I often hear that God caused time to exist, or created time. But causality is relatable to us as a temporal concept, at least in the sense that it requires strict ordering; nothing caused can logically precede its cause (otherwise we could never prove for example that God is Supreme because of His power to cause anything, if causation is meaningless or without order or hierarchy). Time certainly teaches us this and causality is an attribute of time--but perhaps causality is not unique to time? It must be so if time was indeed "caused". Therefore no definition of "eternal" may ignore causality, eternity itself providing for and always being consistent with causality; causality necessarily transcends "time" as we know it, because "time" as we know it was at least purportedly "caused".

Further compounding the subject is the fact that time is not always a singleton nor is it always referred to with the definite article in Scripture; it may be used in an apparent singleton sense as in Revelation 10:6 ("there should be time no longer"), but in other places the indefinite article is used, "a time", as in Ecclesiastes 3. Given that there are multiple "times" in God's purview and appointed by Him to His creations, what sense are we to make, Scripturally, from the assertion that God created time, if the causal aspect is discounted? For example there is no verse in any translation I am aware of that states that God "created time" or that He "caused causality to exist", since the latter would require circular definition. One could purport that God is able to make no sense or have His attributes be circularly defined, but that would make Him unknowable (and void of virtue), contradicting John 17:3.

Therefore what is causality, or eternity for that matter, according to the Scriptures? How do time, eternity and causality relate, according to the Scriptures? Is there any inherent attribute of time, if causality is not unique to time?

1 Answer 1


God, himself, is the cause of all things.

There is no 'law of causality' that is greater than God, to which law he is subject.

Else, one would have to abandon the worship of God (God forbid) and one must needs worship this 'law of causality' (let it not be).

The question fails to grasp that God, himself, the eternally existent and uncreated Spirit, is the ever-present, always existent cause of all else, other than himself.

The question attempts to give a concept an existence of its own. God alone, the ever present Spirit, is, alone, He who is not dependent on anything other than . . . . . his own existence.

All else, concrete and abstract, takes its existence - from Him.

All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. John 1:3 [LSB]

Or, in other words :

All things were caused to be through him and apart from him was nothing caused to be that was caused to be. [Literally]

God alone is the cause of all else.

It is God who causes all else to happen or to be.

He precedes all else.

For he is eternal.

In the beginning, he was . . . . . without causation.

Only God has an existence that depends on nothing other than his own existence.

Exegetical Note :

John 1:3 is preceded by the statement, 'God was the Word'.

Thus, thereafter, one may replace the word 'Word' with the word 'God', for they are equivalent.

  • 1
    The righteousness of God is revealed in the gospel. It is not revealed by law. Romans 1:17. For therein is the righteousness of God revealed
    – Nigel J
    Dec 21, 2023 at 18:53
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    @pygosceles The law was honoured in the death of Christ who took law out of the way in his own humanity, in death. We, who believe, are redeemed from the law. And from its curse. I am dead to the law.
    – Nigel J
    Dec 21, 2023 at 18:58
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    Righteousness does not come by law. Righteousness, justification is by the grace of God and is known by a witness within oneself - that one is justified by God himself.
    – Nigel J
    Dec 21, 2023 at 19:02
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    @pygosceles For those in Christ, there is no longer law. It is nailed to the cross and it is obliterated. Amen. Now I must cease to comment as the system is encouraging me to discontinue. Regards. My books are all on my website. The website address is on my profile. Adieu.
    – Nigel J
    Dec 21, 2023 at 19:15
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    @pygosceles You are no longer arguing with me, sir.. Thus I am not replying. You are arguing with the apostle Paul . . . . . . ..
    – Nigel J
    Dec 21, 2023 at 19:31

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