some beliefs that Christians hold about Jesus that Muslims do not share. I ask this question in sort of an apologetic spirit so that I ...
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1answer
268 views

Why is Christianity fixated on ancient Israeli culture? Is such a 'spacetime-lock' evidence of falsehood?

When I studied Mohammed's religion, I thought the insistence and enforcement of 7th century Arabian culture (e.g. diet, clothing, marriage, law) on the entire planet unreasonable, and evidence it was ...
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0answers
71 views

Which prophecies does Justin Martyr claim predict Jesus' Advent? Please identify them

In his First Apology Justin Martyr writes: We find it also predicted that certain persons should be sent by Him into every nation to publish these things, and that rather among the Gentiles [than ...
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2answers
236 views

Does the Minimal Facts Argument have the potential to the biggest Christian revelation over the last thousand years? [closed]

I recently came across the "Minimal Facts Argument" by Dr Gary Habermas. In short, the argument is that there are a half dozen reliable historical facts (even for those who'd judge the NT as ...
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3answers
2k views

Have any major Christian intellectuals responded to Stephen Hawking's “The Grand Design”?

Stephen Hawking, in The Grand Design, argues that God did not create the universe. One review of the book states its aim as "to banish a divine creator from physics". The essence of the argument is: ...
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2answers
1k views

How do apologists defend against Bart Ehrman's arguments that Church scribes corrected and changed the Bible to fit their theology?

Bart Ehrman seems to be the atomic bomb of the Christian community, having released books like Misquoting Jesus and Jesus Interrupted, which call into question the reliability and inerrancy of the ...
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1answer
156 views

The Biblical God and the Kalam Cosmological Argument

The Kalam Cosmological Argument comprises of the following three premises: Whatever begins to exist must have a cause. The universe began to exist. Therefore the universe has a cause. If we assume ...
12
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2answers
6k views

How do creationists explain the genetic diversity of animals after Noah's Ark?

One of the comments on How did all the animals fit into Noah's ark? asked "How does one propose to produce the various species/sub-species simply from 'some sort of cat', after the fact?" This was ...
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4answers
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How is the Catholic belief in Purgatory supported?

There is already this question on this site: What is the Biblical support for Purgatory? But I believe there might be more to the Catholic argument. We know that Catholics regard the Holy Tradition ...
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0answers
113 views

In what specific ways does the content differ between the standard edition and the student edition of The Apologetics Study Bible?

My question is how to compare and contrast the contents of The Apologetics Study Bible and The Apologetics Study Bible for Students. It is clear from the title that the latter is targeted toward ...
0
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1answer
130 views

Does the cosmological argument ignore the Spirituality of God?

In studying Christianity it is inevitable that one comes to the point where the existence of God is compared to the existence of the Universe. This is loosely embraced in the Cosmological argument. ...
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1answer
188 views

How do you defend the first clause of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? [closed]

I have a question pertaining to the first premise of the Kalam Cosmological Argument (KCA). If someone says that just because everything in the universe needs a cause that doesn't mean that the ...
0
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1answer
94 views

Where does the thought 'we were not even fit to eat the crumbs from under your table' originate, in the Anglican communion service?

Does anyone know if there is a scripture reference for this, if not what is the thinking behind it?
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0answers
45 views

No one has seen God [duplicate]

How do Trinitarians reconcile John 1:18: No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him with Exodus 24:9-11: Then Moses went up, ...
6
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1answer
195 views

Refutation of Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. XII: “Doctrine of the Divinity of Jesus Examined”

Yitzchak ben Avraham of Trakai, Lithuania, also known as Isaac ben Abraham of Troki, was a Karaite Jew who wrote a polemic against Christians known as Chizzuk Emunah (חזוק אמונה), which translates ...
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3answers
356 views

Where did the claim that “the Bible we have today is unreliable because of retranslation” come from?

I've heard many people assert that the Bible we have today is unreliable because of a long chain of translation-of-a-translation. This seems false, because new translations can use ancient manuscripts ...
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5answers
1k views

What evidence is there for the Resurrection of Jesus?

What historical evidence has been used by people who argue for truth of Jesus' Resurrection? It’s important to distinguish between the evidence and the best explanation of that evidence. This ...
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4answers
304 views

The first premise of the Kalam Cosmological Argument for the existence of God

The first premise of the KCA is stated as: Premise 1: Anything that begins to exist must have a cause. The contrapositive statement for this should read. If something is not caused to exist then ...
8
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5answers
971 views

Any philosphers arguing that the Christian worldview is the most rational?

I have seen life at either extreme, first as a Hindu, with a sort of blind faith in general religiosity, and later as an atheist, with a blind faith in knowledge obtained through the senses alone. I ...
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11answers
13k views

Why can't Catholicism just drop its Marian devotion?

Catholicism puts great emphasis on the importance on the Mary, the Mother of God. It honors her and insists upon her perpetual sinlessness and perpetual virginity. And in my observation, it seems as ...
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3answers
3k views

How is the historical accuracy of the Bible defended?

Loosely tied to the idea of Biblical Inerrancy, one of the basic tenets of Christianity is that Scripture is reliable. This includes the idea of being reliable as a source of "doctrine, for reproof, ...
3
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1answer
298 views

How do one know that the Bible is absolutely true and is not a “make believe” fiction? [duplicate]

From the agnostic/skeptic side of view not my side because I am a Catholic: there is the possibility of the Bible fulfilled prophecies being made up in the new testament to make it match up with the ...
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8answers
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How did all the animals fit into Noah's ark? [closed]

During the great flood Noah was ordered by God to fetch two animals of each species and put them into his ark. 19 And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind ...
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10answers
2k views

What reasons does Christianity give for “Why There Must Be A God?” [closed]

I realize this question could also be addressed on Philosophy.SE, but I am very interested to get specifically the Christian perspective on this issue. I was raised Catholic, but have left the Church ...