I am studying the book, Sacred Bond, Michael G Brown and Zach Keele, Reformed Fellowship Inc. Second Edition reprint 2018, on the topic of what Reformed Presbyterians call “The Covenant of Redemption”. It says on page 26 that “this is sometimes referred to by its Latin title, pactum salutis.”
Although I’ve uncovered loads of material on the Reformed understanding, and the history of this doctrine in Protestant circles, I want to know if there is any Catholic ‘counterpart’ which might have preceded the first emergence of this in Protestant circles.
Apparently the Puritan, John Owen, wrote at length about “the rule of law” in connection with the “active obedience of Christ” in a “Covenant of Redemption”. These phrases are inextricably bound up in the Presbyterian concept / doctrine of ‘The Covenant of Redemption’.
Owen seems to be the originator of the phrase “the rule of law”, first appearing in The Savoy Declaration, drawn up at a conference of English Congregationalists who met at Savoy Palace, London in 1658. That post-dated the Westminster Confession, of 1646, although in matters of doctrine it was primarily a restatement (with some modifications) of the Presbyterian Westminster Confession. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Savoy-Declaration
I’ve also searched other sources, such as The Cavity in the Covenant: George Whitefield’s Use of the Pactum Salutis Joel D. Houston www.churchsociety.org › wp-content › uploads Yet all the many sources I’ve checked only mention this in relation to Protestantism.
What I desire to discover is whether this Latin phrase, Pactum Salutis, occurs anywhere in Catholic theology, and if it does, the earliest date that could be attributed to Catholic theology relating to this.
Any information on a Catholic ‘take’ of this theology is what I’m hoping to find. I’m not interested in etymology, or the related idea, “my word is my bond”, or details of the Protestant view (I’ve got reams of stuff on that.)
Does Catholicism have any concept of a theology of Pactum Salutis and, if so, when did this first arise?